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Unheil durch Dämonen?

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ISBN: 9783205784852 Year: Pages: 218 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437183 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4098
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:21
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Abstract

Narratives about people haunted by demons have a long tradition in the Middle East. The Koran addresses the existence of demons, although their overall significance in it is limited. In contrast, dangerous demons and accompanying phenomena, such as the evil eye and witchcraft, play a vital role in concepts of folk religion. Particularly in peripheral and rural areas of the present-day Syrian Arab Republic, many people have stories to tell about their own encounters with such supernatural beings. In my research, I have collected such narratives, orally transmitted over time, and I have reconstructed subsequent discourses. More specifically, I have pursued the two following questions: In which spatial and temporal spheres do demons appear? And: Which human behaviours are likely to cause dangerous demons to appear? My analysis firstly replicated and extended structural approaches which presume demons and other metaphysical entities in spatial and temporal border zones. Secondly, evidence was collected to demonstrate that demons appear primarily when humans are faced with uncertainties - regarding ethical-moral decisions, regarding the realm of sexuality, or the construction of individual and collective identities. Narratives about encounters with demons inevitably lead to discourses about important issues of great urgency. In theory they can be described as conflict-laden topics regarding ethics and morals, sexuality, social change, and identity. However, the topics of these discourses are not abstract theories claiming universal validity. Quite the contrary: On the basis of concrete events in concrete contexts, concrete options for a virtuous and good life are discussed. These concretizations, in the narratives as well as in the discourses, form an effective strategy in creating security in a world full of uncertainties. The folk religious concepts regarding the demons’ influence therefore provide an opportunity to cope with negative experiences of contingency. Moreover, particular relevance of the local-cultural beliefs in demons lies in dealing with value conflicts. Focusing on situations of daily life, such local-cultural concepts appear to be valid even when contrasted with other, concurring models of reality. Viewed in this light, they are essential, practical, and useful for the people in the Syrian periphery - at least today, and perhaps also tomorrow.

Keywords

Social Anthropology --- Islam --- Djinn --- Ethnography --- Syria --- Evil Eye

Pragmatic Realism, Religious Truth, and Antitheodicy

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ISBN: 9789523690059 9789523690042 9789523690066 9789523690073 Year: Pages: 223 DOI: 10.33134/HUP-2 Language: English
Publisher: Helsinki University Press
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-04 11:21:03
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Both as a traditional theological issue and in its broader secular varieties, theodicy remains a problem in the philosophy of religion. In this book, Professor Sami Pihlström provides a novel critical reassessment of the theodicy discourse addressing the problem of evil and suffering. He develops an antitheodicist view, arguing that theodicies seeking to render apparently meaningless suffering meaningful or justified from a “God’s-Eye-View” ultimately rely on metaphysical realism failing to recognize the individual perspective of the sufferer. Pihlström thus shows that a pragmatist approach to the realism issue in the philosophy of religion is a vital starting point for a re-evaluation of the problem of theodicy.

Theodicy

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ISBN: 9783038972280 9783038972297 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-229-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The problem of evil has vexed for centuries:

Keywords

theodicy --- queer reading --- gay studies --- liberation theology --- sadomasochism --- suffering --- theodicy --- theodicism --- antitheodicy --- antitheodicism --- realism --- metaphysical realism --- recognition --- acknowledgment --- literature --- the Book of Job --- Roth, Joseph --- creation --- philosophy of religion --- multiverses --- suffering --- black lives matter --- theodicy --- race --- racial disregard --- Marilynne Robinson --- Home --- Gilead trilogy --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- suffering love --- hope --- the problem of evil --- type and token values --- indeterminism --- Paul Celan --- Nelly Sachs --- Martin Heidegger --- Todtnauberg --- Zurichat the Stork --- enestological theodicy --- god --- evil --- infinite value --- the problem of evil --- Anselmianism --- God --- evil --- universe --- world --- multiverse --- Almeida --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- Marilyn Adams --- Richard Swinburne --- mystical body --- god --- evil --- goodness --- religion --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- Qur’an --- Job --- good --- evil --- al Ghaz?l? --- mysticism --- Islam --- theodicy --- problem of evil --- horrendous evil --- disability --- rational moral wish satisfaction --- Marilyn McCord Adams --- anti-theodicy --- theodicy --- suffering --- epistemic injustice --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- anti-theodicy --- Emmanuel Levinas --- Primo Levi --- suffering --- Margaret Cavendish --- theodicy --- problem of evil --- free will --- feminist ethics --- atrocity paradigm --- redemptive goods --- divine justice --- Flannery O’Connor --- Teilhard de Chardin --- good and evil --- theodicy --- Christian vision --- n/a

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