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Les Alpes occidentales romaines : Développement urbain et exploitation des ressources ‎des régions de montagne‎ (Gaule Narbonnaise, Italie, provinces alpines)‎

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ISBN: 9782957155705 DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.110 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Vues à travers le filtre des auteurs antiques, les Alpes ont une image associée au caractère hostile et répulsif de la montagne. Cette image qui tient du topos littéraire relève pourtant d’une réalité propre aux régions de montagne : la difficulté d’accès et de franchissement, liée au relief et aux conditions climatiques. La principale caractéristique de la montagne est en effet de juxtaposer des zones basses (les vallées) et des reliefs plus ou moins abrupts et élevés. Pour l’époque romaine, cette juxtaposition a été traduite en termes d’opposition entre des zones basses romanisées, et des montagnes occupées par des populations indigènes peu civilisées. Pour cette raison, les Alpes sont d’abord perçues comme des espaces à franchir, où s’arrêter ne présente aucun intérêt, et qui peuvent même être dangereux. La présente enquête s’est orientée dans deux directions distinctes. La première concerne l’urbanisation et, de façon plus générale, les modes d’occupation des Alpes occidentales durant la période romaine. Le développement de villes et d’agglomérations et l’émergence d’un réseau parfois dense d’établissements ruraux témoignent d’évolutions majeures dans l’occupation des régions alpines. Le second axe de la recherche concerne les ressources elles-mêmes, au centre des activités économiques des populations alpines. Devant la rareté des données archéologiques, l'auteur recourt au paléoenvironnement pour rendre leur place à deux activités caractéristiques des économies de montagne, le pastoralisme et l’exploitation des mines.

Restaurer les milieux et prévenir les inondations grâce au génie végétal

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ISBN: 9782759227785 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2778-5 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:05
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Public policies in France and in Europe obligate decision makers to consider an integrated management of habitats and territories that combines several benefits. This book provides innovative vegetation engineering solutions for reconciling habitat restoration with flood prevention.

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flood --- ecology --- watershed --- natural risk --- vegetation --- sediment --- mountain --- erosion

Mechanismen der Auslösung hochreichender Konvektion im südwestdeutschen Mittelgebirgsraum

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Instituts für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie ISSN: 1795619 ISBN: 9783731502036 Year: Volume: 65 Pages: IV, 215 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000040122 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The study discusses the occurrence of precipitation induced by deep convection in Germany's southwestern low mountain range in summer of 2007. Based on statistical methods and a case study, the mechanisms triggering the precipitation are described. The complex terrain proved to be a significant factor (divergent flow regimes), among others.

Archéologie de la montagne européenne : Actes de la table ronde internationale de Gap, 29 septembre-1er octobre 2008

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782957155736 DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.143 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Depuis quelques années, l'archéologie de la montagne connaît un indéniable regain d'intérêt. Les problématiques liées au statut des espaces d'altitude irriguent des programmes pluridisciplinaires, actuellement menés ou projetés dans les différents massifs européens. Dans ce contexte, les approches diachroniques et géoarchéologiques permettent désormais de mieux connaître des territoires qu'une absence de recherche et certains présupposés maintenaient encore naguère dans un état proche de la terra incognita. Cette dynamique est rythmée par toute une série de rencontres internationales dans laquelle s'inscrit la table ronde qui s'est déroulée au Musée-Muséum départemental de Gap entre le 29 septembre et le 1er octobre 2008. Les vingt-neuf contributions rassemblées dans le présent volume reflètent à la fois la diversité des zones étudiées et l'interdisciplinarité des recherches. Avec cette publication, nous espérons contribuer de façon significative au dialogue et à la coordination nécessaires entre les équipes de recherche se vouant à l'étude de la présence et de l'activité de l'homme au coeur des écosystèmes de moyenne et de haute montagne en Europe, des milieux bien particuliers, parfois difficiles à appréhender et trop longtemps restés en marge des terrains d'investigation de l'archéologie.

Des montagnards aux minorités ethniques : Quelle intégration nationale pour les habitants des hautes terres du Viêt Nam et du Cambodge ?

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782355960338 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1420 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Comment peut-on être vietnamien sans être việt ; être cambodgien sans être khmer ? C'est la question qui se pose aux Jaraï, Brou, Mnong et autres Stieng, populations autochtones des hauts plateaux, à la frontière entre les deux pays. Ces peuples, longtemps indépendants sur les hautes terres de la chaîne Anamitique, doivent aujourd'hui faire face à des mouvements migratoires sans précédent. Les nouveaux venus, colons des plaines, fonctionnaires, forestiers, commerçants, planteurs de café, gagnent peu à peu sur leurs terres, bouleversant fondamentalement leur mode de vie. Contraints à l'intégration, les habitants des hauts plateaux se battent pour éviter une assimilation pure et simple ; pour que leurs cultures ne soient pas sacrifiées sur l'autel du développement national. Ce livre fait émerger les enjeux de leurs revendications et des réponses qui leur sont apportées par les gouvernements du Cambodge et du Viêt Nam.

St. Christoph am Arlberg

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ISBN: 9783205772828 Year: Pages: 523 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_472489 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3655
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-11 23:26:30
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Based on the evaluation of extensive sources the book presents the history of an Alpine pass as a living space for many people. Whether it was merchants, grocers, pedlars, wagoners and sumplers, peasants, shepherds, wardens, hosts, miners, soldiers, messengers, pilgrims, beggars, gypsies or vagrants, they all had to get accustomed to the high mountains and to cope with rain, fog, storm, snow, ice, avalanches, mudflows and rockfalls. The rigour of the weather required frequent repairs of the paths, roads and bridges. Since the end of the fifteenth century, wagoners could no longer pass the Arlberg, only samplers. Among other articles of trade they transported food, especially "Schmalz" (boiled butter) to the towns of Innsbruck and Hall on packhorses and in return brought back salt to Vorarlberg and Switzerland. On the summit of the Arlberg a "Hospiz" (mountain hostel) has provided shelter, supplies of food and help for travellers since 1386. Contrary to the generally held opinion, research showed that there was no fraternity of St. Christoph on the Arlberg in medieval times. At first the "Hospiz" was maintained by donations only, mostly procured by collectors in Austria, Germany and Switzerland, but was turned into a tavern as early as ca. 1420. 17 tavern keepers at St. Christoph, mentioned between ca. 1500 and 1659, has been described in the book, some of them in close detail.

The Atmosphere over Mountainous Regions

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450169 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-016-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Mountainous regions occupy a significant fraction of the Earth’s continents and are characterized by specific meteorological phenomena operating on a wide range of scales. Being a home to large human populations, the impact of mountains on weather and hydrology has significant practical consequences. Mountains modulate the climate and create micro-climates, induce different types of thermally and dynamically driven circulations, generate atmospheric waves of various scales (known as mountain waves), and affect the boundary layer characteristics and the dispersion of pollutants. At the local scale, strong downslope winds linked with mountain waves (such as the Foehn and Bora) can cause severe damage. Mountain wave breaking in the high atmosphere is a source of Clear Air Turbulence, and lee wave rotors are a major near-surface aviation hazard. Mountains also act to block strongly-stratified air layers, leading to the formation of valley cold-air pools (with implications for road safety, pollution, crop damage, etc.) and gap flows. Presently, neither the fine-scale structure of orographic precipitation nor the initiation of deep convection by mountainous terrain can be resolved adequately by regional-to global-scale models, requiring appropriate downscaling or parameterization. Additionally, the shortest mountain waves need to be parameterized in global weather and climate prediction models, because they exert a drag on the atmosphere. This drag not only decelerates the global atmospheric circulation, but also affects temperatures in the polar stratosphere, which control ozone depletion. It is likely that both mountain wave drag and orographic precipitation lead to non-trivial feedbacks in climate change scenarios. Measurement campaigns such as MAP, T-REX, Materhorn, COLPEX and i-Box provided a wealth of mountain meteorology field data, which is only starting to be explored. Recent advances in computing power allow numerical simulations of unprecedented resolution, e.g. LES modelling of rotors, mountain wave turbulence, and boundary layers in mountainous regions. This will lead to important advances in understanding these phenomena, as well as mixing and pollutant dispersion over complex terrain, or the onset and breakdown of cold-air pools. On the other hand, recent analyses of global circulation biases point towards missing drag, especially in the southern hemisphere, which may be due to processes currently neglected in parameterizations. A better understanding of flow over orography is also crucial for a better management of wind power and a more effective use of data assimilation over complex terrain. This Research Topic includes contributions that aim to shed light on a number of these issues, using theory, numerical modelling, field measurements, and laboratory experiments.

Die Ordnung der Klänge

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Book Series: Kultur- und Medientheorie ISBN: 9783839404508 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.14361/9783839404508 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:03
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Das Bauhaus wurde 1919 von dem Architekten Walter Gropius gegründet. Die Hochschule für Gestaltung war ein Spiegel ihrer Zeit, aber auch eine »Brutstätte« neuer Ideen. Probleme und Lösungsansätze, welche die gesamte Kunstwelt bewegten, wurden am Bauhaus von Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, László Moholy-Nagy und anderen aufgenommen und weitergeführt. Zu den wichtigsten Anliegen der Bauhaus-Jahre gehörte die Suche nach einer Verbindung der Künste. Synästhetische Verknüpfungen von Farben und Klängen gehörten ebenso zu den gängigen Methoden wie der Versuch, der Malerei eine zeitliche Ebene zu geben, die als musikalisch verstanden wurde. Die Musik diente als Ordnung schaffendes Prinzip. Das Black Mountain College (1933-1957) entwickelte die Visionen des Bauhauses nach dessen Schließung weiter: Die Konzepte der europäischen Moderne erlebten - etwa durch Josef Albers und John Cage - eine neue Deutung unter amerikanischen Bedingungen. Diese Studie zeigt das Bauhaus und das Black Mountain College als Laboratorien zur Erarbeitung interdisziplinärer Fragestellungen, die die wechselhaften Verhältnisse zwischen den Künsten im 20. Jahrhundert prägten - und bis in die zeitgenössische Klanglandschaft nachwirken.

Water-Worked Bedload: Hydrodynamic and Mass Transport

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039213016 9783039213023 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-302-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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The state-of-the-art in water-worked bed hydraulics can only be examined through a careful exploration of the experimental (both laboratory and field) results via theoretical development. This book is primarily focused on the research aspects that involve a comprehensive knowledge of sediment dynamics in turbulent flows, as the most up-to-date research findings in the field are presented. It begins with two reviews on bedload transport and water-work bed experimental studies. The sediment dynamics is then analyzed from a classical perspective by applying the mean bed shear approach and additionally incorporating a statistical description for the role of turbulence. The work finally examines the local scour problems at hydraulic structures and results from field studies. It is intended as a course guide for field professionals, keeping up with modern technological developments. Therefore, as a simple prerequisite, readers should have a basic knowledge of hydraulics to an undergraduate level.

Biodiversity of Vegetable Crops, A Living Heritage

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038977209 9783038977216 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-721-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Intensive agriculture has generally resulted in higher productivity, but also in a trend towards decreasing levels of agro-biodiversity, which represents a key point in ensuring the adaptability and resilience of agro-ecosystems in the global challenge to produce more and better food in a sustainable way. The biodiversity of vegetable crops includes genetic diversity—both as species diversity (interspecific diversity) and as a diversity of genes within a species (intraspecific diversity) with regard to the vegetable varieties grown—and the diversity of agro-ecosystems (agro-biodiversity). The purpose of this Special Issue is to publish high-quality research papers addressing recent progress and perspectives on different aspects related to the biodiversity of vegetable crops. Original, high-quality contributions that have not yet been published, or that are not currently under review by other journals have been sought. The papers in this Special Issue cover a broad range of aspects and report recent research results regarding agro-biodiversity, which continues to be of significant relevance for both genetic and agricultural applications. All contributions are of significant relevance and could stimulate further research in this area.

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