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Recent Advances in Novel Materials for Future Spintronics

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ISBN: 9783038979760 9783038979777 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-977-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

As we all know, electrons carry both charge and spin. The processing of information in conventional electronic devices is based only on the charge of electrons. Spin electronics, or spintronics, uses the spin of electrons, as well as their charge, to process information. Metals, semiconductors, and insulators are the basic materials that constitute the components of electronic devices, and these types of materials have been transforming all aspects of society for over a century. In contrast, magnetic metals, half-metals (including zero-gap half-metals), magnetic semiconductors (including spin-gapless semiconductors), dilute magnetic semiconductors, and magnetic insulators are the materials that will form the basis for spintronic devices. This book aims to collect a range of papers on novel materials that have intriguing physical properties and numerous potential practical applications in spintronics.

Magnetic Nanoparticles

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ISBN: 9783039282685 9783039282692 Year: Pages: 406 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-269-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The present book covers all research areas related to magnetic nanoparticles, magnetic nanorods, and other magnetic nanospecies, their preparation, characterization, and various applications, specifically emphasizing biomedical applications. The chapters written by the leading experts cover different subareas of the science and technology related to various magnetic nanospecies—providing broad coverage of this multifaceted area and its applications. The different topics addressed in this book will be of great interest to the interdisciplinary community active in the area of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It is hoped that this collection and its various chapters will be important and beneficial for researchers and students working in various areas related to bionanotechnology, materials science, biosensor applications, medicine, and many others. Furthermore, this book is aimed at attracting young scientists and introducing them to this field, in addition to providing newcomers with an enormous collection of literature references.

Keywords

cellulase immobilization --- magnetic nanoparticles --- stability --- functionalized nanoparticles --- green chemistry --- magnetic nanoparticles --- enzyme immobilization --- controlled drug delivery --- supporting materials --- iron oxide nanoclusters --- superparticles --- magnetically responsive photonic crystals --- collective behaviors --- magnetic separation --- bioimaging --- magnetic Janus particles --- (bio)sensing --- static --- self-propelled --- magnetic nanoparticles --- iron oxide --- pharmaceutics --- magnetism --- therapy --- development --- nanotechnology --- magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) --- cancer biomarkers --- MNPs synthesis --- MNPs functionalization --- sensors --- cancer detection --- cancer treatment --- cancer screening --- magnetic/targeted drug delivery --- optical sensor --- magnetic nanoparticle --- imaging --- surface plasmon resonance --- surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy --- fluorescence spectroscopy --- near infrared spectroscopy --- extracellular vesicles --- superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles --- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) --- magnetic nanoparticles --- magnetic nanowires --- magnetic nanotubes --- core-shell composition --- biosensors --- Magnetic bead --- marine toxin --- toxin capture --- toxin detection --- antibody --- aptamer --- immunoassay --- immunosensor --- electrochemical biosensor --- magnetic nanoparticles --- surface functionalization --- immobilization support --- separation probe --- analytical platform --- food safety --- magnetic particles --- sensor --- biomarkers --- cells/cancer cells --- food analytes --- pathogens --- pharmaceuticals --- real sample matrices --- optical --- electrochemical --- surface sensitive methods --- NiCu magnetic nanoparticles --- physical and chemical methods --- surface modification --- biomedicine --- magnetic hyperthermia --- curie temperature --- magnetic hyperthermia --- cancer --- nanoparticles --- magnetic relaxation --- magnetic anisotropy --- heat generation --- multifunctional nanoparticles --- graphene oxide --- photothermal therapy --- magnetic nanoparticle systems --- bio-ferrofluids --- nanomedicine --- single core --- multi-core --- synthesis --- functional coating --- physical-chemical properties --- structural characterization --- magnetorheology --- magnetic nanoparticles --- nanocarriers --- controlled drug delivery --- high-resolution medical imaging --- cancer biomarkers --- circulating cancer cells --- fluorescent probes --- magnetite --- superparamagnetism --- biodetection --- magnetofection --- imaging --- therapy --- tissue engineering --- n/a

Emerging Memory and Computing Devices in the Era of Intelligent Machines

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ISBN: 9783039285020 / 9783039285037 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-503-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

Computing systems are undergoing a transformation from logic-centric towards memory-centric architectures, where overall performance and energy efficiency at the system level are determined by the density, performance, functionality and efficiency of the memory, rather than the logic sub-system.

Keywords

3D-stacked --- DRAM --- in-DRAM cache --- low-latency --- low-power --- resistive memory --- crossbar --- in-memory computing --- analogue computing --- matrix-vector multiplication --- ECG --- voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy --- magnetoresistive random access memory --- magnetic tunnel junction --- bioelectronic devices --- bionanohybrid material --- biomemory --- biologic gate --- bioprocessor --- protein --- nucleic acid --- nanoparticles --- SONOS --- flash memory --- charge spreading --- plasma treatment --- Oxygen-related trap --- data retention --- BCH --- decoder --- iBM --- GPU --- hybrid --- flash memory --- Galois field --- CUDA --- in-memory computing --- logic-in-memory --- non-von Neumann architecture --- configurable logic-in-memory architecture --- memory wall --- convolutional neural networks --- emerging technologies --- perpendicular Nano Magnetic Logic (pNML) --- silicon oxide-based memristors --- resistance switching mechanism --- variability --- conductive filament --- Weibull distribution --- quantum point contact --- real-time system --- dynamic voltage scaling --- task placement --- low-power technique --- nonvolatile memory --- neuromorphic system --- Hebbian training --- guide training --- memristor --- image classification --- STT-MRAM --- flip-flop --- power gating --- low-power --- bipolar resistive switching characteristics --- annealing temperatures --- solution-based dielectric --- resistive random access memory (RRAM) --- multi-level cell --- phase change memory --- programmable ramp-down current pulses --- Fast Fourier Transform --- in-memory computing --- associative processor --- non-von neumann architecture --- in-memory computing --- memristor --- RISC-V --- Internet of things --- blockchain --- U-shape recessed channel --- floating gate --- neuromorphic computing --- MCU (microprogrammed control unit) --- chalcogenide --- electrochemical metallization cell --- electrochemical metallization (ECM) --- ion conduction --- memristor --- self-directed channel (SDC) --- memristor --- crossbar array --- wire resistance --- synaptic weight --- character recognition --- n/a

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