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Les humanités numériques : Une histoire critique

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ISBN: 9782735124831 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.12006 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

Quel avenir faut-il prédire aux humanités ? Les signes d'une désaffection pour la culture humaniste se sont multipliés au cours des dernières années en France et ailleurs. Dans ce contexte morose et déprimé, le développement des humanités numériques apparaît à certains comme une planche de salut pour des disciplines autrement condamnées à disparaître. Toutefois, réinventer les humanités par le numérique suppose de relever trois défis de taille : leur rapport à la technique, leur relation au politique et enfin à la science elle-même. Les humanités numériques sont très critiquées : pour certains elles relèvent de la poudre aux yeux, pour d'autres, elles constituent une menace extraordinaire. Mais s'il y a bien quelque chose que l'on ne peut contester, c'est leur capacité à poser de bonnes questions aux différentes disciplines des sciences humaines et sociales. Penser la place que les humanités doivent tenir dans notre monde implique d'en redéfinir le contrat social et épistémique. Elles sont riches d'opportunités de ce point de vue : à condition de ne pas dénaturer la spécificité humanistique des pratiques de recherche auxquelles elles s'appliquent.

Energy and Technical Building Systems - Scientific and Technological Advances

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039281787 9783039281794 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-179-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Future buildings require not only energy efficiency but also proper building automation and control system functionalities in order to respond to the needs of occupants and energy grids. These development paths require a focus on occupant needs such as good indoor climate, easy operability, and monitoring. Another area to be tackled is energy flexibility, which is needed to make buildings responsive to the price signals of electricity grids with increasing amounts of fluctuating renewable energy generation installed both in central grids and at building sites. This Special Issue is dedicated to HVAC systems, load shifting, indoor climate, and energy and ventilation performance analyses in buildings. All these topics are important for improving the energy performance of new and renovated buildings within the roadmap of low energy and nearly zero energy buildings. To improve energy performance and, at the same time, occupant comfort and wellbeing, new technical solutions are required. Occupancy patterns and recognition, intelligent building management, demand response and performance of heating, cooling and ventilation systems are some common keywords in the articles of this Special Issue contributing to future highly performing buildings with reliable operation.

Keywords

ice rinks --- air distribution solutions --- indoor air temperature gradient --- air handling unit configuration --- building energy efficiency --- building performance simulation --- energy and HVAC-systems in buildings --- energy piles --- validation --- floor slab heat loss --- energy --- computer simulations --- predictive rule-based control --- hourly CO2eq. intensity --- demand response --- energy flexibility --- n/a --- indoor environment quality --- thermal comfort --- personalized ventilation --- fuzzy logic --- environmental impact --- device efficiency --- air pollutant --- multi-households --- solid oxide fuel cell cogeneration system --- end-use energy consumption --- heating --- ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) --- intelligent system management --- lighting electrical energy --- national electricity grid --- office building --- Photovoltaic system --- simulation --- Simulink® --- deep renovation --- energy retrofit --- detached house --- multi-objective optimization --- greenhouse gas emissions --- heat pump --- genetic algorithm --- occupancy density --- moisture conditions --- energy use --- indoor air quality --- ventilation rate --- KNX --- Neural Network (NN) --- Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) --- Random Tree (RT) --- Linear Regression (LR) --- Cloud Computing (CC) --- Internet of Things (IoT) --- LMS (Least Mean Squares) Adaptive filter (AF) --- gateway --- monitoring --- occupancy --- prediction --- IBM SPSS --- Intelligent Buildings (IB) --- energy savings

Emerging Memory and Computing Devices in the Era of Intelligent Machines

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ISBN: 9783039285020 / 9783039285037 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-503-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Computing systems are undergoing a transformation from logic-centric towards memory-centric architectures, where overall performance and energy efficiency at the system level are determined by the density, performance, functionality and efficiency of the memory, rather than the logic sub-system.

Keywords

3D-stacked --- DRAM --- in-DRAM cache --- low-latency --- low-power --- resistive memory --- crossbar --- in-memory computing --- analogue computing --- matrix-vector multiplication --- ECG --- voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy --- magnetoresistive random access memory --- magnetic tunnel junction --- bioelectronic devices --- bionanohybrid material --- biomemory --- biologic gate --- bioprocessor --- protein --- nucleic acid --- nanoparticles --- SONOS --- flash memory --- charge spreading --- plasma treatment --- Oxygen-related trap --- data retention --- BCH --- decoder --- iBM --- GPU --- hybrid --- flash memory --- Galois field --- CUDA --- in-memory computing --- logic-in-memory --- non-von Neumann architecture --- configurable logic-in-memory architecture --- memory wall --- convolutional neural networks --- emerging technologies --- perpendicular Nano Magnetic Logic (pNML) --- silicon oxide-based memristors --- resistance switching mechanism --- variability --- conductive filament --- Weibull distribution --- quantum point contact --- real-time system --- dynamic voltage scaling --- task placement --- low-power technique --- nonvolatile memory --- neuromorphic system --- Hebbian training --- guide training --- memristor --- image classification --- STT-MRAM --- flip-flop --- power gating --- low-power --- bipolar resistive switching characteristics --- annealing temperatures --- solution-based dielectric --- resistive random access memory (RRAM) --- multi-level cell --- phase change memory --- programmable ramp-down current pulses --- Fast Fourier Transform --- in-memory computing --- associative processor --- non-von neumann architecture --- in-memory computing --- memristor --- RISC-V --- Internet of things --- blockchain --- U-shape recessed channel --- floating gate --- neuromorphic computing --- MCU (microprogrammed control unit) --- chalcogenide --- electrochemical metallization cell --- electrochemical metallization (ECM) --- ion conduction --- memristor --- self-directed channel (SDC) --- memristor --- crossbar array --- wire resistance --- synaptic weight --- character recognition --- n/a

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