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Neuronal Polarity: Establishment and Maintenance

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455171 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-517-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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The term polarity in a biological context is used to describe an asymmetry in morphology and distribution of molecules. In neurons, their complex shape with typically one axon and several dendrites reflects this asymmetry. Although neurons assume many different shapes and sizes they always maintain these two domains, which are essential for neuronal function. In the most simple view, neurons use their axon to transmit signals over long distances due to its capacity to extend to enormous lengths. Dendrites, on the other hand, are shorter and receive and integrate signals from different locations. The selection of the site where the axon and dendrites initially emerge during embryonic development is a tightly regulated event, eventually important for the correct formation of neuronal circuits, and disturbances of these processes can have pathological consequences due to circuit malformation. An important question is which mechanisms neurons utilize to specify the sites where axonal and dendrite outgrowth occurs and how their identities are maintained during and after development. The formation of these functionally diverse domains is the result of polarized differences of membrane and protein delivery, mitochondria transport, actin dynamics and microtubule stability. However how and in which temporal order all those events which coordinate the selection and maintenance of axons and dendrites is still under investigation. This selection of articles shall highlight new findings, which help to unravel all molecular and cellular events important for neuronal polarity establishment and maintenance.

EVALITA. Evaluation of NLP and Speech Tools for Italian : Proceedings of the Final Workshop 7 December 2016, Naples

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9788899982553 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.1899 Language: English
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
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EVALITA is the evaluation campaign of Natural Language Processing and Speech Tools for the Italian language: since 2007 shared tasks have been proposed covering the analysis of both written and spoken language with the aim of enhancing the development and dissemination of resources and technologies for Italian. EVALITA is an initiative of the Italian Association for Computational Linguistics (AILC, http://www.ai-lc.it/) and it is supported by the NLP Special Interest Group of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence (AI*IA, http://www.aixia.it/) and by the Italian Association of Speech Science (AISV, http://www.aisv.it/). In this volume, we collect the reports of the tasks’ organisers and of the participants to all of the EVALITA 2016’s tasks, which are the following: ArtiPhone - Articulatory Phone Recognition; FactA - Event Factuality Annotation; NEEL-IT - Named Entity rEcognition and Linking in Italian Tweets; PoSTWITA - POS tagging for Italian Social Media Texts; QA4FAQ - Question Answering for Frequently Asked Questions; SENTIPOLC - SENTIment POLarity Classification. Notice that the volume does not include reports related to the IBM Watson Services Challenge organised by IBM Italy, but information can be found at http://www.evalita.it/2016/tasks/ibm-challenge. Before the task and participant reports, we also include an overview to the campaign that describes the tasks in more detail, provides figures on the participants, and, especially, highlights the innovations introduced at this year’s edition. An additional report presents a reflection on the outcome of two questionnaires filled by past participants and organisers of EVALITA, and of the panel “Raising Interest and Collecting Suggestions on the EVALITA Evaluation Campaign” held at CLIC-it 2015.

Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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ISBN: 9783039212293 9783039212309 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-230-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Since their discovery, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have received tremendous attention due to their unique electrical, optical, physical, chemical, and mechanical properties. Remarkable advances have been made in the synthesis, purification, structural characterization, functionalization, and application of MWCNTs. Their particular characteristics make them well suited for a plethora of applications in a number of fields, namely nanoelectronics, nanofluids, energy management, (electro)catalysis, materials science, construction of (bio)sensors based on different detection schemes, multifunctional nanoprobes for biomedical imaging, and sorbents for sample preparation or removal of contaminants from wastewater. They are also useful as anti-bacterial agents, drug delivery nanocarriers, etc. The current relevant application areas are countless. This Special Issue presents original research and review articles that address advances, trends, challenges, and future perspectives regarding synthetic routes, structural features, properties, behaviors, and industrial or scientific applications of MWCNTs in established and emerging areas.

Keywords

water based nanofluid --- carbon-nanotubes --- boundary layer --- heat generation --- thermal radiation --- curved stretching sheet --- numerical solution --- Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWCNT) --- Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube (MWCNT) --- MHD --- Casson model --- stretching sheet --- non-linear thermal radiation --- HAM --- zeolitic imidazolate framework --- multi-walled carbon nanotubes --- magnetic solid phase extraction --- organochlorine pesticides --- agricultural irrigation water --- Pd-CNT nanohybrids --- functionalized CNTs --- polarity --- semi-homogeneous catalysis --- heck reaction --- nanomaterials --- multi-walled carbon nanotubes --- synthesis methods --- electrochemical properties --- electrochemical sensors --- electroanalysis --- sensing applications --- multiwalled carbon nanotubes --- gold(I) --- gold(III) --- adsorption --- elution --- gold nanoparticles --- adsorption --- multi-walled carbon nanotubes --- nonylphenol --- kinetics --- multi-walled carbon nanotubes --- graphene oxide --- cerium oxide --- lubricating oil additives --- multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) --- azide-alkyne click chemistry --- RAFT polymerization --- PMMA --- carbon nanotubes --- composites --- radar absorbing materials --- complex permittivity --- chloride diffusion --- cement mortars --- carbon nanotubes --- mechanical properties --- electrical properties --- hydrophobic drugs --- drug delivery --- functionalized carbon nanotubes --- dissolution rate --- nanomedicine --- polymeric composites --- silicone rubber --- Ionic liquid --- carbon materials --- structural --- EMI shielding --- n/a

Promising Detoxification Strategies to Mitigate Mycotoxins in Food and Feed

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ISBN: 9783038970286 9783038970279 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-027-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:28
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue Promising Detoxification Strategies to Mitigate Mycotoxins in Food and Feed that was published in Toxins

Keywords

deoxynivalenol --- epimer --- polarity --- Tri101 --- molecular --- interactions --- spores of Ganoderma lucidum --- oxidative stress --- aflatoxins --- antioxidant capability --- mycotoxin --- patulin --- biodegradation --- Pichia caribbica --- proteomics --- intracellular and extracellular enzymes --- Bacillus licheniformis CK1 --- zearalenone (ZEA) --- serum hormones --- estrogen receptor (ER) --- post-weaning female piglets --- curcumin --- aflatoxin B1 --- CYP450 --- AFBO–DNA --- chicks --- aflatoxin B1 --- photodegradation product --- TQEF-MS/MS --- cell viability --- furan rings --- mycotoxin --- toxigenic Fusarium --- biological control --- Trichoderma --- modified mycotoxin --- aflatoxin B1 --- aflatoxin biodegradation preparation --- Bacillus subtilis ANSB060 --- ameliorating effects --- growth performance --- antioxidant function --- residue --- aflatoxins --- biotransformation --- enzymatic detoxification --- laccase --- mild technologies --- food safety --- mycotoxins mitigation --- aflatoxin B1 --- aflatoxin-degrading enzyme --- biodegradation --- Bacillus shackletonii --- purification --- Sporobolomyces sp. IAM 13481 --- microbial patulin degradation --- desoxypatulinic acid --- ascladiol --- aflatoxins --- Aspergillus flavus --- Corylus avellana --- fatty acids --- thermal treatment --- Aflatoxin B1 --- Aspergillus flavus --- hyssop --- inhibition --- oxidative stress --- DBD --- atmospheric pressure --- low temperature plasma --- mycotoxins --- degradation --- maize --- aflatoxins --- neutral electrolyzed water --- detoxification --- turkey --- mycotoxins --- biotransformation --- degradation --- enzymes --- application --- mycotoxin --- detoxification --- biodegradation --- biotransformation --- enzyme --- microorganism identification --- mycotoxin --- trichothecene --- deoxynivalenol --- bioprospecting --- detoxification --- Fusarium --- cold atmospheric pressure plasma technology --- mycotoxins --- physical decontamination --- chemical decontamination --- biological decontamination --- patulin --- mycotoxin --- mitigation --- decontamination --- food and beverage --- processing --- n/a

Big Data Research for Social Sciences and Social Impact

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039282203 9783039282210 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-221-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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A new era of innovation is enabled by the integration of social sciences and information systems research. In this context, the adoption of Big Data and analytics technology brings new insight to the social sciences. It also delivers new, flexible responses to crucial social problems and challenges. We are proud to deliver this edited volume on the social impact of big data research. It is one of the first initiatives worldwide analyzing of the impact of this kind of research on individuals and social issues. The organization of the relevant debate is arranged around three pillars: Section A: Big Data Research for Social Impact: • Big Data and Their Social Impact; • (Smart) Citizens from Data Providers to Decision-Makers; • Towards Sustainable Development of Online Communities; • Sentiment from Online Social Networks; • Big Data for Innovation. Section B. Techniques and Methods for Big Data driven research for Social Sciences and Social Impact: • Opinion Mining on Social Media; • Sentiment Analysis of User Preferences; • Sustainable Urban Communities; • Gender Based Check-In Behavior by Using Social Media Big Data; • Web Data-Mining Techniques; • Semantic Network Analysis of Legacy News Media Perception. Section C. Big Data Research Strategies: • Skill Needs for Early Career Researchers—A Text Mining Approach; • Pattern Recognition through Bibliometric Analysis; • Assessing an Organization’s Readiness to Adopt Big Data; • Machine Learning for Predicting Performance; • Analyzing Online Reviews Using Text Mining; • Context–Problem Network and Quantitative Method of Patent Analysis. Complementary social and technological factors including: • Big Social Networks on Sustainable Economic Development; Business Intelligence.

Keywords

big data --- illegal accommodation --- institutional innovation --- transaction costs --- housing problem --- building stock management --- Hong Kong --- information diffusion --- community detection --- topic analysis --- sentiment analysis --- social networks --- Social network --- sustainable development --- review voting --- online community --- paradox --- smart citizens --- experimental cities --- smart cities --- technopolitics --- big data --- Barcelona --- data commons --- decision-makers --- policy --- GDPR --- big data --- social sciences --- decision-making --- data analyst --- filtering --- framing --- big data --- maturity model --- temporal analytics --- advanced business analytics --- big data analytic methods --- semantic network analysis --- framings --- NodeXL --- promising technology --- research frontier --- bibliometric analysis --- hype cycle --- technology platforms --- sustainable agri-food systems --- innovation in sustainable agriculture --- online data --- data mining --- TP organics --- big data research --- point of interests (POI) --- sustainability development --- spatial accessibility of residential public services --- Xiamen City --- big data --- sales prediction --- online word-of-mouth --- dynamic topic model --- product attributes --- back-propagation neural network --- systematic and replicable patent analysis method --- problem-solved concept --- context–problem network --- network data analysis --- sustainable wireless energy transmission technology --- big data analytics --- text mining --- association rule --- car review --- skills --- researchers --- early career --- text mining --- social media big data --- lbsn --- check-in density --- spatiotemporal analysis --- KDE --- GWR --- SDE --- Guangzhou --- educational data mining --- learning analytics --- machine learning --- big data --- prediction grades --- destination image --- user-generated content --- online travel review --- big data analytics --- opinion mining --- sentiment analysis --- resource optimisation --- place sustainability --- TripAdvisor --- Greek Attica --- opinion mining --- social media --- social networks --- sentiment analysis --- sentiment polarity classification --- social impact --- big data research --- information systems --- analytics --- decision making --- social sciences --- big data research --- social and humanistic computing --- social sciences --- social good --- social impact --- machine learning --- knowledge management --- web science --- data science --- social inclusive economic growth --- sustainability --- innovation --- innovation networks

Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics

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ISBN: 9783038974437 9783038974444 Year: Pages: 536 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-444-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Risk measures play a vital role in many subfields of economics and finance. It has been proposed that risk measures could be analysed in relation to the performance of variables extracted from empirical real-world data. For example, risk measures may help inform effective monetary and fiscal policies and, therefore, the further development of pricing models for financial assets such as equities, bonds, currencies, and derivative securities.A Special Issue of “Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics” will be devoted to advancements in the mathematical and statistical development of risk measures with applications in finance and economics. This Special Issue will bring together the theory, practice and real-world applications of risk measures. This book is a collection of papers published in the Special Issue of “Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics” for Sustainability in 2018.

Keywords

falsified products --- medication --- health risk --- low-income country --- regular vine copulas --- tree structures --- co-dependence modelling --- European stock markets --- carbon emissions --- fossil fuels --- crude oil --- coal --- low carbon targets --- green energy --- spot and futures prices --- Granger causality --- volatility spillovers --- quasi likelihood ratio (QLR) test --- diagonal BEKK --- full BEKK --- dynamic hedging --- socially responsible investment --- multivariate regime-switching --- time-varying correlations --- volatility transmission --- conscientiousness --- openness to experience --- perceived ease of use --- perceived usefulness --- online purchase intention --- dynamic conditional correlation --- generalized autoregressive score functions --- time-varying copula function --- CoVaR --- utility --- credit derivatives --- stochastic volatility --- asymptotic approximation --- risk aversion --- portfolio selection --- need hierarchy theory --- two-level optimization --- variance --- coherent risk measures --- probability of default --- bank risk --- banking regulation --- SYMBOL --- financial stability --- China’s food policy --- sustainable food security system --- japonica rice production --- two-level CES function --- technological progress --- Project Financing --- Mezzanine Financing --- option value --- Monte Carlo Simulations --- probabilistic cash flow --- optimizing financial model --- risks mitigation --- investment profitability --- financial hazard map --- random forests --- early warning system --- bank failure --- B-splines --- inflation forecast --- monthly CPI data --- out-of-sample forecast --- the sudden stop of capital inflow --- financial security --- the optimal scale of foreign exchange reserve --- utility maximization --- finance risk --- liquidity premium --- uncertainty termination --- investment horizon --- Amihud’s illiquidity ratio --- factor models --- diversification --- bank profitability --- bank risk --- dynamic panel --- European banking system --- sustainability of economic recovery --- Bayesian approach --- conjugate prior --- cartel --- leniency program --- policy simulation --- S&P 500 index options --- gain-loss ratio --- risk-neutral distribution --- binomial tree --- risk management --- market timing --- moving averages --- risk-free rate --- returns and volatility --- financial risk --- bankruptcy --- regression model --- sustainable development --- Slovak enterprises --- sentiment analysis --- polarity --- scientific verification --- emotion --- joy --- sadness --- climate change --- GMC --- VIX --- RV5MIN --- causal path --- ANN --- sovereign credit default swap (SCDS) --- emerging market --- markov regime switching --- credit risk --- risk assessment --- risk measures --- IPO underpricing --- financial crisis --- information asymmetry --- financial risks --- business groups --- financial performance --- group-affiliated --- institutional voids --- production frontier function --- stochastic frontier model --- specification testing --- wild bootstrap --- smoothing process --- empirical process --- simulations --- stakeholder theory --- sustainability --- risk --- social efficiency --- banking --- cooperative banks --- Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) --- corporate sustainability --- news release --- stakeholder theory --- stock return volatility --- EGARCH-m --- life insurance --- term life insurance --- whole life insurance --- self-perceived health --- objective health status --- future health risk --- SHARE --- national health system

Advances in Food Analysis

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039217427 9783039217434 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-743-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This Topical Collection of Molecules provides the most recent advancements and trends within the framework of food analysis, confirming the growing public, academic, and industrial interest in this field. The articles broach topics related to sample preparation, separation science, spectroscopic techniques, sensors and biosensors, as well as investigations dealing with the characterization of macronutrients, micronutrients, and other biomolecules. It offers the latest updates regarding alternative food sources (e.g., algae), functional foods, effects of processing, chiral or achiral bioactive compounds, contaminants, and every topic related to food science that is appealing to readers. Nowadays, the increasing awareness of the close relation among diet, health, and social development is stimulating demands for high levels of quality and safety in agro-food production, as well as new studies to fill gaps in the actual body of knowledge about food composition. For these reasons, modern research in food science and human nutrition is moving from classical methodologies to advanced instrumental platforms for comprehensive characterization. Nondestructive spectroscopic and imaging technologies are also proposed for food process monitoring and quality control in real time.

Keywords

cuprous oxide nanoparticles --- reduced graphene oxide --- modified electrode --- sunset yellow --- second-derivative linear sweep voltammetry --- clenbuterol --- systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment --- real-time quantitative PCR --- high-throughput sequencing technology --- aptamers --- gold nanoparticles biosensor --- carbamates --- multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) --- enhanced product ion (EPI) --- mass fragmentation --- confirmatory method --- pesticide residues --- Croatian wines --- biogenic amines --- HPLC --- geographical origin --- polyelectrolyte composite film --- nitrite detection --- differential pulse voltammetry --- cyclic voltammetry --- mycotoxin --- dimerization --- HRMS --- NMR --- fruit jams --- food security --- phenolic acids --- quercetin --- agro-biodiversity --- HPLC fingerprint --- Polygonatum cyrtonema --- saccharides --- oligosaccharides --- fructose --- HPLC–QTOF–MS/MS --- steaming --- essential oil --- extraction techniques --- hops extracts --- hydrodistillation --- Marynka strain --- microwave-assisted hydrodistillation --- anthocyanins --- bioactive compounds --- Box–Behnken design --- microwave-assisted extraction --- myrtle --- Myrtus communis --- phenolic compounds --- Chia seed oil --- polyunsaturated fatty acid --- antioxidant --- lipid-lowering effect --- collagen peptide --- HPLC fingerprint --- antioxidant --- anti-inflammatory --- spectrum-effect relationship --- amino acids --- carbohydrates --- acidity --- polarity --- molecular weight --- Tricholoma matsutake --- Pol gene --- qualitative and quantitative PCR --- DNA extraction --- ?-blockers --- metabolites --- milk powder --- Q-Orbitrap --- rosé wines --- white wines --- bottle aging --- flavor profile --- closures --- anthocyanins --- bioactive compounds --- Box–Behnken design --- ultrasound-assisted extraction --- myrtle --- Myrtus communis L. --- phenolic compounds --- food safety --- kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) --- molecular identification --- phylogeny --- DNA barcode --- hard clams --- Meretrix lyrata --- lipid classes --- fatty acids --- phospholipids --- molecular species of phospholipid --- high resolution mass spectrometry --- impedimetric aptasensor --- screen-printed interface --- bifunctional polymer arms --- PAT detection --- apple juice --- chiral --- chiral stationary phases --- enantiomers --- food --- review --- Piper methysticum (kava) --- kavalactones --- flavokavains --- UHPLC-UV --- mass spectra --- isomerization --- single-laboratory validation --- quality control --- Lactarius deliciosus --- chemical composition --- antioxidant --- antihyperglycemic --- ?13C-IRMS --- fatty acids composition --- 1H-NMR --- walnut varieties --- poultry eggs --- thiamphenicol --- florfenicol --- florfenicol amine --- ASE --- UPLC-FLD --- Sojae semen praeparatum (SSP) --- fermentation --- conversion --- ultra-fast liquid chromatography (UFLC)–TripleTOF MS --- principal component analysis (PCA) --- microalgae --- Scenedesmus --- supercritical fluid extraction --- carotenoids --- fat-soluble vitamins --- antioxidants --- fruit juice --- blends --- adulteration --- 1H NMR --- PLS --- chemometrics --- natural mature honey --- immature honey --- chemometric analysis --- multi-physicochemical parameters --- food quality --- IMS --- food composition --- food process control --- food authentication --- food adulteration --- food safety --- antibiotics --- liquid chromatography mass spectrometry --- milk --- muscle --- validation

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