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Current Strategies to Improve the Nutritional and Physical Quality of Baked Goods

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ISBN: 9783039283460 9783039283477 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-347-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The lifestyle of humans is rapidly changing, and, correspondingly, their needs and the current and future megatrends of the food market. It is worth mentioning (1) the preference for natural, simple, and flexible diets that drive the further expansion of plant-focused formulations, (2) the focus on food sustainability (food waste reduction), and (3) the interest in healthy eating as the basis for good health. The hectic routine and rapid urbanization in developed and developing regions, respectively, have shifted consumer preferences toward bread and baked foods, which, interestingly, are often high in sugars and are categorized as having a high glycemic index. Therefore, it is of major importance to address the technological challenges of manufacturing baked goods with high physical and sensory quality that result in positive metabolic responses. This Special Issue seeks to provide fundamental understanding in this area and novel strategies to improve the nutritional properties of baked goods, including a decrease in starch bioaccessibility, sugar reduction, increase in fiber and/or protein content, and the improvement of phytochemical bioactivity. This Special Issue will also cover studies on the physical and sensory improvements of baked goods that may provide a mechanistic understanding to minimize the loss of quality after the incorporation of nutritional-improving ingredients, such as edible byproducts, proteins, or fibers. Last but not least, studies focused on the reduction of additives (clean label) or fat and on the use of sourdough to improve the sensory properties of baked goods will also be included.

Sustainable Cropping Systems

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ISBN: 9783039289073 / 9783039289080 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-908-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Global crop production must substantially increase to meet the needs of a rapidly growing population. This is constrained by the availability of nutrients, water, and land. There is also an urgent need to reduce the negative environmental impacts of crop production. Collectively, these issues represent one of the greatest challenges of the twenty-first century. Sustainable cropping systems based on ecological principles are the core of integrated approaches to solve this critical challenge. This special issue provides an international basis for revealing the underlying mechanisms of sustainable cropping systems to drive agronomic innovations. It includes review and original research articles that report novel scientific findings on improvement in cropping systems related to crop yields and their resistance to biotic and abiotic stressors, resource use efficiency, environmental impact, sustainability, and ecosystem services.

Keywords

organic cropping system --- maize --- soybean --- wheat --- partial returns --- Zea mais L. --- Triticum aestivum L. --- Helianthus annuus L. --- organic fertilization --- mineral N fertilization --- protein crops --- systematic review --- Europe --- multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) --- potato (Solanum tuberosum) --- shade --- light --- yield --- growth --- quality --- cover crops --- agrobiodiversity --- conventionalization --- system approach --- harvesting strategies --- forage yield and quality --- forage sorghum --- pearl millet --- Texas High Plains --- kura clover --- living mulch --- cover crop --- perennial --- conservation --- nitrogen --- forage --- economics --- farmer’s perception --- maize --- push-pull technology --- stemborer --- no-tillage --- conservation agriculture --- durum wheat --- gluten fractions --- SDS-PAGE analysis --- leguminous cover crop --- vetch --- double cropping --- grain yield --- N uptake --- N use efficiency --- rice --- hierarchical patch dynamics --- cropping system design --- up-scaling --- vineyard system --- complexity --- organization --- cropping systems --- water --- nitrogen --- WHCNS --- scenario analyses --- maize production --- nitrogen use efficiency --- nitrogen nutrition --- Acidic soil --- crop rotation --- enzyme activities --- green manure --- sustainable yield index --- nutrient balance --- crop residue incorporation --- straw decomposition --- residue C and N release --- SOC and STN stocks --- cover crop --- manure --- nitrate --- nitrogen --- cereal rye --- maize --- no-tillage --- cover crop --- irrigation --- weed suppression --- gross margin --- faba bean --- forage pea --- fall grazing --- cover crop --- catch crop --- nutrient cycling --- cropping systems --- sustainable crop production --- agroecology --- nutrient use efficiency --- water use efficiency --- environmental quality

Molecular Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding

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ISBN: 9783039288779 / 9783039288786 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-878-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This Special Issue on molecular genetics, genomics, and biotechnology in crop plant breeding seeks to encourage the use of the tools currently available. It features nine research papers that address quality traits, grain yield, and mutations by exploring cytoplasmic male sterility, the delicate control of flowering in rice, the removal of anti-nutritional factors, the use and development of new technologies for non-model species marker technology, site-directed mutagenesis and GMO regulation, genomics selection and genome-wide association studies, how to cope with abiotic stress, and an exploration of fruit trees adapted to harsh environments for breeding purposes. A further four papers review the genetics of pre-harvest spouting, readiness for climate-smart crop development, genomic selection in the breeding of cereal crops, and the large numbers of mutants in straw lignin biosynthesis and deposition.

Keywords

phloem metabolites --- electrospray ionisation --- mass spectrometry --- cultivar --- quality groups --- nitrogen --- faba bean --- zt-1 --- linkage map --- SSR --- ISSR --- Brassica napus --- GmDof4 --- GmDof11 --- oleic acid --- fatty acid composition --- differentially expressed genes --- drought --- RNA-seq --- RNA editing --- wheat --- climate change --- mapping populations --- genetic resources --- mutation breeding --- genome editing --- new plant breeding techniques --- “omics” data --- bioinformatics --- rice --- CRISPR/Cas9 --- Wx --- TGW6 --- mutations --- maintainer --- cytoplasmic male sterile --- amylose content --- anther --- protein --- cytoplasmic male sterility --- fertility restoration --- sunflower --- Rf1 gene --- GWAS --- Pentatricopeptide Repeats --- PPR genes --- association mapping --- candidate genes --- gene mapping --- lodicule --- non-open hull 1(noh1) --- rice --- crops --- quantitative genetics --- estimated breeding value --- genomic prediction --- plant breeding --- breeding scheme --- pedigree --- genetic value --- wheat --- pre-harvest sprouting --- seed dormancy --- abscisic acid --- gibberellin --- QTL/genes --- brown midrib --- cell wall --- gold hull and internode --- grass family --- lignin --- monolignol pathway --- mutational breeding --- orange lemma --- transgenic cereals --- SNP --- SSR --- next generation sequencing --- genotyping by sequencing --- Japanese plum --- SSR --- diversity --- genetic structure --- candidate genes --- genomic selection --- mutants --- ddRAD sequencing --- genotyping-by-sequencing --- CRISPR/Cas9 site directed mutagenesis --- genome-wide association scan --- genetic modification --- F1 hybrids --- QTL

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eng (2)

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2020 (3)