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Die Lebenszeugnisse Oswalds von Wolkenstein, Band 4

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ISBN: 9783205786313 Year: Pages: 378 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437200 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4256
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:36
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The Tyrolean knight Oswald von Wolkenstein (ca 1376 - 1445) is considered to be the most important German poet and composer of the Late Middle Ages. Besides his songs and compositions more than 1000 documents bear evidence of his chivalrous career and the medieval life of the lower nobility in all its social, economic and legal details. This exceptional historical attestation came down to us in ca 40 archives spread all over Austria, Italy, Germany and neighbouring countries. Partly known and with exceptions not published before this five volume edition presents the material in a totally new edition following the rules of historic-diplomatic editions, based on new transcriptions and accompanied by source descriptions as well as ample commentaries. Volume IV comprises the years 1438 to 1442, a period that shows how Wolkenstein is establishing himself as a leading member oft Tyrolean nobility, renown as legal adviser as well as a land-owner involved in arguments.

Die Lebenszeugnisse Oswalds von Wolkenstein, Band 3

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ISBN: 3205772741 Year: Pages: 430 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_475171 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3653
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-10 11:01:10
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The historical source materials edited in the 3rd volume, which were collected in more than 40 archives and libraries in Austria, Italy, Germany, Czechia and Switzerland, present Oswald von Wolkenstein as a legal expert, warrior, diplomat, princely servant as well as unrestless politician. He is at feuds with opponents in matters of legacy and engages in the Vehmic courts as a juryman, but is also a versatile servant of the King, princely counsellor and tenacious judge. Through his important role in the local judicature, he achieves high reputation in Tyrol.

Noble conceptions of politics in eighteenth-century Sweden (ca 1740–1790)

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789522220929 9789522227829 9789522227812 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.15 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:33
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"Noble conceptions of politics in eighteenth-century Sweden (ca 1740–1790) is a study of how the Swedish nobility articulated its political ideals, self-images and loyalties during the Age of Liberty and under the rule of Gustav III. This book takes a close look at the aristocracy’s understanding of a free constitution and at the nobility’s complex relationship with the monarchy. Central themes are the old notion of mixed government, classical republican conceptions of liberty and patriotism, as well as noble thoughts on the rights and duties of the citizen, including the right to rebellion against an unrighteous ruler. The study is a conceptual analysis of public and private political statements made by members of the nobility, such as Diet speeches and personal correspondence. The book contributes to the large body of research on estate-based identities and the transformation of political language in the second half of the eighteenth century by connecting Swedish political ideals and concepts to their European context."

Abwesenheit von Rom: Aristokratische Interaktion in der späten römischen Republik und in der frühen Kaiserzeit

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ISBN: 9783946054016 9783946054009 9783946054023 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.43.32 Language: German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-21 15:55:22
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The immense ideological significance that the city of Rome held since the times of the late republic corresponded until the 2nd century AD with the actual supremacy of the urbs within the Imperium Romanum: Rome was the place where socially and politically influential players and groups met; it was where they tried to create an atmosphere of mutual understanding and agreement through complex ways of interaction. Until well into the imperial era the senatorial aristocracy considered the interacting presence of Rome as a major constant of their lifestyle. At least until the 1st century AD the emperors could not disengage themselves from the reference framework that the city was. Therefore, the forms and the reasons for aristocratic and imperial absence are of particular interest. Which role the absence of Rome played in the system of aristocratic interaction and which implications it had for politics and the society of the late republic and the early imperial era is the subject of the present study. Astrid Habenstein's work was awarded by the Historical Institute at the University of Bern with the prize for the best PhD-thesis in 2012.

La nobiltà di Seggio napoletana e il riuso politico dell’Antico tra Quattro e Cinquecento: Il "Libro terczo de regimento de l’Opera de li homini jllustri sopra de le medaglie" di Pietro Jacopo de Jennaro

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Book Series: Regna: Testi e studi su istituzioni, cultura e memoria del Mezzogiorno medievale ISSN: 2532-9898 ISBN: 9788868870362 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 647 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-036-2 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 16:45:08
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[English]:The specific attention paid to the Florentine «civic humanism» and the success of “republican” paradigm achieved by the Anglo-American historiography are responsible, in various forms, for limiting differently historical interests in the princely and monarchical contexts of the late Middle Ages Italian peninsula. This tendency, joined with the serious documentary loss of the Naples State Archive, put so far the Seggi élites of many Southern mainland cities away on the margins of historical international debate.During the 15th century the reception of the Antiquity transformed the legitimacy languages and the power practices both of the princes and of the whole peninsula urban élites. Which auctores did they inspire to? Which is the relationship between the classicism and the institutional reform proposals?This book tries to answer to these questions, focusing on the Naples context, not deeply investigated, through the study and the critical edition of Pietro Jacopo de Jennaro’s Libro terczo de regimento de l’Opera de le medaglie. It is a book wrote between 1500 and 1504, as free comment in form of medaglie to Livy’s Ab urbe condita libri, in order to legitimize the political prominence of Seggi antiqui lineages and to propose a new mixed government. By studying this work it is possible to identify the debates developed during the Aragonese kingdom fall, concerning the relationships between representation and obedience, consensus and legitimacy, and to offer new ways to rethink the humanistic political classicism and the establishments of oligarchical urban governments between the 15th and 16th centuries.[Italiano]: La particolare attenzione riservata all’«umanesimo civile» fiorentino e l’affermarsi nella storiografia anglo-americana del paradigma “repubblicano” hanno contribuito, in forme diverse, a limitare l’interesse degli storici per i contesti principeschi e monarchici della penisola italiana nel tardo Medioevo. Questa tendenza, unita alle gravi perdite documentarie dell’Archivio di Stato di Napoli, ha relegato finora le élites ascritte ai Seggi di numerose città del Regnum ai margini del dibattito storiografico internazionale.Nel corso del Quattrocento il riuso dell’Antico non trasformò solo i linguaggi di legittimità e l’azione dei principi, ma anche quelli delle élites urbane dell’intera penisola. A quali auctores essi s’ispirarono? Qual è il rapporto tra il classicismo e i progetti di riforme istituzionali? Il volume prova a rispondere a tali quesiti, soffermandosi sul contesto napoletano, finora poco indagato, attraverso l’analisi e l’edizione critica del Libro terczo de regimento de l’Opera de le medaglie di Pietro Jacopo de Jennaro. Si tratta di un’opera composta tra il 1500 e il 1504, come libero commento in medaglie agli Ab urbe condita libri di Livio, per ridefinire la preminenza politica della più antica nobiltà dei Seggi e per proporre un nuovo modello di governo misto. Attraverso l’esame di tale opera si ripercorrono i dibattiti relativi al rapporto tra rappresentanza e obbedienza, tra consenso e legittimità negli ultimi anni del regno dei Trastámara, offrendo nuovi spunti per ripensare il classicismo politico umanistico e i processi di chiusura oligarchica tra Quattro e Cinquecento.

Die Lebenszeugnisse Oswalds von Wolkenstein, Band 1

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 3205990501 Year: Pages: 461 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_475170 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3017
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-10 11:01:07
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The first of five volumes presents the younger son of Tyrolean country gentry as a squire bustling striving for social advancement. After unsteady years as a noble warrior, crusader and expert for public administration with the Bishop of Brixen, with his admittance to the Service of King Sigmund of Luxemburg he achieves a special role between the sovereign of the Holy Roman Empire and the Tyrolean nobility which rebelled against his Austrian Duke Friedrich IV.

Hofdamen

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ISBN: 9783205774181 Year: Pages: 389 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_477710 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3709
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:13
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This study is a first attempt to examine the part of women in the social networking at the court. My starting point is the thesis, that only a new phrasing of the concept of the distinction between "public" and "privacy" will adduce an useful model for interpretation of the role of women in the courtly society. This is the background of my examination of a group of women of the courtly society, the female officeholders at the court of Vienna in the first half of the 17th century. In the description of this group, I began with the study of motivations for the service in the Empress's entourage. Also I examined the regional and familial background of these women, the official duties and the everyday life at court. Finally I can show backed by many examples scopes of action for these women and their possibilities to make careers. As a result of my study I can make four major points: Firstly, I can observe at European courts at least two different types of entourages of princesses (Frauenhofstaate). Therein, the Viennese court was representative for the courts of the Holy Roman Empire and some others such as Denmark and Sweden. Secondly, I can demonstrate that the entourage of the Empress was included in the developing process of a Habsburgian courtly aristocracy (habsburgischer Hofadel) with regard to the families and to the regional origins of the female officeholders. Thirdly, the study describes for the first time the responsibilities of female officeholders and their place in the courtly norms system. Fourthly, I am able to describe the female officeholders in different forms of activity in family networks which were constitutive for the courtly society and for the protection of family careers, too. To complete my study, I have included an appendix of sources with the aim to stimulate further comparative researches. Besides this, the book includes short biographies for the 193 female officeholders whom I could identify for the first half of the 17th century. With these biographies I want to document the base of sources for the study and to make available this material for other researches about the Viennese court. The illustrations - many among them are now published for the first time - show some of the protagonists, but principally they show as a source sui generis the place of women in the frame of manifestations of the courtly society like celebrations, coronations or processions. In this way, this work has the nature of a pilot study for all European courts in early modern times.

An den Wurzeln der Tugend: Rheinischer Adel und Freimaurerei 1765–1815

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ISBN: 9783958960008 9783958960015 9783958960022 9783958960039 Year: Pages: 330 DOI: 10.16994/baa Language: German
Publisher: Modern Academic Publishing
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-19 11:01:19
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This study focuses on the relationship between nobility and freemasonry from 1750 to 1850. It examines the specific role of an esoteric discourse surrounding the roots of the human race, centring on legendary constructions of noble genealogies in eighteenth century Europe. The aristocratic idea of blood as a type of »liquid memory of virtue« was also found in the freemason lodges frequented by the European nobility of the eighteenth century. Both groups therefore believed in educational systems that used rites, pictures and symbols to imprint the virtues in ones blood and heart respectively. The foundation of this belief – strongly combined with an interest in occult sciences and the existence of an afterlife – can be seen in the antique »art of memory«. The example of an aristocratic lodge in Düsseldorf shows how these ›research interests‹ overlapped within masonic and non-masonic networks of European noblemen and citizens. In the perspective of Rhenish noblemen in the mid of the eighteenth century freemasonry took the role of an educational system that improved the qualities of the noble blood to secure the leading position of nobility in the God-given »Ständegesellschaft«. The aristocratic lodge La Parfaite Amitié therefore was not only dominated by Rhenish noblemen but also by cousinship. As a consequence, it struggled to become a »provincial lodge«, which had a stronger jurisdictional position in comparison with the civil-lodge of Düsseldorf. The second example is the masonic network of Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck (1773– 1861), from the Napoleonic period. Born in the Ancient Regime to an aristocratic familiy of the lower Rhineland, Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck faced the extensive changes for the nobility of the Rhineland, caused by the French Revolution and the French occupation of the area. Together with his second wife, the Parisian Salonier Constance de Salm, he became a prominent person in the Napoleonic era. He not only acted as an influential scientist of systematic botany, as a politician and states-man but also as a high-ranking freemason in several rites, especially in the Rit écossais philosophique. This masonic system can be seen as a ›scientific‹ one built upon the traditions of alchemistical and hermetical circles of the Ancient Regime. The Napoleonic period saw the occult sciences increasingly outdated and replaced by modern natural sciences. The methods considered as »exact« in the nineteenth century subsequently formed the perspective of civil dominated societies and its lodges on masonic rites and grades. In the masonic network of Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck, the Rit écossais philosophique was crossed with his network as a natural scientist, resulting in masonry being seen not only as an educational system but also as an exact way to uncover the »hidden roots« of the human soul and to assess the respective qualities of it. These tendencies were strongly influenced by the natural sciences outside the masonic sphere, which in parallel tried to uncover the »hidden roots« of the nations with the pseudo-scientific concepts of »race«. The civil lodges of the Napoleonic era and afterwards, with their strong emphasis on the nation, could no longer be seen as a retreat for noble man and their exclusive ideology of noble blood. The majority of the Rhenish nobility therefore turned away from the lodges in order to maintain a conservative view of itself in exclusively noble circles which still believed in the quality of the noble blood and its inherited race.

Die Lebenszeugnisse Oswalds von Wolkenstein, Band 2

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ISBN: 9783205993704 Year: Pages: 414 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_470930 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3352
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-29 09:14:18
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While the first volume presented a younger son of a family of Tyrolese nobility, who strived after social advancement throughout Europe and who succeeded to act the part of a special advisor in service of the sovereign, the documents of his life in the second volume concentrate primarily on feuds, captivities and resolution of conflicts in Tyrol. The conflict over the heritage of Hauenstein leads to captivity, provisional release, appeal to the king, further imprisonment and humiliating submission to the duke of Tyrol. Finally Oswald is granted a reprieve and acquires the property of Hauenstein.

Die Lebenszeugnisse Oswalds von Wolkenstein, Band 5

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205789512 Year: Pages: 409 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_450282 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 51
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:50
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Until today, the death of Charles VI and Maria Theresia’s ascending the throne 1740 is seen as a major turning point in Austrian history. But now is the question of whether in different “layers” and “rooms” without doubt fundamental change between 1720 and 1780 not differentiated must be seen against the background of the concept of interface (“Sattelzeit”/Reinhart Koselleck). On the basis of the space “Viennese court”, where the change of rulers in its effects most likely can be documented, attempts from the perspective of different disciplines (the so called “Hofkünste” – literature/poetry, arts, theatre/dance, music) point out continuities and discontinuities.

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