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Law, land reform and responsibilisation: A perspective from Malawi’s land question

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ISBN: 9781920538330 Year: Pages: 188 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 11:48:41

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About the publicationThe book is a critical, genealogical analysis of land questions in the South through an original analysis of the Malawi experience. Through the author’s experience in land reform and subsequent advanced research in the area, the book notes that land reform discourse is dominated by an ethos based on market as value which, in turn, has cemented the ubiquity of a universal, automatic transition from land reform to land law reform in tackling a land question in a country. Using a Foucauldian–based theory of governmentality and responsibilisation, the book provides a reassessment of the norms in land reform discourse and argues for the conception of a right to property in land as a social relation. The book reveals the parochial interests of global capital, local elites and even the land-deprived that underpin a land question. The lack of synergy between law and policy leads to the consistent emergence of two ‘beings’: first, a responsibilised citizen in the mould of the land deprived who constitutes a source of cheap, wage labour for the large estate agriculture sector; and second, a land owner as the efficient producer at the centre of the large estate agriculture sector. The book then proposes an alternative norm in land reform discourse based on a responsibilised State.About the editor:Chikosa M Silungwe PhD Attorney; Consultant; Academic.Table of ContentsAcknowledgmentsDedicationIntroduction1 The context2 Rationale and main argument3 Market as value and land reform modelling3.1 Market as value3.2 Power dimension of land reform3.3 Market-based land reform models3.4 Reflection on market-based land reform modelling4 On responsibilisation5 On method6 Final wordGovernmentality, responsibilisation and the land question1 Thinking theory2 The Foucauldian ‘idea’ of governmentality2.1 Governmentality and analytics of power2.2 Governmentality and law3 ‘Everyday struggles’: Conduct and counter-conduct4 Responsibilisation: A framework for analysis4.1 The nature of hegemonic responsibilisation4.2 The nature people-generated responsibilisation5 Governmentality-responsibilisation: Whither the resolution of land question in Malawi?6 Final word‘Right’, ‘property’ and the ‘customary’ space: Conceptual issues and the land question1 The nature of the right to property1.1 Character of a ‘right’1.2 The meaning of ‘property’: The right to property as a social relation2 The right to property in land: An analysis of the ‘customary’ space2.1 The root of the ‘customary’ space2.2 The nature of ‘customary’ (land) tenure3 The beneficial interest in land: ‘Customary land’ under the Malawian Land Act4 Final wordGlobal-local policy linkage, responsibilisation and the land question1 Global-local policy linkage1.1 The World Bank’s land policy framework, 20031.2 The national macroeconomic framework as a site of conformity2 National policy interventions in the land question2.1 ‘Let sleeping dogs lie’: The Presidential Commission of Inquiry on Land Policy Reform, 19962.2 The land utilisation studies, 1995-19982.3 The National Land Policy2.4 Intervention of the Malawi Law Commission2.5 The Green Belt Initiative3 Final wordA multiverse of interests and the land question1 The state and the Achikumbe2 The state and the land deprived3 The Achikumbe and the land deprived4 The intra-‘community’ dynamics4.1 The role of chiefs4.2 Eni malo and obwera: The ‘internecine’ conflict of the land deprived5 The nature of the multiverse6 Final wordLast word: Towards a responsibilised state1 Reiterations2 The nature of people-generated responsibilisation: The basis of the responsibilised state2.1 Public trust and social trust: The constitutional basis of people-generated responsibilisation2.2 Counter-conduct and the beneficial interest in land2.3 The land question in the political economy3 The responsibilised state: A restatement4 Final word4.1 The presumptions4.2 The wider angle5 The thesis: a précisBibliography

A Tale of Two Villages

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ISBN: 9789639776784 9789633860076 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This dramatic story of land and power from twentieth-century Eastern Europe is set in two extraordinary villages: a rebel village, where peasants fought the advent of Communism and became its first martyrs, and a model village turned forcibly into a town, Dictator Ceauşescu’s birthplace. The two villages capture among themselves nearly a century of dramatic transformation and social engineering, ending up with their charged heritage in the present European Union. ""One of Romania’s foremost s...

Rwanda’s Land Tenure Reform: Non-existent to Best Practice

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ISBN: 9781789241037; 9781786394545 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: 10.1079/9781789241037.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Social Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 16:35:42
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s book is a detailed real account of all the key phases of the land tenure reform (LTR) programme in Rwanda and the critical factors that defined the outcomes and requirements for sustaining the process. In addition, the book provides an account of the impact of the programme, its challenges and lessons learned. Beyond LTR, this book also provides insights into emerging issues post-land tenure reform and what efforts are being undertaken to ensure sustainable land administration and land governance. The book draws on various types of secondary data, including relevant laws, policies, operational manuals and published studies, as well as consultants' reports. It also uses primary data comprising mainly interviews with policy makers, land professionals, academics, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), donor organizations and the general public. This book is in four parts, with nine chapters. Part 1 provides the relevant context of the book and contains two chapters (chapters 1 and 2). Chapter 1 is the introduction and explains why land is so important; it discusses some of the issues land resources currently face, especially, in developing countries and why it should be managed and governed properly; it outlines why there is an urgent need for an improved land governance and land administration system or land tenure reform where this is not taking place, and it provides a summary of the importance of documenting Rwanda's LTR programme and explains why this book is timely and different from existing literature on land tenure reform. In chapter 2, the historical context of land tenure systems in Africa is summarized. Part 2 deals with the preparatory work that was carried out for land tenure reform and has one chapter (chapter 3). The chapter describes the key exercises that were undertaken as part of preparing the ground for the land tenure reform programme. Part 3 concentrates on implementation of the LTR programme and contains four chapters (chapters 4 to 7). Chapter 4 focuses on how the policy and regulatory frameworks were established which supported the LTR programme. Chapter 5 details the institutional framework that was developed to guide the LTR programme implementation, defining each institution's mandate and how they interacted with each other as well as how the capacity of these institutions was built to apportion responsibilities accordingly. Chapter 6 explains the whole process of rolling out the land tenure regularization process countrywide and the key steps that were involved, as well as the implementation process. In chapter 7, the key ingredients required to ensure that what has been achieved by the LTR would be properly maintained are assessed. The last part of the book (Part 4) assesses the impact of the LTR programme by discussing the socioeconomic benefits in chapter 8 where testimonies from various stakeholders and LTR beneficiaries are also presented. Chapter 9 concludes the book and a set of key success factors and lessons are also outlined for other countries wishing to follow a similar route as Rwanda in terms of land tenure reform.

Agroecology Now!

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030613150 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-61315-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Environmental Sciences --- History --- Migration --- Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-12-16 00:03:42
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This open access book develops a framework for advancing agroecology transformations focusing on power, politics and governance. It explores the potential of agroecology as a sustainable and socially just alternative to today’s dominant food regime. Agroecology is an ecological approach to farming that addresses climate change and biodiversity loss while contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals. Agroecology transformations represent a challenge to the power of corporations in controlling food system and a rejection of the industrial food systems that are at the root of many social and ecological ills. In this book the authors analyse the conditions that enable and disable agroecology’s potential and present six ‘domains of transformation’ where it comes into conflict with the dominant food system. They argue that food sovereignty, community-self organization and a shift to bottom-up governance are critical for the transformation to a socially just and ecologically viable food system. This book will be a valuable resource to researchers, students, policy makers and professionals across multidisciplinary areas including in the fields of food politics, international development, sustainability and resilience.

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