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Kastom, property and ideology: Land transformations in Melanesia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760461058 Year: DOI: 10.22459/KPI.03.2017 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-04 11:01:49
License: ANU Press

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The relationship between customary land tenure and ‘modern’ forms of landed property has been a major political issue in the ‘Spearhead’ states of Melanesia since the late colonial period, and is even more pressing today, as the region is subject to its own version of what is described in the international literature as a new ‘land rush’ or ‘land grab’ in developing countries. This volume aims to test the application of one particular theoretical framework to the Melanesian version of this phenomenon, which is the framework put forward by Derek Hall, Philip Hirsch and Tania Murray Li in their 2011 book, Powers of Exclusion: Land Dilemmas in Southeast Asia. Since that framework emerged from studies of the agrarian transition in Southeast Asia, the key question addressed in this volume is whether ‘land transformations’ in Melanesia are proceeding in a similar direction, or whether they take a somewhat different form because of the particular nature of Melanesian political economies or social institutions. The contributors to this volume all deal with this question from the point of view of their own direct engagement with different aspects of the land policy process in particular countries. Aside from discussion of the agrarian transition in Melanesia, particular attention is also paid to the growing problem of land access in urban areas and the gendered nature of landed property relations in this region.

Keywords

land policy --- land tenure --- melanesia

Land-Use Modelling in Planning Practice

Authors: ---
Book Series: GeoJournal Library ISBN: 9789400718210 Year: Volume: 101 Pages: XVI, 214 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-1822-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:10:10
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This book provides an overview of recent developments and applications of the Land Use Scanner model. Internationally recognized as among the best of its kind, this versatile model can be applied at a national level for trend extrapolation, scenario studies and optimization, yet can also be employed in a smaller-scale regional context. Alongside these practical examples from the Netherlands, readers will find discussion of more theoretical aspects of land-use models as well as an assessment of various studies that aim to develop the Land-Use Scanner model further. Spanning the divide between the abstractions of land-use modelling and the imperatives of policy making, this is a cutting-edge account of the way in which the Land-Use Scanner approach is able to interrogate a spectrum of issues that range from climate change to transportation efficiency. Aimed at planners, researchers and policy makers who need to stay abreast of the latest advances in land-use modelling techniques in the context of planning practice, the book guides the reader through the applications supported by current instrumentation. It affords the opportunity for a wide readership to benefit from the extensive and acknowledged expertise of Dutch planners, who have originated a host of much-used models.

Keywords

land-use models --- geography

Chapter 2 Women, land and property (Book chapter)

Book title: Elite Women and the Agricultural Landscape, 1700–1830

Author:
Book Series: Studies in Historical Geography ISBN: 9781409456025 9781315579078 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:09
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This chapter explores the relations between women, land, property and the law. The first part of the chapter outlines single, widowed and married women’s legal position as property owners, paying particular attention to the doctrines of primogeniture and coverture and their impact on women’s property rights. It explores the circumstances by which women most commonly became landowners, outlining the four main routes to landownership for women, as well as the practices by which married women were sometimes able to circumvent the restrictions of coverture. As a corollary to this, it also explores the impact of various changes to the early modern legal system – including the shift from dower to jointure arrangements, the emergence of strict settlement and the declining power of the ecclesiastical courts – on women’s property rights. The second half of the chapter sets out to assess the significance of women as a class of landowners in Georgian England, quantifying the scale of women’s landholding in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries using a large sample of data drawn from the parliamentary enclosure awards. In doing so, it responds to considerable uncertainty about the scale of women’s property ownership. Little quantitative information is available on the proportion of land owned by women, although a handful of studies have used rentals and leases to examine female landholding – as opposed to landownership – within small groups of manors. The results of the sampled enclosure awards are presented below, comparisons between this data and the earlier, smaller studies explored, and the new data used to throw light on four key issues: the legal and marital status of female landowners, the scale of individual female landowners’ holdings, the geography of female landownership and the thorny issue of change over time.

Keywords

women --- land --- property --- law

Nachhaltigkeit in der Geschichte - Argumente – Ressourcen – Zwänge

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 101787520191241 9783863954338 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-09 11:21:02
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Nachhaltigkeit ist allgegenwärtig. Der Begriff erscheint in politischen Debatten, in den Medien, in Unternehmensphilosophien und im Supermarkt. In Folge erscheint der Begriff Nachhaltigkeit unscharf und beliebig. Auch in der Wissenschaft existieren unterschiedliche Konzepte und Definitionen, doch diesen gemeinsam ist die Idee von Dauerhaftigkeit, die auf die Forschungsobjekte bezogen wird. Der vorliegende Band versucht „Nachhaltigkeit“ in der Geschichte aufzuspüren. Er folgt der Frage, ob und wie Menschen in der Vergangenheit die eigenen Bedürfnisse an Ressourcen befriedigten und gleichzeitig Rücksicht auf zukünftige Generationen nahmen. Das Buch öffnet dabei ein breites Spektrum an Fallbeispielen, die von den antiken Griechen bis zu Debatten über den Schutz des Waldes im 20. Jahrhundert reichen und neben der Geschichtswissenschaft auch die Archäologie, die Literaturwissenschaft und die Ökologie einbeziehen. Der Sammelband beruht auf Vorträgen, die im Rahmen der zentralen Ringvorlesung des Sommersemesters 2018 an der Universität Göttingen gehalten wurden.

Artificialized land and land take

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9782759232543 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-3254-3 Language: English
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:23
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Considered as one of the main factors in erosion of the biodiversity, land take describes the global reduction in the proportion of land allocated to farming and forestry or to natural spaces. This work identifies the decisive economic and social factors in land take and its impact on the environment and agriculture. It suggests levers of action likely to limit its development and its negative effects.

Keywords

land take --- biodiversity

Land Use in Australia

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ISBN: 9781921934414 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.22459/LUA.02.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:01:54
License: ANU Press

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"Land Use in Australia: Past, Present and Future, is a compilation of invited chapters from Australia’s leading specialists in land use policy and planning and land management. Chapters present many widely recognised issues involved in Australia’s land use policy and planning, including limited understanding and poor awareness of: the rich history of poor decisions on land use planning and management across different levels of government the discontinuities between providers of national biophysical information the tools, data and information to improve national land use decision-making outcomes the poor synthesis and integration between science to policy to natural resource management and resource condition the benefits of land use practitioners engaging in connection, cooperation, mutual inquiry and collective social learnings. The aims of the book are threefold: 1) provide a review of the current status of land use policy and planning in Australia; 2) provide a resource to inform and influence the development of land use policy and planning; and 3) provide a sound contribution to Australia’s public–private land use debates in the future. The audience for the book includes government and non-government land management agencies from state and national bodies, universities and researchers."

Sustainable Territorial Management

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038972129 9783038972136 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-213-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-21 09:54:53
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Human development has made remarkable social and economic progress possible for most of us but has also entailed a range of serious impacts on natural resources, local communities and the economy at multiple scales. Thus, achieving sustainable territorial management that combines healthy and prosperous societies with the long-term maintenance of biodiversity and productive ecosystem services remains the biggest challenge of our modern world. This Special Issue seeks to collect a coherent set of studies on techniques and experiences (case studies) aimed at increasing the environmental, social, economic &/or institutional sustainability of landscapes and seascapes from a range of geographic and socioeconomic contexts. Ten case studies representing urban areas, rural areas (chiefly protected areas) and coastal areas from four countries in Europe and Asia by internationally renowned authors are shown.

Guide de gestion des dunes et des plages associées

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ISBN: 9782759224821 9782759224838 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2482-1 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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This practical guide benefits from the experience of several authors and experts in managing coastal dune environments and in preventing natural risks. It presents useful tools in resolving problems of daily dune management.

Landlock

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ISBN: 9781760462505 9781760462512 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.22459/L.09.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
License: ANU Press

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Landlock: Paralysing Dispute over Minerals on Adivasi Land in India explores the ways in which political controversy over a bauxite mining and refining project on constitutionally protected tribal lands in Andhra Pradesh descended into a state of paralysis where no productive outcome was possible. Long-running support for Adivasi (or tribal) land rights motivated a wide range of actors to block the project’s implementation by recourse to India’s dispersed institutional landscape, while project proponents proved adept in proposing workarounds to prevent its outright cancellation. In the ensuing deadlock, the project was unable to move towards completion, while marginalised Adivasi groups were equally unable to repossess their land. Such a ‘landlock’ is argued to be characteristic of India’s wider inability to deal with conflicts over land matters, despite the crucial importance of land for smallholder livelihoods and various economic processes in an intensely growth-focused country. The result has been frequent yet grindingly slow processes of contestation in which powerful business and state interests are, at times, halted in their tracks, but mostly seem able to slowly exhaust local resistance in their pursuit of large-scale projects that produce no benefits for the rural poor.

Coopérations, territoires et entreprises agroalimentaires

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782759207572 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0757-2 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:04
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The Cota, territorialised food-processing cooperation partnerships, are made up of groups of SME which apply pioneering collective strategies to improve their competitiveness by using the region as a decisive variable. The study of some fifteen cases suggests two analysis paths. The first covers the building up of these new forms of cooperation by highlighting organisational trajectories. The second puts forward thoughts on the role of the territory variable in the Cota dynamics through original territorialisation strategies. The Cota are not just an analysis tool for new forms of cooperation in the food-processing industry. They are also of interest politically, as they constitute an experimental laboratory for public action by putting forward outline recommendations for good support practices.

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