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Instruments for New Music: Sound, Technology, and Modernism

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ISBN: 9780520288027 9780520963122 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.7 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Media and communication --- Music
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:15
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Player pianos, radio-electric circuits, gramophone records, and optical sound film—these were the cutting-edge acoustic technologies of the early twentieth century, and for many musicians and artists of the time, these devices were also the implements of a musical revolution. Instruments for New Music traces a diffuse network of cultural agents who shared the belief that a truly modern music could be attained only through a radical challenge to the technological foundations of the art. Centered in Germany during the 1920s and 1930s, the movement to create new instruments encompassed a broad spectrum of experiments, from the exploration of microtonal tunings and exotic tone colors to the ability to compose directly for automatic musical machines. This movement comprised composers, inventors, and visual artists, including Paul Hindemith, Ernst Toch, Jörg Mager, Friedrich Trautwein, László Moholy-Nagy, Walter Ruttmann, and Oskar Fischinger. Patteson’s fascinating study combines an artifact-oriented history of new music in the early twentieth century with an astute revisiting of still-relevant debates about the relationship between technology and the arts.

Chapter 3 The instruments of European heritage (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138589469 9781138589476 Year: Pages: 23 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:08
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This chapter differs from others in this monograph in its focus on two political&#xD;organisations, the EU and the COE, and their top-down&#xD;efforts to engage with&#xD;issues of heritage and identity. These organisations represent the two most&#xD;visible post-1945&#xD;political efforts to transform Europe as a region, by promoting&#xD;further integration; both are driven by a fluid collective memory of the impact&#xD;made by world wars, genocide, economic deprivation and other forms of societal&#xD;disruption. By their very nature, both organisations have sought to engage with&#xD;the construction and reconstruction of history and identity, both to pursue a&#xD;vision of a common Europe and to build a sense of purpose and value in their&#xD;organisational efforts to build integration (and therefore justify their existence).&#xD;They have selected particular policy instruments, which Hood (1983) defines as&#xD;the tools by which actors implement their governance strategies. The core&#xD;research question is: how do these two institutions seek to intervene and make&#xD;people engage with memories, histories and identities by creating cultural heritage&#xD;institutions and instruments?

Keywords

European heritage --- instruments --- EU --- COE

Mchod-rol : Les instruments de la musique tibétaine

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ISBN: 9782735118403 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.7322 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Produire une «musique d'offrande» - Mchod-rol - aussi plaisante que possible, tel est le but assigné aux moines musiciens qui appartiennent aux différentes traditions religieuses du monde tibétain. Pour y parvenir, ils associent à la voix chantée le tintement des clochettes, les cliquetis des petits tambours à boules fouettantes, le son tonitruant des grands tambours, le scintillement des cymbales auxquels se superposent, selon les circonstances, la plainte des conques ou des trompes courtes, le « barrissement » des longues trompes, l'éclat des hautbois. • D'où viennent ces instruments divers ? • Quels sont leurs caractères organologiques et leurs propriétés acoustiques ? • Quel valeur symbolique leur reconnaît-on ? • Quel rôle jouent-ils dans le puzzle sonore qui résulte de leurs combinaisons ? Telles sont quelques-unes des questions traitées par l'auteur qui s'appuie sur le témoignage de maîtres religieux éminents, les traditions écrites tibétaines, l'iconographie et surtout son observation au long des vingt dernières années des rituels bouddhiques et bonpos.

Elektrische Klangmaschinen

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ISBN: 9783205775935 Year: Pages: 348 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437138 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3859
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:37
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The publication deals with the time of pioneers in building "electrical musical instruments" in German speaking countries. It is based on a research project funded by the Austrian National Bank's "Jubilaeumsfonds" (project number 9382), where the popularisation of these instruments was in focus. Starting with the first attempts the development in the respective region is examined for the time between 1920 and 1945 using carefully investigated documents. After a short description of the roots going back to the 19th century the documentation continues with a critical evaluation of the constructions and their presentation in the 1920ties (especially Joerg Mager and Lev Termen and the reaction of experts and the public). Electro-optic and electromagnetic sound generation was invented in that time as well but appeared later on. There are examples for both principles in Austria and Germany reaching back to the 1920ties. A representative survey of press reports show the different estimations of the usability of electrical musical instruments by technicians, musicians and the public. The following decade is treated in several parts due to the political development in Germany. The first two years are mainly marked by the invention of the Trautonium, the Neo-Bechstein-piano, the Elektrochord and the Hellertion. This was the time when Berlin turned out as a centre for "electrical music", especially by activities of the "Rundfunkversuchsstelle" (radio research institute) at the University of Music and the Heinrich-Hertz-Institute. The first major public presentations at the Berlin Radio Shows took place in this time as well. After the year 1933 not only the political situation changed but the cultural preconditions for the usage of electrical instruments as well. The political convergence with the NS regime and the goodwill of the "ministry of public enlightenment and propaganda" played an important role. It turned out by the following development that the Trautonium, the electric organs by Vierling and the Hellertion by Bruno Helberger were used for official occasions. Vierling's "Grosstonorgel" was used during the Olympic games, on the other hand the development of Edwin Welte's light-tone organ was stopped for he was married with a Jewish woman. The work of Oskar Sala plays an important role in the area of conflict between technology, politics and music. As no detailed documentation of the work of Joerg Mager (who claimed to be the leading person in electro-music research) is available till now, this will be discussed in a separate chapter. A short description of the consequences after 1945 is followed by a detailed appendix: data of concerts, sound recordings, technical documentations and more than 600 patents. The book is based on extensive and original material, as it turned out by studying of secondary literature that many details are based on not provable sources. The facts are carefully documented using footnotes, the book is meant as a fundamental collection of sources for further scientific research.

Water Policy, Productivity and Economic Efficiency

ISBN: 9783038420125 9783038420132 Year: Pages: 212 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 06:56:29
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Over the past few decades, water policies have undergone significant changes in many countries, notably due to the development of national and international political, social, and environmental issues, including globalization, trade liberalization, institutional and legal requirements, changing standards of living, management practices, and technological innovation. Policy changes include both “high level” views about water status and practical instruments, in particular with an emphasis on integrated basin management and economic policy instruments. A relevant part of the water policy literature addresses this topic, mainly as an issue related to environmental conservation. However, water remains a major productive factor, particularly in agriculture. This role is made even more prominent in light of economic crises, increased competition across markets and climate change, as well as fossil energy limitations, which also highlight the water–energy nexus as a key resource issue for future economic viability. The delay, in the past, in recognizing the economic consequences of a limited water supply, and in decoupling economic development from water demand and supply, has resulted in a water-dependent growth model, currently threatened by increasing scarcity and droughts. Consequently, there is now an urgent need for new perspectives for promoting a more sustainable and efficient use of water resources. This calls for, on the one hand, a comprehensive understanding of water efficiency and productivity and, on the other hand, an investigation of the linkages among economic sectors to illustrate trade-offs in water reallocations. In addition, this also points to the need to study the institutional innovations and economic evaluation instruments that are able to better assess policy performance and provide evidence for improved mechanism designs aimed specifically at water efficiency and productivity.

Musical Haptics

Authors: ---
Book Series: Springer Series on Touch and Haptic Systems ISSN: 2192-2977 ISBN: 9783319583150 9783319583167 Year: Pages: 285 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58316-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Zurich University of the Arts
Subject: Music --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:48:17
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This open access book offers an original interdisciplinary overview of the role of haptic feedback in musical interaction. Divided into two parts, part I examines the tactile aspects of music performance and perception, discussing how they affect user experience and performance in terms of usability, functionality and perceived quality of musical instruments. Part II presents engineering, computational, and design approaches and guidelines that have been applied to render and exploit haptic feedback in digital musical interfaces.Musical Haptics introduces an emerging field that brings together engineering, human-computer interaction, applied psychology, musical aesthetics, and music performance. The latter, defined as the complex system of sensory-motor interactions between musicians and their instruments, presents a well-defined framework in which to study basic psychophysical, perceptual, and biomechanical aspects of touch, all of which will inform the design of haptic musical interfaces. Tactile and proprioceptive cues enable embodied interaction and inform sophisticated control strategies that allow skilled musicians to achieve high performance and expressivity. The use of haptic feedback in digital musical interfaces is expected to enhance user experience and performance, improve accessibility for disabled persons, and provide an effective means for musical tuition and guidance.

Informed Play

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ISBN: 9788202590444 9788202590444 Year: Pages: 225 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.38 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing) Grant: University of Agder
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-30 11:01:01
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Informed Play presents a conceptual understanding of tone production based on extensive historical research on primary sources, modern literature and handbook reviews, physical and psychological perspectives as well as on technology. As the first volume in English to discuss and contextualise the topic of tone production on Early Modern lute instruments from a broad, interdisciplinary approach, it represents a unique and significant contribution to research on Early Music performance, particularly performance on lute instruments. At a lute-centred level, this book challenges many preconceptions about tone production by addressing the motivations behind certain choices made in and embraced by the Early Music community. It is therefore an essential ‘desk reference’ for both researchers and performers. At a meta-level, Informed Play offers a general perspective of how self-expressive acts, physical and social causes and effects can be perceived biologically to better understand historical music performance as a social practice and phenomenon.&#xD;

Akteursbasierte Simulation der energetischen Modernisierung des Wohngebäudebestands in Deutschland

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Book Series: Produktion und Energie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und industrielle Produktion u. Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung ISSN: 21942404 ISBN: 9783731502364 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: XXIII, 544 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000041854 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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In this book, the stakeholder-based residential building and household simulation model AWOHM is developed and applied to the Federal Republic of Germany. It aims at the identification and the conceptual design of adequate policy instruments in the field of residential/domestic heat use, with a focus on energy-related refurbishments. The model application results in policy instruments that are adapted to the characteristics of the buildings as well as their owners and users.

Making Policies Work: First- and Second-order Mechanisms in Policy Design

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781788118187 9781788118194 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.4337/9781788118194 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-19 16:42:11
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Policy design efforts are hampered by inadequate understanding of how policy tools and actions promote effective policies. The objective of this book is to address this gap in understanding by proposing a causal theory of the linkages between policy actions and policy effects. Adopting a mechanistic perspective, the book identifies the causal processes that activate effects and help achieve goals. It thus offers a powerful analytical tool to both scholars and practitioners of public policy seeking to design effective policies.

The Economics of Protected Marine Species: Concepts in Research and Management

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199907 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-990-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Protected marine species have populations that are depleted, decreasing, or are at-risk of extinction or local extirpation. As of 2015 The International Union for the Conservation of Nature, a global environmental organization, lists approximately 737 marine species worldwide that are considered at risk of extinction. Many are provided legal protection through national laws requiring research and management measures aimed at recovering and maintaining the species at a sustainable population level. Integral to the policy decision process involving the management and recovery of marine species is the consideration of trade-offs between the economic and ecological costs and benefits of protection. This suggests that economics, at its core the study of trade-offs, has a significant role.

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