Search results: Found 8

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
Marine Proteins and Peptides

Author:
ISBN: 9783038426462 9783038426479 Year: Pages: 476 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-08 13:06:14
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Marine proteins and peptides have great potential application in developing pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, and cosmeceuticals. Proteins and peptides from marine sources are considered to be safe and inexpensive. Protein- and peptide-based drugs have been increasing in recent days to cure various diseases by serving multiple roles, such as antioxidants, anticancer drugs, antimicrobials, and anticoagulants. There are different marine sources (macroalgae, fish, shellfish, and bivalves), which possibly contain specific protein and peptides.

Stimuli-Responsive Polymer Systems—Recent Manufacturing Techniques and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039214839 9783039214846 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-484-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Stimuli-responsive polymer systems can be defined as functional materials that show physical or chemical property changes in response to external stimuli such as temperature, radiation, chemical agents, pH, mechanical stress, and electric and magnetic fields. Recent developments in manufacturing techniques have facilitated the production of a wide range of stimuli-responsive polymer systems, such as micro- and nanoscale structures, with potential applications in soft sensors and actuators, smart textiles, soft robots, and artificial muscles. This book brings together the recent progress in manufacturing techniques, with particular emphasis on 3D and 4D printing and applications of stimuli-responsive polymer systems in biomedicine and soft robotics.

Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers for Food and Health Applications

Author:
ISBN: 9783039281923 9783039281930 Year: Pages: 74 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-193-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The electrospinning method has the unique ability to produce structured polymeric fibers on the micro or nano scale and to generate novel materials for food and healthcare purposes. The potential of electrospun nanofibers for human healthcare applications is promising, for example, in tissue/organ repair and regeneration, in medical diagnostics and instrumentation, and as vectors to deliver drugs and therapeutics, as biocompatible and biodegradable medical implant devices, as protective fabrics against environmental and infectious agents in hospitals and general surroundings. Furthermore, considerable effort has been directed toward developing scaffolds using biodegradable and biocompatible synthetic, natural polymers or renewable materials that enhance in vitro cell growth, while killing pathogenic bacteria cells. This Special Issue ""Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers for Food and Health Applications” will cover the latest research of electrospun nanofibres in this field including shape-memory electrospun fibre meshes with programmable cell orientation, water-absorbing nano?ber meshes for e?cient removal of excess water from kidney failure patients, and hydrogel nano?bers which can be used as a drug carrier for methylene blue.

Electrospun Nanofibers for Biomedical Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039287741 / 9783039287758 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-775-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Electrospinning is a versatile and effective technique widely used to manufacture nanofibrous structures from a diversity of materials (synthetic, natural or inorganic). The electrospun nanofibrous meshes’ composition, morphology, porosity, and surface functionality support the development of advanced solutions for many biomedical applications. The Special Issue on “Electrospun Nanofibers for Biomedical Applications” assembles a set of original and highly-innovative contributions showcasing advanced devices and therapies based on or involving electrospun meshes. It comprises 13 original research papers covering topics that span from biomaterial scaffolds’ structure and functionalization, nanocomposites, antibacterial nanofibrous systems, wound dressings, monitoring devices, electrical stimulation, bone tissue engineering to first-in-human clinical trials. This publication also includes four review papers focused on drug delivery and tissue engineering applications.

Keywords

sol-gel --- electrospinning --- hydroxyapatite --- nanofiber --- antibacterial --- titanium --- antibacterial coatings --- electrospinning --- nanocomposite coatings --- TiO2 photocatalytic --- orthopedic infections --- electrospinning --- 3D printing --- nanofibers --- encapsulation --- protein diffusion --- in vivo tissue engineering --- immuno-isolation --- transplantation --- electrospinning --- sputtering --- drug delivery --- wound dressing --- biocompatibility --- tissue engineering --- biomimetic scaffolds --- gelatin --- electrospinning --- micromolding --- biomaterials --- poly(lactic acid) (PLLA) --- bioactive glass --- scaffolds --- electrospinning --- composite fibres --- bone regeneration --- poly(vinylidene fluoride) --- composite nanofiber --- piezoelectricity --- antioxidant activity --- well-aligned nanofibers --- P(VDF-TrFE) --- piezoelectric nanogenerator --- preosteoblasts electrospinning --- silicone modified polyurethane nanofibers --- physical properties --- cell attachment --- cell proliferation --- cytotoxicity --- biopolymers --- packaging --- pharmaceutical --- biomedical --- electrospinning --- alginate --- gelatin fibers --- ZnO particles --- antibacterial activity --- electrospinning --- nanofibers --- fabrication --- therapeutics --- biomedical applications --- antibody immobilization --- electrospun nanofibers --- TNF-? capture --- human articular chondrocytes --- rheumatoid arthritis --- nanofibers --- microfluidic chip --- electrospinning --- live assay --- hepatocellular carcinoma cells --- PLA95 --- biocompatibility --- guided tissue regeneration (GTR) --- electrospinning --- electrospun fiber mats --- mechanobiology --- glioblastoma --- biomaterials --- finite element modeling --- electrospun nanofibers --- cancer treatment --- drug release --- nanomedicine --- biocompatible polymers --- hyperthermia

Recent Development of Electrospinning for Drug Delivery

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039281404 9783039281411 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-141-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Several promising techniques have been developed to overcome the poor solubility and/or membrane permeability properties of new drug candidates, including different fiber formation methods. Electrospinning is one of the most commonly used spinning techniques for fiber formation, induced by the high voltage applied to the drug-loaded solution. With modifying the characteristics of the solution and the spinning parameters, the functionality-related properties of the formulated fibers can be finely tuned. The fiber properties (i.e., high specific surface area, porosity, and the possibility of controlling the crystalline–amorphous phase transitions of the loaded drugs) enable the improved rate and extent of solubility, causing a rapid onset of absorption. However, the enhanced molecular mobility of the amorphous drugs embedded into the fibers is also responsible for their physical–chemical instability. This Special Issue will address new developments in the area of electrospun nanofibers for drug delivery and wound healing applications, covering recent advantages and future directions in electrospun fiber formulations and scalability. Moreover, it serves to highlight and capture the contemporary progress in electrospinning techniques, with particular attention to the industrial feasibility of developing pharmaceutical dosage forms. All aspects of small molecule or biologics-loaded fibrous dosage forms, focusing on the processability, structures and functions, and stability issues, are included.

Keywords

electrospinning --- gentamicin sulfate --- polylactide-co-polycaprolactone --- drug release kinetics --- tissue engineering --- growth factor --- diabetic --- wound healing --- nanocomposite --- electrospinning --- coaxial spinning --- core-sheath nanofibers --- biomedical --- drug delivery --- electrospinning --- scale-up --- processability --- biopharmaceuticals --- oral dosage form --- grinding --- aceclofenac --- nanofiber --- electrospinning --- scanning electron microscopy --- fourier transform infrared spectroscopy --- differential scanning calorimetry --- nanotechnology --- biotechnology --- probiotics --- Lactobacillus --- Lactococcus --- electrospinning --- nanofibers --- drying --- local delivery --- viability --- antibacterial activity --- bacterial bioreporters --- drug release --- electrospinning --- microfibers --- nanofibers --- UV imaging --- wetting --- in situ drug release --- nanofibers --- electrospinning --- poorly water-soluble drug --- piroxicam --- hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose --- polydextrose --- scanning white light interferometry --- nanotechnology --- nanofibers --- traditional electrospinning --- ultrasound-enhanced electrospinning --- drug delivery system --- haemanthamine --- plant-origin alkaloid --- electrospinning --- amphiphilic nanofibers --- self-assembled liposomes --- physical solid-state properties --- drug release --- electrospinning --- PCL --- gelatin --- clove essential oil --- antibacterial --- biocompatibility --- artificial red blood cells --- electrospinning and electrospray --- pectin --- oligochitosan --- hydrogel --- microcapsules --- electrospinning --- wound dressings --- solvent casting --- 3D printing --- polymeric carrier --- n/a

Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210848 9783039210855 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-085-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The present Special Issue, “Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis”, aims to collect and to disseminate some of the most significant and recent contributions in the interdisciplinary area of innovative extraction procedures from complex matrices followed by validated analytical methods using hyphenated instrument configurations to support the optimization of the whole process and the scale-up possibility

Keywords

branched-chain keto acids --- serum --- muscle --- HPLC-Q-TOF/MS --- wood --- odor --- volatile organic compounds --- gas chromatography-olfactometry --- Wuyi Rock tea --- quality --- UPLC-QTOF MS --- UPLC-QqQ MS --- metabolite profiling --- metabolomics --- cluster analysis --- cultivars --- Lycium ruthenicun --- flavonoid --- ruthenicunoid A --- SIRT1 --- Asphodeline lutea --- HPLC-PDA --- heavy metals --- tyrosinase --- diabetes --- neurodegenerative disease --- color analysis --- pigments --- MAE --- HPLC-PDA --- SFE --- Thymus algeriensis --- rare earth elements --- flow injection --- inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry --- seawater --- Hericium erinaceuns mycelium --- high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) --- genistein --- daidzein --- Fe3O4 --- modification --- alginate --- alkaloid --- ultrasound assisted extraction --- gelatin --- actinidin --- bovine hide --- physicochemical properties --- gel strength --- Semen Cuscutae --- ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry --- chlorogenic acids --- flavonoids --- steamed Panax notoginseng --- saponins --- extraction --- optimization --- antioxidant activity --- response surface methodology --- hematopoiesis --- microwave processing --- response surface methodology --- minor ginsenosides --- blood-enriching activity --- hemostatic activity --- ionic liquids --- sample preparation --- microextraction --- solid-phase microextraction --- dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction --- single-drop microextraction --- stir bar sorptive extraction --- stir cake sorptive extraction --- rosuvastatin --- metformin --- HILIC --- LC-MS --- therapeutic drug monitoring --- oolong tea --- Tieguanyin tea cultivar --- metabolite profiling --- UPLC-QTOF MS --- metabolomics --- Ajuga genevensis --- near-infrared spectroscopy --- dry extract --- fluid bed process --- microNIR --- in-line monitoring --- total polyphenolic content --- antioxidant --- flavonoids --- mouse melanoma B16 cells --- Panax notoginseng --- surfactant --- n/a --- ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry --- GHB --- GHB glucuronide --- nails --- endogenous values --- walnut septum --- polyphenols --- phytosterols --- HPLC-MS/MS --- Ultra-Turrax extraction --- biological activity --- antioxidant activity --- experimental design --- optimization --- phytochemicals

Polymer Clay Nano-composites

Author:
ISBN: 9783039216529 9783039216536 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-653-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This Special Issue focuses on the current state-of-the-art of “Polymer Clay Nano-Composites” for biomedical, anticorrosion, antibacterial, and other applications. Clay–polymer composite nanomaterials represent an emerging area of research. Loading polymers with clay particles essentially enhances the composite strength features. Of particular interest are different nano-assembly methods, such as silane mono and multilayers, polyelectrolyte layer-by-layer assembly, and others. An important development was reached for tubular and fibrous clay nanoparticles, such as halloysite, sepiolite, and imogolite. Polymer clay nanoparticles can be prepared as sheets with 1-nm thickness and width of a few hundred nm (e.g., kaolin and montmorillonite). Fibrous clays significantly reinforce the nano-composites in the assembly with biopolymers and other green polymers, leading to functional hybrid bio nano-composites. The scope of this Special Issue comprehensively includes the synthesis and characterization of polymer clay nano-composites used for several applications, including nano-clay polymer composites and hybrid nano-assemblies.

Keywords

polyimide --- graphene oxide --- composite --- mechanical properties --- indentation recovery --- AFM --- carbon fibers --- surface grafting --- halloysite nanotubes --- polymer composites --- interface --- fish gelatin --- halloysite nanotubes --- glycerol --- mechanical properties --- water resistance --- LAP --- hyaluronic acid --- doxorubicin --- CD44 receptor targeted --- sacrificial bond --- ionic network --- organic montmorillonite --- 1,2-polybutadiene --- in-situ intercalation --- clay–polymer nanocomposites --- atrazine --- radical polymerization --- hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide --- phenyltrimethylammonium chloride --- FTIR --- TGA --- adsorption --- dental resins --- nanocomposite materials --- organically modified clays --- montmorillonite --- intercalation --- nanotechnology --- ammonium persulfate --- fuzzy optimization --- N,N?-methylenebisacrylamide --- Pareto set --- polyacrylic acid --- swelling capacity --- variable cost --- polyethylene oxide --- montmorillonite clays --- Pd catalysis --- catalytic composite --- positron annihilation --- doubly functionalized montmorillonite --- polystyrene --- soap-free emulsion polymerization --- thermal stability --- tribological property --- organo-clays --- polyamines --- clay-amine interaction mechanisms --- structure effects --- la uptake and release --- layered silicate --- sericite --- CTAB --- intercalation stability --- nanocomposites --- gelation kinetics --- sol–gel transition --- water shutoff --- silica sol --- cellulose nanofibrils --- halloysite nanotubes --- supercritical CO2 --- polystyrene foam --- blowing agent --- in situ polymerization --- attapulgite/polypyrrole nanocomposite --- halloysite nanotubes --- polysaccharide --- interfacial interactions --- reinforcing --- adsorption --- dispersion --- coatings --- whey protein isolate --- nanocomposites --- nanoclay, barrier --- morphology --- n/a

Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282166 9783039282173 Year: Pages: 420 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-217-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The scientific advances in life sciences and engineering are constantly challenging, expanding, and redefining concepts related to the biocompatibility and safety of medical devices. New biomaterials, new products, and new testing regimes are being introduced to

Keywords

carbonate apatite --- hydroxyapatite --- ?-tricalcium phosphate --- artificial bone substitute --- crystallite size --- dissolution rate --- hybrid dog --- bone levels --- dental implants --- neck design --- soft tissue dimensions --- peri-implantitis --- biofilm --- dental implants --- in vitro model --- MSN --- biopolymer --- drug delivery system --- in vitro kinetic studies --- articular cartilage defect --- bioplolymers --- C-reactive protein --- haptoglobin --- in vivo testing --- serum amyloid A --- serum protein fractions --- sheep --- contact lens --- materials --- biomedical implant --- smart dentin grinder --- autogenous particulate dentin graft --- tooth graft --- ground teeth --- human teeth --- bone grafts --- autologous graft --- dolomitic marble --- seashell --- CaCO3 derived-calcium phosphates --- modulated synthesis set-up --- SEM --- image analysis --- pre-osteoblasts --- titanium implants --- dental implants --- antibacterial coating --- gentamicin --- silver --- zinc --- cytotoxicity --- MC3T3-E1 --- Staphylococcus aureus --- plasma chemical oxidation --- bone infection --- local drug delivery --- bone graft --- demineralized bone matrix --- gentamicin --- regeneration --- colon cancer cells --- copper ions --- hydrogel sphere --- sodium alginate --- polyethyleneimine --- surface modification --- biocompatible metals --- coating techniques --- hydroxyapatite --- real-time live-cell imaging technology --- in vitro study --- biocompatibility --- 3D printing --- flow cytometry --- adipogenic mesenchymal stem cells --- porous SHS TiNi --- biocompatibility --- rheological similarity --- corrosion resistance --- bone substitution --- superparamagnetic scaffold --- composite --- laser direct writing --- static magnetic field --- extracellular matrix mineralization --- bone tissue engineering --- three-dimensional co-culture --- osteoblast --- endothelial cell --- microfiber scaffold --- osteogenesis --- angiogenesis --- tissue engineering --- diamond nanoparticles --- fish gelatin --- adipose-derived stem cells --- biocompatibility --- spaced TiO2 nanotubes --- osteoblast --- cell adhesion and morphology --- cell proliferation --- osteogenic differentiation --- protein–polymer matrices --- nanowelding --- single-walled carbon nanotubes --- point defects --- absorption --- laser radiation --- cell membrane --- mesenchymal stem cells --- osteogenic differentiation --- lactoferrin --- polymer composite --- bioceramics --- in vitro testing --- hydroxyapatite --- angiogenesis --- osteogenesis --- signaling pathways --- microRNA --- bioceramics --- bioactive glass --- hydroxyapatite --- root canal sealer --- bioactive glass --- mechanism --- caries --- review

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (8)


License

CC by-nc-nd (8)


Language

english (7)

eng (1)


Year
From To Submit

2020 (4)

2019 (3)

2018 (1)