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Spanish Economic Growth, 1850–2015

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9783319580418 9783319580425 Year: Pages: 383 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58042-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:43:20
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This text offers a comprehensive and nuanced view of the economic development of Spain since 1850. It provides a new set of historical GDP estimates for Spain from the demand and supply sides, and presents a reconstruction of production and expenditure series for the century prior to the introduction of modern national accounts. The author splices available national accounts sets over the period 1958–2015 through interpolation, as an alternative to conventional retropolation. The resulting national accounts series are linked to the historical estimates providing yearly series for GDP and its components since 1850. On the basis of new population estimates, the author derives GDP per head, decomposed into labour productivity and the amount of work per person, and placed into international perspective.With theoretical reasoning and historiographical implications, Prados de la Escosura provides a useful methodological reference work for anyone interested in national accounting.

Keywords

economics --- productivity --- consumption --- value --- income --- expenditure

La diversité culturelle dans l’industrie de la musique enregistrée en France (2003-2008)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782111399006 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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L’industrie musicale française est en crise depuis le milieu des années 2000. Les ventes ont chuté alors même que le processus de numérisation des contenus se développait. Comment apprécier l’incidence sur la diversité culturelle de la production et de la consommation d’une filière en crise ? Fondée sur l’approche d’Andrew Stirling, la mesure de la diversité culturelle est analysée selon trois dimensions : la variété produite et consommée, l’équilibre des ventes entre les différents titres et la disparité des albums et des artistes écoutés. L’analyse révèle la baisse du poids des majors au profit des petits et gros producteurs indépendants, elle apporte des éléments de réponse sur l’effet de levier des ventes en ligne (hypothèse de la longue traîne) et sur l’appréciation de la diversité dans la part des ventes réalisées en grandes surfaces spécialisées.

Dépenses culture-médias des ménages en France au milieu des années 2000 : une transformation structurelle

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782111398979 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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L’analyse des dépenses que les ménages français consacrent aux biens et aux services culturels et de communication permet de prendre la mesure des évolutions au cours des années 2000. Si elles ont diminué en 2006 par rapport à 2001 et ne représentent plus que 4 % du budget disponible contre 4,5 % cinq ans plus tôt, la structure des dépenses culture-médias s’est considérablement transformée. La numérisation des biens culturels a amplifié la transition vers une industrie de services. L’analyse confirme l’influence de l’âge, du niveau d’études, de la catégorie socioprofessionnelle et de la taille de la commune de résidence dans la part des dépenses qu’un ménage français consacre aux dépenses culturelles. Une approche typologique des dépenses identifie trois univers de consommation culturelle : la culture « traditionnelle », la culture de l’écran et la culture « jeune ».

Les dépenses de consommation des ménages en biens et services culturels et télécommunications

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ISBN: 9782111398436 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Depuis cinquante ans, la structure des dépenses des ménages a considérablement évolué. La culture, les loisirs et les télécommunications font partie des postes dont la part relative au sein du budget des 27,4 millions de ménages français a progressé. Les données de la comptabilité nationale pour 2007 ont permis une analyse détaillée de l’évolution des dépenses culturelles et de la part des différents postes : biens et services culturels, matériels et biens et services liés aux équipements, télécommunications.

Comparative Studies of Energy Homeostasis in Vertebrates

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455607 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-560-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine --- Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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A brief glimpse into new insight driving the comparative biology of energy homeostasis in vertebrates with a focus on non-mammalian vertebrates. What are the key conserved mechanisms and what aspects of feeding behavior and energy allocation are different between species?

Les enjeux du livre au format de poche

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ISBN: 9782111398849 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Tenant une place importante au sein de la filière du livre, le format de poche est dominé par un oligopole concurrentiel même si de petites maisons ont aussi recours à ce mode d’édition. Il a connu un grand succès du fait de la maîtrise du risque éditorial et de la recherche d’une optimisation des ventes. Le dynamisme de ce sous-secteur de l’édition a ainsi un impact sur l’ensemble de la filière du livre et en particulier sur les pratiques éditoriales. Mais la croissance de cet objet aux contours imprécis à force de s’élargir peut être menacée dans son modèle économique très tendu par la hausse des coûts ainsi que par les perspectives de numérisation d’une partie de son champ.

Energy metabolism

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193080 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-308-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Physiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 17:24:33
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Energy metabolism is central to life and altered energy expenditure (EE) is often cited as a central mechanism responsible for development of the obese phenotype. Resting EE, EE of physical activity, cold induced thermogenesis and thermic effect of feeding add to produce total EE but can also affect each other. It is thus very important that each component be well measured. Measuring energy expenditure by indirect calorimetry is extremely simple in theory but the practice if far more difficult. Taking into account temperature in small sized animals, measuring accurately the effect of activity on EE, correcting EE for body size body composition, age sex etc… add difficulties in producing reliable data. The goal of this Research Topic was to call for the practical experience of main investigators trained to practice calorimetry in order to get their feedback and the way they deal with the various and specific problems of humans and animal calorimetry. The goal is to share the questions/solutions experienced by the contributors to inititate a “guide of the good practices” that can be periodically updated and used by all those who are and will be interested in measuring energy metabolism from the 20g mouse to the human and large farm animals.

Aspects of Poverty and Inequality in Cameroon

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631595350 Year: Pages: 171 DOI: 10.3726/b13873 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:28
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Poverty and inequality remain extremely high for Cameroon despite improvements in poverty figures between 1996 and 2001. To understand the dynamics of poverty and inequality between 1996 and 2001, this book develops a poverty and inequality profile, investigates the sources of inequality along spatial lines and simulates some policies which could be used in the reduction of poverty and inequality. The book also addresses two major sectors of the Cameroonian economy with a special focus on gender bias in agriculture and linkages between the formal and informal sector. The empirical analyses show that there are large spatial differences in poverty in Cameroon and that sources of inequality vary by location. Regardless of the definition used, the informal sector in Cameroon is extremely large but closely linked to the formal sector. The gender bias experienced by women in access to productive assets in agriculture reduces the efficiency of agricultural production.

Sedentary Behaviour in Human Health and Disease

Author:
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455478 Year: Pages: 74 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-547-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Sedentary behaviour – too much sitting as distinct from too little physical activity – is now recognised as an independent risk factor for several health outcomes and premature mortality. This is problematic as technological advancements in transportation, communications, workplaces, and domestic entertainment has created environments that encourage engagement in sedentary behaviour. Evidence from observational epidemiology shows that prolonged sitting is associated with increased risk of disease and adverse risk marker levels including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, some cancers, obesity, glucose tolerance, and lipids. Importantly, the associations between prolonged sitting and these health markers are independent of time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Intriguingly, observational studies employing objective measures of sedentary time patterns using accelerometry have shown that adults who interrupt their sedentary time more frequently (breaks in sedentary time) have improved cardiometabolic profiles than those whose sedentary time is mostly uninterrupted. These beneficial associations are independent of total sedentary time and time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. In light of this evidence, experimental studies are now being conducted to identify novel mechanisms and potential causal relationships. It has been suggested that loss of muscular contractile stimulation induced through sitting impairs skeletal muscle metabolism of lipids and glucose and that the molecular processes through which these responses occur may be separate from the pathways activated when engaging in exercise. This Research Topic aims to bring together contributions from researchers to advance the sedentary behaviour research agenda and strengthen the case for reducing and breaking up sitting time in primary prevention and disease management contexts.

Cartes et chèques culture : dispositifs et mise en œuvre

Author:
ISBN: 9782111398931 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Destinés à favoriser l’accès à la culture, les cartes et chèques culture permettent à un public souvent spécifique (lycéens, jeunes…) de bénéficier d’une réduction partielle ou d’une exonération totale du prix d’accès à des biens ou services culturels (spectacles, musées, livre, disque, cinéma…). Si les collectivités territoriales se sont rapidement approprié ces dispositifs depuis le milieu des années 1990, avec des modalités de mise en œuvre très diverses (montant de l’offre, public bénéficiaire, accompagnement culturel ou non des publics), il reste à apprécier leur efficience auprès des publics visés.

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