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The aim of this twovolume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory:Genesis, Solutions and EnergyEmpirical FoundationsGravitational WavesCosmologyQuantum GravityThe first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a twovolume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.
General Relativity  Gravitation  Gravitational Waves  Cosmology  Quantum Gravity
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The aim of this twovolume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory:Genesis, Solutions and EnergyEmpirical FoundationsGravitational WavesCosmologyQuantum GravityThe first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a twovolume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.
General Relativity  Gravitation  Gravitational Waves  Cosmology  Quantum Gravity
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The development of special and general relativity has relied significantly on ideas of symmetry. Similarly, modern efforts to test these theories have often sought either violations or extensions of the symmetries seen, and symmetry is regularly used a tool in seeking new applications. In this Special Issue of symmetry, we explore some contemporary research related to symmetry in special and general relativity.
Lorentz symmetry  rotation invariance  StandardModel Extension  Noether’s theorem  Weyl method  Palais principle of symmetric criticality  solutions to Einstein’s equations  magnetic monopole  pulsar timing  StandardModel Extension  binary pulsars  Lorentz and CPT violation  StandardModel Extension  Dirac fermions  Dirac neutrinos  Majorana neutrinos  determinants of block matrices  lorentz violation  CPT violation  penning trap  quantum mechanics  antimatter  interferometry  gravitational waves  Lorentz violation  standardmodel extension  geodesic deviation  Lorentz violation  standard model extension  CPT violation
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The book edition of the Universe Special Issue “Compact Stars in the QCD Phase Diagram” is devoted to the overarching aspects shared between heavyion collisions and compact star astrophysics in investigating the hadrontoquark matter phase transition in the equation of state of strongly interacting matter in different regions of the phase diagram of QCD. It comprises 22 review and research articles that, together, will serve as a useful guide in educating both young and senior scientists in this emerging field that represents an intersection of the communities of strongly interacting matter theory, heavyion collision physics and compact star astrophysics.
heavyion collisions  directed flow  hydrodynamics  deconfinement  hybrid stars  neutron stars  equation of state  ? meson condensation  maximum mass  ? resonances  finite temperature  finite density  quarkgluon plasma  finite size  speed of sound  neutron stars  equation of state  inmedium effects  neutrino  Quantum Chromodynamics  dense matter  vector interaction  neutron stars  equation of state  QCD matter  phase transition  critical point  modified excludedvolume mechanism  dense matter  equation of state  stars: neutron  pulsars: general, pulsars: PSR J0737 ? 3039A  pulsars: PSR J1757 ? 1854  relativistic heavyion collisions  monte carlo simulations  transport theory  strangeness  neutron stars  star oscillations  hadron–quark continuity  neutron stars  QCD phase diagram  neutron stars  stellar magnetic field  stellar structure  stellar evolution  neutron star  equation of state  phase transition  quark matter  pulsars  quark stars  general relativity  Gravitational waves  Gammaray bursts  nuclear matter  neutron stars  quarks  combustion  neutron star  QCD matter  phase transition  critical point  neutron stars  gravitational waves  equation of state  chiral symmetry  axion QED  quarkhole pairing  colddense QCD  magnetic DCDW  quark matter  hadronic matter  quark deconfinement  neutron star matter  nuclear equation of state  phase transition  crystalline structure  neutrino emissivities  cluster virial expansion  quarkhadron matter  Mott dissociation  BethUhlenbeck equation of state  heavyion collisions  supernova explosions  masstwin stars  nuclear symmetry energy  heavyion collisions  transport theory  collective flow  light cluster emission  meson production  quarkhadron phase transition  pasta phases  speed of sound  hybrid compact stars  massradius relation  GW170817
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This Special Issue covers a wide range of topics from fundamental studies to applications of ionized gases. It is dedicated to four topics of interest: 1. ATOMIC COLLISION PROCESSES (electron and photon interactions with atomic particles, heavy particle collisions, swarms, and transport phenomena); 2. PARTICLE AND LASER BEAM INTERACTION WITH SOLIDS (atomic collisions in solids, sputtering and deposition, and laser and plasma interactions with surfaces); 3. LOW TEMPERATURE PLASMAS (plasma spectroscopy and other diagnostic methods, gas discharges, and plasma applications and devices); 4. GENERAL PLASMAS (fusion plasmas, astrophysical plasmas, and collective phenomena). This Special Issue of Atoms will highlight the need for continued research on ionized gas physics in different topics ranging from fundamental studies to applications, and will review current investigations.
strongfield physics  attoscience  bicircular field  highorder harmonic generation  abovethreshold ionization  spinpolarized electrons  capacitivelycoupled discharge  oxygen  particleincell/Monte Carlo collision  electron heating  secondary electron emission  Large Helical Device (LHD)  deuterium experiment  ion temperature of 10 keV  plasma research  spectroscopic study  dispersion interferometer  modified theories of gravity  methods: analytical  methods: numerical  galaxies: elliptical  galaxies: fundamental parameters  nonequilibrium  collisions  radiation  planetary atmospheric entry  laser matter interaction  laserinduced breakdown  plasma  spectroscopy  streak camera  plasma  spectral lines  Stark broadening  oxygen  silicon  spectroscopy  gas discharges  plasma applications  databases  virtual observatory  cross sections  rate coefficients  runway electron  plasma current  fusion plasma  tokamak  glow discharge  argon  nitrogen admixture  discharge voltage  diffuse discharge  constricted discharge  electrical theory of DBDs  QVplot  instantaneous power  rainbow scattering  positron channeling effect  timedependent Schrödinger equation  chiral single wall carbon nanotubes  black hole physics  cosmology  quasar spectroscopy  cosmological parameters  ionized gas  broad line region  Rydberg atoms  dynamic instability  control of atomic states  Förster resonance  plasma spectroscopy  Stark broadening  plasma diagnostics  line shape modeling  ZeemanDoppler broadening  Balmer line series  radiative recombination  photoacoustic  photothermal  inverse problem  thermal memory  minimum volume cell  neural networks  thermal diffusivity  conductivity  linear coefficient of thermal extension  AGN  black holes  gravitational waves  binary black holes  quasars  photodetachment  magnetically confined fusion  neutral beam injection  plasma heating  optical cavity amplification  lowenergy electrons  electron–molecule interactions  astrochemistry  laboratory plasma  astrophysical plasma  fusion plasma  lasers  stars  extragalactic objects  spectra  spectroscopy  scaling laws
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