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Anreizwirkungen von Finanzausgleichssystemen

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631608470 Year: Pages: 355 DOI: 10.3726/b13713 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:35
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Obwohl in fiskalföderalen Systemen Konsens über die Vorteilhaftigkeit der dezentralen Bereitstellung öffentlicher Güter besteht, zeigen sich große Unterschiede bei der Ausgestaltung von Finanzausgleichssystemen. Diese Unterschiede werden hier aus dem Blickwinkel der Anreizwirkungen analysiert. Dabei zeigt sich, dass die Anreizwirkungen wesentlich von der Informationsverteilung zwischen den Akteuren abhängen. Das Buch diskutiert sowohl die «Theorien der ersten Generation» ohne Informationsasymmetrien und unter Annahme eines wohlmeinenden Sozialplaners, als auch die «Theorien der zweiten Generation» mit Informationsasymmetrien und eigennützig handelnden Akteuren. Auf Grundlage dieser Erkenntnisse wird abschließend ein anreizeffizienter Finanzausgleich bei Informationsasymmetrie entworfen.

Models in Microeconomic Theory ('He' Edition)

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ISBN: 9781783749201 9781783749225 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0204 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-31 17:14:18
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Models in Microeconomic Theory covers basic models in current microeconomic theory. Part I (Chapters 1-7) presents models of an economic agent, discussing abstract models of preferences, choice, and decision making under uncertainty, before turning to models of the consumer, the producer, and monopoly. Part II (Chapters 8-14) introduces the concept of equilibrium, beginning, unconventionally, with the models of the jungle and an economy with indivisible goods, and continuing with models of an exchange economy, equilibrium with rational expectations, and an economy with asymmetric information. Part III (Chapters 15-16) provides an introduction to game theory, covering strategic and extensive games and the concepts of Nash equilibrium and subgame perfect equilibrium. Part IV (Chapters 17-20) gives a taste of the topics of mechanism design, matching, the axiomatic analysis of economic systems, and social choice.The book focuses on the concepts of model and equilibrium. It states models and results precisely, and provides proofs for all results. It uses only elementary mathematics (with almost no calculus), although many of the proofs involve sustained logical arguments. It includes about 150 exercises.With its formal but accessible style, this textbook is designed for undergraduate students of microeconomics at intermediate and advanced levels.

Models in Microeconomic Theory ('She' Edition)

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ISBN: 9781783748921 9781783748945 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0211 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-31 17:16:01
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Models in Microeconomic Theory covers basic models in current microeconomic theory. Part I (Chapters 1-7) presents models of an economic agent, discussing abstract models of preferences, choice, and decision making under uncertainty, before turning to models of the consumer, the producer, and monopoly. Part II (Chapters 8-14) introduces the concept of equilibrium, beginning, unconventionally, with the models of the jungle and an economy with indivisible goods, and continuing with models of an exchange economy, equilibrium with rational expectations, and an economy with asymmetric information. Part III (Chapters 15-16) provides an introduction to game theory, covering strategic and extensive games and the concepts of Nash equilibrium and subgame perfect equilibrium. Part IV (Chapters 17-20) gives a taste of the topics of mechanism design, matching, the axiomatic analysis of economic systems, and social choice.The book focuses on the concepts of model and equilibrium. It states models and results precisely, and provides proofs for all results. It uses only elementary mathematics (with almost no calculus), although many of the proofs involve sustained logical arguments. It includes about 150 exercises.With its formal but accessible style, this textbook is designed for undergraduate students of microeconomics at intermediate and advanced levels.

Multi-Agent Systems

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ISBN: 9783038979241 9783038979258 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-925-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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This Special Issue ""Multi-Agent Systems"" gathers original research articles reporting results on the steadily growing area of agent-oriented computing and multi-agent systems technologies. After more than 20 years of academic research on multi-agent systems (MASs), in fact, agent-oriented models and technologies have been promoted as the most suitable candidates for the design and development of distributed and intelligent applications in complex and dynamic environments. With respect to both their quality and range, the papers in this Special Issue already represent a meaningful sample of the most recent advancements in the field of agent-oriented models and technologies. In particular, the 17 contributions cover agent-based modeling and simulation, situated multi-agent systems, socio-technical multi-agent systems, and semantic technologies applied to multi-agent systems. In fact, it is surprising to witness how such a limited portion of MAS research already highlights the most relevant usage of agent-based models and technologies, as well as their most appreciated characteristics. We are thus confident that the readers of Applied Sciences will be able to appreciate the growing role that MASs will play in the design and development of the next generation of complex intelligent systems. This Special Issue has been converted into a yearly series, for which a new call for papers is already available at the Applied Sciences journal’s website: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/applsci/special_issues/Multi-Agent_Systems_2019.

Keywords

scaled consensus --- delay --- formation tracking --- multi-agent system --- collision avoidance --- multiple passive agents --- Mobile Robot Navigation --- pedestrian environment --- kinodynamic planning --- velocity obstacle --- agent-based modeling --- complex network --- multi-agent system --- network management --- [-5]agent-based simulation --- agent-based social simulation --- multi-agent system --- agent-oriented software engineering --- sociogram --- agent technology --- organizational model --- agent behavior --- travel behavior --- commuting --- carpooling --- online double auction --- mechanism design --- perishable goods --- multi-agent simulation --- bike sharing systems (BSS) --- regression models --- open data --- data visualization --- multi agent systems --- organizations and institutions --- socio-technical systems --- multi-agent systems --- electric vehicles --- charging stations --- genetic algorithm --- multi-agent system --- agent-based simulation --- 3D representation --- human-machine interaction --- ambient intelligence --- user interaction levels --- intelligent agents --- intelligent hybrid systems --- type-2 fuzzy inference system --- methodologies for agent-based systems --- organizations and institutions --- socio–technical systems --- computational accountability --- social commitments --- agent-based programming --- multi-agent system --- BDI agents --- model-driven development --- agent development methodology --- semantic web service --- ontology --- SEA_ML --- electronic bartering system --- ambient intelligence --- cognitive disabilities --- mobile communication --- orientation --- person tracking --- trajectory mining --- agreement technologies --- coordination models --- multiagent systems --- smart cities --- surface vehicle --- underactuated vehicle --- RBFNNs --- directed graph --- coordinated control --- Behavior Trees (BTs) --- Genetic Programming (GP) --- autonomous agents --- behavior modeling --- tree mining --- agent development framework --- mobile device agent --- linked data --- semantic web --- multi-agent systems --- agent-based modelling --- agent-based simulation --- agent-oriented technologies --- coordination --- Artificial Intelligence --- computer science --- multi-agent systems --- agent methodologies --- agent-based simulation --- ambient intelligence --- smart cities

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