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Transformation von Multiphysics-Modellen in einen FPGA-Entwurf für den echtzeitfähigen HiL-Test eingebetteter Systeme

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ISBN: 9783731501206 Year: Pages: XI, 244 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036853 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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This work establishes an integrated tool chain from modeling physical simulations to design automation for FPGA-based real-time simulations. Modelica was chosen as a versatile, intuitive and object-oriented modeling language. The implemented tool chain incorporates high-level synthesis methods to generate a VHDL design. Both floating-point and fixed-point arithmetic are supported.

Opening digital fabrication: transforming TechKnowledgies

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ISBN: 9783731508052 Year: Pages: VI, 145 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000083485 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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This study analyses the field of open digital fabrication where novel digital capabilities and hopes for social transformation have merged to form arrangements that seek to democratise knowledge and technology through collaboration. Through qualitative social science the study analyses FabLabs and open source technologies and the respective collective procedures that produce and organise technology and knowledge that redefine the entanglement of our society and its technologies.

Closed Loop, Entwicklungsplattform für mechatronische Fahrdynamikregelsysteme [online]

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Technische Mechanik ISSN: 16143914 ISBN: 3937300198 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: VI, 141 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1602004 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58

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Schwerpunkt des Buches ist, durch ein aufgabenorientiertes Entwicklungswerkzeug und entsprechende Technologien dazu beizutragen, die Komplexität der Entwicklungsaufgaben besser zu beherrschen. Die vorliegende Arbeit behandelt die Konzeption und Realisierung einer solchen Entwicklungsumgebung. Speziell für den Entwicklungsschwerpunkt Fahrdynamikregelsysteme werden hierbei folgende Anforderungen berücksichtigt: Bedienbarkeit, Durchgängigkeit, Modell- und Datenmanagement, Modularität, Skalierbarkeit, Echtzeitfähigkeit und Automatisierbarkeit. Es wurden leistungsfähige, objektorientierte Modellbibliotheken für die Fahrzeuge Pkw, Motorrad und Pkw-Anhänger und deren verschiedene Baugruppen entwickelt. Die Modelle sind Herstellerübergreifend einsetzbar und genügen den aktuellen Erfordernissen der Fahrdynamik-Reglerentwicklung. Der Reifen-Fahrbahn-Kontakt hat maßgeblichen Einfluss auf das Fahrverhalten und die Fahrsicherheit von Fahrzeugen und stellt für die meisten Fahrdynamik-Regler die wesentliche Eingriffsmöglichkeit auf die Fahrdynamik dar. Die Kinematik des Reifen-Fahrbahn-Kontakts auf gewölbten Fahrbahnen wird als ein Problem der räumlichen Kinematik verstanden und durchgearbeitet. Die Größen Schlupf und Schräglauf werden zum ersten Mal auch für räumliche Fahrbahnen präzise definiert.

Trusted Computing für adaptive Automobilsteuergeräte im Umfeld der Inter-Fahrzeug-Kommunikation

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Book Series: Steinbuch Series on Advances in Information Technology ISSN: 21914737 ISBN: 9783866446021 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: VI, 251 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000021081 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit der Sicherheit (Security) von Automobilelektronik, speziell der Kommunikation zwischen Fahrzeugen für Safety-Anwendungen. Hierzu wird die Absicherung der Kommunikation über digitale Signaturen betrachtet und eine prototypische Implementierung auf rekonfigurierbarer Hardware vorgestellt. Darüber hinaus wird die Absicherung der Kommunikationsplattform selbst über die Anwendung von Trusted Computing für rekonfigurierbare Systeme sichergestellt.

Modellbasierte Entwicklung funktional sicherer Hardware nach ISO 26262

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Book Series: Steinbuch Series on Advances in Information Technology / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Technik der Informationsverarbeitung ISSN: 21914737 ISBN: 9783731504429 Year: Volume: 10 Pages: VI, 291 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000049863 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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The compliance with functional safety according to the standard ISO 26262 in context of the increasing electrification of road vehicles is a significant challenge. This work provides a concept and methodology for the model-based development of functional safe hardware. This is characterized by the description of hardware designs, annotation of failure data and performing the demanded safety evaluations.

Requirements and concepts for future automotive electronic architectures from the view of integrated safety

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ISBN: 9783866442252 Year: Pages: XX, 226 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007763 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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In this dissertation, concepts of the electronic architecture of automotive Integrated Safety System are developed as a cooperative approach of engineering process, dependable hardware architecture and software platform. The development process covers distributed rapid prototyping with virtual front-loading and correct-by-construction. Concepts of fault tolerant hardware architecture and dependability software services are discussed with design guidelines.

Image Processing Using FPGAs

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ISBN: 9783038979180 9783038979197 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-919-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book presents a selection of papers representing current research on using field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) for realising image processing algorithms. These papers are reprints of papers selected for a Special Issue of the Journal of Imaging on image processing using FPGAs. A diverse range of topics is covered, including parallel soft processors, memory management, image filters, segmentation, clustering, image analysis, and image compression. Applications include traffic sign recognition for autonomous driving, cell detection for histopathology, and video compression. Collectively, they represent the current state-of-the-art on image processing using FPGAs.

Supercomputing Frontiers: 4th Asian Conference, SCFA 2018, Singapore, March 26-29, 2018, Proceedings

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Book Series: Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues ISBN: 9783319699523 9783319699530 Year: Volume: 10776 Pages: 293 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69953-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: National Supercomputing Centre (NSCC), Singapore
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 15:24:25
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It constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th Asian Supercomputing Conference, SCFA 2018, held in Singapore in March 2018. Supercomputing Frontiers will be rebranded as Supercomputing Frontiers Asia (SCFA), which serves as the technical programme for SCA18. The technical programme for SCA18 consists of four tracks: Application, Algorithms & LibrariesProgramming System SoftwareArchitecture, Network/Communications & ManagementData, Storage & VisualisationThe 20 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed nd selected from 60 submissions.

High Performance Computing

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues ISBN: 9783030343569 Year: Pages: 659 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34356-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:29
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This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of 13 workshops held at the 34th International ISC High Performance 2019 Conference, in Frankfurt, Germany, in June 2019: HPC I/O in the Data Center (HPC-IODC), Workshop on Performance & Scalability of Storage Systems (WOPSSS), Workshop on Performance & Scalability of Storage Systems (WOPSSS), 13th Workshop on Virtualization in High-Performance Cloud Computing (VHPC '18), 3rd International Workshop on In Situ Visualization: Introduction and Applications, ExaComm: Fourth International Workshop on Communication Architectures for HPC, Big Data, Deep Learning and Clouds at Extreme Scale, International Workshop on OpenPOWER for HPC (IWOPH18), IXPUG Workshop: Many-core Computing on Intel, Processors: Applications, Performance and Best-Practice Solutions, Workshop on Sustainable Ultrascale Computing Systems, Approximate and Transprecision Computing on Emerging Technologies (ATCET), First Workshop on the Convergence of Large Scale Simulation and Artificial Intelligence, 3rd Workshop for Open Source Supercomputing (OpenSuCo), First Workshop on Interactive High-Performance Computing, Workshop on Performance Portable Programming Models for Accelerators (P^3MA). The 48 full papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected. They cover all aspects of research, development, and application of large-scale, high performance experimental and commercial systems. Topics include HPC computer architecture and hardware; programming models, system software, and applications; solutions for heterogeneity, reliability, power efficiency of systems; virtualization and containerized environments; big data and cloud computing; and artificial intelligence.

Memristors for Neuromorphic Circuits and Artificial Intelligence Applications

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ISBN: 9783039285761 / 9783039285778 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-577-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has found many applications in the past decade due to the ever increasing computing power. Artificial Neural Networks are inspired in the brain structure and consist in the interconnection of artificial neurons through artificial synapses. Training these systems requires huge amounts of data and, after the network is trained, it can recognize unforeseen data and provide useful information. The so-called Spiking Neural Networks behave similarly to how the brain functions and are very energy efficient. Up to this moment, both spiking and conventional neural networks have been implemented in software programs running on conventional computing units. However, this approach requires high computing power, a large physical space and is energy inefficient. Thus, there is an increasing interest in developing AI tools directly implemented in hardware. The first hardware demonstrations have been based on CMOS circuits for neurons and specific communication protocols for synapses. However, to further increase training speed and energy efficiency while decreasing system size, the combination of CMOS neurons with memristor synapses is being explored. The memristor is a resistor with memory which behaves similarly to biological synapses. This book explores the state-of-the-art of neuromorphic circuits implementing neural networks with memristors for AI applications.

Keywords

memristor --- artificial synapse --- neuromorphic computing --- memristor-CMOS hybrid circuit --- temporal pooling --- sensory and hippocampal responses --- cortical neurons --- hierarchical temporal memory --- neocortex --- memristor-CMOS hybrid circuit --- defect-tolerant spatial pooling --- boost-factor adjustment --- memristor crossbar --- neuromorphic hardware --- memristor --- compact model --- emulator --- neuromorphic --- synapse --- STDP --- pavlov --- neuromorphic systems --- spiking neural networks --- memristors --- spike-timing-dependent plasticity --- RRAM --- vertical RRAM --- neuromorphics --- neural network hardware --- reinforcement learning --- AI --- neuromorphic computing --- multiscale modeling --- memristor --- optimization --- RRAM --- simulation --- memristors --- neuromorphic engineering --- OxRAM --- self-organization maps --- synaptic device --- memristor --- neuromorphic computing --- artificial intelligence --- hardware-based deep learning ICs --- circuit design --- memristor --- RRAM --- variability --- time series modeling --- autocovariance --- graphene oxide --- laser --- memristor --- crossbar array --- neuromorphic computing --- wire resistance --- synaptic weight --- character recognition --- neuromorphic computing --- Flash memories --- memristive devices --- resistive switching --- synaptic plasticity --- artificial neural network --- spiking neural network --- pattern recognition --- strongly correlated oxides --- resistive switching --- neuromorphic computing --- transistor-like devices --- artificial intelligence --- neural networks --- resistive switching --- memristive devices --- deep learning networks --- spiking neural networks --- electronic synapses --- crossbar array --- pattern recognition

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