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La tierra de los otros : La dimensión territorial del genocidio indígena en Río Negro y sus efectos en el presente

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789874960177 DOI: 10.4000/books.eunrn.4028 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Editorial UNRN
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
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La incorporación de la Patagonia al Estado nacional se concretó a través de la violencia genocida sobre los pueblos originarios, violencia que instaló criterios racistas aún hoy presentes en las políticas públicas y el sentido común mayoritario. Este libro revela y constata esa continuidad histórica a través de la investigación interdisciplinaria sobre el acceso diferenciado al uso y la propiedad de tierras fiscales en la provincia de Río Negro. En este sentido, si bien el punto de partida es el de los conflictos observados en la actualidad en diferentes localizaciones del territorio provincial, los trabajos reunidos en el volumen reponen los procesos históricos y los contextos etnográficos que permiten visualizar y comprender las múltiples dimensiones de una problemática cuya complejidad se remonta a –y se estructura por– las consecuencias de la Conquista del Desierto. Además de la descripción de casos enriquecida por la investigación en archivos y la consulta de fuentes orales, el libro incluye el estudio de las leyes provinciales relativas a las tierras fiscales y los derechos de los pueblos originarios y de la aplicación de esas normas por parte del Estado rionegrino en distintas etapas históricas, con el objetivo de contribuir a la necesaria reformulación de las políticas públicas de ordenamiento territorial.

Tax Systems and Tax Reforms in New EU Member States

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern World Economy ISBN: 9780203023075 9780415349888 9780415654333 9781134270736 9781134270729 9781134270682 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203023075 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:10
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Building on the work carried out in the 2004 Routledge book, Tax Systems and Tax Reforms in Europe, an international team of contributors now turn their attention to the new EU member states. The book compares conditions in the new and potential EU Member states to those in the long-standing EU countries. Topics covered include: * A Comparative View of Taxation in the EU and in New Members * Tax Policy in EU New Members * Tax Policy in New Members under the Stability Pact * Tax Administration and the Black Economy. As well as investigating countries such as the Czech Republic, Estonia and the Baltics, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia, this outstanding book contains a foreword by Vito Tanzi and will be a valuable resource for postgraduates and professionals in the fields of economics, politics, finance and European studies.

Keywords

personal --- income --- social --- security --- contribution --- transition --- economies --- total --- fiscal --- revenue

L'intermédiation professionnelle : De la découverte d'une

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ISBN: 9782379280764 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.putc.6711 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:35
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Dérivée du latin « intermedius » signifiant « qui est au milieu » et plus large que « la représentation » ou, a fortiori, « le mandat », « l’intermédiation » intéresse fonctionnellement – depuis longtemps et de plus en plus – la plupart des disciplines ou matières juridiques même si, envisagée d’un point de vue strictement conceptuel et notionnel, l’institution serait encore très floue, voire élastique. Il en va ainsi d’autant plus que, de toute évidence, la doctrine est restée assez réservée sur les questions ou problèmes relatifs à sa conception d’ensemble. Le sujet, loin d’être rebattu, semblait ainsi mériter un regard plus exhaustif, eu égard à sa dimension, à son intérêt, à son importance, à sa difficulté... Mais, une fois posée en ces termes, la question a très vite fait apparaître la multiplicité, la diversité, la complexité et, parfois, la disparité des normes applicables. Il s’est avéré, en effet, très difficile de trouver une cohérence constante ou un « souffle commun » dans les règles gouvernant l’intermédiation ou son environnement puisque, selon les systèmes juridiques, selon les disciplines ou selon les matières, selon les contrats ou les institutions, selon la qualité des parties, selon les intérêts en présence... ou encore selon les périodes, la conception de l’intermédiation est mouvante et son régime variable. Le mécanisme et son régime tendraient même, aujourd’hui, à devenir très évolutifs et, fatalement, très incertains avec l’apparition et la croissance exponentielle, grâce à la démocratisation de l’accès à l’informatique et à l’internet, de nouvelles formes (et plateformes) d’intermédiation qui bousculent les méthodes et les règles traditionnelles (il s’ensuit même que la notion inédite de « néo-intermédiation » mériterait, sans doute, de faire son entrée dans le langage juridique pour désigner et nommer, au sens latin du verbe, « l’intermédiation 2.0 » offerte par des marques de services comme Airbnb). Ainsi, il y a de toute évidence une situation de dispersion – confinant à la nébuleuse – qui est telle que le thème considéré pouvait et pourrait encore avoir de quoi donner quelque vertige. Unanimement partis de ce constat, les nombreux acteurs du colloque, organisé à Toulouse le 4 octobre 2018, avaient alors pour ambition d’embrasser le sujet dans toute sa dimension et de mener, de façon curieusement inédite, une analyse d’ensemble du phénomène en en dépassant les multiples et diverses approches strictement sectorielles ou parcellaires. Autrement dit, l’objectif des intervenants était, en partant des ressources offertes par certains « statuts spéciaux » minutieusement choisis en raison, notamment, de leur particularisme ou de leur importance, de se lancer à la recherche d’un fonds ou droit commun de l’intermédiation volontaire ou contractuelle réalisée par des professionnels. Qu’il nous soit alors permis, sur la foi de la quantité et de la qualité des contributions publiées dans le présent ouvrage, d’espérer et d’affirmer que cet objectif a été largement atteint !

Fiscal Decentralisation and Local Government Financing in Serbia and Montenegro

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations ISBN: 9789616842693 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 388 DOI: 10.4335/978-961-6842-69-3 Language: English
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-21 11:13:24
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This book focuses on the fiscal decentralisation processes and the systems of local government financing in Serbia and Montenegro in the period 2000-2015. The retrospective analysis of the decentralisation processes in both countries show that they have been moving back and forth between decentralisation and centralisation, constantly swinging the pendulum of political discourse and the legal framework on intergovernmental fiscal governance. During the observed period, the systems of local government financing in both countries have often undergone drastic changes. Thus, this study focuses on the analysis of the impact of the legal framework related to intergovernmental fiscal relations, fiscal decentralisation and local government financing in Serbia and Montenegro on local government budgets. By applying both normative and economic analyses, as well as both quantitative and qualitative research methods, the study evaluates the legal quality and economic and factual effects of relevant legislation on local government budgets and status in the period 2000-2015. The study is divided into four parts: 1) Introduction; 2) Case Study: Serbia; 3) Case Study: Montenegro (both case studies include normative, economic and empirical analyses of the fiscal decentralisation process and the system of local government financing); 4) Comparative conclusions and recommendations.

Steuerungswirkungen der Hochschulfinanzierung in Deutschland

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ISBN: 9783731501701 Year: Pages: XVI, 156 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000038287 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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The work analyses different forms and effects of higher education funding. In the beginning, the determinants of higher education spending by the German federal states are studied. Then the thesis focuses on the recent introduction of tuition fees at public universities in Germany to identify the effects of tuition fees on the enrollment decision of first year students. In addition, the impact of tuition fees is compared with the effect of administrative fees.

Essays in International Trade and Public Economics

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631621394 Year: Pages: 139 DOI: 10.3726/b13718 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:35
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The essays of this book are contributions to the empirical Literature in International Trade and Public Economics. They deal with the relationship between the structure and quality of the public sector and the process of economic integration. Two of the essays add to the empirical determinants of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) and to the numerous applications of the theory of government decentralization. Decentralization tends to discourage inward FDI and domestic trade and to increase imports and exports. A third essay focuses on the effect of governments’ intangible assets – such as consumer perceptions about countries and products from these countries – on FDI. A country’s nation brand is shown to have a significant and large positive effect on investment flows.

L’introduction des écotaxes en droit belge

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ISBN: 9782802803843 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pusl.13223 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Saint-Louis
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Le livre III de la loi ordinaire du 16 juillet 1993 visant à achever la structure fédérale de l'État a introduit en droit belge un régime d'écotaxes. La mise en place d'un tel régime a suscité un premier débat sur le bien fondé du recours aux instruments économiques dans la conduite d'une politique de protection de l'environnement. Si les questions juridiques ne sont pas restées à l'écart de ce débat, celles-ci ne furent pas pour autant examinées exhaustivement lors de la rédaction de la loi. Le présent ouvrage reprend les rapports, tels que présentés par les orateurs au colloque consacré à « L'introduction des écotaxes en droit belge » organisé le 14 octobre 1993 par le Centre d'étude du droit de l'environnement. Ces rapports analysent la nouvelle législation sous l'angle de sa compatibilité avec différentes disciplines juridiques : le droit communautaire primaire et dérivé, le droit public, le droit fiscal, le droit relatif à la politique des déchets et le droit de l'environnement.

Public Goods Provision in the Early Modern Economy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780520972797 9780520303652 Year: Pages: 349 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.63 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Economics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:03
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Historically, for sustaining and reproducing their economic lives, people have obtained goods and services through various ways. How did people tackle issues that the market did not handle well? This volume compares early modern efforts to provide “public goods”—defined in contraposition to market-mediated goods and goods provided through personal relations, such as kinship ties. We examine poverty and famine relief, infrastructure building, and forestry management in East Asia and Europe, using Japan’s Tokugawa era (1603–1868) as a benchmark from which consider the cases in Prussia, China, and England. Taking advantage of rich scholarship on the role of autonomous village and regional society in Japan’s early modern history, the volume highlights the diverse approaches to providing public goods across societies, relativizing the discussion on the formation of fiscal state drawn from the experience in “advanced” Western Europe, and it constructs the beginnings of an early modern basis for forecasting the diversity in public-goods provision future into the modern and contemporary periods.

A Fair Share of Tax: A Fiscal Anthropology of Contemporary Sweden

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ISBN: 9783319697710 9783319697727 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-69772-7 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:01:26
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This book takes a taxpayer's perspective to the relations taxation creates between people and their state. Larsen proposes that in order to understand tax compliance and cheating, we have to look beyond law, psychological experiments and surveys to include tax collectors and taxpayers' practices. The text explores the view of taxes seen as citizen’s explicit economic relation to the state and implicit economic relation to all other compatriots. Larsen suggests how to build and increase tax compliance if we take the idea of taxation creating reciprocal relations seriously. The empirical cases are based on ethnography from two opposing tax practices in Sweden. Firstly, from a study of analysts, auditors, legal experts and managers at the Swedish Tax Agency and how they, quite successfully, strive for legitimacy in their tax collecting activities in society. Secondly, from fieldwork among a group of middle-aged Swedes and how they justify their tax-cheating when purchasing work off the books. Sweden is a modern society seen as particularly rational and the least prone to worry about survival issues; they trust their government and fellow citizens. Sweden is therefore an important country to look at as an example of tax compliance and whether other countries showing a continuous inclination towards these values will follow their lead.

When Can Oil Economies Be Deemed Sustainable?

Authors: ---
Book Series: The Political Economy of the Middle East ISBN: 9789811557286 Year: Pages: 365 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5728-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Agriculture (General) --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:04:25
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This open access book questions the stereotype depicting all Gulf (GCC) economies as not sustainable, and starts a critical discussion of what these economies and polities should do to guarantee themselves a relatively stable future. Volatile international oil markets and the acceleration of the energy transition has challenged the notion that oil revenues are sufficient to sustain oil economies in the near to medium term. But what is the meaning of economic sustainability? The book discusses the multiple dimensions of the concept: economic diversification, continuing value of resources, taxation and fiscal development, labor market sustainability, sustainable income distribution, environmental sustainability, political order (democracy or authoritarianism) and sustainability, regional integration. The overarching message in this book is that we should move on from the simplistic branding of the Gulf economies as unsustainable and tackle the details of which adaptations they might need to undertake.

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