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The Michigan Critical Care Handbook

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Book Series: Critical Climate Change ISBN: 160785208X 9781607852087 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: MPublishing
Subject: Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-08 09:14:14
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From the introduction: “[The Michigan Critical Care Handbook] is truly a handbook. It contains no prose, only charts, tables, diagrams, and algorithms necessary for monitoring and managing critically ill patients. Background, discussion, and detailed references are presented in the Critical Care Physiology text.”

Stable Isotopes to Trace Migratory Birds and to Identify Harmful Diseases: An Introductory Guide

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319282978 9783319282985 Year: Pages: 49 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-28298-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-30 17:33:03
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This manuscript discusses the potentials of the approaches as mentioned below to monitor the AIVs in WMW. Molecular diagnostic platforms enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding, enabling non-invasive research on the epidemiology of the disease. Wild migratory waterfowl (WMW) play significant role in the transmission of avian influenza viruses (AIVs) on large distances. Understanding bird migrations may therefore significantly contribute towards understanding of the disease epidemiology, however most conventional approaches to trace WMW migrations are based on capturing, tagging (mostly ringing or GPS devices) and their re-capturing to link the departure and arrival places.Stable isotope ratios in metabolically inert tissues (feathers, beaks, claws) reflect the ratios present at the point of intake (drinking or feeding), thus enabling for tracing bird origins at stopover places.Molecular diagnostic platforms such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enable for accurate detection of the AIVs in the feces of infected birds. Similar technologies (genetic sequencing) can be used to determine the bird species through DNA barcoding. Simple and easy collection of feather and fecal samples at the stopover places may generate a full information package on which species of WMW carries the AIVs (PCR+DNA barcoding on the feces), as well as the origin of these species (SI+DNA barcoding on the feathers). Therefore, such approaches enable for research on the epidemiology and the ecology of the AIVs in WMW using a non-invasive platform, which does not require capturing of WMW. This manuscript discusses the potentials of these approaches to monitor the AIVs in WMW.

Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident: The First Three Years

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9784431558262 9784431558286 Year: Pages: 263 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55828-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Manufactures --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Environmental Technology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Business and Management --- Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-27 16:45:07
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This book reports the results from on-site research into radioactive cesium contamination in various agricultural systems affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident that occurred in March 2011. This is the second volume from the research groups formed in the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of The University of Tokyo who have published the initial data in their first volume. In this book, additional data collected in the subsequent years are presented to show how the radioactivity level in agricultural products and their growing environments have changed with time. The data clarify the route by which radioactive materials entered agricultural products and their movement among different components (e.g., soil, water, and trees) within an environmental system (e.g., forests). The book consists of various topics, including radioactivity inspection of food products; decontamination trials for rice and livestock production; the state of contamination in wild animals and birds, trees, mushrooms, and timber; the dynamics of radioactivity distribution in mountain and paddy fields; damage incurred by the forestry and fishery industries; and the change in consumers’ minds. The last chapter introduces a real-time radioisotope imaging system, the forefront technique to visualize actual movement of cesium in soil and in plants. This is the only book to provide systematic data about the actual change of radioactivity, and thus is of great value for all researchers who wish to understand the effect of radioactive fallout on agriculture. The project is ongoing; the research groups continue their work in the field for further evaluation of the long-term effects.

Volatile Organic Compounds in Environment

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ISBN: 9783038425120 9783038425137 Year: Pages: VIII, 122 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-02 11:42:58
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Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are released from both static and mobile sources (e.g., industrial, transport, household, fossil fuels use, and many other sources). They are emitted into the atmosphere, taken up by plants, and ingested by animals to be bio accumulated along the food chain up to the apex predator. Many of these pollutants are classified as being toxic/carcinogenic by varying degrees and pose a worldwide risk to the environment and human health. Exposure (through different exposure pathways, i.e., inhalation, dermal absorption, ingestion, etc.) to those hazardous pollutants can damage the immune, neurological, reproductive (e.g., reduced fertility), developmental, and respiratory systems of humans and animals. More efforts are thus needed to improve the method of their detection and treatment. This Special Issue aims to present articles emphasizing more than one of all the available tools to monitor or treat VOCs: (1) measurement techniques for VOC; (2) treatment techniques for VOC; and (3) all important environmental issues associated with the management of VOCs.

Chapter 4 Evaluating electoral management performance (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Elections, Democracy and Autocracy ISBN: 9781138682412 9781315545172 Year: Pages: 30 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-20 11:21:20
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After a review of the rival approaches that are used to evaluate public sector&#xD;performance in general, five dimensions of EMB performance are set out which&#xD;are argued to be crucial for achieving democratic ideals in an electoral democracy.&#xD;The aim is to set out these dimensions, and the sources of data that can be&#xD;used by researchers to assess whether they are achieved. The UK and Canada&#xD;are then assessed against the framework so that the utility of the model becomes&#xD;clear. The concepts and framework also act as founding principles for the remainder&#xD;of the book.

Chapter 1 Introduction (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Elections, Democracy and Autocracy ISBN: 9781138682412 9781315545172 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-20 11:21:20
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In the immediate aftermath of the 2007 Kenyan Presidential election, the country&#xD;entered into a political, economic and humanitarian crisis. Post-election violence&#xD;erupted leading to estimates of over 1,000 people being killed by police, criminal&#xD;gangs and militia groups, and 660,000 displacements, as opponents of President Mwai&#xD;Kibaki alleged electoral manipulation (CBS News 2008; Kenny 2019). Tensions&#xD;were deeply rooted in Kenya’s political history.

The Potential Role for Community Monitoring in MRV and in Benefit Sharing in REDD+

ISBN: 9783038420644 9783038420651 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 08:55:10
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Developing countries interested in REDD+ under the UNFCCC have been requested to prepare a national forest monitoring system (NFMS) and a system to monitor, report and verify implementation (MRV). They have also been requested to engage local communities and indigenous groups as critical stakeholders in this process. The NFMS should be consistent with national inventories of emissions and removals of greenhouse gases. These inventories are, however, usually prepared using national level information with low geographical resolution and without the participation of local communities or other forest owners/managers. However, it has been shown that members of rural forest communities can develop the skills to monitor and measure levels of carbon stock in their forests and changes in these levels over time. If this information could be included and tracked from the local to regional and national levels, this might help to design transparent mechanisms for the assessment of REDD+ implementation, and possibly even for benefit sharing. The objective of this Special Issue is to discuss and explore the social, technical and political implications and potential of including community-based monitoring in MRV systems and benefit-sharing schemes in REDD+.

Critical Care Physiology

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ISBN: 9781607852070 Year: Language: English
Publisher: MPublishing
Subject: Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 15:10:26
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From the preface: “Critical Care Physiology, as the companion piece to The Michigan Critical Care Handbook…provides the explanations, references, methods, and other supportive information to flesh out the essentials presented in the handbook. Critical Care Physiology is limited to discussion of four organ systems (cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and neurologic) and four topics in integrative physiology (oxygen kinetics, fluids and electrolytes, host defenses, and metabolism and nutrition).”

Impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on Fish and Fishing Grounds

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9784431555360 9784431555377 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55537-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Aquaculture and Fisheries --- Business and Management --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-27 16:32:42
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This book presents the results from the Japanese Fisheries Research Agency’s 3-year intensive monitoring of radionuclides in a variety of fish, plankton, benthos, and their living environments after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident in March 2011. The book reveals the dynamics of contamination processes in marine and freshwater fish, mediated by the contamination of water, sediments, and food organisms; it also clarifies the mechanisms by which large variations in the level of contamination occurs among individual fish. Most importantly, the book includes a large amount of original measurement data collected in situ and for the first time assesses diffusion of radiocesium across the Pacific using both in situ data and a numerical simulation model. Also introduced are several new approaches to evaluate the impact of the release of radionuclides, including the measurement of radiation emission from an otolith section to identify the main period of contamination in fish. The FNPP accident represents a rare instance where the environmental radioactivity level was elevated steeply through atmospheric fallout and direct discharge of radioactive water into the sea over a short period of time. Replete with precise scientific data, this book will serve as an important resource for research in fields such as fishery science, oceanography, ecology, and environmentology, and also as a solid basis for protecting fisheries from damage resulting from harmful rumors among the general public.

Polymer Reactor Modeling, Design and Monitoring

ISBN: 9783038422549 9783038422556 Year: Pages: X, 204 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-19 11:47:52
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Polymers range from synthetic plastics, such as polyacrylates, to natural biopolymers, such as proteins and DNA. The large molecular mass of polymers and our ability to manipulate their compositions and molecular structures have allowed for producing synthetic polymers with attractive properties. new polymers with remarkable characteristics are synthesized. Because of the huge production volume of commodity polymers, a little improvement in the operation of commodity-polymer processes can lead to significant economic gains. On the other hand, a little improvement in the quality of specialty polymers can lead to substantial increase in economic profits.

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