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Trust in Contemporary Society

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Book Series: International Comparative Social Studies ISBN: 9789004390430 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.1163/9789004390430 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:52:09
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Trust in Contemporary Society, by well-known trust researchers, deals with conceptual, theoretical and social interaction analyses, historical data on societies, national surveys or cross-national comparative studies, and methodological issues related to trust. The authors illuminate contemporary issues of trust and distrust. Readership: All interested in trust research in psychology, sociology, political science, economics, organizational and management studies, history, comparative study, area studies, survey research.

Les Fondements méthodologiques du savoir scientifique

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ISBN: 9791024011394 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.purh.6017 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rouen et du Havre
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:49
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Vouloir comprendre la cause d'un phénomène ou du comportement d'autrui, c'est chercher à l'expliquer. Il est alors possible de se fier à son intuition. Mais en découvrant que l'on est capable d'appliquer les principes de base de toute science, on peut aussi décider d'utiliser la démarche des scientifiques et ainsi aboutir à plus d'exactitude Cet ouvrage, qui s'appuie sur de nombreuses situations concrètes, a pour objectif de montrer que la science, c'est simple, et que tout le monde peut rapidement utiliser sa méthode. Cet ouvrage donne aussi des clés pour répondre aux difficultés les plus fréquentes évoquées par les étudiants et pour les aider dans la préparation de leurs examens et la réussite de leurs études.

Machine Sensation

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Book Series: New Metaphysics series ISBN: 9781785420818 Year: Pages: 301 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-30 23:58:07
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Emphasising the alien qualities of anthropomorphic technologies, Machine Sensation makes a conscious effort to increase rather than decrease the tension between nonhuman and human experience. In a series of rigorously executed cases studies, including natural user interfaces, artificial intelligence as well as sex robots, Leach shows how object-oriented ontology enables one to insist upon the unhuman nature of technology while acknowledging its immense power and significance in human life. Machine Sensation meticulously engages OOO, Actor Network Theory, the philosophy of technology, cybernetics and posthumanism in innovative and gripping ways.

Interacting with Presence. HCI and the Sense of Presence in Computer-mediated Environments

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ISBN: 9783110409697 9783110427318 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.2478/9783110409697 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:43:59
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The experience of using and interacting with the newest Virtual Reality and computing technologies is profoundly affected by the extent to which we feel ourselves to be really ‘present’ in computer-generated and -mediated augmented worlds. This feeling of 'Presence’, of “being inside the mediated world”, is key to understanding developments in applications such as interactive entertainment, gaming, psychotherapy, education, scientific visualisation, sports training and rehabilitation, and many more.This edited volume, featuring contributions from internationally renowned scholars, provides a comprehensive introduction to and overview of the topic of mediated presence - or ‘tele-presence’ - and of the emerging field of presence research. It is intended for researchers and graduate students in human-computer interaction, cognitive science, psychology, cyberpsychology and computer science, as well as for experienced professionals from the ICT industry.The editors are all well-known professional researchers in the field: Professor Giuseppe Riva from the Catholic University of Milan, Italy; Professor John Waterworth from Umeå University, Sweden; Dianne Murray, an HCI Consultant and editor of the journal “Interacting with Computers”.

Accords mineurs : De l’usage de catégories musicales

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ISBN: 9791030005486 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pub.29616 Language: French
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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– "Qu’est-ce que tu écoutes comme musique(s)?" Pourquoi est-il parfois si difficile de répondre à cette question alors que les mots pour designer la musique ne manquent pas? Quels sont les enjeux propres à l’expression d’une connaissance sur nos relations à la musique ? – "J’écoute du Rock, du Métal, de la Musique électronique … un peu de tout." Quelles sont les conventions supposées par cette façon d’appréhender la musique en la catégorisant ? Que disons-nous de la musique et de notre vécu en la parlant dans une diversité ? Pour répondre à ces questions, il est nécessaire de décrire et d’étudier dans le détail nos usages de catégories musicales, nos recours à la catégorisation et leurs contextes. C’est l’objet de ces Accords mineurs : revenir sur la condition de nos quotidiens d’amateurs de musique vivant et parlant avec des catégories musicales dans un monde de catégories musicales.

Keywords

musique --- interaction --- goût --- catégorie --- verbalisation

Understanding Social Signals: How Do We Recognize the Intentions of Others?

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198450 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-845-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Powerful and economic sensors such as high definition cameras and corresponding recognition software have become readily available, e.g. for face and motion recognition. However, designing user interfaces for robots, phones and computers that facilitate a seamless, intuitive, and apparently effortless communication as between humans is still highly challenging. This has shifted the focus from developing ever faster and higher resolution sensors to interpreting available sensor data for understanding social signals and recognising users' intentions. Psychologists, Ethnologists, Linguists and Sociologists have investigated social behaviour in human-human interaction. But their findings are rarely applied in the human-robot interaction domain. Instead, robot designers tend to rely on either proof-of-concept or machine learning based methods. In proving the concept, developers effectively demonstrate that users are able to adapt to robots deployed in the public space. Typically, an initial period of collecting human-robot interaction data is used for identifying frequently occurring problems. These are then addressed by adjusting the interaction policies on the basis of the collected data. However, the updated policies are strongly biased by the initial design of the robot and might not reflect natural, spontaneous user behaviour. In the machine learning approach, learning algorithms are used for finding a mapping between the sensor data space and a hypothesised or estimated set of intentions. However, this brute-force approach ignores the possibility that some signals or modalities are superfluous or even disruptive in intention recognition. Furthermore, this method is very sensitive to peculiarities of the training data. In sum, both methods cannot reliably support natural interaction as they crucially depend on an accurate model of human intention recognition. Therefore, approaches to social robotics from engineers and computer scientists urgently have to be informed by studies of intention recognition in natural human-human communication. Combining the investigation of natural human behaviour and the design of computer and robot interfaces can significantly improve the usability of modern technology. For example, robots will be easier to use by a broad public if they can interpret the social signals that users spontaneously produce for conveying their intentions anyway. By correctly identifying and even anticipating the user's intention, the user will perceive that the system truly understands her/his needs. Vice versa, if a robot produces socially appropriate signals, it will be easier for its users to understand the robot's intentions. Furthermore, studying natural behaviour as a basis for controlling robots and other devices results in greater robustness, responsiveness and approachability. Thus, we welcome submissions that (a) investigate how relevant social signals can be identified in human behaviour, (b) investigate the meaning of social signals in a specific context or task, (c) identify the minimal set of intentions for describing a context or task, (d) demonstrate how insights from the analysis of social behaviour can improve a robot's capabilities, or (e) demonstrate how a robot can make itself more understandable to the user by producing more human-like social signals.

Palavras em imagens

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ISBN: 9782821855779 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-04 12:22:44
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Por muito tempo a Antropologia adotou um modelo linguístico e simbólico da cultura. Alguns autores chegaram a tomá-lacomo um conjunto de textos a serem lidos e interpretados, outros viram-na como conjunto de símbolos a serem decodificados. Aqui seguimos uma direção diversa, explorando o entrelaçamento entre imagem e palavra na produção da própria vida social, de corpos e memórias. Este volume dá seguimento a uma colaboração entre pesquisadores franceses e brasileiros que resultou anteriormen...

Appartenances multiples, opinion plurielle

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ISBN: 9782757402092 9782757414033 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires du Septentrion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 14:25:19
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Un acteur qui exprime des jugements contradictoires est considéré comme incohérent. L'ouvrage propose un modèle sociologique de l'opinion plurielle qui montre au contraire la cohérence relationnelle de ces jugements divergents. Il combine de manière nouvelle les paradigmes classiques de la multi-appartenance et de l'interactionnisme symbolique. L'idée de signature relationnelle d'une opinion suggère que, en situation d'incertitude, les jugements n'appartiennent plus à l'acteur mais aux relati...

Adoption et adaptation

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ISBN: 9782859447625 9791035100063 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-26 09:33:12
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Réalisés dans le cadre de la cinquième rencontre de l'École doctorale d'archéologie portant sur le thème « Adoption et adaptation », les neufs articles de ce volume illustrent la pluralité et la complexité de ce sujet à forte résonnance actuelle. La culture matérielle du Moyen-Orient, de l'Europe occidentale et de la Mésoamérique, depuis le Néolithique jusqu'au début de l'époque moderne est ici au centre des observations, exprimant aussi bien les formes d'adaptation à un environnement que les...

Les quotatifs en interaction en anglais contemporain

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ISBN: 9782878546033 9782878549645 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 16:18:13
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage propose une exploration, en synchronie, du paradigme des quotatifs en anglais oral, suite à l’avènement dans ce groupe fonctionnel de deux nouvelles formes, GO et BE LIKE, désormais utilisées depuis plusieurs décennies pour l’introduction du discours direct. À partir d’un corpus de données originales, cet ouvrage examine les différentes fonctions pragmatiques, interactionnelles et discursives des quotatifs afin de mettre au jour certains facteurs de distribution de ces marqueurs e...

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