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The Emerging Role of Intelligence in the World of the Future

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ISBN: 9783038972624 9783038972631 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-263-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-23 09:50:09
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.[During the 20th century, the world experienced an unprecedented rise in people’s cognitive abilities. IQs increased 30 points (with the average IQ remaining 100 only because publishers reset the “average” on their tests). Yet, society’s ability to confront serious problems in the world seems as challenged as ever. Problems such as air pollution, global climate change, increasing disparity of incomes, disputes that never seem to move toward resolution (such as between the Israelis and Palestinians), and increasing antibiotic resistance—all of these and many other problems seem to defy us, despite our elevated IQs. Why are there so many serious problems still confronting the world? Why is IQ insufficient for solving serious problems where differences in people’s interests are at stake? How can intelligence, broadly defined, help us to create a better world and solve the seemingly intractable problems the world confronts? The essays in this book address these questions and provide some directions for answers.

Models, Methods and Tools for Product Service Design

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783319958491 Year: Pages: 143 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95849-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Agriculture (General) --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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This open access book summarizes research being pursued within the Manutelligence project, the goal of which is to help enterprises develop smart, social and flexible products with high value added services. Manutelligence has improved Product and Service Design by developing suitable models and methods, and connecting them through a modular, collaborative and secure ICT Platform. The use of real data collected in real time by Internet of Things (IoT) technologies underpins the design of product-service systems and makes it possible to monitor them throughout their life cycle. Available data allows costs and sustainability issues to be more accurately measured and simulated in the form of Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Analysing data from IoT systems and sharing LCC and LCA information via the ICT Platform can help to accelerate the design of product-service systems, reduce costs and better understand customer needs. Industrial partners involved in Manutelligence provide a clear overview of the project’s outcomes, and demonstrate how its technological solutions can be used to improve the design of product-service systems and the management of product-service life cycles.

How mobile robots can self-organise a vocabulary

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Book Series: Computational Models of Language Evolution ISBN: 9783946234005 9783946234012 Year: Pages: 270 + xi DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603358 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-25 11:01:13
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One of the hardest problems in science is the symbol grounding problem, a question that has intrigued philosophers and linguists for more than a century. With the rise of artificial intelligence, the question has become very actual, especially within the field of robotics. The problem is that an agent, be it a robot or a human, perceives the world in analogue signals. Yet humans have the ability to categorise the world in symbols that they, for instance, may use for language. This book presents a series of experiments in which two robots try to solve the symbol grounding problem. The experiments are based on the language game paradigm, and involve real mobile robots that are able to develop a grounded lexicon about the objects that they can detect in their world. Crucially, neither the lexicon nor the ontology of the robots has been preprogrammed, so the experiments demonstrate how a population of embodied language users can develop their own vocabularies from scratch.

Chapter 3 The police intelligence division-of-labour (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367182915 9780429060687 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-28 11:21:11
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This article describes the police intelligence division-of-labour. It is argued&#xD;that police organisation gains overall coherence in relation to the ‘police&#xD;métier’; a rationale that allows protagonists in the police world to make&#xD;sense of an irrational workplace structure where personal loyalty, trust&#xD;and honour (not formal organisational logic) form the basis of action&#xD;and compliance. The concept of the police métier is defined in terms of&#xD;the police professional concern with the mastery of surveillance and&#xD;coercion in the reproduction of order, the making of crime and the&#xD;governance of insecurity, and it is the polestar of the police mindset.&#xD;The article describes the police intelligence division-of-labour paying&#xD;specific attention to four different aspects of intelligence activity: the&#xD;acquisition of intelligence or information; the analysis of information in&#xD;the production of intelligence; tasking and co-ordination on the basis of&#xD;intelligence ‘product’; or being tasked on that same basis. The descriptive&#xD;analysis presented here is useful in several respects. Firstly it provides a&#xD;basis for the comparative study of police intelligence work and its&#xD;configuration within broader processes of security governance.&#xD;Secondly, it provides a prototypical organisational map useful&#xD;understanding the orientation of particular units – the organisational&#xD;elements of policework (e.g. of drug squads, primary response, public&#xD;order and homicide investigation units) – within the broader police&#xD;division-of-labour. Lastly, it provides a complex view of issues&#xD;concerning democratic governance of ‘the police’ as they are configured&#xD;as nodes within broader networks of security governance.

Language strategies for the domain of colour

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Book Series: Computational Models of Language Evolution ISBN: 9783946234173 9783944675442 Year: Pages: 220 + xvii DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603341 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-25 11:01:06
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This book presents a major leap forward in the understanding of colour by showing how richer descriptions of colour samples can be operationalized in agent-based models. Four different language strategies are explored: the basic colour strategy, the graded membership strategy, the category combination strategy and the basic modification strategy. These strategies are firmly rooted in empirical observations in natural languages, with a focus on compositionality at both the syntactic and semantic level. Through a series of in-depth experiments, this book discerns the impact of the environment, language and embodiment on the formation of basic colour systems. Finally, the experiments demonstrate how language users can invent their own language strategies of increasing complexity by combining primitive cognitive operators, and how these strategies can be aligned between language users through linguistic interactions.

Alleys of Your Mind: Augmented Intelligence and Its Traumas

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ISBN: 9783957960658 9783957960665 Year: DOI: 10.14619/014 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 15:18:20
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What does thinking mean in the age of Artificial Intelligence? How is big-scale computation transforming the way our brains function? This collection discusses these pressing questions by looking beyond instrumental rationality. Exploring recent developments as well as examples from the history of cybernetics, the book uncovers the positive role played by errors and traumas in the construction of our contemporary technological minds. With texts by Benjamin Bratton, Orit Halpern, Adrian Lahoud, Jon Lindblom, Catherine Malabou, Reza Negarestani, Luciana Parisi, Matteo Pasquinelli, Ana Teixeira Pinto, Michael Wheeler, Charles Wolfe, and Ben Woodard.

Data Mining in der Medizin und Medizintechnik

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Informatik - Automatisierungstechnik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) ISSN: 16145267 ISBN: 9783866442535 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: VIII, 356 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000008476 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Dieses Buch systematisiert Ziele, Einsatzszenarien, Vorgehensweisen, Methoden und Anwendungsfelder für eine automatisierte Datenanalyse in der Medizin und Medizintechnik. Es wendet sich hauptsächlich an Doktoranden, Diplom- und Masterstudenten der Ingenieurwissenschaften und Informatik. Im Mittelpunkt steht dabei das Spannungsfeld zwischen medizinischen Anwendern und ihren Zielstellungen sowie den Potenzialen vorhandener Data-Mining-Verfahren.

Pattern Discrimination

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: In Search of Media ISBN: 9783957961457 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.14619/1457 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 17:02:26
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Algorithmic identity politics reinstate old forms of social segregation—in a digital world, identity politics is pattern discrimination. It is by recognizing patterns in input data that Artificial Intelligence algorithms create bias and practice racial exclusions thereby inscribing power relations into media. How can we filter information out of data without reinserting racist, sexist, and classist beliefs?

Emotional Intelligence and Cognitive Abilities

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199228 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-922-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Nowadays, not only psychologists are interested in the study of Emotional Intelligence (EI). Teachers, educator, managers, employers, and people, in general, pay attention to EI. For example, teachers would like to know how EI could affect student’s academic results, and managers are concerned about how EI influences their employees’ performance. The concept of EI has been widely used in recent years to the extent that people start to applying it in daily life. EI is broadly defined as the capacity to process and use emotional information. More specifically, according to Mayer and Salovey, EI is the ability to: “1) accurate perception, appraise, and expression of emotion; 2) access and/or generation of feelings when they facilitate thought; 3) understand emotions and emotional knowledge; and 4) regulate emotions to promote emotional and intellectual growth” (Mayer and Salovey 1997, p. 10). When new information arises into one specific area of knowledge, the work of the scientists is to investigate the relation between this new information and other established concepts. In this sense, EI could be considered as a new framework to explain human behaviour. As a young concept in Psychology, EI could be used to elucidate the performance in the activities of everyday life. Over the past two decades, studies of EI have tried to delimitate how EI is linked to other competences. A vast number of studies have reported a relation between EI and a large list of competences such as academic and work success, life satisfaction, attendee to emotions, assertiveness, emotional expression, emotional-based decision making, impulsive control, stress management, among others. Moreover, recent researches have shown that EI plays an important role in the prediction of behaviour besides personality and cognitive factors.However, it is not until quite recently, that studies on EI have considered the importance of individual differences in EI and their interaction with cognitive abilities.The general issue of this Research Topic was to expose the role of individual differences on EI in the development of a large number of competencies that support a more efficient performance in people’s everyday life. The present Research Topic provide an extensive review that may give light to the better understanding of how individual differences in EI affect human behaviour. We have considered studies that analyse: 1) how EI contributes to emotional, cognitive and social process beyond the well-known contribution of IQ and personality traits, as well as the brain system that supports the EI; 2) how EI contributes to relationships among emotions and health and well-being, 3) the roles of EI during early development and the evaluation in different populations, 4) how implicit beliefs about emotions and EI influence emotional abilities.

Handbook on Craniofacial Superimposition

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319111377 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-11137-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09

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This open access handbook presents a trustable craniofacial superimposition methodological framework. It includes detailed technical and practical overviews, and discussions about the latest tools and open problems, covering the educational, technical, ethical, and security aspects of this forensic identification technique. The book will be of particular interest to researchers and practitioners in forensic anthropology and forensic ID, and also researchers in computational intelligence. It is the final result of a European project, New Methodologies and Protocols of Forensic Identification by Craniofacial Superimposition (MEPROCS). The project collaborators who contributed to this handbook are: S. Damas, O. Ibáñez, M.I. Huete, T. Kahana, C. Wilkinson, E. Ferguson, C. Erolin, C. Cattaneo, P.T. Jayaprakash, R. Jankauskas, F. Cavalli, K. Imaizumi, R. Vicente, D. Navega, E. Cunha, A.H. Ross, E. Veselovskaya, A. Abramov, P. Lestón, F. Molinero, E. Ruiz, F. Navarro, J. Cardoso, F. Viegas, D. Humpire, R. Hardiman, J. Clement, A. Valsecchi, B.R. Campomanes-Alvarez, C. Campomanes-Alvarez, A.S. Çağdır, T. Briers, M. Steyn, M. Viniero, D.N. Vieira, and O. Cordón. ; Authors among leading researchers and practitioners worldwide Reports successful collaborative project results First comprehensive guide on this important technique Open Access

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