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The Challenges of Water Management and Governance in Cities

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211500 9783039211517 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-151-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Global population growth is urban growth and, therefore, most of the water-related challenges and solutions reside in cities. Unless water management and water governance processes are significantly improved within the next decade or so, cities are likely to face serious and prolonged water insecurity, urban floods, and/or heat stress, which may result in social instability and, ultimately, massive migration. Aging water infrastructure, one of the most expensive infrastructures in cities, is a relevant challenge in order to address Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6: clean water and sanitation, SDG 11: sustainable cities and communities, and SDG 13: climate action. The choice of good governance arrangements has important consequences for economic performance, for the well-being of citizens, and for the quality of life in urban areas. The better governance arrangements work in coordinating policies across jurisdictions and policy fields, the better the outcomes. Rapidly-changing global conditions will make future water governance more complex than ever before in human history, and expectations are that water governance and water management will change more during the next 20 years compared to the past 100 years. In this Special Issue of Water, the focus will be on practical concepts and tools for water management and water governance, with a focus on cities.

Keywords

Integrated Water Resources Management --- water management sustainability --- urban resilience --- urban water cycle --- water governance --- water-reuse --- governance capacity --- water management --- water scarcity --- Sponge City --- water ecology --- storm water management --- flood control --- resilience --- rainfall-runoff --- storm water control measure --- SuDS --- urban drainage --- urban landscape --- urban planning --- flood risk management --- flood resilience --- governance strategies --- climate change --- assessment framework --- sustainability assessment --- baseline assessment --- co-design --- stakeholder involvement --- wastewater management --- Cape Town --- City Blueprint Approach --- water governance --- water scarcity --- water sensitive cities --- climate change adaptation --- stormwater reservoir --- Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) --- design rainfall event --- Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) --- coordination --- water supply --- social network analysis --- climate change --- IHP --- intergovernmental --- science and technology --- sustainability --- UNESCO --- water management --- water security --- Urban Water Management Programme --- water governance --- infrastructure --- urban water management --- indicators --- SDGs --- stakeholder participation --- water policy --- rainwater harvesting --- footprint --- lifecycle analysis --- total cost of ownership --- sustainability --- urban water management --- drinking water --- city networks --- climate change --- ICLEI --- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) --- urban water management --- use-attainment --- social network analysis --- urban planning --- governance --- social infrastructure --- cost of inaction --- urban pluvial flooding --- flood damage assessment --- flood risk --- greenhouse gas emissions --- decentralized water reclamation with resource recovery --- Water-Energy-Food Nexus --- climate change mitigation --- water governance --- urban water management --- resilience --- sustainable development goals

Urban Overheating - Progress on Mitigation Science and Engineering Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976363 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-637-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Abstract

The combination of global warming and urban sprawl is the origin of the most hazardous climate change effect detected at urban level: Urban Heat Island, representing the urban overheating respect to the countryside surrounding the city. This book includes 18 papers representing the state of the art of detection, assessment mitigation and adaption to urban overheating. Advanced methods, strategies and technologies are here analyzed including relevant issues as: the role of urban materials and fabrics on urban climate and their potential mitigation, the impact of greenery and vegetation to reduce urban temperatures and improve the thermal comfort, the role the urban geometry in the air temperature rise, the use of satellite and ground data to assess and quantify the urban overheating and develop mitigation solutions, calculation methods and application to predict and assess mitigation scenarios. The outcomes of the book are thus relevant for a wide multidisciplinary audience, including: environmental scientists and engineers, architect and urban planners, policy makers and students.

Keywords

heat health --- meteorological modeling --- urban climate --- urban-climate archipelago --- urban heat island --- urban heat island index --- Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) --- green area --- built-up area --- air temperature --- measurement --- calculation --- urbanization --- air and surface temperature measurements --- outdoor thermal comfort --- urban heat island --- surface cool island effect --- urban overheating --- urban microclimate --- mitigation strategies --- urban development --- park cool island --- urban cooling --- urban morphology --- micro-climate simulations --- ageing --- emissivity --- measurement --- solar reflectance --- solar reflectance index --- thermal emittance --- urban heat island --- land surface temperature --- “hot spots” --- “cold spots” --- MODIS downscaling --- overheating --- summer heat stress --- urban open space --- shading --- thermal comfort --- Physiologically Equivalent Temperature --- mitigation strategies --- cooling technologies --- cool materials --- WRF-Chem --- urban climate --- air quality --- urban heat island --- surface albedo --- climatic perception --- urban areas --- thermal comfort --- subtropical climate --- cool pavements --- road lighting --- urban heat island --- road surface --- material characterization --- luminance coefficient --- energy savings --- Euramet --- EMPIR 16NRM02 --- building energy performance --- energy simulation --- building retrofit --- multi-objective optimization --- genetic algorithm --- urban overheating --- cost-optimal analysis --- lifecycle analysis --- office buildings --- sustainability --- air temperature --- spectral analysis --- multifractal analysis --- structure functions analysis --- cool roofs --- fine-resolution meteorological modeling --- mobile temperature observations --- urban climate archipelago --- urban heat island --- urban vegetation --- urbanized WRF --- Weather Research and Forecasting model --- multiple linear regression --- urban heat island --- urban climatology --- urban energy balance --- air temperature --- land cover fraction --- urban morphology --- land surface temperature --- heat stress --- urban heat mitigation --- albedo --- cool facades --- spectral reflectance --- urban remote sensing --- empirical line method --- building scale --- local climate zone --- urban climate --- sky view factor --- morphological indicator --- open science --- GIS --- urban heat island --- urban overheating --- non-constructible parcels --- cool surfaces --- urban vegetation --- ENVI-met --- mitigation measures --- Beirut

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


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english (2)


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2019 (2)