Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Harm and Benefit of Plant and Fungal Secondary Metabolites in Food Animal Production

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455065 Year: Pages: 100 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-506-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Animal Sciences --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Livestock species are either herbivores or omnivores that are maintained largely on plant-based diets. We have long appreciated the importance of understanding dietary plants from both nutritional and agronomic perspectives. However, it is increasingly clear that the fungi, bacteria and other microorganisms that live in the plants and animals are also significant factors in the ecology of agricultural animals. Many of the effects exerted on animals by dietary plants are attributable to secondary metabolites produced by the plants themselves or commensal microorganisms. Some fungal and plant secondary metabolites have multiple biological effects. We must be careful not to categorize a plant as strictly beneficial or harmful. Furthermore, we must be careful not to categorize even a particular plant or fungal compound as strictly beneficial or harmful. Rather, the harm or benefit of secondary metabolites are often dependent on the metabolic status of the animal, the interaction with other dietary factors including other secondary metabolites, and the dose received through the diet. This collection examines a range of agriculturally important plant and fungal products including essential oils, alkaloids, isoflavones and nitrates.

Biological Activities of Alkaloids: From Toxicology to Pharmacology

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039289271 / 9783039289288 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-928-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Natural products are increasingly attracting attention from both basic and applied science. Plant secondary metabolites, especially alkaloids, are receiving interest from a wide range of researchers due to their biological activity. They are produced to protect plants from diseases and herbivores. Therefore, they reveal a toxic activity that affects organisms at various levels of biological organization. A growing amount of research is proving their antimicrobial, antifungal, insecticidal, and anticancer activities. That makes them applicable in various fields from medicine, to pharmacology, veterinary, and toxicology, to crop protection. This Special Issue of Toxins, “Biological Activities of Alkaloids: From Toxicology to Pharmacology"", collects 15 manuscripts describing the ecological, biological, pharmacological, and toxicological effects as well as structural and analytical aspects of plant alkaloids, their mode of action, and possible application in veterinary, medicine, and plant protection. These studies prove the potential for alkaloid application in various areas of science.

Keywords

Arecoline --- lung cancer cells --- mAchR3 --- EGFR --- SRC --- FAK --- dehydrocrenatidine --- neuropathic pain --- voltage-gated sodium channels --- Solanum melongena L. --- malonylated form --- glycoalkaloids --- secondary metabolites --- solasonine --- solamargine --- malonyl-solamargine --- acetylcholinesterase --- antioxidant --- Ovarian cancer --- Rutidea parviflora --- Palmatine --- Apoptosis --- chanoclavine --- toxicology --- subchronic feeding study --- acute toxicity --- endophyte --- Epichloë --- plant secondary metabolites --- glycoalkaloids --- insect heart --- beetles --- insect --- Tenebrio molitor --- Radix Aconiti Lateralis preparations --- short-term and long-term usage --- di-ester diterpenoid alkaloids --- mono-ester diterpenoid alkaloids --- biodistribution --- ergot alkaloids --- livestock --- reproduction --- isoquinoline alkaloids --- antimicrobial activity --- Chelidonium majus --- cytotoxicity --- apoptosis --- sanguinarine --- berberine --- Chelidonium majus --- Berberis thunbergii --- leukemia --- anticancer --- natural products --- alkaloids --- plant secondary metabolites --- ?-carboline --- Staphylococcus aureus --- antimicrobial activity --- cytotoxicity --- acid-sensing ion channel subtype 1a --- bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid --- lindoldhamine --- nociception --- inflammation --- isoquinoline alkaloids --- HPLC-DAD --- cytotoxic activity --- Mahonia aquifolia --- Meconopsis cambrica --- Corydalis lutea --- Dicentra spectabilis --- Fumaria officinalis --- Macleaya cordata --- alkaloids --- natural sources --- anticancer --- antibacterial --- antiviral --- antifungal --- Curine --- alkaloid --- macrophage --- neutrophil --- lipopolysaccharide --- n/a

Technological Eco-Innovations for the Quality Control and the Decontamination of Polluted Waters and Soils

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039284641 9783039284658 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-465-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The Special Issue “Technological Eco-Innovations for the Quality Control and the Decontamination of Polluted Waters and Soils” deals with the most recent research activities carried out at lab and field scale on eco-sustainable tools for the remediation of contaminated environmental substrates. It is particularly devoted to highlight the relevance of biological organisms (plants, microbes, algae) to assess the chemical contamination in water and soil and to remediate such matrices from the pollution caused by the human activities. Therefore, bioremediation is a primary focus of most of the articles published within the present Special Issue. Bioremediation is a promising environmentally friendly technology to deal with the chemical pollution in different ecosystem compartments and its integration with the traditional approaches might represent a

Keywords

chlorophyll fluorescence --- industrial crop --- metal tolerance --- phytomanagement --- phytoremediation --- soil pollution --- coal --- soil --- water --- bioremediation --- Ralstonia sp. --- sulfur --- synthetic zeolite --- removal --- 2,4-D --- MCPA --- plant secondary metabolites --- ferulic acid --- syringic acid --- biodegradation --- ecotoxicity --- bioremediation --- biostimulation --- diesel oil --- indigenous microorganisms --- kinetics --- dielectric permittivity --- acclimation --- Brassica napus --- salt stress --- chlorophyll fluorescence --- photosynthesis --- anti-oxidant enzymes --- polyamines --- proline --- phytoremediation --- water pollution --- DDT --- TNT --- heavy metals --- cesium ions --- Tagetes patula --- Festuca arundinacea --- bottom urban sediment --- phytoremediation --- plant growth promoting bacteria --- oxidative stress --- plant stress reactions --- phytoremediation --- heavy metals --- energy crops --- pollution --- water contamination --- chlorophyll fluorescence --- mining wastes --- iron and manganese minerals --- water filtration --- arsenic adsorption --- geostatistical analysis --- geological heterogeneity --- dissolved organic carbon --- autochthonous microbial community --- urban sediments --- PCDDs/PCDFs --- rhizobacterial inoculants --- bioremediation --- phytoremediation --- natural-based remediation strategies --- Monviso clone --- plant physiology --- antioxidant defence --- soil microbial communities --- microscope --- bacterial contamination --- water contamination --- artificial intelligence

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search