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Um lugar na cidade : Quotidiano, memória e representação no bairro da Bica

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ISBN: 9791036516238 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.2255 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

O livro que o leitor tem entre mãos, da autoria de Graça Índias Cordeiro, resgata um espaço emblemático e amplamente conotado da realidade urbana e do imaginário colectivo lisboeta - o bairro da Bica. A abordagem proposta combina a mais sólida ortodoxia antropológica com os elementos analíticos e apologéticos que têm forjado dialogicamente a própria identidade de bairro no contexto mais amplo da cidade. Percorrendo fontes tão díspares e abundantes como literatura olisiponense, fontes censitárias, urbanísticas, e históricas municipais e, especialmente, dando voz aos actores sociais de bairro, a autora constrói, de forma miniaturizada, a histórica social de algumas famílias, das suas relações sociais e de parentesco, de formas de associativismo, recuperando a memória histórica dos Bicaenses. Inserindo a análise da Bica no quadro contextual do processo histórico, cultural e social lisboeta, como um todo integrado e interactivo, Um Lugar na Cidade, mais do que um estudo de um bairro na cidade, é, assim, um estudo da cidade de Lisboa.

Keywords

city --- community --- memory --- Portugal --- neighborhood

Elmadağ

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ISBN: 9782906053830 9782362450327 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Institut français d’études anatoliennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-17 15:07:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The focus of this research is to analyze the social and spatial transformations of a bounded area, the neighborhood of Elmadağ, whose most noteworthy factor has been the perpetual migration flows since its emergence as a neighborhood in the 19th century. According to the authors, the functional transformation Elma­dağ is currently going through needs the explanations history can provide in order to be apprehended in full. Interdisciplinary, the research blends sociological, anthro­pological...

Sozialraum Hochhaus

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Book Series: Urban Studies ISBN: 9783839442968 Year: Pages: 462 DOI: 10.14361/9783839442968 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:01
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Abstract

About living in high-rises built during the construction boom years, the potency of social marginalization and the resilience of neighborhoods.

Walkable Neighborhoods: The Link between Public Health, Urban Design, and Transportation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039219308 9783039219315 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-931-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Transportation --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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It is now widely recognized that individual-based motivational interventions alone are not sufficient to address the global pandemic of physical inactivity (lack of exercise and too much sitting time). There has been a growing interest in the effect the physically built environment can have on people’s active behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that surrounding physical environments can support active behaviors among a large number of people with long-term effects. This topic has received much attention over the last decade, mainly in the three fields of urban design, public health, and transportation. This Special Issue aims to provide multidisciplinary and evidence-based state-of-the-art research on how the locations where people live impact their active behaviors and health outcomes.

Keywords

urban design --- active living --- aging --- physical activity --- sedentary behavior --- age-friendly environments --- older adult --- physical activity --- social connectedness --- physical environment --- citizen science --- Discovery Tool --- built environment --- urban health --- urban form --- walking --- physical activity --- health promotion --- walkability --- neighborhood --- older adult --- chronic diseases --- body mass --- disease mapping --- geographic variation --- obese --- overweight --- spatial analysis --- walkability --- traffic safety --- walking --- cycling --- infrastructure --- active travel --- active transport --- neighbourhood --- scale --- built environment --- physical activity --- walking --- soft mobility --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- health outcomes --- active living --- street network configuration --- peripheral neighbourhoods --- pedestrian flow --- streetscape features --- Istanbul --- walkable neighborhood --- sitting --- elderly --- built environment --- non-communicable diseases --- Africa --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- sedentary behaviour --- neighbourhood --- walkability --- active living --- survey --- questionnaire --- mobility management --- public transport --- step counts --- city planning --- compact city --- neighborhood --- natural experiment --- built environment --- urban design --- policy evaluation --- active living --- liveability --- Australia --- walkability --- environment --- overweight --- obesity --- review

Stadt als Schule

Author:
ISBN: 9783966270144 9783966270120 Year: Pages: 68 DOI: 10.33968/9783966270144-00 Language: German
Publisher: HTWK Leipzig - OA-Hochschulverlag
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-21 11:21:20
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When a fire department called "Ostwache" in the eastern part of Leipzig closed down, it left their old building behind vacant. Soon after a neighbourhood initiative sought to use the space to establish a community center for the surrounding neighbourhood. At the same time, the municipal government was planning a new school on the same lot. This thesis presents a solution for this conflict. By bringing together architectural, urban planning and pedagogical perspectives, while aiming for synergies. Following the model of Freinet pedagogy, a community school was planned with a new building at the site of the old fire station and the community center is to be located in the existing building of the old Ostwache. Through a common courtyard, shared work and sports facilities and a shared lunch, the school opens up to the city and its neighborhood to the school. This is how city works as school and a school works as city.

Integration and Resettlement of Refugees and Forced Migrants

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039281305 9783039281312 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-131-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Since 2017, the United States and Europe—among many other refugee-hosting countries—have made significant changes in their refugee policies. New visa restrictions, travel bans, and other regulations were imposed by national governments. At the local level, towns and cities responded in different ways: some resisted national policy by declaring themselves “sanctuary cities”, while others supported exclusionary policies. These different responses influenced refugees’ ability to settle and become integrated. The Refugees in Towns (RIT) project at Tufts University explores local urban integration experiences, drawing on the knowledge and perspectives of refugees and citizens in towns around the world. Since 2017, more than 30 RIT case studies have deepened our local knowledge about the factors that enable or obstruct integration, and the ways in which migrants and hosts co-exist, adapt, and struggle with integration. In this Special Issue, seven articles explore urban integration in towns in Europe (Frankfurt-Rödelheim, Germany; Newcastle, UK; Ambertois, France; Italy’s cities; and Belgrade, Serbia) and in North America: Bhutanese refugee-hosting US cities, and Antigonish, Canada. The papers explore how refugees and citizens interact; the role of officials and politicians in enabling or obstructing integration; the social, economic, and cultural impact of migration; and the ways—inclusive or exclusive—locals have responded.

Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Logic and Their Applications

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ISBN: 9783039285204 9783039285211 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-521-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The present book contains 20 articles collected from amongst the 53 total submitted manuscripts for the Special Issue “Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Loigic and Their Applications” of the MDPI journal Mathematics. The articles, which appear in the book in the series in which they were accepted, published in Volumes 7 (2019) and 8 (2020) of the journal, cover a wide range of topics connected to the theory and applications of fuzzy systems and their extensions and generalizations. This range includes, among others, management of the uncertainty in a fuzzy environment; fuzzy assessment methods of human-machine performance; fuzzy graphs; fuzzy topological and convergence spaces; bipolar fuzzy relations; type-2 fuzzy; and intuitionistic, interval-valued, complex, picture, and Pythagorean fuzzy sets, soft sets and algebras, etc. The applications presented are oriented to finance, fuzzy analytic hierarchy, green supply chain industries, smart health practice, and hotel selection. This wide range of topics makes the book interesting for all those working in the wider area of Fuzzy sets and systems and of fuzzy logic and for those who have the proper mathematical background who wish to become familiar with recent advances in fuzzy mathematics, which has entered to almost all sectors of human life and activity.

Keywords

fuzzy analytic hierarchy process --- decision-making --- partial consensus --- posterior aggregation --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- lattice-valued convergence --- ?-convergence space --- relative topologicalness --- p-topologcalness --- diagonal condition --- neighborhood condition --- fuzzy sets (FSs) --- uncertainty --- center of gravity (COG) defuzzification technique --- triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) --- grey numbers (GNs) --- fuzzy relation equations (FRE) --- grade point average (GPA) index --- residuated lattice --- soft set --- filter --- t-filter --- t-int-soft filter --- BCK/BCI-algebra --- (?,?)-US set --- (?,?)-US subalgebra --- (?,?)-US (closed) ideal --- (?,?)-US commutative ideal --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- ?-convergence space --- regularity --- intuitionistic fuzzy set --- similarity --- counterintuitive --- fuzzy graph --- picture fuzzy graph --- social network --- direct product --- lexicographic product --- strong product --- Interval-valued complex fuzzy sets --- distance measures --- rotational invariance --- reflectional invariance --- dynamic multiple attribute decision making --- fuzzy regression --- interval type-2 fuzzy sets --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- ?-convergence --- diagonal condition --- L-cotopological space --- L-topological space --- degree of L-continuity --- degree of L-closedness --- degree of L-openness --- performance management --- green supply chain --- decision making --- nonlinear mathematical modeling --- FMCG industries --- fuzzy DEMATEL --- bipolar fuzzy relation --- bipolar fuzzy reflexive (resp., symmetric and transitive) relation --- bipolar fuzzy equivalence relation --- bipolar fuzzy partition --- (a, b)-level set --- fuzzy logic --- finance --- banking --- banking crisis management --- fuzzy number --- ?-limit set --- periodic point --- Zadeh’s extension --- smart health --- fuzzy collaborative intelligence --- fuzzy analytic hierarchy process --- suitability --- picture fuzzy numbers --- interaction operations --- partitioned Heronian --- aggregation operators --- hotel selection --- Pythagorean fuzzy set --- Dempster–Shafer evidence theory --- basic probability assignment --- medical diagnosis --- interval-valued fuzzy soft set --- interval-valued fuzzy soft topology --- interval-valued fuzzy soft point --- interval-valued fuzzy soft neighborhood --- interval-valued fuzzy soft quasi-neighborhood --- interval-valued fuzzy soft separation axioms

Land Squandering and Social Crisis in the Spanish City

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979463 9783038979470 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-947-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The last two decades have been marked by intense and accelerated economic, political, and cultural processes that have affected urban spaces. These changes have occurred in different parts of cities (traditional centers, edges, peripheries) and at different levels of the urban system (large and medium-sized cities and in their respective areas of influence). Possibly the clearest expression of the spatial effects on cities can be perceived in their morphological transformations, their territorial dimensions, or in their social problems. Until 2008, urban–territorial processes were a reflection of the logic and inconsistencies of an expansive economic context and of a structural context that favored the development of cities through concurrent processes and actors. As a result, the built land and amount of urbanized and built surfaces increased, together with processes of the expansion and modernization of cities. Since 2008, the expansive economic cycle has ended, and there have been diverse negative consequences. Notably, the construction sector has come to an abrupt halt. Access to credit has also been reduced, and unemployment has increased. The economic recession has caused sociodemographic and socioeconomic issues exemplified by housing vulnerability, with dispossession, evictions, a shortage of social housing, and energy poverty.

Keywords

counter-urbanization --- Extremadura --- urban expansion --- periurbanization --- rurbanization --- suburbanization --- illegal urbanization --- sharing economies --- urban conflicts --- Valencia --- Airbnb --- Uber --- foreclosure --- eviction --- economic crisis --- post-crisis --- housing vulnerability --- Spanish city --- housing bubble --- financialization --- holiday home --- housing market --- eco-neighborhood --- sustainable urban neighborhoods --- Madrid --- periphery --- urban regeneration --- social housing --- urban sustainability --- social-vulnerability --- urban segregation --- school choice --- educational level --- social inequalities --- neighbourhood effect --- dispersed urbanism --- residential strategies --- residential mobility --- economic crisis --- Barcelona Metropolitan Region --- social crisis --- land squandering --- urbanization --- night lights --- remote sensing --- land uses --- seasonality --- Suomi NPP VIIRS --- socio-environmental vulnerability --- Barcelona --- spatial analysis --- qualitative methodology --- vulnerable neighborhoods --- neoliberal urban policy --- residential mobility --- foreign immigration --- Cabanyal --- Valencia --- economic crisis --- urban sprawl --- consumption --- water --- Alicante --- urban sprawl --- medium-size cities --- expansive city planning --- urban geography --- urbanism --- urban growth --- medium-sized city --- suburbanization --- Spain --- urbanization process --- real estate bubble --- urban sprawl --- urban vulnerability --- residential segregation --- urban inequality --- Spain

Sustainable Residential Landscapes:An International Perspective

Author:
ISBN: 9783039218721 9783039218738 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-873-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Architecture --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This book is a compilation of 10 recently published academic articles addressing sustainable residential landscape design and planning across geographies, scales, and perspectives: from American rain garden design to South Korean urban forestry; from Mexican community open space design to Australian neighborhood park planning; and from Chinese urban design to Bolivian land-use change. This volume brings together authors from a growing community of landscape sustainability scholars of landscape architecture and architecture; planning and construction; ecology and horticulture; agricultural and environmental sciences; and health, exercise, and nutrition. In summary, these papers address facets of a fundamental challenge for the 21st century: the design and planning of sustainable and resilient human settlements.

Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038979067 9783038979074 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-907-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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The concept of &lsquo;sustainable urban development&rsquo; has been pushed to the forefront of policymaking and politics as the world wakes up to the impacts of climate change and the destructive effects of the Anthropocene. Climate change has emerged to be one of the biggest challenges faced by our planet today, threatening both built and natural systems with long-term consequences, which may be irreversible. While there is a vast body of literature on sustainability and sustainable urban development, there is currently limited focus on how to cohesively bring together the vital issues of the planning, development, and management of sustainable cities. Moreover, it has been widely stated that current practices and lifestyles cannot continue if we are to leave a healthy living planet to not only the next generation, but also to the generations beyond. The current global school strikes for climate action (known as Fridays for Future) evidences this. The book advocates the view that the focus needs to rest on ways in which our cities and industries can become green enough to avoid urban ecocide. This book fills a gap in the literature by bringing together issues related to the planning, development, and management of cities and focusing on a triple-bottom-line approach to sustainability.

Keywords

spatial decision support systems --- urban planning --- sustainability indicators --- urban metabolism --- sustainable regional development --- land use governance --- regional stakeholder involvement --- precision farming (PF) --- wood fuel --- technology roadmapping (TRM) --- open innovation (OI) --- Germany --- sustainability assessment --- sustainable urban development --- neighborhood sustainability --- neighborhood sustainability assessment index --- sustainable city --- Ipoh --- Malaysia --- scaling-up strategy --- sustainable development --- local new town --- neoliberal capitalism --- Wujin --- China --- low-energy transport --- carbon --- energy consumption --- sociotechnical transition --- innovation --- cities --- United Kingdom --- sustainability --- tree --- urban forest --- forest values --- urban transport --- sustainable transport --- developing cities --- medium-sized cities --- infrastructure --- transport projects --- sustainability --- knowledge management --- practitioner perceptions --- frames --- framing processes --- low carbon cities --- visioning --- urban resilience --- sustainability --- sustainability literacy --- urban development --- public participation --- urban planning --- civic engagement --- green economy --- built environment sector --- eco-cities --- sustainable urban development --- green innovation --- low carbon economy --- socio-technical transition --- urban fire --- spatio-temporal features --- SDM, humidity --- GDP --- the fire assimilation effect --- fire inertia effect --- fire caution effect --- urban land development --- natural environmental impact --- driving forces-pressure-state-impact-policy and pattern (DPSIP) --- water supply --- demand --- time-series forecasting --- ARIMA --- urban water sustainability --- Istanbul --- ecosystem approach --- urban ecology --- eco-cities --- process-function ecology --- heat island mitigation --- urban forestry --- green infrastructure --- ecological landscape management --- sustainability index --- mixed land-use --- neighbourhood --- travel behaviour --- perception --- indicator --- stakeholder --- megacity --- co-design --- co-production --- bottom-up --- anthropogenic impact --- environmental threshold --- road grades --- heavy-duty vehicles --- emissions --- sustainable transportation --- China --- water asset management --- Gap analysis --- LOS (level of service) --- PIs (performance indicators) --- customer value --- noise pollution --- low-frequency noise --- DEFRA --- human well-being --- sustainability --- power poles --- City Biodiversity Index --- Satoyama Index --- land use mixture --- land cover --- GIS --- sustainability --- sustainable development --- sustainable urban development --- sustainable city --- sustainable urban ecosystems --- sustainability assessment --- smart cities

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