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Critical Medical Anthropology-Perspectives in and from Latin America

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ISBN: 9781787355828 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787355828 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Biology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:00
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Critical Medical Anthropology presents inspiring work from scholars doing and engaging with ethnographic research in or from Latin America, addressing themes that are central to contemporary Critical Medical Anthropology (CMA). This includes issues of inequality, embodiment of history, indigeneity, non-communicable diseases, gendered violence, migration, substance abuse, reproductive politics and judicialisation, as these relate to health

Ayahuasca: Between Cognition and Culture

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Book Series: Antropologia Mèdica ISBN: 9788484248347 Year: Pages: 294 Language: English
Publisher: Publicacions Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Subject: Anthropology --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-03 18:15:33
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This book summarizes Ismael Apud’s ethnographic research in the field of ayahuasca, conducted in Latin America and Catalonia over a period of 10 years. To analyze the variety of ayahuasca spiritual practices and beliefs, the author combines different approaches, including medical anthropology, cognitive science of religion, history of science, and religious studies. Ismael Apud is a psychologist and anthropologist from Uruguay, with a PhD in Anthropology at Universitat Rovira i Virgili.

Schmerz als interdisziplinärer Forschungsgegenstand: Der Schmerzbegriff in Viktor von Weizsäckers medizinischer Anthropologie und seine Bedeutung in der ärztlichen Praxis

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISSN: 18675018 ISBN: 9783866449541 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: XIV, 283 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000031359 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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This study considers pain as at once both a medical and cultural phenomenon. It takes as starting point the essays and lectures of Viktor von Weizsäcker, who undertook in his Medical Anthropology to highlight this phenomenon.The central objective of the present investigation is the contemporary significance which may be assigned to the historical conceptions of pain developed in Weizsäcker’s Medical Anthropology – against the background of current findings in physiological and biotechnical pain rearch. This throws open the question of the boundaries of the conceptions at the core of Medical Anthropology.

Kiistellyt tiet terveyteen: Parantamisen monimuotoisuus globaalihistoriassa

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Book Series: Historiallisia Tutkimuksia ISBN: 9789522228406 9789522229083 9789522228796 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.21435/ht.273 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Kirjastokonsortio Aleksandria and SKS
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health --- Ethnology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:55
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"Health and healing have been central concerns throughout human history. Individuals and societies have devised multiple ways to health. Healing practices have often been linked to questions of knowledge, power, politics, and morals. The limits of acceptable healing have been contested by men and women, priests and doctors, elites and commoners, indigenous peoples and colonialists. Successful healers have sometimes been labeled as witches, quacks, or dangerous political agitators. The contributions in this volume concentrate on healing in global history with case studies about Finland, southern Asia and Africa, Brazil, the Caribbean and North America. They discuss medical pluralism and consider the arguments for and against individual healers and different healing systems. The authors focus on the popularity of medical systems, the appropriation and adoption of healing practices in cross-cultural contexts, and the prohibition of certain forms of healing. "

Medicina e scienza dell’uomo: Paul-Joseph Barthez e la Scuola di Montpellier

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Book Series: Scuola delle Scienze Umane e Sociali. Quaderni ISSN: 2499-4774 ISBN: 9788868870140 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 626 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-014-0 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-08 18:31:13
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This book focuses on the new anthropology elaborated by the physicians-philosophers of Montpellier in the second half of the 18th century, in particular, Paul-Joseph Barthez (1734-1806). In the wake of scepticism and empiricism, Barthez plans a science of man which rests upon physiological foundations and assimilates the respective resources of medicine and philosophical reflection. This essay first reconstructs the historical-cultural context in which the author’s writings came into being; second, it examines the texts in which its science of man takes shape, by highlighting the methodology, conceptual tools and theoretical implications.

Writing and Renunciation in Medieval Japan

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Book Series: Michigan Monograph Series in Japanese Studies ISBN: 9780472901890 Year: Pages: 213 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.18546 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities - [grantnumber unknown]
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-05 00:01:57
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This is the first monograph-length study in English of Kamo no Chomei, one of the most important literary figures of medieval Japan. Drawing upon a wide range of writings in a variety of genres from the Heian and Kamakura periods, Pandey focuses on the terms kyogen kigo (wild words and fancy phrases), shoji soku nehan (samsara is nirvana), hoben (expedient means), and suki (single-minded devotion to an art). She shows how these terms deployed by writers in an attempt to reconcile literary and artistic activities with a commitment to Buddhism. By locating Chomei within this broad context, the book offers an original reading of his texts, while at the same time casting a light upon intellectual preoccupations that were central to the times. Writing and Renunciation in Medieval Japan is an important contribution to a growing body of work that challenges the rigid distinction between the religious and literary—a distinction that would have made little sense to medieval writers, many of whom were poets as well as priests—and sheds light on the particular ways in which a religio-aesthetic tradition came to be articulated in medieval Japan. Through an examination of records left by Chomei's contemporaries, the book also traces the life of Chomei, particularly his activities as a court poet and the circumstances that led to his taking the tonsure.

Essays on the Modern Japanese Church

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Book Series: Michigan Monograph Series in Japanese Studies ISBN: 9780472901913 Year: Pages: 207 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.22854 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-05 00:02:03
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Essays on the Modern Japanese Church (Gendai Nihon kyokai shiron), published in 1906, was the first Japanese-language history of Christianity in Meiji Japan. Yamaji Aizan’s firsthand account describes the reintroduction of Christianity to Japan—its development, rapid expansion, and decline—and its place in the social, political, and intellectual life of the Meiji period. Yamaji’s overall argument is that Christianity played a crucial role in shaping the growth and development of modern Japan. Yamaji was a strong opponent of the government-sponsored “emperor-system ideology,” and through his historical writing he tried to show how Japan had a tradition of tolerance and openness at a time when government-sponsored intellectuals were arguing for greater conformity and submissiveness to the state on the basis of Japanese “national character.” Essays is important not only in terms of religious history but also because it highlights broad trends in the history of Meiji Japan. Introductory chapters explore the significance of the work in terms of the life and thought of its author and its influence on subsequent interpretations of Meiji Christianity.

The Imperial Style of Inquiry in Twentieth-Century China

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Book Series: Michigan Monographs In Chinese Studies ISBN: 9780472901784 Year: Pages: 159 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.19105 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities - [grantnumber unknown]
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-05 00:02:06
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How have traditional Chinese ways of thinking affected problem solving in this century? The traditional, imperial style of inquiry is associated with the belief that the universe is a coherent, internally structured unity understandable through the similarly structured human mind. It involves a reliance on antecedent and authoritarian models, coupled with an introspective focus in investigations, at some cost to objective fact gathering. In contrast, emergent forms of inquiry are guided by the values of individual autonomy and new perspectives on objectivity. In the 1930s and 1940s, some liberal educators held the model of Western science in great esteem, and some scientists practicing objective inquiry helped to create an awareness in the urban areas of inquiry not directed by political values. Drawing on philosophical, social science, and popular culture materials, Donald Munro shows that the two strains coexisted in twentieth century China as mixed motives. Many important figures were motivated by a desire to act consistently with the social values associated with the premodern or received view of knowledge and inquiry. At the same time, these people often had other motives, such as utilitarian values, efficiency, and entrepreneurship. Munro argues that while many competing positions can coexist in the same person, the seeds of the positive, instrumental value of individual autonomy in Chinese inquiry are beginning to compete in both scholarly and popular culture with other, older approaches.

Impotent Warriors

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ISBN: 9781845455262 9781785336591 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101587
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:53
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From September 1990 to June 1991, the UK deployed 53,462 military personnel in the Gulf War. After the end of the conflict anecdotal reports of various disorders affecting troops who fought in the Gulf began to surface. This mysterious illness was given the name “Gulf War Syndrome” (GWS). This book is an investigation into this recently emergent illness, describing how the illness became a potent symbol for a plethora of issues, anxieties, and concerns. At present, the debate about GWS is polarized along two lines: there are those who think it is a unique, organic condition caused by Gulf War toxins and those who argue that it is probably a psychological condition that can be seen as part of a larger group of illnesses. With an anthropological focus on nuances and subtleties, the author provides a new approach to understanding GWS, one that makes sense of the cultural circumstances, specific and general, that gave rise to the illness.

Recovery, Renewal, Reclaiming: Anthropological Research toward Healing

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Book Series: Southern Anthropological Society Proceedings ISBN: 0986080306 9780986080302 Year: Volume: 43 Pages: vi, 197 DOI: 10.7290/V74Q7RW4 Language: English
Publisher: Newfound Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-05 16:24:11
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