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Geophysical and Geotechnical Methods for Diagnosing Flood Protection Dikes

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ISBN: 9782759200351 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0035-1 Language: English
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:07
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This book presents a three-phase methodology for the efficient diagnosis of “dry dikesâ€&#157; (i.e. dykes built above normal water levels of the rivers that provide protection at time of flood). Although the principles of the method described herein were developed on dikes in France, they may be applied with confidence to flood protection dikes and levees in other countries around the world. Phase one of the methodology involves gathering as much information as possible about the dike from archive analysis, interviews with managers and inspections of the structures. This phase is essential in ensuring the high quality of the final diagnosis. The main aim of the second phase – the geophysical survey – is to divide up the dike into zones in order to identify sections of the structure that are vulnerable to irreversible damage during a flood because of their particular physical characteristics. The geophysical methods used must be capable of surveying over long distances and of revealing heterogeneities both within the dike and in its foundation. The third phase – the geotechnical investigation – consists of various tests and drillings that ascertain in situ the principal mechanical characteristics and properties of the materials that make up the structure. This guide is invaluable for anyone involved in dike safety

Der Hochwasserschutz an der Gürbe

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Book Series: Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Umweltgeschichte ISBN: 9783796536847 Year: Pages: 406 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-3684-7 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:03
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Out of a wide perspective, the study examines the development of flood control in the region of the river Gürbe in Switzerland from 1855 to 2010. It shows not only technical progresses, but also changes in philosophy. The author illustrates how concepts of flood control have been implemented, which expectations and hopes were connected with them, and what effects the activities of flood control had.&#xD;

Keywords

Flood control --- geography

Risiko und Chance - das Jahrhunderthochwasser am Rhein 1882/1883 ; eine umweltgeschichtliche Betrachtung

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ISBN: 9783863951443 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.17875/gup2013-479 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-01 08:29:07
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Natural disasters are a challenge for human societies. The young German nation that reacted in the face of the 100-year Rhine flood (1882/83) can be characterized by the key elements of science, technology, economy, administration, and national consciousness. Given this framework the main actors used the disaster to expand their influence (e.g. scientific research) and to establish solidly relations. In sum, dealing with a natural disaster like the Rhine flood can only be understood in the opposing terms of risk and opportunity.

Hydrological Hazard: Analysis and Prevention

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ISBN: 9783038973744 9783038973751 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-375-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-26 10:26:46
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Due to the considerable impacts of hydrological hazards on water resources, natural environments, and human activities, as well as on human health and safety, climate variability and climate change have become key issues for the research community. In fact, a warmer climate, with its heightened climate variability, will increase the risk of hydrological extreme phenomena, such as droughts and floods. The Special Issue “Hydrological Hazard: Analysis and Prevention” presents a collection of scientific contributions that provides a sample of the state-of-the-art and forefront research in this field. In particular, innovative modelling methods for flood hazards, regional flood, and drought analysis and the use of satellite and climate data for drought analysis were the main research and practice targets that the papers published in this Special Issue aimed to address.

Restaurer les milieux et prévenir les inondations grâce au génie végétal

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ISBN: 9782759227785 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2778-5 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:05
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Public policies in France and in Europe obligate decision makers to consider an integrated management of habitats and territories that combines several benefits. This book provides innovative vegetation engineering solutions for reconciling habitat restoration with flood prevention.

Stochastische Simulation großflächiger, hochwasserrelevanter Niederschlagsereignisse

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Instituts für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie ISSN: 01795619 ISBN: 9783731507611 Year: Volume: 76 Pages: V, 264 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000080495 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The risk estimation of precipitation events with high recurrence periods is difficult due to the limited time scale with meteorological observations. A homogenous distribution of rain gauges, especially in mountainous terrain, is also hardly convertible. In this study an analytical model with a high spatial resolution, designed for stochastic simulations of flood-related precipitation, is developed, evaluated and applied to different investigation areas in Germany.

Flood Forecasting Using Machine Learning Methods

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038975489 Year: Pages: 376 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-549-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:42:05
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue Flood Forecasting Using Machine Learning Methods that was published in Water

Keywords

data scarce basins --- runoff series --- data forward prediction --- ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) --- stopping criteria --- method of tracking energy differences (MTED) --- deep learning --- convolutional neural networks --- superpixel --- urban water bodies --- high-resolution remote-sensing images --- monthly streamflow forecasting --- artificial neural network --- ensemble technique --- phase space reconstruction --- empirical wavelet transform --- hybrid neural network --- flood forecasting --- self-organizing map --- bat algorithm --- particle swarm optimization --- flood routing --- Muskingum model --- machine learning methods --- St. Venant equations --- rating curve method --- nonlinear Muskingum model --- hydrograph predictions --- flood routing --- Muskingum model --- hydrologic models --- improved bat algorithm --- Wilson flood --- Karahan flood --- flood susceptibility modeling --- ANFIS --- cultural algorithm --- bees algorithm --- invasive weed optimization --- Haraz watershed --- ANN-based models --- flood inundation map --- self-organizing map (SOM) --- recurrent nonlinear autoregressive with exogenous inputs (RNARX) --- ensemble technique --- artificial neural networks --- uncertainty --- streamflow predictions --- sensitivity --- flood forecasting --- extreme learning machine (ELM) --- backtracking search optimization algorithm (BSA) --- the upper Yangtze River --- deep learning --- LSTM network --- water level forecast --- the Three Gorges Dam --- Dongting Lake --- Muskingum model --- wolf pack algorithm --- parameters --- optimization --- flood routing --- flash-flood --- precipitation-runoff --- forecasting --- lag analysis --- random forest --- machine learning --- flood prediction --- flood forecasting --- hydrologic model --- rainfall–runoff, hybrid & --- ensemble machine learning --- artificial neural network --- support vector machine --- natural hazards & --- disasters --- adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) --- decision tree --- survey --- classification and regression trees (CART), data science --- big data --- artificial intelligence --- soft computing --- extreme event management --- time series prediction --- LSTM --- rainfall-runoff --- flood events --- flood forecasting --- data assimilation --- particle filter algorithm --- micro-model --- Lower Yellow River --- ANN --- hydrometeorology --- flood forecasting --- real-time --- postprocessing --- machine learning --- early flood warning systems --- hydroinformatics --- database --- flood forecast --- Google Maps

Earth Observation for Water Resource Management in Africa

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038421535 9783038421542 Year: Pages: XVIII, 538 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-154-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-20 14:55:31
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Reliable access to water, managing the spatial and temporal variability of water availability, ensuring the quality of freshwater and responding to climatological changes in the hydrological cycle are prerequisites for the development of countries in Africa. Water being an essential input for biomass growth and for renewable energy production (e.g. biofuels and hydropower schemes) plays an integral part in ensuring food and energy security for any nation. Water, as a source of safe drinking water, is furthermore the basis for ensuring the health of citizens and plays an important role in urban sanitation.The concept of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) is seen as an opportunity to help manage water variability and the wide spread water scarcity in Africa. One key component missing from IWRM in Africa is the limited knowledge of the available extent and quality of water resources at basin level. Earth Observation (EO) technology can help fill this information gap by assessing and monitoring water resources at adequate temporal and spatial scales. The goal of this Special Issue is to understand and demonstrate the contribution which satellite observations, consistent over space and time, can bring to improve water resource management in Africa. Possible EO products and applications range from catchment characterization, water quality monitoring, soil moisture assessment, water extent and level monitoring, irrigation services, urban and agricultural water demand modeling, evapotranspiration estimation, ground water management, to hydrological modeling and flood mapping/forecasting. Some of these EO applications have already been developed by African scientists within the 10 year lifetime of the TIGER initiative: Looking after Water in Africa (http://www.tiger.esa.int), whose contributions are intended to be the starting point of this Special Issue and is only one example of the wide range of activities in the field. Contributions from the entire African and international scientific community dealing with the challenges of water resource management in Africa are the target of the special issue.

Extreme Floods and Droughts under Future Climate Scenarios

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218981 / 9783039218998 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-899-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Hydroclimatic extremes, such as floods and droughts, affect aspects of our lives and the environment including energy, hydropower, agriculture, transportation, urban life, and human health and safety. Climate studies indicate that the risk of increased flooding and/or more severe droughts will be higher in the future than today, causing increased fatalities, environmental degradation, and economic losses. Using a suite of innovative approaches this book quantifies the changes in projected hydroclimatic extremes and illustrates their impacts in several locations in North America, Asia, and Europe.

The Challenges of Water Management and Governance in Cities

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211500 / 9783039211517 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-151-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Global population growth is urban growth and, therefore, most of the water-related challenges and solutions reside in cities. Unless water management and water governance processes are significantly improved within the next decade or so, cities are likely to face serious and prolonged water insecurity, urban floods, and/or heat stress, which may result in social instability and, ultimately, massive migration. Aging water infrastructure, one of the most expensive infrastructures in cities, is a relevant challenge in order to address Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6: clean water and sanitation, SDG 11: sustainable cities and communities, and SDG 13: climate action. The choice of good governance arrangements has important consequences for economic performance, for the well-being of citizens, and for the quality of life in urban areas. The better governance arrangements work in coordinating policies across jurisdictions and policy fields, the better the outcomes. Rapidly-changing global conditions will make future water governance more complex than ever before in human history, and expectations are that water governance and water management will change more during the next 20 years compared to the past 100 years. In this Special Issue of Water, the focus will be on practical concepts and tools for water management and water governance, with a focus on cities.

Keywords

Integrated Water Resources Management --- water management sustainability --- urban resilience --- urban water cycle --- water governance --- water-reuse --- governance capacity --- water management --- water scarcity --- Sponge City --- water ecology --- storm water management --- flood control --- resilience --- rainfall-runoff --- storm water control measure --- SuDS --- urban drainage --- urban landscape --- urban planning --- flood risk management --- flood resilience --- governance strategies --- climate change --- assessment framework --- sustainability assessment --- baseline assessment --- co-design --- stakeholder involvement --- wastewater management --- Cape Town --- City Blueprint Approach --- water governance --- water scarcity --- water sensitive cities --- climate change adaptation --- stormwater reservoir --- Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) --- design rainfall event --- Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) --- coordination --- water supply --- social network analysis --- climate change --- IHP --- intergovernmental --- science and technology --- sustainability --- UNESCO --- water management --- water security --- Urban Water Management Programme --- water governance --- infrastructure --- urban water management --- indicators --- SDGs --- stakeholder participation --- water policy --- rainwater harvesting --- footprint --- lifecycle analysis --- total cost of ownership --- sustainability --- urban water management --- drinking water --- city networks --- climate change --- ICLEI --- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) --- urban water management --- use-attainment --- social network analysis --- urban planning --- governance --- social infrastructure --- cost of inaction --- urban pluvial flooding --- flood damage assessment --- flood risk --- greenhouse gas emissions --- decentralized water reclamation with resource recovery --- Water-Energy-Food Nexus --- climate change mitigation --- water governance --- urban water management --- resilience --- sustainable development goals

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