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The Turning Point in China's Economic Development

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ISBN: 9781920942762 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459745 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:27:42
License: ANU Press

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Economic policy; Economic conditions; Industrialization; China

Norms and Practices in Contemporary Rural Vietnam : Social Interactions between Authorities and People

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ISBN: 9782355960031 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.811 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Since the 1980s, while trying to maintain political stability and territorial integrity, the Vietnamese state has strongly moved towards the transformation of a centrally-planned economy to a more market-oriented model, in which private, foreign and joint-venture businesses are increasingly becoming the key pillars of the national economy. Another key aspect of the Đổi Mới's agenda was a fundamental shift in the party-state's foreign relations policy toward a normalization of Vietnam's diplomatic and trading relations with China, the United States, and other countries since the early 1990s. Over twenty years after the Đổi Mới renewal renovation, Vietnam has been praised by various domestic and international institutions for its “impressive” achievements in socio-economic development and poverty reduction and for its gradual liberalization and market diversification, coupled with its commitment to equality. Consequently, this has changed the relationship between the party-state and society in a number of fields, including the control of agricultural land and other forms of natural resources. Such transition marks a great change in our scholarly understanding of Vietnam. It has opened the door for intellectual exchange between academics and has resulted in a great amount of research and new knowledge/publications in different languages about various domains regarding Vietnamese society, including the relationships between the state and society at different levels and in various sectors or geographic areas. Among them, studies like those of Kerkvliet, Fforde and others, have developed the “everyday politics approach”, which examines social interactions on an everyday action basis. This approach “from below” has given a fresh impetus to the study of social relations in Vietnam. However, our observations regarding academic research show that besides a number of rich ethnographic studies, there are many analyses from different social science disciplines that give a generalized view of trends of development and change in Vietnamese society over the past decades with limited field data. This means that research projects based on first-hand data from longer periods of fieldwork and qualitative investigations are still inadequate. As a result, we are suggesting that more field-based research be carried out in order to enhance and promote our understanding of Vietnam, especially its processes of socio-political changes.

The China Boom and its Discontents

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ISBN: 9781731537270 Year: Pages: 267 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458871 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:26:10
License: ANU Press

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Economic policy; Commercial policy; Industrialization; Economic conditions; China

Urban Re-Industrialization

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ISBN: 9781947447028 9781947447035 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0176.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:33
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Urban re-industrialisation could be seen as a method of increasing business effectiveness in the context of a politically stimulated ‘green economy’; it could also be seen as a nostalgic mutation of a creative-class concept, focused on 3D printing, ‘boutique manufacturing’ and crafts. These two notions place urban re-industrialisation within the context of the current neoliberal economic regime and urban development based on property and land speculation. Could urban re-industrialisation be a more radical idea? Could urban re-industrialization be imagined as a progressive socio-political and economic project, aimed at creating an inclusive and democratic society based on cooperation and a symbiosis that goes way beyond the current model of a neoliberal city? In January 2012, against the backdrop of the 2008 financial crisis, Krzysztof Nawratek published a text in opposition to the fantasy of a ‘cappuccino city,’ arguing that the post-industrial city is a fiction, and that it should be replaced by ‘Industrial City 2.0.’ Industrial City 2.0 is an attempt to see a post-socialist and post-industrial city from another perspective, a kind of negative of the modernist industrial city. If, for logistical reasons and because of a concern for the health of residents, modernism tried to separate different functions from each other (mainly industry from residential areas), Industrial City 2.0 is based on the ideas of coexistence, proximity, and synergy. The essays collected here envision the possibilities (as well as the possible perils) of such a scheme.

The Electrification of Russia, 1880-1926

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ISBN: 9781501707162 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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≤p≥The Electrification of Russia, 1880–1926 is the first full account of the widespread adoption of electricity in Russia, from the beginning in the 1880s to its early years as a state technology under Soviet rule. Jonathan Coopersmith has mined the archives for both the tsarist and the Soviet periods to examine a crucial element in the modernization of Russia. Coopersmith shows how the Communist Party forged an alliance with engineers to harness the socially transformative power of this science-based enterprise. A centralized plan of electrification triumphed, to the benefit of the Communist Party and the detriment of local governments and the electrical engineers. Coopersmith's narrative of how this came to be elucidates the deep-seated and chronic conflict between the utopianism of Soviet ideology and the reality of Soviet politics and economics.

Les enjeux de la nouvelle réforme foncière au Vietnam

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ISBN: 9782355960178 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.285 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En 2014, les questions foncières constituent au Vietnam le premier sujet de saisine des juridictions étatiques. Entre expropriations abusives, opacités des attributions foncières et ententes avec le secteur privé, de vives contestations se sont élevées autour des modalités de gestion de la terre par les autorités publiques. C'est dans ce contexte qu'une nouvelle réforme foncière entre en vigueur en juillet 2014. Cette loi vise à créer les conditions d'une conciliation entre plusieurs objectifs qui peuvent apparaître a priori contradictoires : apaiser les tensions liées à la terre, tout en intensifiant l'exploitation de la ressource foncière afin d'atteindre l'objectif d'industrialisation du pays à l’horizon 2020, tel que proclamé par le Parti communiste vietnamien. Pour autant, le véritable enjeu de la nouvelle loi foncière se situe dans les relations entre le pouvoir central et les pouvoirs locaux. En effet, c’est la question de l'autonomie des provinces qui est en jeu dans le cadre de la nouvelle réforme. Outil privilégié de l’appareil central de l'État en vue d'assurer un développement rapide et compétitif du territoire, l'exploitation des ressources foncières constitue également un moyen d'action de choix pour les provinces. Toutefois, dans un contexte constitutionnel de réaffirmation du principe de centralisme démocratique, quelle peut-être la marge de liberté laissée aux provinces par le pouvoir central ?

Le Viêt Nam dans l’Organisation mondiale du commerce : Impact sur la croissance et l’emploi

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ISBN: 9782956447078 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.528 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Le Viêt Nam est devenu en janvier 2007 le 150e membre de l’OMC (Organisation mondiale du commerce). Depuis le lancement du « Doi Moi » (Renouveau) intervenu fin 1986, ce pays connaît une croissance économique très rapide, parmi les plus élevées du monde. Le processus d’intégration accélérée du Viêt Nam à l’économie mondiale après plusieurs décennies de guerre et d’isolement, dont l’adhésion à l’OMC représente une étape supplémentaire, joue un rôle majeur dans le développement du pays. Grâce à la croissance, la pauvreté a reculé très rapidement. Même si le Viêt Nam fait partie des pays en développement les moins inégalitaires selon les comparaisons internationales, les inégalités sociales sont en augmentation depuis le début du processus d’ouverture. En quoi l’adhésion du Viêt Nam à l’OMC, qui intervient peu après celle de la Chine (2001), est-elle susceptible d’influer sur le sentier de croissance de l’économie vietnamienne et sur son intégration à l’économie mondiale ? Quel peut être son impact sur l’emploi et sur le processus de restructuration de la population active ? Au-delà, quel impact sur les inégalités et la pauvreté ? Toutes ces questions sont au cœur des débats de politique économique au Viêt Nam. La Table ronde consacrée à « L’adhésion du Viêt Nam à l’OMC ; l’impact sur la croissance et l’emploi », co-organisée en janvier 2008 par l’Ambassade de France au Viêt Nam et l’Académie des Sciences Sociales du Viêt Nam dans le cadre du Fonds de Solidarité Prioritaire (FSP) en Sciences sociales, cherchait à apporter des premiers éléments de réponse à ces questions un an après l’adhésion du pays à l’OMC. Cette synthèse comprend les quatre articles présentés par des chercheurs vietnamiens et français lors de cette Table ronde. Pour enrichir l’analyse, les éléments de réflexion apportés par les deux discutants des communications lors de la Table ronde sont également publiés.

Building a Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

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ISBN: 9783319762210 9783319762227 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76222-7 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: African Development Bank
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 18:51:43
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What are the challenges and action points for agricultural sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa? This collection of papers offers technical analyses, policy recommendations and an overview of success stories to date. Each carefully selected paper provides valuable insights for improved policy making and defines relevant strategic priorities on Africa’s sustainable transformation process, which is in line with the international development agenda. Although agriculture remains the main source of income for Africa’s population, the sector is rain-fed subjecting it to the vagaries of weather and climate change. This volume demonstrates the rationale of developing a competitive, inclusive and sustainable agribusiness sector for Africa’s food security and structural transformation.From the impact of Bioenergy crop adoption and Drought Index Insurance to Agro-Industrialization, this volume is important reading for individual researchers, academic associations and professional bodies interested in African agricultural development.

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