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Dynamics of Architecture in Late Baroque Rome. Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni at the Cancelleria

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ISBN: 9783110452464 9783110452648 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.1515/9783110452464 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History of arts --- Architecture --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 12:56:03
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This is the first study to characterize the architectural patronage of Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni (1667-1740), and to identify twelve architects during his half century of patronage in his Ecclesiastical court of the Cancelleria. Most eminent among them were Filippo Juvarra and Domenico Gregorini. Commercial and private theaters in the palace are located from archival data, room measurements, drawings, diary accounts, Correspondence of the French Academy, and palimpsests of architectural details. The size, shape, appearance, capacity, and location of Filippo Juvarra's theater are discussed. Archival documents are cited to reveal why, how, and when it vanished. Detailed analysis is devoted to Juvarra's stage construction with its elaborate sets and moving apparatus. In his official function as Vice-Chancellor of the Church, it is well known that Ottoboni was positioned as a major patron of music, theater, and painting in late Baroque Rome. He was a librettist for oratorios performed by his resident composer, Arcangelo Corelli, and by Alessandro Scarlatti in venues in the palace, and in his basilica of San Lorenzo in Damaso, located in the palace grounds. His resident painters included Francesco Trevisani and Sebastiano Conca. He completed the construction of Bernini's Confessione in the nave of his basilica. As the sponsor of the Arcadian Academy, Ottoboni dictated taste in Roman cultural circles. His involvement in the competition for the façade of St. John Lateran is amplified. A grand overview is provided for the cardinal's commission of devotional machine constructed to rival the Lenten carnivals. As ephemeral constructions, and normally ignored liturgical phenomena, these are explored in detail for the first time.Edward J. Olszewski, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.

L’empereur et le moine : Les relations du pouvoir impérial avec les monastères à Byzance (ixe‑xiiie siècle)

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ISBN: 9782356681898 DOI: 10.4000/books.momeditions.2136 Language: French
Publisher: MOM Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:38
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Au lendemain de la crise iconoclaste, alors que les moines apparaissent comme les héros de l’orthodoxie restaurée, le patronage aristocratique et impérial des fondations monastiques permet l’émergence de grands monastères dans l’Empire byzantin. Le présent ouvrage s’intéresse aux relations des moines avec l’empereur, relations personnelles, spirituelles et institutionnelles qui sous‑tendent ce patronage a priori paradoxal ; entre le ixe et le xiiie siècle, les monastères bénéficiaient de privilèges importants alors même que les empereurs cherchaient à limiter l’emprise des puissants sur les terres, principalement pour des raisons fiscales. L’amitié des empereurs pour les moines s’inscrit dans le contexte plus général de l’affirmation des valeurs monastiques dans l’Église et dans la société byzantines ; intercesseurs privilégiés des hommes auprès de Dieu, les moines deviennent les guides spirituels privilégiés des membres de l’aristocratie. Sur le plan institutionnel, les sources indiquent que le souverain exigeait des services militaires et politiques en contrepartie de sa générosité, et détenait dans certaines de ces fondations des droits de patronage contraignants. L’amitié des empereurs pour les moines devient également un topos littéraire qui témoigne d’un élément nouveau dans le discours sur le pouvoir impérial, l’attrait des empereurs pour le mode de vie monastique ; les sources narratives contribuent ainsi à l’élaboration d’un nouveau modèle de royauté qui domine les différentes formes d’expression du pouvoir impérial byzantin à partir du ixe siècle, celui d’une royauté monastique.

La Maison de Salomon : Histoire du patronage scientifique et technique en France et en Angleterre au xviie siècle

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ISBN: 9782753555815 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.46944 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:47
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La Maison de Salomon est le nom que donne l'homme d'État anglais Francis Bacon à l'institution imaginaire décrite dans son récit utopique La Nouvelle Atlantide : une confrérie dont les membres s'efforcent de mettre les sciences, les inventions et les techniques au service du bien commun. L'idée est puissamment mobilisatrice et constitue l'un des moteurs, quelques décennies plus tard, de la création des académies scientifiques française et anglaise. Mais cette « maison » existe déjà quand paraît en 1627 l'utopie baconienne. Elle est constituée de tous ceux, inventeurs, professeurs, fabricants d'instruments mathématiques, libraires spécialisés ou ingénieurs qui font des sciences et techniques leur occupation. Comment vivre de son savoir lorsqu'on n'était pas gentilhomme comme Descartes ? Quelles opportunités se présentaient à ceux qui, de part et d'autre de la Manche, cultivaient les sciences et les techniques ? Quelle place leur réservaient des sociétés d'Ancien Régime qu'on croit souvent, avec quelque raison, rétives ou étrangères à la rationalité scientifique moderne ? Comment et par qui ces hommes étaient-ils protégés ? Loin de l'image classique du mécénat aristocratique et royal, cette enquête montre que le patronage dont ils bénéficiaient revêtait bien des aspects et mobilisait de nombreux mécènes au petit pied, dans l'administration monarchique et ailleurs. En revenant sur les carrières de dizaines de savants et techniciens français et anglais du xviie siècle, cet ouvrage éclaire ainsi des aspects méconnus de la formation de l'État moderne et de l'émergence de la science expérimentale.

Escuelas de imperio. La formación de una elite en los Colegios Mayores (siglos XVI-XVII)

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 1886-0710 ISBN: 9788413240992 Year: Volume: 48 Pages: 465 Language: spa
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Education --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-01 10:11:39
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The purpose of this book is to explain the process of establishing the seven Spanish grand colleges where a large part of the State and the Church elite servants were educated in the 16th and 17th centuries. To this end those colleges are considered, first, in the framework of the European collegiate movement, before placing them in the Spanish one. A study of the institutional system of those foundations follows and, in the process, several given truths are challenged. The book closes with an analysis of the careers of the individuals educated in those ‘schools’ for high bureaucrats – labelled as ‘schools of empire’ – which, with the time, became a power within the State thus causing its disappearance.---El propósito de esta obra es explicar el proceso de creación de los siete colegios mayores, en los que se formó gran parte de la elite que gestionó las principales instituciones del Estado y de la Iglesia en la España de los siglos XVI y XVII. Para ello, se sitúan primero los colegios en el contexto general del movimiento colegial europeo, antes de considerar específicamente el movimiento colegial español. Se describe después el sistema institucional de esas fundaciones, consideradas como un todo, y se cuestionan algunos planteamientos generalmente aceptados en torno a las mismas. En la tercera parte se analiza la proyección profesional de los colegiales formados en esas “escuelas” de formación de altos burócratas –a las que se denomina “escuelas de imperio”– los cuales, con el tiempo, acabarán convirtiéndose en una potencia dentro del Estado, provocando así su desaparición.

IFRA Special Research Issue Vol. 2

ISBN: 9789788025146 9791092312218 Year: Language: English
Publisher: IFRA-Nigeria
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-14 11:31:46
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

Normatividades e instituciones eclesiásticas en el virreinato del Perú, siglos XVI–XIX

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773223 9783944773230 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.12946/gplh12 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-13 11:21:02
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Ecclesiastical institutions and actors were essential for the formation of normative orders in early modern Ibero-America. In a series of seminars, organised by the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Mexico City, Lima, Bogotá and São Paulo, scholars from different disciplines presented innovative studies on the history of religious normativity and its practices. Based upon the Lima colloquium, the present volume focuses on the viceroyalty of Peru (16th-19th centuries).

Les îles de la mémoire : Fabrique des images et écriture de l’histoire dans les églises du lac Tana, Éthiopie, XVIIe-XVIIIe siècle

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ISBN: 9791035101794 DOI: 10.4000/books.psorbonne.11828 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:41
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les îles du lac Ṭānā, réservoir du Nil bleu situé sur les hauts plateaux du nord de l'Éthiopie, abritent depuis le xiiie siècle ermites et communautés monastiques. Lorsque, au cours du xviie siècle, les rois d'Éthiopie établissent leur capitale à Gondar, quelque soixante kilomètres plus au nord, ces hommes de Dieu se retrouvent dès lors aux portes du pouvoir politique. Tantôt refuges lors des guerres ou des troubles internes au royaume, tantôt sanctuaires des dépouilles des souverains et de la légitimité royale, ces lieux saints deviennent le foyer de production d'une histoire écrite et ré-écrite pour compléter ou s'opposer à l'historiographie officielle des souverains. Une historiographie qui voisine souvent le mythe, celui de l'Arche d'alliance ou celui de la Fuite de la Sainte Famille. Cet ouvrage, le premier à proposer une analyse historique de l'art éthiopien des xviie et xviiie siècles à travers nombre de documents inédits – images, chroniques, chartes et documents fonciers –, étudie la construction de bâtiments civils ou ecclésiaux, les chantiers de décoration monumentaux, la mise en pages des cycles d'enluminures et la constitution des bibliothèques. Cette histoire des lieux, des objets et des peintures du lac Ṭānā met de comprendre l'héritage culturel et les connaissances historiques sur lesquels s'appuient les commandes artistiques comme l'action politique des rois aux xviie et xviiie siècles. Entre conflits de récits, revendications foncières et patronage artistique, l'auteur dégage des strates successives de l'écriture de l'histoire du royaume, de la fabrication des images, enluminures et fresques d'églises, et la construction d'une mémoire royale.

Musikalische Repertoires in Zentraleuropa (1420-1450)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205795629 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_512255 Language: English|German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 160
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:39
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With famous music manuscripts such as the St Emmeram codex or the Trent codices and the rise of a musical elite with singer-composers around Dufay and Binchois, the years around 1430 belong to a crucial period in late-medieval music history. The present volume comprises 13 case studies on polyphonic as well as monophonic repertories with a particular focus on the city of Vienna. For the first time, the ‘simultaneity’ of ‘non-simultaneous’ phenomena is scrutinized for Central Europe and for the cultural exchange with neighbouring territories of the Holy Roman Empire, of England, Bohemia and Northern Italy.Due to its specific urban profile and the geographical position, late-medieval Vienna offers an excellent starting point for the study of musical repertories in Central Europe and their appropriation as cultural practice in the first half of the fifteenth century. The ‘simultaneity’ of ‘non-simultaneous’ phenomena is closely connected to the coexistence of different patterns of music patronage within court and nobility, the university, a variety of ecclesiastical institutions (among them the collegiate church of All Saints, later St Stephen’s Cathedral), and diverse strands of upper- and middle-class citizens on the one hand, cultural exchange with neighbouring territories of the Holy Roman Empire, of England, Bohemia and Northern Italy on the other. Manifold strands of polyphonic and monophonic repertories (both sacred and profane), compositional techniques, regionally bound stylistic peculiarities, strategems of music patronage, institutional (or even personal) collectionism, furthermore aspects of music iconography and the role of music within the history of ideas are scrutinized in thirteen chapters, which are conceived as case-studies, plus a detailed thematical introduction. In sum, this is an invaluable contribution to a better understanding of a crucial period of late-medieval music history.

Sustainable Cultural Management

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215980 / 9783039215997 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-599-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The connections between culture and sustainability have been in the public agenda since the 20th century. However, whilst global sustainability programmes at international institutional levels are yet to recognise the role of culture in their sustainability policies, the bid (albeit failed) in the early 2000s to formally add “culture” to the trilogy of sustainability pillars (economic, social, and environmental) mobilised a new discourse for the reframing of cultural policy narrative, which in turn urged a reassessment of methods of cultural management reflecting the same concerns among the sector’s grassroots. The idea of sustainability and culture working together and their envisioned role in future-proofing society and human development captured the imagination of cultural commentators, policy makers and practitioners alike, keen to fulfil these principles “out there”—in cultural organizations and events mega and small, in cities and regions, local and global. The papers in this Special Issue reflect this appeal. This publication covers a wide selection of issues related to sustainable cultural management, which means that it can be recommended to a varied audience. First of all, it can be recommended to managers experienced in cultural management, where success is measured more by the degree of mission accomplishment and the social benefits achieved rather than by profit. Another group comprises the employees of cultural organizations who want to improve their knowledge of sustainable cultural management. This Special Issue can also be recommended to artists, researchers, students, state and local government employees, founders and patrons of art, and all those who want to understand the importance of sustainable cultural management.

Keywords

sustainable management of culture --- town divided by a border --- cross-border market for cultural services --- cultural offer --- Cieszyn-?eský T?šín --- sustainable consumption --- cultural services --- cultural institutions --- philharmony --- Katowice --- culture 1.0–3.0 --- patronage --- cultural and creative industries --- cultural participation --- cultural communities of practice --- EU cohesion policies --- consumer-based brand equity --- social media --- cultural institutions --- factor analysis --- CBBE --- 3C Sustainable System --- Urban sculpture planning system --- public art --- sustainable urban sculpture development --- cultural policy --- management --- heritage --- public participation --- China --- social project culture --- management by project --- evolution path --- sustainable development --- pro-environmental behavior --- grid-group cultural theory --- cognitive sociology --- contemporary art market --- art galleries --- sustainable management --- Delphi method --- foresight study --- crowdfunding --- creative-cultural industries --- culture --- film industry --- attitudes --- Romania --- sustainable development --- sustainability --- museums --- heritage --- cultural sustainability --- effectiveness --- environment --- attractivity --- event --- sustainability --- culture-led regeneration --- European Capital of Culture --- Liverpool --- ABC model --- cultural distance theory --- qualitative research methods --- integration --- Shigatse city --- management of culture --- sustainability --- old industrial areas --- post-transformation areas --- Ostrava --- marketing concept --- cultural institutions --- sustainable development --- cultural offer diversity --- culture consumer --- cultural and creative industries --- social media content exploration --- abstract and concrete information --- behavioral and emotional participation --- n/a

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