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Open Access. L'accesso aperto alla letteratura scientifica.

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Book Series: Editoria - Presente e Futuro ISBN: 9788867051717 Year: Pages: 123 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-20 15:02:17
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Nonostante l’Open Access, vale a dire la disponibilità libera e gratuita dei contenuti in internet, sia ormai un’iniziativa conosciuta, ci sono ancora idee molto confuse e interpretazioni erronee su alcune delle sue caratteristiche e sul suo funzionamento. In quest’opera, Ernest Abadal ha l’obiettivo di chiarire i dubbi e fraintendimenti più frequenti riguardo l’Open Access, presentando le basi teoriche di questo sistema, il ruolo delle riviste scientifiche e l’attitudine dei ricercatori, nonché una stima di quali siano le prospettive future.Questa guida si rivolge tanto agli accademici e ai dirigenti universitari, quanto agli editori e ai professionisti in ambito bibliotecario.L’edizione italiana è stata realizzata con la collaborazione di Maria Teresa Miconi, professoressa di Bibliografia e Biblioteconomia dell’Università di Macerata e riconosciuta esperta di Open Access.La prefazione è a cura di Giovanni Solimine, professore di Biblioteconomia all’Università di Roma La Sapienza, dove è anche presidente del Sistema bibliotecario di Ateneo e direttore della Scuola di Specializzazione in beni archivistici e librari.

Cavendish: The Experimental Life

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Book Series: Studies 7: Max Planck Research Library in the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561065 Year: Pages: 596 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 16:09:07
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Two gifted eighteenth-century Londoners, Charles Cavendish and his painfully preeminent son Henry were descendants of paired revolutions, one political and one scientific. Scions of a powerful revolutionary family, they gave an original turn to the duty of public service that attached to their social rank. The English aristocracy knew one of its finest hours when Henry Cavendish gently laid his delicate weights in the scales of the first great precision balance of the century. For this action to happen, it took two generations and two kinds of invention, one in social forms and the other in scientific methods. This joint biography of father and son tells how it came to pass. Henry Cavendish is best known for his researches in chemistry, electricity, and heat, but in truth he worked in every part of physical science, bringing to it his unique combination of experimental precision and mathematical penetration. His accomplishment is likened to the highest example: since the death of Newton, Humphry Davy wrote, England has suffered "no scientific loss so great as that of Cavendish." Through inheritance he became immensely rich. Regarding intellect and fortune, he is called "the wisest of the rich and the richest of the wise." In his exclusive devotion to science, he is compared with "the most austere anchorites," who were "not more faithful to their vows." With reference to his legendary shyness, he is described as a man of "most reserved disposition," of a "degree bordering on disease." He was, to be sure, all of these things: one of the best scientists of his time, one of the richest men in the kingdom, a member of one of the politically most influential aristocratic families, a scientific fanatic, and a person of extraordinary peculiarities. This biography, a major revision of the original published in 1999, offers an enlarged understanding of the eighteenth century world of science and a reevaluation both of the scientific genius and of the remarkable personality of Henry Cavendish. It is a comprehensive study of science, family, and society in the eighteenth century.

Keywords

MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Spatial Thinking and External Representation: Towards a Historical Epistemology of Space

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Book Series: Studies 8: Max Planck Research Library in the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561089 Year: Pages: 219 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 13:00:16
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Spatial knowledge takes different forms in different societies and at different times in history depending on the spatial experiences accounted for and the available means for the external representation of knowledge. The volume presents and analyses manifestations of spatial thinking in the language and practices of recent non-literate societies, in the administrative institutions of early civilizations, in discursive contexts of ancient Greece and China, in early modern natural philosophy and metaphysics, and in twentieth-century physics, and discusses their historical and structural relations.

Keywords

MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Algebra in Cuneiform: Introduction to an Old Babylonian Geometrical Technique

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Book Series: Textbooks 2: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561157 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-21 11:59:57
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This textbook analyzes a number of texts in “conformal translation,” that is, a translation in which the same Babylonian term is always translated in the same way and, more importantly, in which different terms are always translated differently. Appendixes are provided for readers who are familiar with basic Assyriology but otherwise philological details are avoided. All of these texts are from the second half of the Old Babylonian period, that is, 1800–1600 BCE. It is indeed during this period that the “algebraic” discipline, and Babylonian mathematics in general, culminates. Even though a few texts from the late period show some similarities with what comes from the Old Babylonian period, they are but remnants. Beyond analyzing texts, the book gives a general characterization of the kind of mathematics involved, and locates it within the context of the Old Babylonian scribe school and its particular culture. Finally, it describes the origin of the discipline and its impact in later mathematics, not least Euclid’s geometry and genuine algebra as created in medieval Islam and taken over in European medieval and Renaissance mathematics.

Keywords

MPRL --- Edition Open Access

Praxishandbuch Open Access

Authors: ---
Book Series: De Gruyter Praxishandbuch ISBN: 9783110494068 Year: Pages: 363 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 14:06:11
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This book introduces open access publishing from the perspective of the author and the institution. It describes workflows and important tools while also offering a classification of various business models. While the book focuses on the publication of manuscripts, it also surveys data publishing.

Fare Open Access

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Book Series: Copyleft Italia ISBN: 9788867056019 Year: Pages: 194 Language: Italian
Publisher: Ledizioni - LediPublishing
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-31 11:13:41
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“Fare Open Access” affronta con approccio positivo e operativo il tema strategico della diffusione del sapere scientifico in ottica open.L’Open Access è diventato uno degli obiettivi chiave delle politiche dell’innovazione dell’Unione Europea e dei princi­pali paesi industrializzati; ed è fondamentale conoscerne i lineamenti teorici e le concrete potenzialità.Gli autori sono tutti professionisti attivi da molti anni in questo campo e hanno quindi il polso delle questioni emergenti e delle maggiori criticità non solo da un punto vista teorico-dottrinale. Ognuno di loro affronta da diverse prospettive il tema più generale della comunicazione scientifica e quello pratico di come fare Open Access nell’attuale panorama ormai fortemente volto al digitale.Il testo è completato da un’utile appendice con i documenti di riferimento, come i principali testi-manifesto e le norme attualmente in vigore a livello nazionale e internazionale.

Rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen von Open Access-Publikationen

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ISBN: 9783938616451 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Even earlier than other sectors of society, science was confronted with the Internet as a new communication medium. Yet it has lasted several years until the Internet has gained reputation as a publication medium for scientists. This development is accompanied by an increasing concentration on the side of scientific publishers, which has lead for some disciplines to almost monopolistic situations. Conversely, the financial resources to purchase and provide access to scientific publications are shrinking on the side of the customers - libraries and researchers, but also other sectors of the public. This results in a disastrous spiral, known as the so-called "publication crisis." As one solution to this crisis new publication concepts using the internet have emerged. They are characterized by the fact that they provide access to scientific works largely free and unrestricted - Open Access. This book "Legal Framework for Open Access" is designed as a practical guide and aims to help authors who want to publish Open Access. The content includes: Introduction to Open Access • Facts on Copyrights • Open Access in Universities • Open Access Licenses • Technical protection measures and Open Access • Retrodigitalisation issues • Liability of institutional repositories for archived Open Access publications • Implications regarding competition law • Public legal and organizational framework for Open Access

Livre blanc — Une Science ouverte dans une République numérique

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ISBN: 9782821868694 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-22 10:37:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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A l’heure où le projet de loi « pour une République numérique » propose l’insertion dans le Code de la recherche de dispositions relatives à l’open access, le Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), aux côtés de ses partenaires dans le projet ISTEX ainsi que d’un grand nombre de chercheurs et d’acteurs du domaine de la recherche publique, propose par ce Livre blanc le fruit de ses réflexions et analyses. Depuis plusieurs années, la communauté scientifique de la recherche publique...

White Paper — Open Science in a Digital Republic

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ISBN: 9782821868700 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-30 15:12:45
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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At a time when the Digital Republic Bill is proposing to insert provisions relating to open access in the French Research Code, the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), alongside its partners in the ISTEX project, as well as a large number of researchers and actors in the field of public research, are offering via this White Paper the results of their deliberations and analyses.For several years now, the scientific community involved in public research has been arguing for t...

Wissenschaftliches Publizieren. Zwischen Digitalisierung, Leistungsmessung, Ökonomisierung und medialer Beobachtung

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110448115 9783110448207 Year: Pages: xii, 295 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Library and Information Science --- Sociology --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 13:04:44
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Academic publishing has been changing dramatically. The key aspects of this transformation are digitalization, economization, the concentration of the publishing industry, the introduction of performance indicators, and the development of open access models. This volume compiles relevant research findings of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences working group "Future of academic communication systems".

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