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Sociétés en réseaux dans le monde musulman médiéval

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ISBN: 9782735508785 DOI: 10.4000/books.cths.2318 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les chercheurs qui ont présenté leurs travaux dans notre atelier lors du Congrès du CTHS, se donnent pour programme d’apporter des éclairages sur ces sociétés du monde musulman médiéval par la méthode des networking studies. Nous le faisons dans une démarche où l’étude des sociétés par les relations que les personnes et les groupes développent pour former des réseaux nous paraît un outil opératoire pour donner des éléments de compréhension du monde étudié. Et, dans la mesure où les groupes ne sont pas postulés, mais où ils sont observés à la lumière du tissu relationnel qu’ils élaborent, ils nous semblent mieux rendre compte du réel que des catégorisations a priori. Cette méthode a en outre l’avantage de faire entrer dans un schème de compréhension les multi-appartenances. Précisons d’emblée qu’il ne faut pas s’attendre à ce que ce surcroît d’intelligibilité que nous espérons donner au monde musulman médiéval offre des clefs pour la compréhension du monde musulman contemporain. Pour cela, il vaut mieux chercher du côté de la géopolitique du siècle dernier depuis la Déclaration Balfour, les accords Sykes-Picot, jusqu’aux guerres du Golfe…

Connecting Canadians: Investigations in Community Informatics

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ISBN: 9781926836041 9781926836058 9781926836423 Year: Pages: 519 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2013-07-15 10:35:10
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Connecting Canadians represents the work of the Community Research Alliance for Community Innovation and Networking (CRACIN), the largest national and international research effort to examine the burgeoning field of community informatics, a cross-disciplinary approach to the mobilization of information and communications technologies (ICT) for community change. Funded for four years by the SSHRC's Initiative for the New Economy, CRACIN systematically studied a wide variety of Canadian community ICT initiatives, bringing perspectives from sociology, computer science, critical theory, women's studies, library and information sciences, and management studies to bear on networking technologies. A comprehensive thematic account of this in-depth research, Connecting Canadians will be an essential resource for NGOs, governments, the private sector, and multilateral agencies across the globe.

Keywords

informatics --- networking --- community

Regulating Content on Social Media

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ISBN: 9781787351714 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351714 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Sociology --- Law --- Business and Management --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 11:02:01
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How are users influenced by social media platforms when they generate content, and does this influence affect users’ compliance with copyright laws? These are pressing questions in today’s internet age, and Regulating Content on Social Media answers them by analysing how the behaviours of social media users are regulated from a copyright perspective. Corinne Tan, an internet governance specialist, compares copyright laws on selected social media platforms, namely Facebook, Pinterest, YouTube, Twitter and Wikipedia, with other regulatory factors such as the terms of service and the technological features of each platform. This comparison enables her to explore how each platform affects the role copyright laws play in securing compliance from their users. Through a case study detailing the content generative activities undertaken by a hypothetical user named Jane Doe, as well as drawing from empirical studies, the book argues that – in spite of copyright’s purported regulation of certain behaviours – users are 'nudged' by the social media platforms themselves to behave in ways that may be inconsistent with copyright laws.

The Psychology of Social Networking Vol. 1. Personal Experience in Online Communities

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110473780 9783110474015 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.1515/9783110473780 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology --- Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 15:17:36
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Using a novel approach to consider the available literature and research, this book focuses on the psychology of social media based on the assumption that the experience of being in a social media has an impact on both our identity and social relationships. In order to ‘be online’, an individual has to create an online presence – they have to share information about themselves online. This online self is presented in different ways, with diverse goals and aims in order to engage in different social media activities and to achieve desired outcomes. Whilst this may not be a real physical presence, that physicality is becoming increasingly replicated through photos, video, and ever-evolving ways of defining and describing the self online. Moreover, individuals are using both PC-based and mobile-based social media as well as increasingly making use of photo and video editing tools to carefully craft and manipulate their online self. This book therefore explores current debates in Cyberpsychology, drawing on the most up-to-date theories and research to explore four main aspects of the social media experience (communication, identity, presence and relationships). In doing so, it considers the interplay of different areas of psychological research with current technological and security insight into how individuals create, manipulate and maintain their online identity and relationships. The social media are therefore at the core of every chapter, with the common thread throughout being the very unique approach to considering diverse and varied online behaviours that may not have been thus far considered from this perspective. It covers a broad range of both positive and negative behaviours that have now become integrated into the daily lives of many westernised country’s Internet users, giving it an appeal to both scholarly and industry readers alike.

The Psychology of Social Networking Vol. 2. Identity and Relationships in Online Communities

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110473858 9783110474022 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.1515/9783110473858 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology --- Psychology --- Media and communication --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 15:22:18
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Using a novel approach to consider the available literature and research, this book focuses on the psychology of social media based on the assumption that the experience of being in a social media has an impact on both our identity and social relationships. In order to ‘be online’, an individual has to create an online presence – they have to share information about themselves online. This online self is presented in different ways, with diverse goals and aims in order to engage in different social media activities and to achieve desired outcomes. Whilst this may not be a real physical presence, that physicality is becoming increasingly replicated through photos, video, and ever-evolving ways of defining and describing the self online. Moreover, individuals are using both PC-based and mobile-based social media as well as increasingly making use of photo and video editing tools to carefully craft and manipulate their online self. This book therefore explores current debates in Cyberpsychology, drawing on the most up-to-date theories and research to explore four main aspects of the social media experience (communication, identity, presence and relationships). In doing so, it considers the interplay of different areas of psychological research with current technological and security insight into how individuals create, manipulate and maintain their online identity and relationships. The social media are therefore at the core of every chapter, with the common thread throughout being the very unique approach to considering diverse and varied online behaviours that may not have been thus far considered from this perspective. It covers a broad range of both positive and negative behaviours that have now become integrated into the daily lives of many westernised country’s Internet users, giving it an appeal to both scholarly and industry readers alike.

Human Computer Confluence. Transforming Human Experience Through Symbiotic Technologies

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783110471137 9783110471694 Year: Pages: 330 DOI: 10.1515/9783110471137 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Psychology --- Media and communication --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 14:17:23
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Human-computer confluence refers to an invisible, implicit, embodied or even implanted interaction between humans and system components. New classes of user interfaces are emerging that make use of several sensors and are able to adapt their physical properties to the current situational context of users.A key aspect of human-computer confluence is its potential for transforming human experience in the sense of bending, breaking and blending the barriers between the real, the virtual and the augmented, to allow users to experience their body and their world in new ways. Research on Presence, Embodiment and Brain-Computer Interface is already exploring these boundaries and asking questions such as: Can we seamlessly move between the virtual and the real? Can we assimilate fundamentally new senses through confluence? The aim of this book is to explore the boundaries and intersections of the multidisciplinary field of HCC and discuss its potential applications in different domains, including healthcare, education, training and even arts.

The Politics of Micro-Decisions: Edward Snowden, Net Neutrality, and the Architectures of the Internet

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Book Series: Digital Cultures ISBN: 9783957960405 9783957960412 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.14619/005 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-15 14:40:54
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Be it in the case of opening a website, sending an email, or high-frequency trading, bits and bytes of information have to cross numerous nodes at which micro-decisions are made. These decisions concern the most efficient path through the network, the processing speed, or the priority of incoming data packets. Despite their multifaceted nature, micro-decisions are a dimension of control and surveillance in the twenty-first century that has received little critical attention. They represent the smallest unit and the technical precondition of a contemporary network politics – and of our potential opposition to it. The current debates regarding net neutrality and Edward Snowden’s revelation of NSA surveillance are only the tip of the iceberg. What is at stake is nothing less than the future of the Internet as we know it.

Language Technologies for the Challenges of the Digital Age: 27th International Conference, GSCL 2017, Berlin, Germany, September 13-14, 2017, Proceedings

Authors: ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence ISSN: 0302-9743 ISBN: 9783319737058 9783319737065 Year: Volume: 10713 Pages: 310 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73706-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Subject: Linguistics --- Education --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:25:05
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This open access volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 27th biennial conference of the German Society for Computational Linguistics and Language Technology, GSCL 2017, held in Berlin, Germany, in September 2017, which focused on language technologies for the digital age. The 16 full papers and 10 short papers included in the proceedings were carefully selected from 36 submissions. Topics covered include text processing of the German language, online media and online content, semantics and reasoning, sentiment analysis, and semantic web description languages.

Opening Science: The Evolving Guide on How the Internet is Changing Research, Collaboration and Scholarly Publishing

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319000251 9783319000268 Year: Pages: 339 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-00026-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 10:39:36
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Modern information and communication technologies, together with a cultural upheaval within the research community, have profoundly changed research in nearly every aspect. Ranging from sharing and discussing ideas in social networks for scientists to new collaborative environments and novel publication formats, knowledge creation and dissemination as we know it is experiencing a vigorous shift towards increased transparency, collaboration and accessibility. Many assume that research workflows will change more in the next 20 years than they have in the last 200. This book provides researchers, decision makers, and other scientific stakeholders with a snapshot of the basics, the tools, and the underlying visions that drive the current scientific (r)evolution, often called ‘Open Science.’

Green, Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Networks

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039280384 / 9783039280391 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-039-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The book Green, Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Networks provides insights and solutions for a range of problems in the field of obtaining greener, energy-efficient, and sustainable networks. The book contains the outcomes of the Special Issue on “Green, Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Networks” of the Sensors journal. Seventeen high-quality papers published in the Special Issue have been collected and reproduced in this book, demonstrating significant achievements in the field. Among the published papers, one paper is an editorial and one is a review, while the remaining 15 works are research articles. The published papers are self-contained peer-reviewed scientific works that are authored by more than 75 different contributors with both academic and industry backgrounds. The editorial paper gives an introduction to the problem of information and communication technology (ICT) energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, presenting the state of the art and future trends in terms of improving the energy-efficiency of wireless networks and data centers, as the major energy consumers in the ICT sector. In addition, the published articles aim to improve energy efficiency in the fields of software-defined networking, Internet of things, machine learning, authentication, energy harvesting, wireless relay systems, routing metrics, wireless sensor networks, device-to-device communications, heterogeneous wireless networks, and image sensing. The last paper is a review that gives a detailed overview of energy-efficiency improvements and methods for the implementation of fifth-generation networks and beyond. This book can serve as a source of information in industrial, teaching, and/or research and development activities. The book is a valuable source of information, since it presents recent advances in different fields related to greening and improving the energy-efficiency and sustainability of those ICTs particularly addressed in this book

Keywords

internet-of-things --- opportunistic networks --- wireless power transfer --- inter-meeting time --- Markov chain --- node speed --- battery capacity --- node density --- energy-efficient Ethernet --- QoS --- SDN --- real-time traffic --- ONOS --- image compressive sensing (CS) --- green internet of things (IoT) --- measurement structure --- random structural matrices --- linear recovery --- Internet of Things --- malware detection --- adversarial samples --- machine learning --- edge computing --- clustering --- physical-layer authentication --- lightweight cipher --- channel state information --- lightweight authentication --- HetNets --- interference coordination --- energy efficiency --- stochastic geometry --- Device-to-Device (D2D) --- peer discovery --- energy harvesting --- social awareness --- PHY-layer --- light-weight authentication --- neural network --- WSN --- industrial --- wireless power transfer --- directional charging vehicle --- charging efficiency --- RWSN --- green networking --- energy aware routing --- carbon footprint --- adaptive link rate --- control and data plane --- 5G --- energy-efficiency --- sustainability --- NOMA --- energy harvesting --- amplify-and-forward --- imperfect CSI --- successive interference cancellation (SIC) --- machine learning --- LTE-A --- energy efficiency --- resource block allocation --- bisection based optimal power allocation --- water filling algorithm --- proportional rate constraint --- mobile edge computing --- IoT --- RF Fingerprinting --- authentication --- cooperative smart community --- scheduling algorithm --- consumer preferences --- renewables --- software defined networking (SDN) --- data center --- optimization --- traffic engineering --- energy awareness --- energy-efficiency --- wireless --- green --- sustainable --- data centre --- networks --- ICT --- 5G --- power --- wired access --- IoT --- spatial modulation --- multiple-input multiple-output --- full-duplex --- self-interference cancellation --- symbol error probability

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