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La géographie, émergence d’un champ scientifique : France, Prusse et Grande-Bretagne 1780-1860

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ISBN: 9782847888218 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.7157 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage interroge le moment où, entre 1780 et 1860, la géographie se structure en champ scientifique et académique indépendant en Europe, et particulièrement en France, en Prusse et en Grande-Bretagne. Au même moment dans ces trois pays, des géographes travaillent à ce que leur champ d’étude soit enfin considéré comme une science à part entière. Ce processus de construction à la fois scientifique et disciplinaire est profondément marqué par l’héritage des Lumières et l’esprit universaliste, mais, parallèlement, il se trouve également influencé et informé par le contexte politique. Les savoirs géographiques sont en effet investis d’une valeur stratégique grandissante : ils jouent un rôle majeur dans les idéologies et actions politiques des États. Par le croisement de sources de différentes natures, par l’articulation d’une approche internaliste et externaliste, ce livre s’inscrit dans le champ du spatial turn.

Flucht und Asyl in europäischen Migrationsregimen - Metamorphosen einer umkämpften Kategorie am Beispiel der EU, Deutschlands und Polens

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ISBN: 9783941875715 Year: Pages: 367 DOI: 10.17875/gup2010-299 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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In the Federal Republic of Germany the number of asylum seekers has fallen considerably in recent years. The recognition rate lies at around one percent. What has happened to the refugees? Are there no longer any reasons to apply for asylum? In order to find asylum seekers, one must look in the new EU member states on the external borders, and to the countries immediately beyond the borders: because of regulations about jurisdiction, more and more refugees become stranded on the edges of the EU and can only reach other European target countries by irregular means. The study shows, using Germany and Poland as examples, how the significance of asylum law has changed over the last 20 years, how this change can be explained, and how it relates to migrants’ strategies. Inthis manner the study offers new insight into the field of asylum policy in three respects: on the one hand, asylum policy is analysed in the context of category construction related to migration policy. In this way the significance of the categorization and hierarchization of ‘desirable and ‘undesirable’ migrants as a central component of ‘migration management’ is revealed. On the other hand, the two studies of individual countries provide an extensive picture of asylum policy in Germany and Poland. By embedding the two case studies in developments at EU level, and relating them to each other, the study offers a new and comprehensive insight into the dynamics which have determined the changes in the European asylum regime in the last two decades.

Keywords

Demography --- Geography

Los Angeles and the Summer Olympic Games

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Geography ISBN: 9783030385538 Year: Pages: 60 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38553-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geography --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
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This open access book describes the three planning approaches and legacy impacts for the Olympic Games in one locale: the city of Los Angeles, USA. The author critically compares the similarities and differences of the LA Olympics by reviewing the 1932 and 1984 Olympics and by analyzing the concurrent planning process for the 2028 Olympics. The author unravels the conditions that make (or do not make) LA28’s argument “we have staged the Games before, we can do it again” compelling. Setting the bid’s promises into the contemporary local and global mega-event contexts, the author analyzes why LA won the bids, how those wins allowed LA to negotiate concessions with the IOC and NOC, and how legacies were planned, executed, and ultimately evolved. The author concludes with a prediction which 2028 legacy promises might and might not be fulfilled given the local and international Olympic contexts.

Geographies of the University

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Knowledge and Space ISBN: 9783319755939 Year: Pages: 676 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-75593-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geography --- Science (General) --- Economics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
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This open access volume raises awareness of the histories, geographies, and practices of universities and analyzes their role as key actors in today’s global knowledge economy. Universities are centers of research, teaching, and expertise with significant economic, social, and cultural impacts at different geographical scales. Scholars from a variety of disciplines and countries offer original analyses and discussions along five main themes: historical perspectives on the university as a site of knowledge production, cultural encounter, and political interest; institutional perspectives on university governance and the creation of innovative environments; relationships between universities and the city; the impact of universities on national and regional economies and cultures; and the processes of internationalization through student mobility, the creation of education hubs, and global regionalism in higher education.

Participatory Research and Planning in Practice

Authors: ---
Book Series: The Urban Book Series ISBN: 9783030280147 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28014-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Geography --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:19
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This open access book provides in-depth insights into participatory research and planning by presenting practical examples of its use. In particular, it describes theoretical and methodological aspects of participatory research and planning, as well as the implementation of participatory processes in fields such as transport planning, cultural heritage management, environmental planning and post-earthquake recovery. Further, it compares participatory planning experiences from different territorial levels – from the macro-regional, e.g. Southeastern Europe, Mediterranean or European metropolitan regions, to national, regional and local levels. The book will help researchers, planners, public administration officials, decision-makers and the general public to understand the advantages, disadvantages and constraints of participatory planning and research. Using various examples, it will guide readers through the theory of participatory planning and research, its methods, and different perspectives on how to use it in practice.

Corpi, strumenti, narrazioni

Authors: ---
Book Series: Tratti geografici. Materiali di ricerca e risorse educative ISBN: 9788891775818 Year: Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-28 11:21:03
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The volume aims to provide an updated overview of School Geography as an inclusive knowledge. As teachers and citizens, we daily deal with the differences we meet. Working and living with a group of students implies, in fact, working and living in contact with the difference, defined by its dimensions: gender, physical ability, cultural heritage, social or economic backgrounds. Following this perspective, the “Officine didattiche” are thought of as a powerful opportunity in fostering the integration between methodological frameworks and educational practices. Inspired by the experience of the “Officine didattiche”, organized during the 59° Convegno Nazionale AIIG (held from September 29th to October 3rd, 2016 at the Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia – Università La Sapienza), the book has been set as an operative tool for teachers. The authors of the contributions integrated theoretical reflections with the didactic relevance emerged from their training experiences. The main aim of this volume is to provide methodological and practical supports and to act as an operative source in planning and conducting training courses for teachers. The contributions are organized in three parts: "Corpi", "Strumenti" and "Narrazioni", re-proposing the guiding themes of the “Officine” set in Rome. Furthermore, these three “parts” work as thematic axes connecting the book to the contemporary debate on school and children Geographies.&#xD;

Innovation Capacity and the City

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783030001230 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00123-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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This open access book represents one of the key milestones of DESIGNSCAPES, an H2020 CSA (Coordination and Support Action) research project funded by the European Commission under the Call “User-driven innovation: value creation through design-enabled innovation”. The book demonstrates that adopting design allows us to embed innovation within the city so as to arrive at feasible answers to complex global challenges. In this way, innovation can become disruptive, while also sparking a dynamic of gradual change in the “urbanscape” it acts within. To explore this potential, the book puts forward the concept of “design enabled innovation in urban environments” and examines the part that the city can play in promoting and facilitating the adoption of design among public and private sector innovators. This leads to a potential evaluation framework in which a given urbanscape is assessed both in terms of its capacity for generating innovation, and of the nature (more or less design-dependent or design-prone) of the innovative initiatives it hosts. This thread of reasoning holds many promising implications, including a possible “third way” between those who dream of an alternative economic model where revenues and growth are sacrificed on the altar of social and environmental respect, and the supporters of the traditional market-based view, who feel it is enough to add a touch of responsibility and concern to a system that should continue rewarding the profitability of innovations.

Land-Use Modelling in Planning Practice

Authors: ---
Book Series: GeoJournal Library ISBN: 9789400718210 Year: Volume: 101 Pages: XVI, 214 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-1822-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:10:10
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This book provides an overview of recent developments and applications of the Land Use Scanner model. Internationally recognized as among the best of its kind, this versatile model can be applied at a national level for trend extrapolation, scenario studies and optimization, yet can also be employed in a smaller-scale regional context. Alongside these practical examples from the Netherlands, readers will find discussion of more theoretical aspects of land-use models as well as an assessment of various studies that aim to develop the Land-Use Scanner model further. Spanning the divide between the abstractions of land-use modelling and the imperatives of policy making, this is a cutting-edge account of the way in which the Land-Use Scanner approach is able to interrogate a spectrum of issues that range from climate change to transportation efficiency. Aimed at planners, researchers and policy makers who need to stay abreast of the latest advances in land-use modelling techniques in the context of planning practice, the book guides the reader through the applications supported by current instrumentation. It affords the opportunity for a wide readership to benefit from the extensive and acknowledged expertise of Dutch planners, who have originated a host of much-used models.

Keywords

land-use models --- geography

Historical GIS Research in Canada

Authors: ---
Book Series: Canadian History and Environment ISSN: 19253702 ISBN: 9781552387566 Year: Pages: 350 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Geography --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-05 21:07:51
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Fundamentally concerned with place, and our ability to understand human relationships with environment over time, Historical Geographic Information Systems (HGIS) as a tool and a subject has direct bearing for the study of contemporary environmental issues and realities. To date, HGIS projects in Canada are few and publications that discuss these projects directly even fewer. This book brings together case studies of HGIS projects in historical geography, social and cultural history, and environmental history from Canada's diverse regions. Projects include religion and ethnicity, migration, indigenous land practices, rebuilding a nineteenth-century neighborhood, and working with Google Earth.With contributions by:Colleen BeardStephen BockingJennifer BonnellJim CliffordJoanna DeanFrançois DufauxPatrick A. DunaeMarcel FortinJason GillilandWilliam M. GlenMegan HarveyMatthew G. HatvanySally HermansenAndrew HinsonDon LafreniereJohn S. LutzJoshua D. MacFadyenDaniel MacfarlaneJennifer MarvinCameron MetcalfByron MoldofskySherry OlsonJon PasherDaniel RueckR. W. SandwellHenry YuBarbara Znamirowski

Atlas of Jordan

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ISBN: 9782351593783 9782351594384 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-06 16:29:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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L’ambition de cet atlas est d’offrir au lecteur des clés d’analyse spatiale des dynamiques sociales, économiques et politiques qui animent la Jordanie, pays exemplaire de la complexité du Moyen-Orient. Produit de sept années de coopération scientifique entre l’Ifpo, le Centre Royal Jordanien de Géographie et l’Université de Jordanie, l’atlas réunit les contributions de 48 chercheurs européens, jordaniens et internationaux. La formation des territoires jordaniens sur le temps long est éclairée...

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