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Recent Advances in Smart Materials for the Built Environment

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ISBN: 9783038973522 9783038973539 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-353-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-10 10:27:42
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.[The book deals with novel investigations concerning new materials and their applications in the built environment. The built environment of the future will implement innovative solutions for energy efficiency, self-monitoring infrastructures, and self-healing strategies, just to mention the most promising smart material technologies that will most likely assume a pivotal importance in the future. This book is a result of a very multidisciplinary effort aimed at driving the scientific progress of the constructions of the future. The works included in this book concern new materials and coatings for cultural heritage preservation, environmentally sustainable concretes and paving material components, self-healing, and durability strategies.]

Green, Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Networks

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ISBN: 9783039280384 / 9783039280391 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-039-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The book Green, Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Networks provides insights and solutions for a range of problems in the field of obtaining greener, energy-efficient, and sustainable networks. The book contains the outcomes of the Special Issue on “Green, Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Networks” of the Sensors journal. Seventeen high-quality papers published in the Special Issue have been collected and reproduced in this book, demonstrating significant achievements in the field. Among the published papers, one paper is an editorial and one is a review, while the remaining 15 works are research articles. The published papers are self-contained peer-reviewed scientific works that are authored by more than 75 different contributors with both academic and industry backgrounds. The editorial paper gives an introduction to the problem of information and communication technology (ICT) energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, presenting the state of the art and future trends in terms of improving the energy-efficiency of wireless networks and data centers, as the major energy consumers in the ICT sector. In addition, the published articles aim to improve energy efficiency in the fields of software-defined networking, Internet of things, machine learning, authentication, energy harvesting, wireless relay systems, routing metrics, wireless sensor networks, device-to-device communications, heterogeneous wireless networks, and image sensing. The last paper is a review that gives a detailed overview of energy-efficiency improvements and methods for the implementation of fifth-generation networks and beyond. This book can serve as a source of information in industrial, teaching, and/or research and development activities. The book is a valuable source of information, since it presents recent advances in different fields related to greening and improving the energy-efficiency and sustainability of those ICTs particularly addressed in this book

Keywords

internet-of-things --- opportunistic networks --- wireless power transfer --- inter-meeting time --- Markov chain --- node speed --- battery capacity --- node density --- energy-efficient Ethernet --- QoS --- SDN --- real-time traffic --- ONOS --- image compressive sensing (CS) --- green internet of things (IoT) --- measurement structure --- random structural matrices --- linear recovery --- Internet of Things --- malware detection --- adversarial samples --- machine learning --- edge computing --- clustering --- physical-layer authentication --- lightweight cipher --- channel state information --- lightweight authentication --- HetNets --- interference coordination --- energy efficiency --- stochastic geometry --- Device-to-Device (D2D) --- peer discovery --- energy harvesting --- social awareness --- PHY-layer --- light-weight authentication --- neural network --- WSN --- industrial --- wireless power transfer --- directional charging vehicle --- charging efficiency --- RWSN --- green networking --- energy aware routing --- carbon footprint --- adaptive link rate --- control and data plane --- 5G --- energy-efficiency --- sustainability --- NOMA --- energy harvesting --- amplify-and-forward --- imperfect CSI --- successive interference cancellation (SIC) --- machine learning --- LTE-A --- energy efficiency --- resource block allocation --- bisection based optimal power allocation --- water filling algorithm --- proportional rate constraint --- mobile edge computing --- IoT --- RF Fingerprinting --- authentication --- cooperative smart community --- scheduling algorithm --- consumer preferences --- renewables --- software defined networking (SDN) --- data center --- optimization --- traffic engineering --- energy awareness --- energy-efficiency --- wireless --- green --- sustainable --- data centre --- networks --- ICT --- 5G --- power --- wired access --- IoT --- spatial modulation --- multiple-input multiple-output --- full-duplex --- self-interference cancellation --- symbol error probability

Carbon Fibers and Their Composite Materials

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ISBN: 9783039211029 / 9783039211036 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-103-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Carbon fiber is an oft-referenced material that serves as a means to remove mass from large transport infrastructure. Carbon fiber composites, typically plastics reinforced with the carbon fibers, are key materials in the 21st century and have already had a significant impact on reducing CO2 emissions. Though, as with any composite material, the interface where each component meets, in this case the fiber and plastic, is critical to the overall performance.

Masonry Buildings: Research and Practice

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ISBN: 9783039213733 / 9783039213740 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-374-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Masonry is a construction material that has been used throughout the years as a structural or non-structural component in buildings. Masonry can be described as a composite material made up of different units and diverse types of arrangements, with or without mortar, that is used in many ancient public buildings, as well as with the latest technologies being applied in construction. Research in multiple relevant fields, as well as crossing structural with non-structural needs, is crucial for understanding the qualities of existent buildings and to develop new products and construction technologies. This book addresses and promotes the discussion related to the different topics addressing the use of masonry in the construction sciences and in practice, including theory and research, numerical approaches and technical applications in new works, and repair actions and interventions in the built environment, connecting theory and application across topics from academia to industry.

Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels

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ISBN: 9783039218561 / 9783039218578 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-857-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Mining and Metallurgy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The Special Issue ‘Physical Metallurgy of High Manganese Steels’ addresses the highly fascinating class of manganese-alloyed steels with manganese contents well above 3 mass%. The book gathers manuscripts from internationally recognized researchers with stimulating new ideas and original results. It consists of fifteen original research papers. Seven contributions focus on steels with manganese contents above 12 mass%. These contributions cover fundamental aspects of process-microstrcuture-properties relationships with processes ranging from cold and warm rolling over deep rolling to heat treatment. Novel findings regarding the fatigue and fracture behavior, deformation mechanisms, and computer-aided design are presented. Additionally, the Special Issue also reflects the current trend of reduced Mn content (3-12 mass%) in advanced high strength steels (AHSS). Eight contributions were dedicated to these alloys, which are often referred to as 3rd generation AHSS, medium manganese steels or quenching and partitioning (Q&P/Q+P) steels. The interplay between advanced processing, mainly novel annealing variants, and microstructure evolution has been addressed using computational and experimental approaches. A deeper understanding of strain-rate sensitivity, hydrogen embrittlement, phase transformations, and the consequences for the materials’ properties has been developed. Hence, the topics included are manifold, fundamental-science oriented and, at the same time, relevant to industrial application.

Keywords

medium-manganese steel --- TRIP --- strain-rate sensitivity --- Lüders band --- serrated flow --- in-situ DIC tensile tests --- TWIP steel --- deformation twinning --- serrated flow --- dynamic strain aging --- damage --- fracture --- medium-manganese --- forging --- austenite reversion --- mechanical properties --- microstructure --- D&amp --- P steel --- processing --- microstructure --- phase transformation --- dislocation density --- mechanical properties --- MMn steel X20CrNiMnVN18-5-10 --- V alloying --- corrosion resistance --- precipitations --- ultrafine grains --- high-manganese steels --- high-entropy alloys --- alloy design --- plastic deformation --- annealing --- microstructure --- texture --- mechanical properties --- neutron diffraction --- austenite stability --- medium manganese steel --- double soaking --- localized deformation --- medium-Mn steel --- hot-stamping --- double soaking --- continuous annealing --- quenching and partitioning --- high strength steel --- high manganese steel --- crash box --- lightweight --- multiscale simulation --- high-Mn steels --- twinning induced plasticity --- cold rolling --- recrystallization annealing --- grain refinement --- strengthening --- austenitic high nitrogen steel (HNS) --- cold deformation --- fatigue --- high manganese steel --- warm rolling --- processing --- microstructure --- texture --- mechanical properties --- deformation behavior --- high-manganese steel --- deep rolling --- TWIP --- TRIP --- near surface properties --- residual stresses --- fatigue behavior --- intercritical annealing --- medium manganese steel --- phase field simulation --- medium-Mn steel --- austenite-reversed-transformation --- retained austenite --- hydrogen embrittlement --- ultrafine-grained microstructure --- strain-hardening behavior --- n/a

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