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Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis

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ISBN: 9783039210848 9783039210855 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-085-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

The present Special Issue, “Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis”, aims to collect and to disseminate some of the most significant and recent contributions in the interdisciplinary area of innovative extraction procedures from complex matrices followed by validated analytical methods using hyphenated instrument configurations to support the optimization of the whole process and the scale-up possibility

Keywords

branched-chain keto acids --- serum --- muscle --- HPLC-Q-TOF/MS --- wood --- odor --- volatile organic compounds --- gas chromatography-olfactometry --- Wuyi Rock tea --- quality --- UPLC-QTOF MS --- UPLC-QqQ MS --- metabolite profiling --- metabolomics --- cluster analysis --- cultivars --- Lycium ruthenicun --- flavonoid --- ruthenicunoid A --- SIRT1 --- Asphodeline lutea --- HPLC-PDA --- heavy metals --- tyrosinase --- diabetes --- neurodegenerative disease --- color analysis --- pigments --- MAE --- HPLC-PDA --- SFE --- Thymus algeriensis --- rare earth elements --- flow injection --- inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry --- seawater --- Hericium erinaceuns mycelium --- high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) --- genistein --- daidzein --- Fe3O4 --- modification --- alginate --- alkaloid --- ultrasound assisted extraction --- gelatin --- actinidin --- bovine hide --- physicochemical properties --- gel strength --- Semen Cuscutae --- ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry --- chlorogenic acids --- flavonoids --- steamed Panax notoginseng --- saponins --- extraction --- optimization --- antioxidant activity --- response surface methodology --- hematopoiesis --- microwave processing --- response surface methodology --- minor ginsenosides --- blood-enriching activity --- hemostatic activity --- ionic liquids --- sample preparation --- microextraction --- solid-phase microextraction --- dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction --- single-drop microextraction --- stir bar sorptive extraction --- stir cake sorptive extraction --- rosuvastatin --- metformin --- HILIC --- LC-MS --- therapeutic drug monitoring --- oolong tea --- Tieguanyin tea cultivar --- metabolite profiling --- UPLC-QTOF MS --- metabolomics --- Ajuga genevensis --- near-infrared spectroscopy --- dry extract --- fluid bed process --- microNIR --- in-line monitoring --- total polyphenolic content --- antioxidant --- flavonoids --- mouse melanoma B16 cells --- Panax notoginseng --- surfactant --- n/a --- ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry --- GHB --- GHB glucuronide --- nails --- endogenous values --- walnut septum --- polyphenols --- phytosterols --- HPLC-MS/MS --- Ultra-Turrax extraction --- biological activity --- antioxidant activity --- experimental design --- optimization --- phytochemicals

Novel Smart Textiles

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ISBN: 9783039285709 / 9783039285716 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-571-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

The sensing, adapting, responding, multifunctionality, low energy, small size and weight, ease of forming, and low-cost attributes of smart textiles and their multidisciplinary scope offer numerous end uses in medical, sports and fitness, military, fashion, automotive, aerospace, the built environment, and energy industries. The research and development on these new and high-value materials cross scientific boundaries, redefine material science design and engineering, and enhance quality of life and our environment. “Novel Smart Textiles” is a focused Special Issue that reports the latest research of this field and facilitates dissemination, networking, discussion, and debate.

Keywords

e-textile --- metamaterials --- transmission line --- wearable --- split ring resonator --- dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) --- polyacrylonitrile (PAN) --- nanofiber mat --- electrospinning --- PEDOT:PSS --- dye-sensitized solar cell --- half-textile --- spectral analysis --- parameter identification --- equivalent circuit --- black-box --- grey-box --- power spectral density --- optimization --- analytical model --- electromagnetic shielding effectiveness --- electric properties --- fabric --- woven textiles --- carbon nanomaterials --- smart fabrics --- in-line monitoring --- polymeric composites --- carbon nanotubes --- reduced graphene oxide --- textile electrode --- ECG --- motion sensor --- skin-electrode impedance --- electrically conductive textiles --- polymers --- smart textiles --- surface area evaluation --- microencapsulation --- biofunctional --- drug-delivery --- textile-based stretch sensors --- stitch structure --- wearable stretch sensor --- conductive thread --- conductivity --- metal flake --- coating --- e-textile --- encapsulation --- durability --- stiffness --- textile/polymer composite --- stretchable electronics --- smart textiles --- mechanical and electrical properties --- quasi-static and cyclic mechanical loading --- life-time expectancy --- smart textile --- thermal textile pixel --- thermal communication --- non-auditory and nonvisual communication --- thermal conductivity --- Peltier element --- SMART pattern-changing fabric --- pattern effect --- visual response --- visual brain --- event-related potential (ERP) --- psychotextiles --- art and design --- smart textiles --- textile sensors --- e-textiles --- visual brain --- thermal textile pixels --- stretchable electronics --- conductive textiles --- wearables --- stitch-based sensors --- biofunctional textiles --- ECG --- hybrid electrodes --- motion tracking --- carbon nanotextiles --- composites --- EMS textiles --- electrospun solar cells --- embroidered e-textiles --- targeted delivery --- psychotextiles --- energy harvesting --- multifunctional

Advances in Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) Production, Volume 2

Author:
ISBN: 9783039286409 / 9783039286416 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-641-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Nowadays, we are witnessing highly dynamic research activities related to the intriguing field of biodegradable materials with plastic-like properties. These activities are stimulated by the strengthened public awareness of prevailing ecological issues connected to growing piles of plastic waste and increasing greenhouse gas emissions; this goes hand-in-hand with the ongoing depletion of fossil feedstocks, which are traditionally used to produce full carbon backbone polymers. Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) biopolyesters, a family of plastic-like materials with versatile material properties, are increasing considered to be a future-oriented solution for diminishing these concerns. PHA production is based on renewable resources and occurs in a bio-mediated fashion through the action of living organisms. If accomplished in an optimized way, PHA production and the entire PHA lifecycle are embedded into nature´s closed cycles of carbon. Sustainable and efficient PHA production requires understanding and improvement of all the individual process steps. Holistic improvement of PHA production, applicable on an industrially relevant scale, calls for, inter alia, consolidated knowledge about the enzymatic and genetic particularities of PHA-accumulating organisms, an in-depth understanding of the kinetics of the bioprocess, the selection of appropriate inexpensive fermentation feedstocks, tailoring of PHA composition at the level of its monomeric constituents, optimized biotechnological engineering, and novel strategies for PHA recovery from biomass characterized by low energy and chemical requirements. This Special Issue represents a comprehensive compilation of articles in which these individual aspects have been addressed by globally recognized experts.

Keywords

polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), bioprocess design --- carbon dioxide --- cyanobacteria --- upstream processing --- Archaea --- bioeconomy --- biopolyester --- downstream processing --- extremophiles --- haloarchaea --- Haloferax --- halophiles --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- salinity --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- terpolymer --- P(3HB-co-3HV-co-4HB) --- Cupriavidus malaysiensis --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- biomedicine --- biomaterials --- Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) --- tissue engineering --- wound healing --- delivery system --- poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHVB) --- poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) --- bubble column bioreactor --- COMSOL --- microorganism --- PHB --- simulation --- polyhydroxyalkanoate --- PHA --- process analytical technologies --- PAT --- plant oil --- high-cell-density fed-batch --- photon density wave spectroscopy --- PDW --- Ralstonia eutropha --- Cupriavidus necator --- on-line --- in-line --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- fed-batch --- productivity --- Pseudomonas --- bioreactor --- microaerophilic --- PHA --- viscosity --- non-Newtonian fluid --- fed-batch fermentation --- oxygen transfer --- Pseudomonas putida --- medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate (mcl-PHA) --- alginate --- biosurfactants --- biopolymer --- Pseudomonas --- blends --- film --- polyhydroxyalkanoates processing --- electrospinning --- additive manufacturing --- selective laser sintering --- fused deposition modeling --- computer-aided wet-spinning --- polyhydroxybutyrate --- tequila bagasse --- hydrolysate detoxification --- activated charcoal --- phenolic compounds --- biomedical application --- cyanobacteria --- feedstocks --- gaseous substrates --- haloarchaea --- high cell density cultivation --- in-line monitoring --- PHA composition --- PHA processing --- polyhydroxyalkanoate --- process engineering --- process simulation --- Pseudomonas sp. --- rheology --- terpolyester --- waste streams

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eng (2)

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2020 (2)

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