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Neuroinflammation and Behaviour

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196029 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-602-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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Abstract

The brain and immune system are involved in an intricate network of bidirectional communication. This relationship is vital for optimal physiological and psychological development and functioning but can also result in unwanted outcomes. In particular, this interaction plays an important role in cognition, mood and behaviour. Neuroinflammation is known to contribute to neurological and affective disorders including impaired learning and memory, depressive, anxiety and schizoaffective symptoms, as well as pain. The development of these conditions often occurs on the backdrop of pre-existing physical illnesses which give rise to increased activation of the immune system, such as cancer, obesity, infection and autoimmune disorders. Similarly, psychological states can alter regulation of the immune system. This has been most extensively studied in the context of stress and immune function. Understanding the underlying mechanisms that lead to the onset of inflammation-induced neuropathology and stress-induced immune suppression will contribute to the development of novel and effective treatment strategies for both the disease and its neurological side effects. In this research topic we explored the relationship between the immune system and the brain throughout life. We include both original research and review papers from animal, clinical and molecular perspectives.

Breastfeeding: Short and Long-Term Benefits to Baby and Mother

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039289219 / 9783039289226 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-922-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

Breastfeeding is the preferred method of feeding in early life. It is also one of the most cost-effective childhood survival interventions. Breastfeeding practices are important for preventing child mortality and morbidity, as well as ensuring the optimal growth, health, and development of infants. The public health benefits of breastfeeding have been well documented in the medical literature, and include the following: associations with decreased risk for early-life diseases such as otitis media, respiratory tract infection, diarrhoea, and early childhood obesity (to name but a few). This Special Issue book includes a collection of studies on the use of novel methods to improve breastfeeding rates, and research exploring the short- and long-term benefits of breastfeeding for both the infant and mother, including technology-based approaches.

Keywords

breast milk metabolome --- glycome --- lipidome --- free amino acid --- preterm infant --- growth trajectory --- galactagogues --- low milk supply --- lactation --- breast milk --- breast feeding --- human milk carbohydrates --- lactose --- oligosaccharides --- infant --- body composition --- lactation --- daily intake --- breastfeeding frequency --- milk intake --- breastfeeding --- infections --- birth cohort --- hospitalizations --- antibiotic use --- exclusive breastfeeding --- Australia --- skin-to-skin --- culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) --- breastfeeding --- multiple pregnancy --- neonate --- premature birth --- milk bank --- pregnancy outcomes --- breastfeeding --- lactoferrin --- prolonged lactation --- child nutrition --- cortisol --- cortisone --- growth --- circadian rhythm --- human milk --- fenugreek --- milk flow --- milk composition --- litter size --- maternal protein restriction --- plasma metabolic parameters --- caesarean section --- initiation of breastfeeding --- maternal age --- gestational age --- United Arab Emirates --- breastfeeding --- infants --- ECOWAS --- antenatal care --- pregnancy --- infant mortality --- breastfeeding --- EWAS --- DNA methylation --- twins --- EPIC --- NTR --- ALSPAC --- breastfeeding --- caries --- childhood --- Aboriginal --- breastfeeding --- infant --- parity --- maternal behavior --- educational status --- self-efficacy --- risk factors --- prognosis --- sensitivity and specificity --- practice --- breastfeeding --- breast milk --- temperament --- fatty acids --- LC-PUFA --- omega-3 --- omega-6 --- DHA --- AA --- children --- early life nutrition --- perinatal --- maternal stress --- maternal anxiety --- infant crying --- breastfeeding --- breastfeeding --- Africa --- antenatal care --- infants --- ECOWAS --- mortality --- vitamin A --- retinoic acid --- vitamin A deficiency --- lactating mammary gland --- weaning --- involution

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