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Selected Papers from SDEWES 2017: The 12th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038973966 9783038973973 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-397-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-04 12:23:05
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EU energy policy is more and more promoting a resilient, efficient and sustainable energy system. Several agreements have been signed in the last few months that set ambitious goals in terms of energy efficiency and emission reductions and to reduce the energy consumption in buildings. These actions are expected to fulfill the goals negotiated at the Paris Agreement in 2015. The successful development of this ambitious energy policy needs to be supported by scientific knowledge: a huge effort must be made in order to develop more efficient energy conversion technologies based both on renewables and fossil fuels. Similarly, researchers are also expected to work on the integration of conventional and novel systems, also taking into account the needs for the management of the novel energy systems in terms of energy storage and devices management. Therefore, a multi-disciplinary approach is required in order to achieve these goals. To ensure that the scientists belonging to the different disciplines are aware of the scientific progress in the other research areas, specific Conferences are periodically organized. One of the most popular conferences in this area is the Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES) Series Conference. The 12th Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems Conference was recently held in Dubrovnik, Croatia. The present Special Issue of Energies, specifically dedicated to the 12th SDEWES Conference, is focused on five main fields: energy policy and energy efficiency in smart energy systems, polygeneration and district heating, advanced combustion techniques and fuels, biomass and building efficiency.

District Heating and Cooling Networks

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039288397 / 9783039288403 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-840-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Conventional thermal power generating plants reject a large amount of energy every year. If this rejected heat were to be used through district heating networks, given prior energy valorisation, there would be a noticeable decrease in the amount of fossil fuels imported for heating. As a consequence, benefits would be experienced in the form of an increase in energy efficiency, an improvement in energy security, and a minimisation of emitted greenhouse gases. Given that heat demand is not expected to decrease significantly in the medium term, district heating networks show the greatest potential for the development of cogeneration. Due to their cost competitiveness, flexibility in terms of the ability to use renewable energy resources (such as geothermal or solar thermal) and fossil fuels (more specifically the residual heat from combustion), and the fact that, in some cases, losses to a country/region’s energy balance can be easily integrated into district heating networks (which would not be the case in a “fully electric” future), district heating (and cooling) networks and cogeneration could become a key element for a future with greater energy security, while being more sustainable, if appropriate measures were implemented. This book therefore seeks to propose an energy strategy for a number of cities/regions/countries by proposing appropriate measures supported by detailed case studies.

Microwave and Radio-Frequency Technologies in Agriculture. An Introduction for Agriculturalists and Engineers

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110455403 9783110455472 Year: Pages: 369 DOI: 10.1515/9783110455403 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Geophysics and Geomagnetism --- Geography --- Social Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 17:02:28
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Humanity’s ability to produce enough food is mostly due to adoption of new methods and technologies by the agricultural industries as they became available. New information, communication and high speed processing and precision agriculture technologies have the potential to transform the agricultural industry. These technologies incorporate radio-frequency and microwave radiation into their systems. This book presents an overview of how these technologies are being used in agricultural systems. The main purpose of the book is to provide a glimpse of what is possible and encourage practitioners in the engineering and agricultural industries to explore how radio-frequency and microwave systems might further enhance the agricultural industry. The authors have extensive experience in agricultural and microwave engineering, instrumentation and communication systems.

Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Deep Drawing DC04 Steel at Different Length Scales

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ISBN: 9783866449671 Year: Pages: XIII, 162 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000032165 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The deformation behavior of steels is strongly influenced by their microstructure which is a result of the alloying elements and thermal treatments. In this work, the microstructure and the deformation behavior of a non-alloyed deep drawing DC04 steel was investigated. The microstructure was analyzed during heat treatment by EBSD, then microcompression experiments were performed on selected microstructural units and then bulk steel samples were mechanically tested by tensile experiments.

Verbrennungskontrollierte Erwärmung des Brennraums zur Emissionsreduktion während des Kaltstarts - Untersuchungen zu Emissionen und zur Flammenausbreitung

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ISBN: 9783731508236 Year: Pages: XII, 121 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000084432 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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This work describes the influence of catalytic converter heating strategies on the emissions during heating operation, as well as during the subsequent load demand at different engine start temperatures. A novel strategy is presented, that provides heating of the combustion chamber, without decreasing the catalyst converter heating significantly. The studies were carried out on a gasoline engine. Emissions were examined in detail. In addition, the flame propagation is evaluated experimentally.

Investigations of After Cavity Interaction in Gyrotrons Including the Effect of Non-uniform Magnetic Field

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Book Series: Karlsruher Forschungsberichte aus dem Institut für Hochleistungsimpuls- und Mikrowellentechnik ISSN: 21922764 ISBN: 9783731501299 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: X, 124 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000037030 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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Dynamic after-cavity interaction (ACI) in megawatt-class gyrotrons is investigated that could lead to lower output mode purity and increased level of internal stray radiation. The self-consistent KIT-IHM multi-mode-code SELFT has been modified to extend the simulation domain into the radius up-taper section of the gyrotron cavity where the probability of ACI exists. Studies on four different gyrotron configurations confirm that undesired interactions in the up-taper region can result in additional parasitic oscillations with relative power in the 1%-range.

Engineering Fluid Dynamics

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ISBN: 9783038426684 9783038426691 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-669-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-31 13:09:30
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This book contains the successful submissions to a Special Issue of Energies on the subject area of “Engineering Fluid Dynamics”. The topic of engineering fluid dynamics includes both experimental as well as computational studies. Of special interest were submissions from the fields of mechanical, chemical, marine, safety, and energy engineering. We welcomed both original research articles as well as review articles. After one year, 22 papers were submitted and 12 were accepted for publication. The average processing time was 65.2 days. The authors had the following geographical distribution: China (four); Italy (two); Korea (one); Germany (one); UK (one); Ireland (one); Australia (one); Sweden (one); Japan (one); Spain (one); Norway (one).Papers covered topics such as heat transfer in shell and helically coiled tube heat exchangers, the multiphase modeling of sprays, flashing flows, as well as mixing in a bubbling fluidized bed. Two papers related to heating ventilation and air condition (HVAC) are included, namely evaporation and condensation in the underfloor space of detached houses and air distribution in a railway vehicle. Three papers dealt with various aspects of pumps and turbines: a performance prediction method for pumps as turbines; noise radiation in a centrifugal pump; periodic fluctuations in energy efficiency in centrifugal pumps; and study of a high-pressure external gear pump. One paper used both laser doppler velocimetry (LDV) and CFD in the study of flow behind a semi-circular step cylinder. Finally, a paper investigated the influence of the equivalence ratio (ER) and feedstock particle size on birch wood gasification.

Investigations on Joule heating applications by multiphysical continuum simulations in nanoscale systems

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Materialien, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 21929963 ISBN: 9783731502616 Year: Volume: 43 Pages: XIX, 222 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000042982 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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This work furthers the overall understanding of a 3w-measurement, by considering previously unexamined macroscopic influence factors within measurement by Finite Element simulations (FES). Moreover, new measuring configurations are developed to determine (an)isotropic thermal conductivities of nanoscale samples. Since no analytic solutions are available for these configurations, a new evaluation methodology is presented to determine emergent thermal conductivities by FES and Neural Networks.

Adaptive and Intelligent Temperature Control of Microwave Heating Systems with Multiple Sources

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Book Series: Karlsruher Forschungsberichte aus dem Institut für Hochleistungsimpuls- und Mikrowellentechnik ISSN: 21922764 ISBN: 9783731504672 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: XIII, 231 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000051503 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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In this work, an innovative real-time microwave control approach is proposed, to improve the temperature homogeneity under microwave heating. Multiple adaptive or intelligent control structures have been developed, including the model predictive control, neural network control and reinforcement learning control methods. Experimental results prove that these advanced control methods can effectively reduce the final temperature derivations and improve the temperature homogeneity.

Energy Performance and Indoor Climate Analysis in Buildings

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039213795 9783039213801 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-380-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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HVAC systems, load shifting, indoor climate, and energy and ventilation performance analyses are the key topics when improving energy performance in new and renovated buildings. This development has been boosted by the recently established nearly zero energy building requirements that will soon be in use in all EU Member States, as well as similar long-term zero energy building targets in Japan, the US, and other countries. The research covered in this Special Issue provides evidence of how new technical solutions have worked, in practice, in new or renovated buildings, and also discusses problems and how solutions should be further developed. Another focus is on the more detailed calculation methods needed for the correct design and sizing of dedicated systems, and for accurate quantification of energy savings. Occupant behavior and building operation is also examined, in order to avoid common performance gaps between calculated and measured performance. These topics demonstrate the challenge of high performance buildings as, in the end, comfortable buildings with good indoor climate which are easy and cheap to operate and maintain are expected by end customers. Ventilation performance, heating and cooling, sizing, energy predictions and optimization, load shifting, and field studies are some of the key topics in this Special Issue, contributing to the future of high performance buildings with reliable operation.

Keywords

Jaya algorithm --- smart grid --- optimal energy management --- demand response --- demand side management --- indoor temperature after renovation --- electricity use --- DHW energy use --- user behavior --- standard use --- energy performance modeling --- gray box --- satellite-based solar radiation data --- meteorological reanalysis data --- ISO 52016-1 --- energy efficiency --- HVAC systems --- chiller plants --- chiller performance --- COP --- data-driven analysis --- energy --- building --- ventilation --- cooling --- outdoor air --- air jet --- personalized ventilation --- skin temperature --- CFD --- thermal analysis --- corner impinging jet --- mixing ventilation --- displacement ventilation --- tracer gas --- air exchange effectiveness --- local air change effectiveness --- draught rate --- Monte Carlo method --- ISO 7730 --- TRNSYS --- greenhouse --- indoor temperature uniformity --- multiple sensor nodes --- qualitative control --- corner impinging jet --- corner mixing ventilation --- hybrid displacement device --- heating mode --- thermal comfort --- air exchange effectiveness --- local air change effectiveness --- draught rate, --- downdraught --- smart buildings --- smart readiness indicator --- energy efficiency --- energy performance of buildings directive --- energy flexibility --- load shifting --- demand response --- building energy simulation --- occupant behavior --- energy performance --- indoor climate --- retirement home --- user input data --- condenser evaporative precooling --- rooftop air conditioners --- building energy modelling --- control strategy --- ground source heat pump --- heating power --- sizing --- DHW heating --- space heating --- alternate operation --- daylight --- existing buildings --- daylight factor --- daylight simulations --- daylight survey --- energy efficiency --- student dormitories --- Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ), Pro-GET-onE H2020 --- in situ measurements --- monitoring measurements --- energy signature --- indoor air quality --- stratification --- basketball hall --- CFD --- field measurement --- single room ventilation unit --- building pressure condition --- stack effect --- wind pressure --- ventilation renovation --- decentralized ventilation unit

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