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Reform des Unterhaltsrechts - 5. Göttinger Workshop zum Familienrecht

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ISBN: 9783938616727 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2007-162 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The upcoming reform of the law of alimony was subject of the 5th Goettinger Workshop for Family Law on October 9, 2006. This volume allocates the papers of this workshop, including a general view of the conception and the aims of the reform (Gerhard Hohloch) and a legal comparison between German and French divorce law (Thomas Gergen).

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maintenance law

Krisen, Kritik und Sexualnot Die «Nacherziehung» männlicher Jugendlicher in der Anstalt Aarburg (1893–1981)

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ISBN: 9783034013505 Year: Pages: 496 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625136 Language: German
Publisher: Chronos Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170348
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 11:01:22
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Crises, Criticism, and Sexual Deprivation The «Nacherziehung» (remedial upbringing) of male youth at the Aarburg facility, 1893-1981 The juvenile detention center Aarburg, founded in 1893, adhered superficially to an objective of separating juvenile offenders from adult offenders. From the beginning, however, roughly half of the inmates were institutionalized there in order to provide them with administrative maintenance. Power struggles soon after the institution opened, accusations of maltreatment and the suicide of two youths in the First World War era, the widely publicized critique of 1936 and the finally the “Heimkampagne” of 1970 are the focuses of this book. Source-based case studies sketch a nuanced picture of the daily life of the Aarburg institution across diverse decades, and the imponderability of interpersonal relations within the permanent emergency condition of a “total” institution. The author also devotes attention to the effects of sexual repression on the young inmates, which was not mentioned or addressed in official reports, making all the more striking, examples of this found within the archival sources analyzed here for the first time. The book offers insights into the quotidian experience of the inmates across the 20th century and also demonstrates the evolution of child-rearing techniques used on male juveniles.

Photocalytic Coatings for Air-Purifying, Self-Cleaning and Antimicrobial Properties

ISBN: 9783038421382 9783038421375 Year: Pages: 212 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:58:41
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This Special Issue of Coatings is focused on the study of different photocatalyst-basedcoatings for developing self-cleaning, air-purifying and antibacterial properties. In this case, awide variety of photocatalysts (TiO2, Si-TiO2, TiO2−xNy, Ag-TiO2, Mo-TiO2, ZnO, SnO2-Ag,Nb2O5 and C60 fullerene) were evaluated towards the removal of different molecules.Similarly, substrates such as glass, silica, sapphire, polycarbonate, aluminium, stainless steel,concrete and mortar were included in this issue. This information certainly contributes to a betterunderstanding of the photocatalytic removal of different molecules (e.g., Escherichia coli,Staphylococcus aureus, resazuring, rhodamine B, methylene blue, Demeton-S, 2-chloroethylphenyl sulfide (CEPS) and NOx (NO and NO2)) and the coating technologies required forsuch performances. Based on these interesting results, I encourage you to read through thisSpecial Issue and use the valuable information provided therein to help us move forward inthe exciting area of photocatalytic coatings for developing air-purifying, self-cleaning, andantimicrobial properties.

Entwurfsoptimierung von selbst-adaptiven Wartungsmechanismen für software-intensive technische Systeme

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Book Series: The Karlsruhe Series on Software Design and Quality / Ed. by Prof. Dr. Ralf Reussner ISSN: 18670067 ISBN: 9783731508526 Year: Volume: 28 Pages: XXV, 342 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000086097 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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This work presents novel concepts for efficient decision support in reconfiguring software-intensive technical systems with limited maintenance access. In contrast to purely redundancy-oriented approaches, the proposed methodology is based on the predictive pre-calculation of adequate configuration alternatives in the relevant design space. The knowledge about configuration relationships is manifested early and used for the autonomic cost-efficient assessment of configuration alternatives.

Civil and Military Airworthiness: Recent Developments and Challenges

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ISBN: 9783039289158 / 9783039289165 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-916-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Airworthiness, as a field, encompasses the technical and non-technical activities required to design, certify, produce, maintain, and safely operate an aircraft throughout its lifespan. The evolving technology, science, and engineering methods and, most importantly, aviation regulation, offer new opportunities and create, new challenges for the aviation industry. This book assembles review and research articles across a variety of topics in the field of airworthiness: aircraft maintenance, safety management, human factors, cost analysis, structures, risk assessment, unmanned aerial vehicles and regulations. This selection of papers informs the industry practitioners and researchers on important issues.

Physical Activity, Self-Regulation, and Executive Control Across the Lifespan

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197484 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-748-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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There is overwhelming evidence linking increased physical activity with positive changes in cognitive functioning and brain health. Much of what we know about these interrelationships comes from aerobic exercise training studies with older adults and children. This literature has paved the way for the neuroscientific investigation of mechanisms responsible for exercise-induced cognitive and brain health enhancement, a list that ranges from molecular changes to systemic changes in executive control and neural connectivity. A new perspective has also emerged that aims to understand executive control processes that may underlie the regulation of health behavior. In accordance with this view, physical activity falls under the umbrella of health behaviors that require a substantial amount of executive control. Executive control is a limited resource, and the aging process depletes this resource. People who regularly exercise are said to have higher “self-regulatory control”—planning, goal-shielding and impulse control—than irregular exercisers. The successful maintenance of physical activity participation in lieu of daily cognitive stressors likely reflects an adaptive resistance to control failures. Indeed, a handful of studies have shown the relationship between greater executive control and subsequently higher levels of physical activity. However, little is known about the neural correlates of physical activity adherence or sedentary behavior, with the view that neurocognitive factors have an antecedent and reciprocal influence on these behaviors. No research has focused on the brain networks responsible for the self-regulation of physical activity, which likely overlaps with structures and functions playing critical roles in the regulation of other health behaviors. Interdisciplinary investigations are needed to explain the extent to which physical activity self-regulation and self-regulatory failure is dependent upon, or under the influence of executive control processes and brain networks. Understanding the degree to which self-regulatory resources may be enhanced, restored, and trained will have enormous implications for basic science and applied fields. It is also of great import to understand whether or not physical activity self-regulation is a domain-specific behavior associated with specific brain networks, or to determine the extent to which regulatory network-sharing occurs. The aim of this Frontiers Research Topic is to curate contributions from researchers in social and cognitive neurosciences and related fields, whose work involves the study of physical activity behavior, self-regulation and executive control. For this Research Topic, we, therefore, solicit reviews, original research articles, and opinion papers, which draw theoretical or empirical connections related to sustained physical activity behavior, self-regulatory strategies, cognitive performance, and brain structure and function. While focusing on work in the neurosciences, this Research Topic also welcomes contributions in the form of behavioral studies, psychophysiological investigations, and methodological innovations. This Frontiers Research Topic will carve out new directions for the fields of exercise, cognitive, and social neurosciences. We hope you will consider submitting your work.

Dishonest Behavior: From Theory to Practice

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450275 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-027-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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The rapidly growing field of behavioral ethics shows that dishonest acts are highly prevalent in all walks of life, from corruption among politicians through flagrant cases of doping in sports, to everyday slips and misdemeanors of ordinary people who nevertheless perceive themselves as highly moral. When considered cumulatively, these seemingly innocuous and ordinary unethical behaviors cause considerable societal damage and add up to billions of dollars annually. Research in behavioral ethics has made tremendous advances in characterizing many contextual and social factors that promote or hinder dishonesty. These findings have prompted the development of interventions to curb dishonesty and to help individuals become more committed to ethical standards. The current e-book includes studies that test and advance current theory and deepen our understanding of the cognitive and physiological processes underlying dishonest behavior, discuss possible implications of findings in behavioral ethics research for real life situations, document dishonest behavior in the field and/or directly examines interventions to reduce it.

Improving Working Memory in Learning and Intellectual Disabilities

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198979 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-897-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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The last forty years of research have demonstrated that working memory (WM) is a key concept for understanding higher-order cognition. To give an example, WM is involved in reading comprehension, problem solving and reasoning, but also in a number of everyday life activities. It has a clear role in the case of atypical development too. For instance, numerous studies have shown an impairment in WM in individuals with learning disabilities (LD) or intellectual disabilities (ID); and several researchers have hypothesized that this can be linked to their difficulties in learning, cognition and everyday life. The latest challenge in the field concerns the trainability of WM. If it is a construct central to our understanding of cognition in typical and atypical development, then specific intervention to sustain WM performance might also promote changes in cognitive processes associated with WM. The idea that WM can be modified is debated, however, partly because of the theoretical implications of this view, and partly due to the generally contradictory results obtained so far. In fact, most studies converge in demonstrating specific effects of WM training, i.e. improvements in the trained tasks, but few transfer effects to allied cognitive processes are generally reported. It is worth noting that any maintenance effects (when investigated) are even more meagre. In addition, a number of methodological concerns have been raised in relation to the use of: 1. single tasks to assess the effects of a training program; 2. WM tasks differing from those used in the training to assess the effects of WM training; and 3. passive control groups. These and other crucial issues have so far prevented any conclusions from being drawn on the efficacy of WM training. Bearing in mind that the opportunity to train WM could have a huge impact in the educational and clinical settings, it seems fundamentally important to shed more light on the limits and potential of this line of research. The aim of the research discussed here is to generate new evidence on the feasibility of training WM in individuals with LD and ID. There are several questions that could be raised in this field. For a start, can WM be trained in this population? Are there some aspects of WM that can be trained more easily than others? Can a WM training reduce the impact of LD and ID on learning outcomes, and on everyday living? What kind of training program is best suited to the promotion of such changes?

Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 21st International Conference, FASE 2018, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2018, Thessaloniki, Greece, April 14-20, 2018, Proceedings

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Book Series: Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues ISBN: 9783319893624 9783319893631 Year: Volume: 10802 Pages: 357 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89363-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: ETAPS e.V.
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-28 17:40:03
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering, FASE 2018, which took place in Thessaloniki, Greece in April 2018, held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2018.The 19 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 63 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections named: model-based software development; distributed program and system analysis; software design and verification; specification and program testing; family-based software development.

Model Transformation Languages with Modular Information Hiding

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Book Series: The Karlsruhe Series on Software Design and Quality / Ed. by Prof. Dr. Ralf Reussner ISSN: 18670067 ISBN: 9783731503460 Year: Volume: 17 Pages: XX, 360 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000045910 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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Model transformations, together with models, form the principal artifacts in model-driven software development. Industrial practitioners report that transformations on larger models quickly get sufficiently large and complex themselves. To alleviate entailed maintenance efforts, this thesis presents a modularity concept with explicit interfaces, complemented by software visualization and clustering techniques. All three approaches are tailored to the specific needs of the transformation domain.

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