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Managing Forests and Water for People under a Changing Environment

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ISBN: 9783039288236 / 9783039288243 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-824-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Forests cover 30% of the Earth’s land area, or nearly four billion hectares. Enhancing the benefits and ecosystem services of forests has been increasingly recognized as an essential part of nature-based solutions for solving many emerging global environmental problems today. A core science supporting forest management is understanding the interactions of forests, water, and people. These interactions have become increasingly complex under climate change and its associated impacts, such as the increases in the intensity and frequency of drought and floods, increasing population and deforestation, and a rise in global demands for multiple ecosystem services including clean water supply and carbon sequestration. Forest watershed managers have recognized that water management is an essential component of forest management. Global environmental change is posing more challenges for managing forests and water toward sustainable development. New science on forest and water is critically needed across the globe. The International Forests and Water Conference 2018, Valdivia, Chile (http://forestsandwater2018.cl/), a joint effort of the 5th IUFRO International Conference on Forests and Water in a Changing Environment and the Second Latin American Conference on Forests and Water provided a unique forum to examine forest and water issues in Latin America under a global context. This book represents a collection of some of the peer-reviewed papers presented at the conference that were published in a Special Issue of Forests.

Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing in China – In Memory of Prof. Xiaowen Li

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038972709 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 404 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-271-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:42:05
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Quantitative land remote sensing has recently advanced dramatically, particularly in China. It has been largely driven by vast governmental investment, the availability of a huge amount of Chinese satellite data, geospatial information requirements for addressing pressing environmental issues and other societal benefits. Many individuals have also fostered and made great contributions to its development, and Prof. Xiaowen Li was one of these leading figures. This book is published in memory of Prof. Li. The papers collected in this book cover topics from surface reflectance simulation, inversion algorithm and estimation of variables, to applications in optical, thermal, Lidar and microwave remote sensing. The wide range of variables include directional reflectance, chlorophyll fluorescence, aerosol optical depth, incident solar radiation, albedo, surface temperature, upward longwave radiation, leaf area index, fractional vegetation cover, forest biomass, precipitation, evapotranspiration, freeze/thaw snow cover, vegetation productivity, phenology and biodiversity indicators. They clearly reflect the current level of research in this area. This book constitutes an excellent reference suitable for upper-level undergraduate students, graduate students and professionals in remote sensing.

Keywords

evapotranspiration --- Northeast China --- MS–PT algorithm --- spatial-temporal variations --- controlling factors --- potential evapotranspiration --- vegetation remote sensing --- reflectance model --- spectra --- leaf --- copper --- PROSPECT --- leaf area density --- terrestrial LiDAR --- tree canopy --- vertical structure --- voxel --- spatial representativeness --- heterogeneity --- validation --- land-surface temperature products (LSTs) --- observations --- HiWATER --- remote sensing --- spatiotemporal representative --- cost-efficient, sampling design --- heterogeneity --- validation --- FY-3C/MERSI --- GLASS --- Land surface temperature --- Land surface emissivity --- GPP --- SIF --- MuSyQ-GPP algorithm --- BEPS --- vegetation phenology --- Tibetan Plateau --- MODIS --- NDVI --- start of growing season (SOS) --- end of growing season (EOS) --- GLASS LAI time series --- forest disturbance --- disturbance index --- latent heat --- machine learning algorithms --- plant functional type --- high-resolution freeze/thaw --- AMSR2 --- MODIS --- LAI --- ZY-3 MUX --- GF-1 WFV --- HJ-1 CCD --- maize --- PROSPECT-5B+SAILH (PROSAIL) model --- spatial heterogeneity --- variability --- evapotranspiration --- land surface variables --- probability density function --- HiWATER --- spectral --- albedometer --- interference filter --- photoelectric detector --- validation --- land surface albedo --- multi-scale validation --- rugged terrain --- MRT-based model --- MCD43A3 C6 --- precipitation --- statistics methods --- China --- Tibetan Plateau --- South China’s --- drought --- SPI --- TMI data --- crop-growing regions --- downward shortwave radiation --- machine learning --- gradient boosting regression tree --- AVHRR --- CMA --- BRDF --- aerosol --- MODIS --- sunphotometer --- arid/semiarid --- solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence --- fluorescence quantum efficiency in dark-adapted conditions (FQE) --- SCOPE --- Fraunhofer Line Discrimination (FLD) --- gross primary productivity (GPP) --- longwave upwelling radiation (LWUP) --- Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) --- surface radiation budget --- hybrid method --- remote sensing --- leaf age --- leaf spectral properties --- leaf area index --- Cunninghamia --- Chinese fir --- canopy reflectance --- NIR --- EVI2 --- geometric optical radiative transfer (GORT) model --- land surface albedo --- snow-free albedo --- rugged terrain --- topographic effects --- black-sky albedo (BSA) --- GPP --- NPP --- MODIS --- validation --- phenology --- RADARSAT-2 --- rice --- Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) --- decision tree --- forest canopy height --- aboveground biomass --- ICESat GLAS --- Landsat --- random forest model --- anisotropic reflectance --- BRDF --- rugged terrain --- solo slope --- composite slope --- surface solar irradiance --- geostationary satellite --- polar orbiting satellite --- LUT method --- SURFRAD --- downward shortwave radiation --- daily average value --- Antarctica --- sinusoidal method --- cloud fraction --- interpolation --- boreal forest --- GPP --- spatiotemporal distribution and variation --- meteorological factors --- phenological parameters --- multisource data fusion --- aerosol retrieval --- urban scale --- vegetation dust-retention --- multiple ecological factors --- geographical detector model --- snow cover --- passive microwave --- FY-3C/MWRI --- algorithmic assessment --- China --- land surface temperature --- satellite observations --- flux measurements --- latitudinal pattern --- land cover change --- fractional vegetation cover (FVC) --- multi-data set --- northern China --- spatio-temporal --- inter-annual variation --- uncertainty --- standard error of the mean --- downscaling --- GPP --- spatial heterogeneity --- remote sensing --- subpixel information --- LiDAR --- point cloud --- leaf --- gap fraction --- 3D reconstruction --- biodiversity --- remote sensing --- species richness --- metric comparison --- metric integration --- leaf area index --- MODIS products --- Landsat --- high resolution --- homogeneous and pure pixel filter --- pixel unmixing --- vertical vegetation stratification --- gross primary production (GPP) --- light use efficiency --- dense forest --- MODIS --- VPM --- temperature profiles --- humidity profiles --- n/a --- geometric-optical model --- thermal radiation directionality --- quantitative remote sensing inversion --- scale effects --- comprehensive field experiment

Advances in Quantitative Remote Sensing in China – In Memory of Prof. Xiaowen Li

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038972761 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 404 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-277-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:42:05
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Abstract

Quantitative land remote sensing has recently advanced dramatically, particularly in China. It has been largely driven by vast governmental investment, the availability of a huge amount of Chinese satellite data, geospatial information requirements for addressing pressing environmental issues and other societal benefits. Many individuals have also fostered and made great contributions to its development, and Prof. Xiaowen Li was one of these leading figures. This book is published in memory of Prof. Li. The papers collected in this book cover topics from surface reflectance simulation, inversion algorithm and estimation of variables, to applications in optical, thermal, Lidar and microwave remote sensing. The wide range of variables include directional reflectance, chlorophyll fluorescence, aerosol optical depth, incident solar radiation, albedo, surface temperature, upward longwave radiation, leaf area index, fractional vegetation cover, forest biomass, precipitation, evapotranspiration, freeze/thaw snow cover, vegetation productivity, phenology and biodiversity indicators. They clearly reflect the current level of research in this area. This book constitutes an excellent reference suitable for upper-level undergraduate students, graduate students and professionals in remote sensing.

Keywords

evapotranspiration --- Northeast China --- MS–PT algorithm --- spatial-temporal variations --- controlling factors --- potential evapotranspiration --- vegetation remote sensing --- reflectance model --- spectra --- leaf --- copper --- PROSPECT --- leaf area density --- terrestrial LiDAR --- tree canopy --- vertical structure --- voxel --- spatial representativeness --- heterogeneity --- validation --- land-surface temperature products (LSTs) --- observations --- HiWATER --- remote sensing --- spatiotemporal representative --- cost-efficient, sampling design --- heterogeneity --- validation --- FY-3C/MERSI --- GLASS --- Land surface temperature --- Land surface emissivity --- GPP --- SIF --- MuSyQ-GPP algorithm --- BEPS --- vegetation phenology --- Tibetan Plateau --- MODIS --- NDVI --- start of growing season (SOS) --- end of growing season (EOS) --- GLASS LAI time series --- forest disturbance --- disturbance index --- latent heat --- machine learning algorithms --- plant functional type --- high-resolution freeze/thaw --- AMSR2 --- MODIS --- LAI --- ZY-3 MUX --- GF-1 WFV --- HJ-1 CCD --- maize --- PROSPECT-5B+SAILH (PROSAIL) model --- spatial heterogeneity --- variability --- evapotranspiration --- land surface variables --- probability density function --- HiWATER --- spectral --- albedometer --- interference filter --- photoelectric detector --- validation --- land surface albedo --- multi-scale validation --- rugged terrain --- MRT-based model --- MCD43A3 C6 --- precipitation --- statistics methods --- China --- Tibetan Plateau --- South China’s --- drought --- SPI --- TMI data --- crop-growing regions --- downward shortwave radiation --- machine learning --- gradient boosting regression tree --- AVHRR --- CMA --- BRDF --- aerosol --- MODIS --- sunphotometer --- arid/semiarid --- solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence --- fluorescence quantum efficiency in dark-adapted conditions (FQE) --- SCOPE --- Fraunhofer Line Discrimination (FLD) --- gross primary productivity (GPP) --- longwave upwelling radiation (LWUP) --- Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) --- surface radiation budget --- hybrid method --- remote sensing --- leaf age --- leaf spectral properties --- leaf area index --- Cunninghamia --- Chinese fir --- canopy reflectance --- NIR --- EVI2 --- geometric optical radiative transfer (GORT) model --- land surface albedo --- snow-free albedo --- rugged terrain --- topographic effects --- black-sky albedo (BSA) --- GPP --- NPP --- MODIS --- validation --- phenology --- RADARSAT-2 --- rice --- Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) --- decision tree --- forest canopy height --- aboveground biomass --- ICESat GLAS --- Landsat --- random forest model --- anisotropic reflectance --- BRDF --- rugged terrain --- solo slope --- composite slope --- surface solar irradiance --- geostationary satellite --- polar orbiting satellite --- LUT method --- SURFRAD --- downward shortwave radiation --- daily average value --- Antarctica --- sinusoidal method --- cloud fraction --- interpolation --- boreal forest --- GPP --- spatiotemporal distribution and variation --- meteorological factors --- phenological parameters --- multisource data fusion --- aerosol retrieval --- urban scale --- vegetation dust-retention --- multiple ecological factors --- geographical detector model --- snow cover --- passive microwave --- FY-3C/MWRI --- algorithmic assessment --- China --- land surface temperature --- satellite observations --- flux measurements --- latitudinal pattern --- land cover change --- fractional vegetation cover (FVC) --- multi-data set --- northern China --- spatio-temporal --- inter-annual variation --- uncertainty --- standard error of the mean --- downscaling --- GPP --- spatial heterogeneity --- remote sensing --- subpixel information --- LiDAR --- point cloud --- leaf --- gap fraction --- 3D reconstruction --- biodiversity --- remote sensing --- species richness --- metric comparison --- metric integration --- leaf area index --- MODIS products --- Landsat --- high resolution --- homogeneous and pure pixel filter --- pixel unmixing --- vertical vegetation stratification --- gross primary production (GPP) --- light use efficiency --- dense forest --- MODIS --- VPM --- temperature profiles --- humidity profiles --- n/a --- geometric-optical model --- thermal radiation directionality --- quantitative remote sensing inversion --- scale effects --- comprehensive field experiment

Learning to Understand Remote Sensing Images

Author:
ISBN: 9783038976844 9783038976851 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 426 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-685-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

With the recent advances in remote sensing technologies for Earth observation, many different remote sensors are collecting data with distinctive properties. The obtained data are so large and complex that analyzing them manually becomes impractical or even impossible. Therefore, understanding remote sensing images effectively, in connection with physics, has been the primary concern of the remote sensing research community in recent years. For this purpose, machine learning is thought to be a promising technique because it can make the system learn to improve itself. With this distinctive characteristic, the algorithms will be more adaptive, automatic, and intelligent. This book introduces some of the most challenging issues of machine learning in the field of remote sensing, and the latest advanced technologies developed for different applications. It integrates with multi-source/multi-temporal/multi-scale data, and mainly focuses on learning to understand remote sensing images. Particularly, it presents many more effective techniques based on the popular concepts of deep learning and big data to reach new heights of data understanding. Through reporting recent advances in the machine learning approaches towards analyzing and understanding remote sensing images, this book can help readers become more familiar with knowledge frontier and foster an increased interest in this field.

Keywords

hyperspectral image classification --- SELF --- SVMs --- Segment-Tree Filtering --- multi-sensor --- change feature analysis --- object-based --- multispectral images --- heterogeneous domain adaptation --- transfer learning --- multi-view canonical correlation analysis ensemble --- semi-supervised learning --- canonical correlation weighted voting --- ensemble learning --- image classification --- spatial attraction model (SAM) --- subpixel mapping (SPM) --- land cover --- mixed pixel --- spatial distribution --- hard classification --- building damage detection --- Fuzzy-GA decision making system --- machine learning techniques --- optical remotely sensed images --- sensitivity analysis --- texture analysis --- quality assessment --- ratio images --- Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) --- speckle --- speckle filters --- ice concentration --- SAR imagery --- convolutional neural network --- urban surface water extraction --- threshold stability --- sub-pixel --- linear spectral unmixing --- Landsat imagery --- image registration --- image fusion --- UAV --- metadata --- visible light and infrared integrated camera --- semantic segmentation --- CNN --- deep learning --- ISPRS --- remote sensing --- gate --- hyperspectral image --- sparse and low-rank graph --- tensor --- dimensionality reduction --- semantic labeling --- convolution neural network --- fully convolutional network --- sea-land segmentation --- ship detection --- hyperspectral image --- target detection --- multi-task learning --- sparse representation --- locality information --- remote sensing image correction --- color matching --- optimal transport --- CNN --- very high resolution images --- segmentation --- multi-scale clustering --- vehicle localization --- vehicle classification --- high resolution --- aerial image --- convolutional neural network (CNN) --- class imbalance --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network (CNN) --- fully convolutional network (FCN) --- classification --- remote sensing --- high resolution --- semantic segmentation --- deep convolutional neural networks --- manifold ranking --- single stream optimization --- high resolution image --- feature extraction --- hypergraph learning --- morphological profiles --- hyperedge weight estimation --- semantic labeling --- convolutional neural networks --- remote sensing --- deep learning --- aerial images --- hyperspectral image --- feature extraction --- dimensionality reduction --- optimized kernel minimum noise fraction (OKMNF) --- hyperspectral remote sensing --- endmember extraction --- multi-objective --- particle swarm optimization --- image alignment --- feature matching --- geostationary satellite remote sensing image --- GSHHG database --- Hough transform --- dictionary learning --- road detection --- Radon transform --- geo-referencing --- multi-sensor image matching --- Siamese neural network --- satellite images --- synthetic aperture radar --- inundation mapping --- flood --- optical sensors --- spatiotemporal context learning --- Modest AdaBoost --- HJ-1A/B CCD --- GF-4 PMS --- hyperspectral image classification --- automatic cluster number determination --- adaptive convolutional kernels --- hyperspectral imagery --- 1-dimensional (1-D) --- Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) --- Support Vector Machine (SVM) --- Random Forests (RF) --- machine learning --- deep learning --- TensorFlow --- multi-seasonal --- regional land cover --- saliency analysis --- remote sensing --- ROI detection --- hyperparameter sparse representation --- dictionary learning --- energy distribution optimizing --- multispectral imagery --- nonlinear classification --- kernel method --- dimensionality expansion --- deep convolutional neural networks --- road segmentation --- conditional random fields --- satellite images --- aerial images --- THEOS --- land cover change --- downscaling --- sub-pixel change detection --- machine learning --- MODIS --- Landsat --- very high resolution (VHR) satellite image --- topic modelling --- object-based image analysis --- image segmentation --- unsupervised classification --- multiscale representation --- GeoEye-1 --- wavelet transform --- fuzzy neural network --- remote sensing --- conservation --- urban heat island --- land surface temperature --- climate change --- land use --- land cover --- Landsat --- remote sensing --- SAR image --- despeckling --- dilated convolution --- skip connection --- residual learning --- scene classification --- saliency detection --- deep salient feature --- anti-noise transfer network --- DSFATN --- infrared image --- image registration --- MSER --- phase congruency --- hashing --- remote sensing image retrieval --- online learning --- hyperspectral image --- compressive sensing --- structured sparsity --- tensor sparse decomposition --- tensor low-rank approximation

Learning to Understand Remote Sensing Images

Author:
ISBN: 9783038976981 9783038976998 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 376 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-699-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
License:

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Abstract

With the recent advances in remote sensing technologies for Earth observation, many different remote sensors are collecting data with distinctive properties. The obtained data are so large and complex that analyzing them manually becomes impractical or even impossible. Therefore, understanding remote sensing images effectively, in connection with physics, has been the primary concern of the remote sensing research community in recent years. For this purpose, machine learning is thought to be a promising technique because it can make the system learn to improve itself. With this distinctive characteristic, the algorithms will be more adaptive, automatic, and intelligent. This book introduces some of the most challenging issues of machine learning in the field of remote sensing, and the latest advanced technologies developed for different applications. It integrates with multi-source/multi-temporal/multi-scale data, and mainly focuses on learning to understand remote sensing images. Particularly, it presents many more effective techniques based on the popular concepts of deep learning and big data to reach new heights of data understanding. Through reporting recent advances in the machine learning approaches towards analyzing and understanding remote sensing images, this book can help readers become more familiar with knowledge frontier and foster an increased interest in this field.

Keywords

hyperspectral image classification --- SELF --- SVMs --- Segment-Tree Filtering --- multi-sensor --- change feature analysis --- object-based --- multispectral images --- heterogeneous domain adaptation --- transfer learning --- multi-view canonical correlation analysis ensemble --- semi-supervised learning --- canonical correlation weighted voting --- ensemble learning --- image classification --- spatial attraction model (SAM) --- subpixel mapping (SPM) --- land cover --- mixed pixel --- spatial distribution --- hard classification --- building damage detection --- Fuzzy-GA decision making system --- machine learning techniques --- optical remotely sensed images --- sensitivity analysis --- texture analysis --- quality assessment --- ratio images --- Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) --- speckle --- speckle filters --- ice concentration --- SAR imagery --- convolutional neural network --- urban surface water extraction --- threshold stability --- sub-pixel --- linear spectral unmixing --- Landsat imagery --- image registration --- image fusion --- UAV --- metadata --- visible light and infrared integrated camera --- semantic segmentation --- CNN --- deep learning --- ISPRS --- remote sensing --- gate --- hyperspectral image --- sparse and low-rank graph --- tensor --- dimensionality reduction --- semantic labeling --- convolution neural network --- fully convolutional network --- sea-land segmentation --- ship detection --- hyperspectral image --- target detection --- multi-task learning --- sparse representation --- locality information --- remote sensing image correction --- color matching --- optimal transport --- CNN --- very high resolution images --- segmentation --- multi-scale clustering --- vehicle localization --- vehicle classification --- high resolution --- aerial image --- convolutional neural network (CNN) --- class imbalance --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network (CNN) --- fully convolutional network (FCN) --- classification --- remote sensing --- high resolution --- semantic segmentation --- deep convolutional neural networks --- manifold ranking --- single stream optimization --- high resolution image --- feature extraction --- hypergraph learning --- morphological profiles --- hyperedge weight estimation --- semantic labeling --- convolutional neural networks --- remote sensing --- deep learning --- aerial images --- hyperspectral image --- feature extraction --- dimensionality reduction --- optimized kernel minimum noise fraction (OKMNF) --- hyperspectral remote sensing --- endmember extraction --- multi-objective --- particle swarm optimization --- image alignment --- feature matching --- geostationary satellite remote sensing image --- GSHHG database --- Hough transform --- dictionary learning --- road detection --- Radon transform --- geo-referencing --- multi-sensor image matching --- Siamese neural network --- satellite images --- synthetic aperture radar --- inundation mapping --- flood --- optical sensors --- spatiotemporal context learning --- Modest AdaBoost --- HJ-1A/B CCD --- GF-4 PMS --- hyperspectral image classification --- automatic cluster number determination --- adaptive convolutional kernels --- hyperspectral imagery --- 1-dimensional (1-D) --- Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) --- Support Vector Machine (SVM) --- Random Forests (RF) --- machine learning --- deep learning --- TensorFlow --- multi-seasonal --- regional land cover --- saliency analysis --- remote sensing --- ROI detection --- hyperparameter sparse representation --- dictionary learning --- energy distribution optimizing --- multispectral imagery --- nonlinear classification --- kernel method --- dimensionality expansion --- deep convolutional neural networks --- road segmentation --- conditional random fields --- satellite images --- aerial images --- THEOS --- land cover change --- downscaling --- sub-pixel change detection --- machine learning --- MODIS --- Landsat --- very high resolution (VHR) satellite image --- topic modelling --- object-based image analysis --- image segmentation --- unsupervised classification --- multiscale representation --- GeoEye-1 --- wavelet transform --- fuzzy neural network --- remote sensing --- conservation --- urban heat island --- land surface temperature --- climate change --- land use --- land cover --- Landsat --- remote sensing --- SAR image --- despeckling --- dilated convolution --- skip connection --- residual learning --- scene classification --- saliency detection --- deep salient feature --- anti-noise transfer network --- DSFATN --- infrared image --- image registration --- MSER --- phase congruency --- hashing --- remote sensing image retrieval --- online learning --- hyperspectral image --- compressive sensing --- structured sparsity --- tensor sparse decomposition --- tensor low-rank approximation

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