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Advanced Numerical Methods in Applied Sciences

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ISBN: 9783038976660 9783038976677 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-667-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

The use of scientific computing tools is currently customary for solving problems at several complexity levels in Applied Sciences. The great need for reliable software in the scientific community conveys a continuous stimulus to develop new and better performing numerical methods that are able to grasp the particular features of the problem at hand. This has been the case for many different settings of numerical analysis, and this Special Issue aims at covering some important developments in various areas of application.

Keywords

time fractional differential equations --- mixed-index problems --- analytical solution --- asymptotic stability --- conservative problems --- Hamiltonian problems --- energy-conserving methods --- Poisson problems --- Hamiltonian Boundary Value Methods --- HBVMs --- line integral methods --- constrained Hamiltonian problems --- Hamiltonian PDEs --- highly oscillatory problems --- boundary element method --- finite difference method --- floating strike Asian options --- continuous geometric average --- barrier options --- isogeometric analysis --- adaptive methods --- hierarchical splines --- THB-splines --- local refinement --- linear systems --- preconditioners --- Cholesky factorization --- limited memory --- Volterra integral equations --- Volterra integro–differential equations --- collocation methods --- multistep methods --- convergence --- B-spline --- optimal basis --- fractional derivative --- Galerkin method --- collocation method --- spectral (eigenvalue) and singular value distributions --- generalized locally Toeplitz sequences --- discretization of systems of differential equations --- higher-order finite element methods --- discontinuous Galerkin methods --- finite difference methods --- isogeometric analysis --- B-splines --- curl–curl operator --- time harmonic Maxwell’s equations and magnetostatic problems --- low rank completion --- matrix ODEs --- gradient system --- ordinary differential equations --- Runge–Kutta --- tree --- stump --- order --- elementary differential --- edge-histogram --- edge-preserving smoothing --- histogram specification --- initial value problems --- one-step methods --- Hermite–Obreshkov methods --- symplecticity --- B-splines --- BS methods --- hyperbolic partial differential equations --- high order discontinuous Galerkin finite element schemes --- shock waves and discontinuities --- vectorization and parallelization --- high performance computing --- generalized Schur algorithm --- null-space --- displacement rank --- structured matrices --- stochastic differential equations --- stochastic multistep methods --- stochastic Volterra integral equations --- mean-square stability --- asymptotic stability --- numerical analysis --- numerical methods --- scientific computing --- initial value problems --- one-step methods --- Hermite–Obreshkov methods --- symplecticity --- B-splines --- BS methods

Visual Sensors

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ISBN: 9783039283385 9783039283392 Year: Pages: 738 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-339-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Visual sensors are able to capture a large quantity of information from the environment around them. A wide variety of visual systems can be found, from the classical monocular systems to omnidirectional, RGB-D, and more sophisticated 3D systems. Every configuration presents some specific characteristics that make them useful for solving different problems. Their range of applications is wide and varied, including robotics, industry, agriculture, quality control, visual inspection, surveillance, autonomous driving, and navigation aid systems. In this book, several problems that employ visual sensors are presented. Among them, we highlight visual SLAM, image retrieval, manipulation, calibration, object recognition, navigation, etc.

Keywords

3D reconstruction --- RGB-D sensor --- non-rigid reconstruction --- pedestrian detection --- boosted decision tree --- scale invariance --- receptive field correspondence --- soft decision tree --- single-shot 3D shape measurement --- digital image correlation --- warp function --- inverse compositional Gauss-Newton algorithm --- UAV image --- dynamic programming --- seam-line --- optical flow --- image mosaic --- iris recognition --- presentation attack detection --- convolutional neural network --- support vector machines --- content-based image retrieval --- textile retrieval --- textile localization --- texture retrieval --- texture description --- visual sensors --- iris recognition --- iris segmentation --- semantic segmentation --- convolutional neural network (CNN) --- visible light and near-infrared light camera sensors --- laser sensor --- line scan camera --- lane marking detection --- support vector machine (SVM) --- image binarization --- lane marking reconstruction --- automated design --- vision system --- FOV --- illumination --- recognition algorithm --- action localization --- action segmentation --- 3D ConvNets --- LSTM --- visual sensors --- image retrieval --- hybrid histogram descriptor --- perceptually uniform histogram --- motif co-occurrence histogram --- omnidirectional imaging --- visual localization --- catadioptric sensor --- visual information fusion --- image processing --- underwater imaging --- embedded systems --- stereo vision --- visual odometry --- 3D reconstruction --- handshape recognition --- sign language --- finger alphabet --- skeletal data --- visual odometry --- ego-motion estimation --- stereo --- RGB-D --- mobile robots --- around view monitor (AVM) system --- automatic calibration --- lane marking --- parking assist system --- advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) --- pose estimation --- symmetry axis --- point cloud --- sweet pepper --- semantic mapping --- RGB-D SLAM --- visual mapping --- indoor visual SLAM --- adaptive model --- motion estimation --- stereo camera --- person re-identification --- end-to-end architecture --- appearance-temporal features --- Siamese network --- pivotal frames --- visual tracking --- correlation filters --- motion-aware --- adaptive update strategy --- confidence response map --- camera calibration --- Gray code --- checkerboard --- visual sensor --- image retrieval --- human visual system --- local parallel cross pattern --- pose estimation --- straight wing aircraft --- structure extraction --- consistent line clustering --- parallel line --- planes intersection --- salient region detection --- appearance based model --- regression based model --- human visual attention --- background dictionary --- quality control --- fringe projection profilometry --- depth image registration --- 3D reconstruction --- speed measurement --- stereo-vision --- large field of view --- vibration --- calibration --- CLOSIB --- statistical information of gray-levels differences --- Local Binary Patterns --- texture classification --- texture description --- Visual Sensors --- SLAM --- RGB-D --- indoor environment --- Manhattan frame estimation --- orientation relevance --- spatial transformation --- robotic welding --- seam tracking --- visual detection --- narrow butt joint --- GTAW --- LRF --- camera calibration --- extrinsic calibration --- sensors combination --- geometric moments --- camera pose --- rotation-angle --- measurement error --- robotics --- robot manipulation --- depth vision --- star image prediction --- star sensor --- Richardson-Lucy algorithm --- neural network --- tightly-coupled VIO --- SLAM --- fused point and line feature matching --- pose estimates --- simplified initialization strategy --- patrol robot --- map representation --- vision-guided robotic grasping --- object recognition --- pose estimation --- global feature descriptor --- iterative closest point --- n/a

Power Electronics and Power Quality

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ISBN: 9783039283583 / 9783039283590 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-359-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Power quality (PQ) is receiving more and more attention from consumers, distribution system operators, transmission system operators, and other entities related to electrical power systems. As PQ problems have direct implications for business productivity, causing high economic losses, the research and development monitoring technologies and power electronics solutions that ensure the PQ of the power systems are matters of utmost importance. This book is a collection of high quality papers published in the “Power Electronics and Power Quality” Special Issue of the journal Energies. It reflects on the latest investigations and the new trends in this field.

Keywords

high speed maglev --- long-stator synchronous motor --- propulsion inverter control system position estimator --- distorted grid conditions --- SGDFT --- Lagrange-interpolation method --- frequency adaption --- SC --- primary neutral integrity --- multi-grounded neutral (MGN) system --- neutral integrity detection --- passive method --- computer simulation --- modeling --- microinverter --- photovoltaic systems --- state-space model --- power inverter --- voltage source inverter --- four-leg inverter --- cost-effectiveness --- current control --- pulse width modulation --- indirect matrix converter (IMC) --- input filter --- input power factor --- matrix converter (MC) --- space vector modulation (SVM) --- power quality --- microgrid (MG) --- renewable power generation --- superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) --- energy shaping passivity (ESP)-based control --- power semiconductor device --- temperature --- switching transients --- variation in voltage --- half-bridge inverters --- digital control --- hysteresis current control --- switching frequency --- optimization --- static var compensator --- series active filter --- thyristor-controlled reactor --- phase-leading capacitor --- hybrid static var compensator --- static synchronous compensator --- hybrid active filter --- Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) --- Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) --- Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) --- harmonics --- event detection --- power quality --- histogram --- machine learning --- wavelet transform --- continuous particle swarm optimization (CPSO) --- overcurrent relay coordination (OCR) --- time multiplier setting (TMS) --- power system protection --- protection relay --- Simulink --- Matlab --- Omicron CMC 256plus --- power quality --- enerlyzer --- comtrade --- distance protection --- Shunt Active Power Filter --- digital control --- harmonics --- multilevel converter --- power quality --- p-q theory --- robust control --- DC-DC converter --- constant power load --- low voltage direct-current residential microgrid --- Multiterminal HVDC --- CSC --- FBMMC --- MMC --- Hybrid HVDC --- Full-bridge --- power control --- voltage control --- DC short-circuit handling --- hybrid power filter --- power quality --- reactive power

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2020 (2)

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