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Natural Fiber-Reinforced Hybrid Composites

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ISBN: 9783039281541 9783039281558 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-155-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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In the last few decades, natural fibers have received growing attention as an alternative to the synthetic fibers used in the reinforcement of polymeric composites, thanks to their specific properties, low price, health advantages, renewability, and recyclability. Furthermore, natural fibers have a CO2-neutral life cycle, in contrast to their synthetic counterparts. As is widely known, natural fibers also possess some drawbacks, e.g., a hydrophilic nature, low and variable mechanical properties, poor adhesion to polymeric matrices, high susceptibility to moisture absorption, low aging resistance, etc. This implies that their applications are limited to non-structural interior products. To overcome this problem, the hybridization of natural fibers with synthetic ones (i.e., glass, carbon, and basalt) or different natural fibers can be a solution. For this reason, extensive research concerning natural–synthetic and natural–natural hybrid composites has been done in the last years. In this context, this book aims to collect some interesting papers concerning the use of natural fibers together with synthetic ones with the aim of obtaining hybrid structures with good compromise between high properties (e.g., mechanical performances, thermal behavior, aging tolerance in humid or aggressive environments, and so on) and environment care.

Bio-Based Polymers for Engineered Green Materials

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ISBN: 9783039289257 / 9783039289264 Year: Pages: 568 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-926-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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With daily signals, Nature is communicating us that its unconscious wicked exploitation is no more sustainable. Our socio-economic system focuses on production increasing without considering the consequences. We are intoxicating ourselves on a daily bases just to allow the system to perpetuate itself. The time to switch into more natural solutions is come and the scientific community is ready to offer more natural product with comparable performance then the market products we are used to deal with. This book collects a broad set of scientific examples in which research groups from all over the world, aim to replace fossil fuel-based solutions with biomass derived materials. In here, some of the most innovative developments in the field of bio-materials are reported considering topics which goes from biomass valorization to the synthesis of high preforming bio-based materials.

Keywords

thermoplastic starch --- corn starch --- chitosan --- crosslinked microparticles --- lignin-containing cellulose nanofibrils --- poly(lactic acid) and composite films --- lignin content --- compatibility --- adsorption --- phenanthrene --- pyrene --- benzoyl cellulose --- stearoyl cellulose --- silkworm cocoons --- dense structure --- porosity --- robust fiber network --- mechanical properties --- photodegradation --- liquid natural rubber --- UV light --- TiO2 anatase --- latex state --- wood modification --- alkali lignin --- water resistance --- dimensional stability --- heat treatment --- polymeric composites --- antifouling --- metal binding --- iron chelation --- polydopamine coating --- free-radical polymerization --- galactoglucomannan --- lignin --- lignin-carbohydrate complex --- ultrafiltration --- precipitation --- hydrogel --- recycling --- thermal degradation --- mechanical degradation --- polylactic acid --- Bioflex --- Solanyl --- PHBV --- poly(lactic acid) --- pulp fibers --- biocomposite --- emulsion-solvent evaporation method --- films --- mechanical properties --- PHA --- mixed microbial cultures --- bioplastics --- feast-famine --- cost --- Peptone --- Microbial nutrient --- Anti-bacterial silver nanoparticle --- Escherichia coli --- Staphylococcus aureus --- tannin --- hemicellulose --- waste biomass --- HSQC-NMR --- pyrolysis mechanism --- hydrotropic treatment --- metal chloride --- delignification --- enzymatic saccharification --- lignocellulosic nanofibrils --- microencapsulated phase change material (MPCM) --- polylactic acid (PLA) --- toughening --- endothermic effect --- kenaf fiber --- hybrid composites --- bio-based --- film --- mechanical properties --- polysaccharides --- resource recovery --- solution casting --- orange waste --- nanocelluloses --- cellulose nanofibers --- cellulose nanocrystals --- bacterial cellulose --- cement --- fiber-cement --- Hatscheck process --- bio-inspired interfaces --- mechanical properties --- thermal stability --- sensitivity --- electrospinning --- tissue engineering --- paper-based scaffolds --- osteoblast proliferation --- polycaprolactone --- biopolymers --- nanoclays --- nanobiocomposites --- extrusion-compounding --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- thermal properties --- mechanical properties --- differential scanning calorimetry --- nuclear magnetic resonance --- X-ray diffraction --- transparent wood --- chemical composition --- H2O2 bleaching treatment --- physicochemical properties --- cellulose --- electrical resistance --- copper coating --- electroless deposition --- humidity sensor --- strain sensor --- lyocell fiber --- asphalt rubber --- bio-asphalt --- mixing sequence --- workability --- storage stability --- tung oil --- unsaturated polyester resins --- thermosetting polymers --- structure–property relationship --- structural plastics --- ONP fibers --- silanization --- composites --- mechanical properties --- Artemisia vulgaris --- microcellulose fiber --- nanocellulose fibers --- natural fibers --- Bio-based foams --- wastewater treatments --- cationic dyes --- anionic surfactants --- pollutant adsorbents --- tannin polymer --- tannin-furanic foam --- biopolymers --- nanoclays --- bio-nanocomposites --- extrusion-compounding --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- thermal properties --- microstructure --- volatiles --- autoxidation --- thermal gravimetric analysis --- scanning electron microscope --- headspace solid phase microextraction --- alginate sponge --- two-step lyophilization --- methylene blue --- adsorption capacity --- biomass resources --- hybrid nonisocyanate polyurethane --- solvent- and catalyst-free --- dimer acid --- melt condensation --- bacterial cellulose --- surface modification --- TEMPO oxidation --- one-pot synthesis --- immobilized TEMPO --- physical property --- skincare --- cellulose --- graphene oxide --- ionic liquid --- membrane --- transport properties --- heavy metals --- porous structure --- SAXS --- WAXS --- cellulose --- wood --- lignocellulose --- ionic liquid --- imidazolium --- fractionation --- dissolution --- GC-MS --- kaempferol --- knotwood --- larixol --- taxifolin --- vibrational spectroscopy --- n/a

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2020 (2)