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Transforming Research Excellence

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ISBN: 9781928502067 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3603818 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Science (General) --- Education --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-17 11:21:03
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"Modern-day science is under great pressure. A potent mix of increasing expectations, limited resources, tensions between competition and cooperation, and the need for evidence-based funding is creating major change in how science is conducted and perceived. Amidst this ‘perfect storm’ is the allure of ‘research excellence’, a concept that drives decisions made by universities and funders, and defines scientists’ research strategies and career trajectories. But what is ‘excellent’ science? And how to recognise it? After decades of inquiry and debate there is still no satisfactory answer. Are we asking the wrong question? Is reality more complex, and ‘excellence in science’ more elusive, than many are willing to admit? And how should excellence be defined in different parts of the world, particularly in lower-income countries of the ‘Global South’ where science is expected to contribute to pressing development issues, despite often scarce resources? Many wonder whether the Global South is importing, with or without consenting, the flawed tools for research evaluation from North America and Europe that are not fit for purpose. This book takes a critical view of these issues, touching on conceptual issues and practical problems that inevitably emerge when ‘excellence’ is at the center of science systems. Emerging from the capacity-building work of the Science Granting Councils Initiative in sub-Saharan Africa, it speaks to scholars, as well as to managers and funders of research around the world. Confronting sticky problems and uncomfortable truths, the chapters contain insights and recommendations that point towards new solutions – both for the Global South and the Global North."

Professional Learning in Education

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789038225968 Year: Pages: 229 Language: English
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Education --- Psychology --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-17 11:01:52
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Educational quality is at the center of debates worldwide. In all these debates, teachers are considered as the critical actors determining to a large extent the quality of our educational systems. At the same time, doubts are expressed related to teachers’ quality as well as to the education or training of teachers. In this context, policy debates underline the need for ‘excellent’ teachers and ‘excellent’ teacher education. ‘Excellence’ became the mantra in all educational policy debates. This book presents a model for teachers’ professional development together with the three central themes: (1) professionalism of teacher educators, (2) professional development of (student) teachers, and (3) (student) teacher practices. The different chapters in this book discuss these themes in detail and originated from an open call launched at the ISATT 2013 conference that was organized around the central theme of ‘Excellence of teachers?’. Urgent issues that address practitioners, teacher educators, and researchers are discussed throughout the chapters and general research challenges for teacher education researchers are put forward in the epilogue of this book.

Der Prozess Lagern und Kommissionieren im Rahmen des Distribution Center Reference Model (DCRM)

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Institutes für Fördertechnik und Logistiksysteme der Universität Karlsruhe (TH) / Institut für Fördertechnik und Logistiksysteme ISSN: 01712772 ISBN: 9783866443723 Year: Volume: 72 Pages: IX, 194 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000011509 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit der Entwicklung von analytischen Berechnungsmodellen zur ganzheitlichen Bewertung des Prozesses Lagern und Kommissionieren im Rahmen des aufgabenorientierten Distribution Center Reference Model (DCRM). Die Modelle schätzen den Ressourcenbedarf der wesentlichen Lager- und Kommissioniersysteme unter Berücksichtigung der gestellten Anforderungen und Aufgaben ab. Die Validierung der Modelle erfolgt anhand realer Daten der Warehouse Excellence Studie.

Du sport sans artifice au sport bionique : Amélioration ou condamnation ?

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ISBN: 9782858925070 DOI: 10.4000/books.msha.4563 Language: French
Publisher: Maison des Sciences de l’Homme d’Aquitaine
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Du sport sans artifice au sport bionique... Amélioration ou condamnation ? Le sport est aujourd'hui visité par les techniques d'amélioration des capacités humaines. Celles-ci permettent d'accroître ou de restaurer efficacement les capacités de l'être humain. Des innovations spectaculaires sont enregistrées dans des secteurs comme les nanotechnologies, les biotechnologies, les sciences cognitives, l'informatique, etc. Leur introduction dans le domaine du sport, du haut niveau à la pratique de masse ou de loisir, chez les athlètes valides ou handicapés, perturbe souvent les certitudes et suscite prises de position, interrogations et inquiétudes. D'un côté amélioration dans l'accompagnement des sportifs d'excellence ou libération des sportifs handicapés, de l'autre condamnation de la culture sportive séculaire et aliénation progressive des sportifs ? Relativisme des normes et des valeurs du sport face aux avancées technologiques ? Progrès ou régression dans la quête humaniste ? Autant de questions qui méritent d'être abordées et traitées. D'ailleurs, à ce jour, existe-t-il des instances régulatrices suffisamment armées pour appréhender ces problèmes ? La 31ème Université Sportive d'Été a été accueillie à Montpellier, dans un lieu prestigieux et de circonstance : Pierresvives, au sein de la « Cité des savoirs et du Sport pour tous », du 4 au 6 septembre 2013, avec le soutien du Montpellier Université Club. Organisée par l'UNCU et l'UJSF, elle s'est attelée à la tâche en donnant la parole à une quinzaine de personnalités issues de la recherche universitaire, fondamentale ou appliquée, des sciences de l'homme et de la société, du journalisme, des sciences et des techniques de l'ingénieur, du sport et de l'éducation, faisant face à un public des plus motivés.

Gleichstellungspolitik an Hochschulen

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783847415206 Year: Pages: 410 DOI: 10.3224/84742397 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-13 04:45:25
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What knowledge do professors have about gender and equality issues and how do they implement equality in their key areas of activity - as managers in research, teaching and academic self-administration? The aim of the volume is to shed light on the interaction of the knowledge and attitudes of professors on the one hand and their action orientations with regard to equality on the other .; What do professors know about gender and equality issues, and how do they implement equality in their main fields of action - research, teaching and academic self-administration? The aim of this volume is to shed light on the nexus of professors' knowledge and attitudes on the one hand and on action orientations with regard to gender equality on the other.

Open Access and the Library

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ISBN: 9783038977407 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-741-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Libraries are places of learning and knowledge creation. Over the last two decades, digital technology—and the changes that came with it—have accelerated this transformation to a point where evolution starts to become a revolution.The wider Open Science movement, and Open Access in particular, is one of these changes and is already having a profound impact. Under the subscription model, the role of libraries was to buy or license content on behalf of their users and then act as gatekeepers to regulate access on behalf of rights holders. In a world where all research is open, the role of the library is shifting from licensing and disseminating to facilitating and supporting the publishing process itself.This requires a fundamental shift in terms of structures, tasks, and skills. It also changes the idea of a library’s collection. Under the subscription model, contemporary collections largely equal content bought from publishers. Under an open model, the collection is more likely to be the content created by the users of the library (researchers, staff, students, etc.), content that is now curated by the library.Instead of selecting external content, libraries have to understand the content created by their own users and help them to make it publicly available—be it through a local repository, payment of article processing charges, or through advice and guidance. Arguably, this is an overly simplified model that leaves aside special collections and other areas. Even so, it highlights the changes that research libraries are undergoing, changes that are likely to accelerate as a result of initiatives such as Plan S.This Special Issue investigates some of the changes in today’s library services that relate to open access.

Philosophical Issues in Sport Science

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ISBN: 9783039218882 9783039218899 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-889-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The role and value of science within sport increases with ever greater professionalization and commercialization. Scientific and technological innovations are devised to increase performance, ensure greater accuracy of measurement and officiating, reduce risks of harm, enhance spectatorship, and raise revenues. However, such innovations inevitably come up against epistemological and metaphysical problems related to the nature of sport and physical competition. This Special Issue identifies and explores key and contemporary philosophical issues in relation to the science of sport and exercise. It is divided into three sections: 1. Scientific evidence, causation, and sport; 2. Science technology and sport officiating; and 3. Scientific influences on the construction of sport. It brings together scholars working on philosophical problems in sport to examine issues related to the values and assumptions behind sport and exercise science and key problems resulting from these and to provide recommendations for improving its practice.

Keywords

elite sports --- sport nutrition --- standards of evidence --- evidence-based practices --- randomized controlled trials --- philosophy of medicine --- casuistry --- umpiring and refereeing --- technological assistance to match officials --- justice and continuity in match officiating --- ball trackers --- goal-line technology --- football --- cricket --- tennis --- transgender --- trans women --- sport --- testosterone --- gender --- gender binary --- sports tournaments --- team rankings --- intransitive dominance --- win-loops --- social choice theory --- Condorcet’s paradox --- championship pluralism --- technology --- running --- fairness --- competition --- accuracy --- officiating --- justice --- the human element --- technology --- Hawk-Eye --- aesthetics of sports --- counterfactuals --- absence causation --- causal necessity --- causal contingency --- david kellogg lewis --- prelusory goal --- possible sport worlds --- metaphysics of sport --- causation in sport --- sport ethics --- technology --- the spirit of sport --- excellence --- anti-doping --- nature --- governance --- ethics --- testosterone --- discrimination --- integrity --- science --- fair-play --- sport --- athletics --- exercise science --- philosophy --- sport psychology --- materialism --- Aristotle --- causation and nature --- exercise professional --- professional knowledge --- health --- wellbeing --- philosophy --- medicalization --- scientism --- biomedicine --- sport science --- epistemology --- ontology --- causation --- technology --- evidence

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