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Kollaborative Innovationen - Die innerbetriebliche Nutzung externer Wissensbestände in vernetzten Entwicklungsprozessen

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ISBN: 9783863953478 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2018-1080 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-11 11:02:17
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Innovation is increasingly based on distributed knowledge sources, given that firms often do not possess all competencies necessary for fundamental innovations. Hence, the manner in which firms organize the access to external knowledge and make use of this knowledge in internal innovation processes is crucial for the success of innovation. Learning processes have to be organized across organizational, spa¬tial, functional, and disciplinary boundaries – in particular with regard to colla¬bo¬ra¬tion between knowledge producing and knowledge using firms, suppliers, clients, diverse knowledge based service providers, or research and development centers and universities. The crucial point is how external knowledge gathered in these collaborations can be used within the organization. At this juncture, a specific recontextualization prob¬lem arises for firms, because the successful adoption of externally created knowledge depends on shared experiences of actors and the specific context of the organization where the knowledge has been created. Therefore, externally created knowledge whichmay be incorporated into routines, products, services, and documents has to be (re–)contextualized and recombined using context specific and subjective ex¬pe¬riences, perceptions, and capabilities of the involved actors. It is the solution of re¬contextualization problems that poses the particular challenge of collaborative in¬no¬vation processes. The research project »Collaborative Innovations« (COLLIN) started from the assumption that hierarchical, market, network, and community based forms of go¬vernance play a crucial role for the adoption of external knowledge. Due to their different characteristics with regard to the access to the formation process of the external knowledge as well as the proprietary use of the acquired knowledge the respective governance forms facilitate different ways of dealing with external know¬ledge in collaborative innovation processes.

Keywords

Innovation

Innovation und Tradition. Herbert Bachs Beitrag zur Anthropologie und Humangenetik

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ISBN: 9783863953553 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2018-1084 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-10 11:02:09
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This book examines the contribution of the German biologist Herbert Bach (1926 – 1996) to physical anthropology and human genetics in Eastern Germany. It highlights his scientific achievements and publications, his work as director (1960 – 1993) and lecturer at the Institute of Anthropology in Jena (Germany). In order to trace his contributions, this work outlines the previous historical development of the Institute of Anthropology under Hans Friedrich Karl Günther (1930 – 1935) and Bernhard Struck (1936 – 1960). Bach fostered the cooperation between anthropology and genetics by examining anthropological data within a genetic framework. His major accomplishments included the prehistoric anthropology of former populations in central Germany and the implementation of genetic counseling services in Eastern Germany. As director of the Institute of Anthropology, he advanced anthropometrie and prehistoric anthropology and expanded teaching in content and scope. He elaborated new anthropological curricula of biologists, teachers and physicians. In addition Bach re-built the anthropological institute, shifting its focus from ethnology to genetics and expanding the scope of research and teaching. He also integrated the institute into a network of genetic counseling services.

Keywords

Innovation

Democratizing Innovation

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ISBN: 9780262002745 9780262720472 Year: Pages: 216 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:37
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The process of user-centered innovation: how it can benefit both users and manufacturers and how its emergence will bring changes in business models and in public policy.Innovation is rapidly becoming democratized. Users, aided by improvements in computer and communications technology, increasingly can develop their own new products and services. These innovating users—both individuals and firms—often freely share their innovations with others, creating user-innovation communities and a rich intellectual commons. In Democratizing Innovation, Eric von Hippel looks closely at this emerging system of user-centered innovation. He explains why and when users find it profitable to develop new products and services for themselves, and why it often pays users to reveal their innovations freely for the use of all.The trend toward democratized innovation can be seen in software and information products—most notably in the free and open-source software movement—but also in physical products. Von Hippel's many examples of user innovation in action range from surgical equipment to surfboards to software security features. He shows that product and service development is concentrated among "lead users," who are ahead on marketplace trends and whose innovations are often commercially attractive.Von Hippel argues that manufacturers should redesign their innovation processes and that they should systematically seek out innovations developed by users. He points to businesses—the custom semiconductor industry is one example—that have learned to assist user-innovators by providing them with toolkits for developing new products. User innovation has a positive impact on social welfare, and von Hippel proposes that government policies, including R&D subsidies and tax credits, should be realigned to eliminate biases against it. The goal of a democratized user-centered innovation system, says von Hippel, is well worth striving for. An electronic version of this book is available under a Creative Commons license.

Keywords

Innovation --- entrepeneurs

Strategien biotechnischer Innovation. Analysen, Konzepte und empirische Befunde

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ISBN: 9783937816340 Year: Pages: 167 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.63 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:23

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Over the past decade, efforts been have intensified to establish a viable location for modern biotechnologies in the Hamburg region. The growing intensity of Hamburg's biotechnological support can be seen as a reflection on the drastic slump of newly founded biotechnology companies that took place in previous years. Numerous companies disappeared from the scene after a short period of time despite good concepts and good technologies. Against this background the lecture series "Strategies of Biotechnological Innovation" was held in the winter semester 2004/2005 at the Research Center for Biotechnology, Society and Environment (BIOGUM) of the University of Hamburg. Its aim was to examine the possibilities, problems and limitations of innovation management from different perspectives. The texts of this volume are based on lectures given by the contributors in the context of this lecture series.

Le consommateur au cœur de l’innovation

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ISBN: 9782271062802 9782271077967 Year: Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-18 15:01:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage pose le problème essentiel de la conception de produits et services interactifs innovants - téléphones portables, stylos “ intelligents ”…- adaptés à l’usage des consommateurs. Ceux-ci, bien souvent, sont choisis pour cible des marchés mais n’interviennent pas en amont. À la fois pour des raisons de concurrence - il s’agit pour les industriels de réduire le délai de la mise sur le marché depuis la première idée - et des raisons d’adéquation aux besoins des utilisateurs, il est imp...

Chapter: 'Introducing the U.S. Cyberlearning Community' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 3 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_82 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 16:55:08
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The term “Cyberlearning” is used in the United States to describe a community of researchers, largely funded by the US National Science Foundation, who are exploring the integration of computer science research with learning sciences research. The Cyberlearning community is parallel to the EC-TEL community and the purpose of this poster is to foster mutual engagement between the communities. The paper describes the origin of the term, the conception of the field, the kinds of research being conducted, and some of the exemplary projects. The paper will also introduce the Center for Innovative Research in Cyberlearning (CIRCL), which is the hub of the knowledge network (research community) for cyberlearning and hosts a useful collection of resources.

Keywords

innovation --- learning --- technology

Ruptures, continuités

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ISBN: 9791030004045 DOI: 10.4000/books.pub.5198 Language: French
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:42
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Élites et progrès agricole : XVIe-XXe siècle

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ISBN: 9782753566736 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.99257 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:48
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les méthodes agricoles innovantes ont été introduites par un petit nombre de précurseurs. Quels sont ces hommes et ces femmes qui ont composé cette élite ? Quelles sont leurs motivations ? Ces questions ont fait l’objet d’un programme de recherche réalisé à l’université du Maine entre 2004 et 2008 au sein du Centre de recherches historiques de l’Ouest (CERHIO, UMR 6258). Il a bénéficié d’une large ouverture internationale grâce aux participations aux conférences de l’European Social Science History. L’aire géographique concernée couvre les pays où règne un cadre de pensée similaire : Europe occidentale et centrale, Amérique du Nord et centrale. Par le champ chronologique couvert, du XVIe au XXe siècle, l’ouvrage réussit à donner une définition dynamique des élites impliquées dans le progrès. Les quatorze études présentées ici montrent que la composition de ces élites s’est peu à peu élargie, sous l’effet de nouvelles conceptions. La bonne gestion du domaine était un enjeu personnel pour le propriétaire, elle est ensuite devenue un enjeu collectif par une volonté de diffusion universelle des nouvelles techniques. Les études s’interrogent aussi sur le rôle si controversé des élites traditionnelles et sur le poids des forces économiques, l’influence du marché ; pour cela, elles essaient de décrypter les mythes et les prismes de l’historiographie du XXe siècle.

Keywords

élite --- progrès --- agriculture --- innovation

Managing Emotion in Design Innovation

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ISBN: 9781466567504 Year: Pages: 253 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Agriculture (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-24 23:58:50
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This book presents an emotion centered research framework titled "emoha" for design innovation. It defines emoha and underlines the importance of the developed framework in culturalization of technology and thereby design innovation. The book explains the detailed research on product styling which leads to the creation of "Emoha" and how to use it in product design.

Keywords

Design --- Emotion --- Innovation --- Managing

L'ère électrique. The Electric Age

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782760326316 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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The scientific discovery and mastery of electricity created as many important changes in modern society as did the invention of alphabetical writing in antiquity and movable type in the fifteenth century. It is more than a natural phenomenon that science has harnessed for human use; it is a central feature of the modern episteme. It has inspired writers and artists, propelled industry and innovation, and reshaped human social behaviour. Looking at a variety of topics including film, politics, and contemporary art, this volume explores the impact of electricity on knowledge, social practices, media, community life, and subjective experience.

Keywords

discovery --- electricity --- innovation --- science

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