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Knowledge Unbound

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ISBN: 9780262029902 9780262528498 Year: Pages: 456 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:32
License: The MIT Press

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Influential writings make the case for open access to research, explore its implications, and document the early struggles and successes of the open access movement. Peter Suber has been a leading advocate for open access since 2001 and has worked full time on issues of open access since 2003. As a professor of philosophy during the early days of the internet, he realized its power and potential as a medium for scholarship. As he writes now, “it was like an asteroid crash, fundamentally changing the environment, challenging dinosaurs to adapt, and challenging all of us to figure out whether we were dinosaurs.” When Suber began putting his writings and course materials online for anyone to use for any purpose, he soon experienced the benefits of that wider exposure. In 2001, he started a newsletter—the Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, which later became the SPARC Open Access Newsletter—in which he explored the implications of open access for research and scholarship. This book offers a selection of some of Suber's most significant and influential writings on open access from 2002 to 2010. In these texts, Suber makes the case for open access to research; answers common questions, objections, and misunderstandings; analyzes policy issues; and documents the growth and evolution of open access during its most critical early decade.

Keywords

Open Access

Open Access

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ISBN: 9780262300988 9780262517638 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:34
License: The MIT Press

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A concise introduction to the basics of open access, describing what it is (and isn't) and showing that it is easy, fast, inexpensive, legal, and beneficial.The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work “open access”: digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent, and many authors, musicians, filmmakers, and other creators who depend on royalties are understandably unwilling to give their consent. But for 350 years, scholars have written peer-reviewed journal articles for impact, not for money, and are free to consent to open access without losing revenue.In this concise introduction, Peter Suber tells us what open access is and isn't, how it benefits authors and readers of research, how we pay for it, how it avoids copyright problems, how it has moved from the periphery to the mainstream, and what its future may hold. Distilling a decade of Suber's influential writing and thinking about open access, this is the indispensable book on the subject for researchers, librarians, administrators, funders, publishers, and policy makers.

Keywords

open access

Open Access. L'accesso aperto alla letteratura scientifica.

Author:
Book Series: Editoria - Presente e Futuro ISBN: 9788867051717 Year: Pages: 123 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-20 15:02:17
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Nonostante l’Open Access, vale a dire la disponibilità libera e gratuita dei contenuti in internet, sia ormai un’iniziativa conosciuta, ci sono ancora idee molto confuse e interpretazioni erronee su alcune delle sue caratteristiche e sul suo funzionamento. In quest’opera, Ernest Abadal ha l’obiettivo di chiarire i dubbi e fraintendimenti più frequenti riguardo l’Open Access, presentando le basi teoriche di questo sistema, il ruolo delle riviste scientifiche e l’attitudine dei ricercatori, nonché una stima di quali siano le prospettive future.Questa guida si rivolge tanto agli accademici e ai dirigenti universitari, quanto agli editori e ai professionisti in ambito bibliotecario.L’edizione italiana è stata realizzata con la collaborazione di Maria Teresa Miconi, professoressa di Bibliografia e Biblioteconomia dell’Università di Macerata e riconosciuta esperta di Open Access.La prefazione è a cura di Giovanni Solimine, professore di Biblioteconomia all’Università di Roma La Sapienza, dove è anche presidente del Sistema bibliotecario di Ateneo e direttore della Scuola di Specializzazione in beni archivistici e librari.

Cavendish: The Experimental Life

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studies 7: Max Planck Research Library in the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561065 Year: Pages: 596 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 16:09:07
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Two gifted eighteenth-century Londoners, Charles Cavendish and his painfully preeminent son Henry were descendants of paired revolutions, one political and one scientific. Scions of a powerful revolutionary family, they gave an original turn to the duty of public service that attached to their social rank. The English aristocracy knew one of its finest hours when Henry Cavendish gently laid his delicate weights in the scales of the first great precision balance of the century. For this action to happen, it took two generations and two kinds of invention, one in social forms and the other in scientific methods. This joint biography of father and son tells how it came to pass. Henry Cavendish is best known for his researches in chemistry, electricity, and heat, but in truth he worked in every part of physical science, bringing to it his unique combination of experimental precision and mathematical penetration. His accomplishment is likened to the highest example: since the death of Newton, Humphry Davy wrote, England has suffered "no scientific loss so great as that of Cavendish." Through inheritance he became immensely rich. Regarding intellect and fortune, he is called "the wisest of the rich and the richest of the wise." In his exclusive devotion to science, he is compared with "the most austere anchorites," who were "not more faithful to their vows." With reference to his legendary shyness, he is described as a man of "most reserved disposition," of a "degree bordering on disease." He was, to be sure, all of these things: one of the best scientists of his time, one of the richest men in the kingdom, a member of one of the politically most influential aristocratic families, a scientific fanatic, and a person of extraordinary peculiarities. This biography, a major revision of the original published in 1999, offers an enlarged understanding of the eighteenth century world of science and a reevaluation both of the scientific genius and of the remarkable personality of Henry Cavendish. It is a comprehensive study of science, family, and society in the eighteenth century.

Keywords

MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Spatial Thinking and External Representation: Towards a Historical Epistemology of Space

Author:
Book Series: Studies 8: Max Planck Research Library in the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561089 Year: Pages: 219 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 13:00:16
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Spatial knowledge takes different forms in different societies and at different times in history depending on the spatial experiences accounted for and the available means for the external representation of knowledge. The volume presents and analyses manifestations of spatial thinking in the language and practices of recent non-literate societies, in the administrative institutions of early civilizations, in discursive contexts of ancient Greece and China, in early modern natural philosophy and metaphysics, and in twentieth-century physics, and discusses their historical and structural relations.

Keywords

MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Algebra in Cuneiform: Introduction to an Old Babylonian Geometrical Technique

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Book Series: Textbooks 2: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561157 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-21 11:59:57
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This textbook analyzes a number of texts in “conformal translation,” that is, a translation in which the same Babylonian term is always translated in the same way and, more importantly, in which different terms are always translated differently. Appendixes are provided for readers who are familiar with basic Assyriology but otherwise philological details are avoided. All of these texts are from the second half of the Old Babylonian period, that is, 1800–1600 BCE. It is indeed during this period that the “algebraic” discipline, and Babylonian mathematics in general, culminates. Even though a few texts from the late period show some similarities with what comes from the Old Babylonian period, they are but remnants. Beyond analyzing texts, the book gives a general characterization of the kind of mathematics involved, and locates it within the context of the Old Babylonian scribe school and its particular culture. Finally, it describes the origin of the discipline and its impact in later mathematics, not least Euclid’s geometry and genuine algebra as created in medieval Islam and taken over in European medieval and Renaissance mathematics.

Keywords

MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Praxishandbuch Open Access

Authors: ---
Book Series: De Gruyter Praxishandbuch ISBN: 9783110494068 Year: Pages: 363 DOI: 10.1515/9783110494068 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 14:06:11
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This book introduces open access publishing from the perspective of the author and the institution. It describes workflows and important tools while also offering a classification of various business models. While the book focuses on the publication of manuscripts, it also surveys data publishing.

The deliverance of open access books

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ISBN: 9789085551201 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1004809 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:03
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In many scholarly disciplines, books - not articles - are the norm. As print runs become smaller, the question arises whether publishing monographs in open access helps to make their contents globally accessible. To answer this question, the results of multiple studies on the usage of open access books are presented. The research focuses on three areas: economic viability; optimization of open access monographs infrastructure and measuring the effects of open access in terms of scholarly impact and societal influence. Each chapter reviews a different aspect: book sales, digital dissemination, open licenses, user communities, measuring usage, developing countries and the effects on citations and social media.

Fare Open Access

Author:
Book Series: Copyleft Italia ISBN: 9788867056019 Year: Pages: 194 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-31 11:13:41
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“Fare Open Access” affronta con approccio positivo e operativo il tema strategico della diffusione del sapere scientifico in ottica open.L’Open Access è diventato uno degli obiettivi chiave delle politiche dell’innovazione dell’Unione Europea e dei princi­pali paesi industrializzati; ed è fondamentale conoscerne i lineamenti teorici e le concrete potenzialità.Gli autori sono tutti professionisti attivi da molti anni in questo campo e hanno quindi il polso delle questioni emergenti e delle maggiori criticità non solo da un punto vista teorico-dottrinale. Ognuno di loro affronta da diverse prospettive il tema più generale della comunicazione scientifica e quello pratico di come fare Open Access nell’attuale panorama ormai fortemente volto al digitale.Il testo è completato da un’utile appendice con i documenti di riferimento, come i principali testi-manifesto e le norme attualmente in vigore a livello nazionale e internazionale.

Rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen von Open Access-Publikationen

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ISBN: 9783938616451 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2006-115 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Even earlier than other sectors of society, science was confronted with the Internet as a new communication medium. Yet it has lasted several years until the Internet has gained reputation as a publication medium for scientists. This development is accompanied by an increasing concentration on the side of scientific publishers, which has lead for some disciplines to almost monopolistic situations. Conversely, the financial resources to purchase and provide access to scientific publications are shrinking on the side of the customers - libraries and researchers, but also other sectors of the public. This results in a disastrous spiral, known as the so-called "publication crisis." As one solution to this crisis new publication concepts using the internet have emerged. They are characterized by the fact that they provide access to scientific works largely free and unrestricted - Open Access. This book "Legal Framework for Open Access" is designed as a practical guide and aims to help authors who want to publish Open Access. The content includes: Introduction to Open Access • Facts on Copyrights • Open Access in Universities • Open Access Licenses • Technical protection measures and Open Access • Retrodigitalisation issues • Liability of institutional repositories for archived Open Access publications • Implications regarding competition law • Public legal and organizational framework for Open Access

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