Search results: Found 660

Listing 1 - 10 of 660 << page
of 66
>>
Sort by
6 Traditional medicines, law and the (dis)ordering of temporalities (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9780415792219 9781315167695 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-08 11:01:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this chapter, I explore the regulation of alternative and traditional medicine, in&#xD;order to reflect on how particular temporalities shape, and are shaped by, the&#xD;interface between law and medicine. This chapter makes two key points: first, it&#xD;argues that both biomedicine and law have relied on a particular sense of&#xD;‘modernity’ as a linear temporal process; in turn, this has been key in developing&#xD;both crude, and more subtle, social patterns of power, dominance, and exclusion&#xD;that continue to impact on contemporary societies. Second, it argues that as law&#xD;increasingly engages in the regulation of other types of medicine, it continues to&#xD;emulate biomedical models and assumptions as to what ‘modern medicine’&#xD;should look like, including its temporal features. This chapter is written as I am&#xD;starting a large investigation of the multiple ways in which traditional and&#xD;alternative medicines apprehend and are apprehended by law in several states in&#xD;Europe and Africa.2 Although the project has several aims, my interest in the field&#xD;came, in part, from the ambivalent and complex ways in which the idea of&#xD;‘modernity’ seemed to be shaping the field and, in turn, how law and medicine&#xD;as institutions were involved in this ambivalence. It is useful, to ‘set the scene’ of&#xD;this chapter, to return to this briefly.

A COPD Primer

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110468007 9783110468113 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1515/9783110468007 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-07 14:19:43
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In 2012 we received a grant from the Veterans Health Administration Office of Specialty Care entitled, “Patient-Centered Model for the Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.” The grant’s goals were to enhance the recognition and diagnosis of COPD and implement a Patient-Centered Model for the Management of COPD. As the work on that proposal progressed, we realized that providers did not have an up-to-date, comprehensive, easily read, “how to” manual for the management of COPD despite all the advances in COPD care that have occurred over the past 5 years. Consensus documents such as the VA-DOD Guidelines were abbreviated summaries that were rarely used. From those discussions, the concept for this volume, a COPD Primer, developed. The goal was to develop a practical book that concisely presented COPD to providers with sufficient background and explanation of the physiologic and scientific rationale for various management strategies without becoming an esoteric academic work. We hope that this COPD Primer has achieved that goal and will be a useful, practical text for practitioners and medical trainees alike.The COPD Primer begins with an examination of what COPD is; it is really a syndrome, a constellation of historical features and clinical, physiologic, and radiographic findings. However, those elements come together in many different ways to create multiple different COPD phenotypes that are only now being recognized and used to define specific management strategies. COPD research has progressed beyond the simple classification of “blue bloaters” and “pink puffers.” Next, the epidemiology and economic consequences of COPD are reviewed. Bill Eschenbacher presents an approach to the patient with respiratory symptoms with detailed discussions of pulmonary function testing and how airflow limitation/obstruction is identified by spirometry and the use of lung imaging to identify individuals with COPD. Michael Borchers and Gregory Motz summarize current evidence implicating genetics, proteolytic imbalance, oxidative stress, inflammation, occupational and environmental exposures, and innate and adaptive immune function in the pathogenesis of COPD and the implication of these findings to future treatments. The single most important intervention in the prevention and treatment of COPD is smoking cessation. Shari Altum, Katherine Butler, and Rachel Juran present a practical approach to smoking cessation utilizing motivational interviewing in combination with pharmacologic interventions. Then, they expand upon these concepts to provide practitioners with convenient, realistic suggestions to encourage patient self-management in all aspects of COPD care and overall health. Ahsan Zafar reviews the natural history, recently described COPD phenotypes, and gender differences that clearly illustrate the broad spectrum of disease that comprises the term, COPD. The cover illustration highlights Dr. Zafar’s creative and artistic talents. The extensive nonpulmonary aspects of COPD are reviewed by Ralph Panos in an examination of COPD’s multi-organ manifestations. Next, the effect of COPD on sleep and the overlap syndrome, the concurrence of COPD and obstructive sleep apnea, and its consequences are presented. Jean Elwing examines the effect of COPD on the pulmonary vasculature with a detailed discussion of the evaluation and management of pulmonary hypertension associated with COPD. COPD’s effects on psychosocial functioning and familial interactions are presented by Mary Panos and Ralph Panos.The focus of the Primer then shifts from manifestations to treatment with a discussion of stable COPD management. With the current plethora of devices for delivering respiratory medications, it is difficult for both patients and providers to sustain knowledge of their proper use. Aaron Mulhall presents a practical guide to correct inhaler use that reviews all the current devices. Folarin Sogbetun then reviews the management of outpatient COPD exacerbations and Nishant Gupta discusses the approach to the patient hospitalized with COPD. Because patients with COPD often see multiple subspecialty physicians in addition to their primary care providers, interdisciplinary communication and coordination of care is essential for their management; Sara Krzywkowski-Mohn reviews the interactions between primary and specialty care for the patient with COPD with suggestions for improved communication and care coordination. Finally, advance care planning including palliative care and hospice is reviewed with a discussion of how end stage COPD affects not only the patient but also their family and social network.This COPD Primer incorporates the knowledge that we have learned over the past several years during the development and implementation of a patient-centered model for the management of COPD. It was written with the explicit goal of assisting both the practicing provider and medical trainee in the care of patients with COPD.

Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138905337 Year: Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Medicine; Japan

Keywords

medicine --- japan

Chapter Twenty-six Syriac Medicine (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9781138899018 9781315708195 Year: Pages: 23 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-06 11:21:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The field of Syriac medicine is perhaps one of the least investigated and explored&#xD;domains within Syriac intellectual culture. Yet owing to its decisive role during the&#xD;late antique period for the transfer of Greek medical knowledge to the Islamic world,&#xD;it should occupy a very special position, and the results of its study are appealing to&#xD;both Classicists and historians of Greek and Islamic medicine. The study of Syriac&#xD;medicine deals predominantly with medical literature, but also with theory and practice&#xD;as they evolved over centuries within changing social and historical contexts&#xD;(the surveys available differ in perspective and scope: Gignoux 2001a ; Habbi 2001 ;&#xD;Muraviev 2014 ; Pormann and Savage-Smith 2007 : 17–21; Strohmaier 1994 ; on the&#xD;Syriac scholarly milieu more broadly: Debié 2014 ).

Keywords

Syriac medicine

A History of Radionuclide Studies in the UK: 50th Anniversary of the British Nuclear Medicine Society

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319286235 9783319286242 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-28624-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 14:14:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The British Nuclear Medicine Society celebrates its 50th Anniversary with this booklet, which reflects the research of many of the pioneers in the use of radionuclides for the diagnosis and therapy of human disease. Since 1949 there have been remarkable advances in radionuclide techniques and imaging equipment: from the first devices “home-made” in the many physics departments throughout the UK, to the sophisticated multimodality imagers now in everyday use in Nuclear Medicine. The BNMS has been instrumental in promoting the use of radionuclide techniques in the investigation of pathology by supporting and providing education, research and guidelines on the optimum use of radiation to help patients. The future of Nuclear Medicine is bright, thanks to improved imaging resolution, new radiopharmaceuticals, and new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and procedures.

Plasma Medicine - Concepts and Clinical Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789231120 9781789231137 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68652 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Plasma can be defined as the extracellular matrix of blood cells. Plasma components, their role in human health risk evaluation, and their functional and clinical analyses are covered in this book. Furthermore, physical plasma-ionized gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter. This homonym has begun to emerge because it can interact with living systems. The physical plasma biomedical applications are reviewed in drug delivery and wound healing medical applications. This approach revolutionizes the therapeutic approaches in medicine and may open up new concepts and clinical applications. The book is an essential source for researchers in the field and provides a platform for different professions.

Hot Topics in Burn Injuries

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789231304 9781789231311 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69253 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of burn injuries, which may affect people from birth to death and can lead to high morbidity and mortality. The book consists of four sections and seven chapters. The first section consists of the introductory review chapter, which overviews the burn injuries. The second section includes chapter ""Burn Etiology and Pathogenesis,"" which focuses on burn injuries and clinical findings. The third section consists of chapter ""Controlling Inflammation in Burn Injury"" and is devoted to the role of inflammatory response, which is fundamental to the healing process, while a prolonged inflammation may lead to scarring and fibrosis. The fourth section consists of four chapters as follows: ""Therapeutic Effects of Conservative Treatments on Burn Scars,"" ""Herbal Therapy for Burns and Burn Scars,"" ""Platelet-Rich Plasma in Burn Treatment,"" and ""Surgical Treatment of Burn Scars."" The book is easy to read and includes hot topics on burn injury to enhance the reader's understanding and knowledge.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment in Research and Clinical Practice - Mechanisms of Action in Focus

Author:
ISBN: 9781789235982 9781789235999 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70322 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO2) is a widely accepted adjuvant therapy in various health conditions that exhibit impaired tissue blood flow. At high pressures, the delivery of the dissolved oxygen in plasma is enhanced, which contributes to better tissue oxygenation, cellular metabolism and ultimately, healing. However, this is not the only beneficial outcome of HBO2 treatment since oxygen is a highly reactive molecule and can induce upregulation of many enzymatic systems in the cell at the cellular, genetic and molecular level. Particularly, vascular/endothelial function is affected by the HBO2. Our understanding of these mechanisms is still emerging. There have been many controversies related to the HBO2 protocols and indications. As well as exhibiting beneficiary effects on the tissue perfusion, it is known that HBO2 demonstrates high toxicity at higher pressures, due to increased oxidative stress and barotrauma. On the other hand, there is a lack of translation of the knowledge on the mechanisms of action of HBO2 obtained from the experimental research to the clinical practice. Thus, this book presents the reader with an overview of the current knowledge on the mechanisms of HBO2 effects in various experimental models and clinical treatment protocols, in an attempt to provide a better understanding of how and when HBO2 should be used as an effective therapy without unwanted side effects.

Special Topics in Resuscitation

Author:
ISBN: 9781789842517 9781789842524 Year: Pages: 84 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74766 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book, published by ""IntechOpen,"" highlights some interesting topics of resuscitation. Divided into two sections, the book emphasizes details about the role of the Emergency Medical Services Physician in prehospital resuscitation as well as special circumstances, such as resuscitation in the delivery room and possible future applications in the field, like the use of transthoracic impedance signal. The authors offer the reader not only a ""vigorous"" review of the current literature but also a research path for further advancement.

Essentials of Accident and Emergency Medicine

Author:
ISBN: 9781789848328 9781789848335 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71634 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

As physicians, we have a constant passion for improving and maintaining patient's care and safety. The book is divided into three parts focusing on the essentials of general concepts, diagnosis, and management of accident and emergency medicine, as well as an academic approach to teaching in the emergency setting. The chapters selected for this book are written by an excellent group of recognized emergency surgeons and physicians from different countries and cultures facilitating a comprehensive and interesting approach to the problems of emergency treatment. We hope this book will be helpful and used worldwide by medical students, clinicians, and researchers enhancing their knowledge and advancing their objectives by a book that intends to become a reference text for research and practice within accident and emergency medicine.

Listing 1 - 10 of 660 << page
of 66
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

IntechOpen (483)

Frontiers Media SA (21)

MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (21)

Manchester University Press (18)

transcript Verlag (16)

Taylor & Francis (12)

De Gruyter (10)

Karger (9)

Springer (9)

Universitätsverlag Göttingen (6)

More...

License

unknown (482)

CC by-nc-nd (99)

CC by (38)

CC by-nc (16)

Manchester University Press (12)

CC by-nd (3)

CC by-nc-sa (2)

CC by-sa (2)

ANU Press (1)

Boydell & Brewer (1)

More...

Language

english (612)

german (27)

eng (9)

uncoded (3)

italian (2)

portuguese (2)

spanish (2)

undetermined (2)

finnish (1)

french (1)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (129)

2018 (197)

2017 (144)

2016 (59)

2015 (31)

2014 (28)

2013 (11)

2012 (27)

2011 (14)

2010 (7)

More...