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The structure, form and language of international environmental norms – from absolute to relative normativity (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781784714642 9781784714659 Year: Pages: 28 DOI: 10.4337/9781784714659 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 15:10:01
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International environmental law has a dual nature being both formal (attached to explicit state will) and instrumental (detached from explicit state will). In this chapter it is argued that normativity of international environmental legal norms is relativised due to the softening of hard law and hardening of soft law. The softening of hard law is caused primarily by the interpretative nature of language and the interplay between formalism and instrumentalism as interpretative paradigms. As a consequence, the normative content of hard law is always a matter of interpretation which by default causes hard law to be more or less indeterminate. The hardening of soft law is visible inter alia in the informal legal status that several soft law instruments such as UN resolutions, accords, executive board decisions and informal initiatives may enjoy through their legitimacy and effectiveness. This results in some soft law instruments gaining relative legal effect even when lacking formal legal status. Based on these observations it is concluded that the normativity or validity of legal norms in international environmental law can only be evaluated after a careful analysis of all the traces of normativity (form, legitimacy and effectiveness) at play.

Legal Mobilization in Large-Scale Land Deals

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ISBN: 9783748907602 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783748907602
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-20 08:50:27
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ZusammenfassungDie Autorin untersucht, wie lokale Akteure, die von großflächigen Landinvestitionen betroffen sind, ihre Interessen mit rechtlichen Normen schützen. Erfolgsbedingungenwerden durch rechtliche, soziale Mobilisierungs- und Business Management Perspektiven identifiziert und in vier Fallstudien aus Sierra Leone und den Philippinen spezifiziert. Die Befunde zeigen die Relevanz der nationalen rechtlichen Opportunitätsstrukturen, der Stärke von Unterstützungsnetzwerken sowie der Charakteristika von Unternehmen. Auch die Rolle von politischen Eliten und die Einigkeit lokaler Akteure ist zentral.Das Buch ist für Leser und Leserinnen aus Wissenschaft und Praxis relevant, die sich für die Interaktion von rechtlichen Möglichkeiten und lokalen Reaktionen bei großen Investitionsprojekten interessieren. Mit Fallbeispielen aus dem Globalen Süden leistet die Arbeit einen Beitrag zur Literatur zu rechtlicher Mobilisierung. Damit fokussiert das Buch auf ein weniger erforschtes Phänomen sozialer Mobilisierung.AbstractThis book enquires how local communities affected by large-scale land deals make use of legal norms to protect their interests. It combines legal, social mobilisation and business management approaches to identify conditions that promise success in this respect, which are explored in four case studies from two countries: Sierra Leone and the Philippines. The findings of these studies show the relevance of the national legal opportunity structure, strong support networks and the specific characteristics of a company in this regard. The role of political elites and the unity of local actors are also discussed.This book is especially relevant for academics and practitioners interested in the relationship between legal frameworks and local reactions to foreign investors. It also contributes to the research literature on legal mobilisation by going beyond the Western world. Finally, the book offers perspectives on the ‘middle ground’ of social mobilisation phenomenons, which are neither social movements nor everyday resistance.

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