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Dynamical Models of Biology and Medicine

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ISBN: 9783039212170 9783039212187 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-218-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Mathematical and computational modeling approaches in biological and medical research are experiencing rapid growth globally. This Special Issue Book intends to scratch the surface of this exciting phenomenon. The subject areas covered involve general mathematical methods and their applications in biology and medicine, with an emphasis on work related to mathematical and computational modeling of the complex dynamics observed in biological and medical research. Fourteen rigorously reviewed papers were included in this Special Issue. These papers cover several timely topics relating to classical population biology, fundamental biology, and modern medicine. While the authors of these papers dealt with very different modeling questions, they were all motivated by specific applications in biology and medicine and employed innovative mathematical and computational methods to study the complex dynamics of their models. We hope that these papers detail case studies that will inspire many additional mathematical modeling efforts in biology and medicine

Keywords

hemodynamic model --- microcirculation load --- liquid-solid-porous media seepage coupling --- 2-combination --- graphical representation --- cell-based vector --- numerical characterization --- phylogenetic analysis --- intraguild predation --- random perturbations --- persistence --- stationary distribution --- global asymptotic stability --- quorum sensing --- chemostat --- mathematical model --- differential equations --- delay --- bifurcations --- dynamical system --- numerical simulation --- predator-prey model --- switched harvest --- limit cycle --- rich dynamics --- algae growth models --- uncertainty quantification --- asymptotic theory --- bootstrapping --- model comparison tests --- Raphidocelis subcapitata --- Daphnia magna --- spotting --- wildfire --- transport equations --- spotting distribution --- obesity --- mechano-electrochemical model --- articular cartilage --- cartilage degeneration --- cartilage loading --- optimal control --- hepatitis B --- delay differential equations (DDE) --- immune response --- drug therapy --- dynamic model --- flocculation --- global stability --- uniform persistence --- epidermis --- mathematical model --- bacterial inflammation --- bacterial competition --- chronic myeloid leukemia --- tyrosine kinase inhibitors --- immunomodulatory therapies --- combination therapy --- equilibrium points --- mathematical modeling --- prostate cancer --- androgen deprivation therapy --- data fitting --- generalized pseudo amino acid composition --- numerical characterization --- phylogenetic analysis --- identification of DNA-binding proteins --- n/a

Lamiaceae Species: Biology, Ecology and Practical Uses

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ISBN: 9783039284184 9783039284191 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-419-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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This Special Issue Book entitled ""Lamiaceae Species: Biology, Ecology and Practical Uses"" contributes to the knowledge of selected Lamiaceae species from several perspectives, such as diversity and phytogeography, taxonomy, ethnobotany, and quantitative and qualitative composition, as well as the biological activity of secondary metabolites.

Jasmonic Acid Pathway in Plants

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ISBN: 9783039284887 / 9783039284894 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-489-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The plant hormone jasmonic acid (JA) and its derivative, an amino acid conjugate of JA (jasmonoyl isoleucine, JA-Ile), are signaling compounds involved in the regulation of defense and development in plants. The number of articles studying on JA has dramatically increased since the 1990s. JA is recognized as a stress hormone that regulates the plant response to biotic stresses such as herbivore and pathogen attacks, as well as abiotic stresses such as wounding and ultraviolet radiation. Recent studies have remarkably progressed the understanding of the importance of JA in the life cycle of plants. JA is directly involved in many physiological processes, including stamen growth, senescence, and root growth. JA regulates production of various metabolites such as phytoalexins and terpenoids. Many regulatory proteins involved in JA signaling have been identified by screening for Arabidopsis mutants. However, much more remains to be learned about JA signaling in other plant species. This Special Issue, “Jasmonic Acid Pathway in Plants”, contains 5 review and 15 research articles published by field experts. These articles will help with understanding the crucial roles of JA in its response to the several environmental stresses and development in plants.

Keywords

albino --- aroma --- Camellia sinensis --- chloroplast --- jasmonic acid --- light-sensitive --- stress --- tea --- volatile --- Panax ginseng --- gene expression --- ginsenoside --- methyl jasmonate --- MYB transcription factor --- dammarenediol synthase --- jasmonic acid --- signaling pathway --- environmental response --- biological function --- MeJA --- priming --- rice --- proteomics --- ROS --- chlorophyll fluorescence imaging --- MAP kinase --- jasmonate --- rice bacterial blight --- salicylic acid --- grain development --- Prunus avium --- Tuscan varieties --- jasmonic acid --- lipoxygenase --- bioinformatics --- gene expression --- heterotrimeric G proteins --- AtRGS1 --- jasmonates --- endocytosis --- diffusion dynamics --- Chinese flowering cabbage --- leaf senescence --- JA --- transcriptional activation --- adventitious rooting --- auxin --- ectopic metaxylem --- ectopic protoxylem --- ethylene --- hypocotyl --- jasmonates --- nitric oxide --- xylogenesis --- transcriptional regulators --- plant development --- jasmonic acid signaling --- gene expression --- Jasmonate-ZIM domain --- JAZ repressors --- Jas domain --- TIFY --- degron --- phylogenetic analysis --- ancestral sequences --- circadian clock --- jasmonic acid --- crosstalk --- jasmonic acid --- fatty acid desaturase --- multiseeded --- msd --- grain number --- MutMap --- sorghum --- Ralstonia solanacearum --- type III effector --- jasmonic acid --- salicylic acid --- Nicotiana plants --- PatJAZ6 --- jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathway --- Pogostemon cablin --- patchouli alcohol --- biosynthesis --- jasmonate --- salt response --- Zea mays --- ROS --- proline --- ABA biosynthesis --- jasmonic acid --- crosstalk --- gibberellic acid --- cytokinin --- auxin --- jasmonic acid --- opr3 --- stress defense --- quantitative proteomics --- abiotic stresses --- jasmonates --- JA-Ile --- JAZ repressors --- transcription factor --- signaling --- antioxidant enzyme activity --- elicitor --- methyl jasmonate --- secondary metabolite --- signal molecules --- n/a

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2020 (2)

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