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Disability in the Industrial Revolution

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Book Series: Disability History ISBN: 9781526125774 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.9760/9781526125774 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095948/Z/11/Z
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-25 11:02:10
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The Industrial Revolution produced injury, illness and disablement on a large scale and nowhere was this more visible than in coalmining. Disability in the Industrial Revolution sheds new light on the human cost of industrialisation by examining the lives and experiences of those disabled in a sector that was vital to Britain’s economic growth. Although it is often assumed that industrialisation led to increasing marginalisation of people with impairments, disabled mineworkers were expected to return to work wherever possible, and new medical services developed to assist in this endeavour. Using a rich and innovative mix of sources ranging from official reports to autobiographies, this book examines disability and its consequences in the coalfields of Scotland, north east England and south Wales. It explores how working conditions, the organisation of labour, and employer attitudes affected the ability of impaired miners to find employment, and charts the multifaceted responses to disablement, ranging from health and safety regulations to welfare programmes. Recognising that experiences of disability extended beyond the world of work, the book discusses the family, community and cultural lives of disabled mineworkers. It shows how disability played an important role in industrial relations and shaped class identity. In the process, it presents a new history of disability and the Industrial Revolution, one that shows how disabled people contributed to Britain’s industrial development, and demonstrates how concerns about disability shaped responses to industrialisation.

The Birth of Capitalism

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Book Series: The Future of World Capitalism ISBN: 9780745329604 9781849646130 9781783714605 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100874
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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In the light of the deepening crisis of capitalism and continued non-Western capitalist accumulation, Henry Heller re-examines the debates surrounding the transition from feudalism to capitalism in Europe and elsewhere. Focusing on arguments about the origin, nature and sustainability of capitalism, Heller offers a new reading of the historical evidence and a critical interrogation of the transition debate. He advances the idea that capitalism must be understood as a political as well as an economic entity. This book breathes new life into the scholarship, taking issue with the excessively economistic approach of Robert Brenner, which has gained increasing support over the last ten years. It concludes that the future of capitalism is more threatened than ever before. The new insights in this book make it essential reading for engaged students and scholars of political economy and history.

Family and Business during the Industrial Revolution

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ISBN: 9780198786023 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786023.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:17
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Small businesses were at the heart of the economic growth and social transformation that characterized the Industrial Revolution in Britain. In towns across north-west England, shops and workshops dominated the streetscape, and helped to satisfy an increasing desire for consumer goods. Yet, despite their significance, we know surprisingly little about these firms and the people who ran them, for, while those engaged in craft-based manufacturing, retailing, and allied trades constituted a significant proportion of the urban population, they have been generally overlooked by historians. Instead, our view of the world of business is more usually taken up by narratives of particularly successful firms, and especially those involved in new modes of production. By examining some of the forgotten businesses of the Industrial Revolution, and the men and women who worked in them, this book presents a largely unfamiliar commercial world. Its approach, which spans economic, social, and cultural history, as well as encompassing business history and the histories of the emotions, space, and material culture, alongside studies of personal testimony, testatory practice, and property ownership, tests current understandings of gender, work, family, class, and power in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It provides us with new insights into the lives of ordinary men and women in trade, whose relatively mundane lives are easily overlooked, but who were central to the story of a pivotal period in British history.

Global History and New Polycentric Approaches: Europe, Asia and the Americas in a World Network System

Authors: ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Comparative Global History ISBN: 9789811040528 9789811040535 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-4053-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: European Commission
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:29:37
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Rethinking the ways global history is envisioned and conceptualized in diverse countries such as China, Japan, Mexico or Spain, this collections considers how global issues are connected with our local and national communities. It examines how the discipline had evolved in various historiographies, from Anglo Saxon to southern European, and its emergence in Asia with the rapid development of the Chinese economy motivation to legitimate the current uniqueness of the history and economy of the nation. It contributes to the revitalization of the field of global history in Chinese historiography, which have been dominated by national narratives and promotes a debate to open new venues in which important features such as scholarly mobility, diversity and internationalization are firmly rooted, putting aside national specificities. Dealing with new approaches on the use of empirical data by framing the proper questions and hypotheses and connecting western and eastern sources, this text opens a new forum of discussion on how global history has penetrated in western and eastern historiographies, moving the pivotal axis of analysis from national perspectives to open new venues of global history.

Die Welt reparieren

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Urban Studies ISBN: 9783839433775 9783837633771 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.14361/9783839433775 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 11:01:40
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Across the world, more and more DIY initiatives are cropping up, in which a diversity of matters and problems are being collectively dealt with. In these collaborative contexts – located away from the market and the state - an understanding of living together and urbanity based around democracy is tested out, and at the same time, ecologically and socially responsible solutions are being sought for fundamental forms of provision of food, of energy, and for making all manner of technology accessible. In the process, fascinating new forms of collective production, repairing and swapping arise which challenge the industrial logic of the 20th century, even turn them on their head. This book is dedicated to the visionary power of these promising innovative practices, and at the same time, provides a societal categorisation of the new `laboratories' of societal transformation. With photographs by Falk Messerschmidt.

New Industry 4.0 Advances in Industrial IoT and Visual Computing for Manufacturing Processes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282906 9783039282913 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-291-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Industrial Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Modern factories are experiencing rapid digital transformation supported by emerging technologies, such as the Industrial Internet of things (IIOT), industrial big data and cloud technologies, deep learning and deep analytics, AI, intelligent robotics, cyber-physical systems and digital twins, complemented by visual computing (including new forms of artificial vision with machine learning, novel HMI, simulation, and visualization). This is evident in the global trend of Industry 4.0. The impact of these technologies is clear in the context of high-performance manufacturing. Important improvements can be achieved in productivity, systems reliability, quality verification, etc. Manufacturing processes, based on advanced mechanical principles, are enhanced by big data analytics on industrial sensor data. In current machine tools and systems, complex sensors gather useful data, which is captured, stored, and processed with edge, fog, or cloud computing. These processes improve with digital monitoring, visual data analytics, AI, and computer vision to achieve a more productive and reliable smart factory. New value chains are also emerging from these technological changes. This book addresses these topics, including contributions deployed in production, as well as general aspects of Industry 4.0.

Keywords

cutting insert selection --- cutting parameter optimization --- artificial neural networks --- genetic algorithm --- connected enterprise --- smart manufacturing --- big data --- machine learning --- data reduction --- predictive analytics --- in-line dimensional inspection --- warm forming --- 3D mesh reconstruction --- optical system --- revolution workpiece --- defect detection --- polymer lithium-ion battery --- convolutional neural network --- deep learning --- blister defect --- flower pollination algorithm --- Industry 4.0 --- anomaly detection --- scheduling --- neural network --- skyline queries --- Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) --- scalability test --- Internet of Things (IoT) --- INDUSTRY 4.0 --- economic recession --- research and development indicators --- maintenance expert --- competence --- decision support --- micro-armature --- defect detection --- convolutional neural networks --- computer vision --- capacity control --- job shop systems --- RMTs --- operator theory --- 4th industrial revolution --- industry 4.0 --- AHP --- QFD --- matching --- fibre of preserved Szechuan pickle --- contour detection --- dilated convolutions --- HED --- social network --- industry 4.0 --- industrial knowledge graph --- deep learning --- industrial big data --- intellectualization of industrial information --- digital manufacturing --- smart factory --- Industry 4.0 --- digital platforms --- automated surface inspection --- D-VGG16 --- bilinear model --- Grad-CAM --- classification --- localization --- elliptical paraboloid array --- self-calibration method --- vertex distance --- optical slope sensor --- geometric relationship --- relative angle --- fabric defect detection --- LGM --- FCM --- image smoothing --- Industry 4.0 --- marketing innovations --- innovative marketing tools --- impacts marketing innovations --- Industry 4.0 --- configure-to-order --- BIM --- construction equipment --- digital information flow --- lean assembly --- digital twins --- cyber-physical production systems --- depthwise separable convolution --- YOLOv3 --- feature pyramid --- aircraft structure crack detection --- industrial load management --- demand-side management --- demand-side response --- energy flexibility --- IT concept --- platform-based ecosystem --- control service --- smart service --- control as a service --- cloud-based control system --- automation system --- chatter --- train wheel --- smart system --- turning --- edge computing --- n/a

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