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Maenge gardens : A study of Maenge relationship to domesticates

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ISBN: 9782956398189 DOI: 10.4000/books.pacific.690 Language: English
Publisher: pacific-credo Publications
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

Domesticates play a central part both in the everyday and ritual life of the Maenge people of New Britain. Maenge relationship to this category of plants is here analysed through their horticultural techniques, their systems of classification and appellation, their utilisations and finally through myths and rites. Gardening techniques as well as the systems of classification and appellation emphasise the importance of the notion of cultivar in Maenge eyes. While the taxonomy of domesticates is relatively shallow, keys are built by taking into account minute differences between cultivars, as is shown with reference to taro and cordyline. As men may receive names of taro cultivars or give their own names to cultivated trees, the boundaries between nature and culture are suppressed: domesticates appear as part of humans’ culture, a point made even clearer by the attribution of a soul to cultigens since this soul endows them with powers similar to those of men: ability of feeling, agency. The distinction between hot and cold categories is fundamental for an understanding of Maenge medicine and gardening rites. The category of the rotten is also essential for a population of gardeners who fully recognise the part played by rotten matter in rebuilding the topsoil during the fallow period. Gardens, in the Maenge setting, thus appear not only as food reserves but as laboratories where experiments are ceaselessly going on as well as sanctuaries. Gardening provides not only social prestige but intellectual and aesthetic pleasures.

Medicinal Plants and Natural Product Research

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ISBN: 9783039281183 9783039281190 Year: Pages: 231 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-119-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The book entitled Medicinal Plants and Natural Product Research describes various aspects of ethnopharmacological uses of medicinal plants; extraction, isolation, and identification of bioactive compounds from medicinal plants; various aspects of biological activity such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, immunomodulatory activity, etc., as well as characterization of plant secondary metabolites as active substances from medicinal plants.

Keywords

Chrysanthemum coronarium L. --- aerial parts --- caffeoylquinic acids --- Malian medicinal plants --- Biophytum umbraculum --- Burkea africana --- Lannea velutina --- Terminalia macroptera --- medicinal plants --- traditional knowledge --- Eastern Himalayas --- mountain plants --- ethnobotany --- ethnopharmacology --- bioprospecting --- antibiotic resistance --- antimicrobial --- mechanism of action --- plant metabolite --- saline habitats --- secondary metabolites --- adaptation --- different solvents --- antibiotic resistance --- antimicrobial activity --- cytotoxicity --- ethnobotany --- Eucalyptus --- natural products --- Pseudomonas aeruginosa --- stingless bees --- Tetragonula --- traditional medicine --- basil varieties --- essential oil --- GC-MS --- harvest --- cluster analysis --- antimicrobial --- antioxidants --- medicinal plants --- BHT --- Ficus hirta --- Moraceae --- carboline alkaloids --- sesquiterpenoids --- flavonoids --- antifungal --- phytochemicals --- Nirgundi --- chaste tree --- antibacterial --- free radical --- scavenger --- oxidative stress --- P. alliaceae --- P. niruri --- S. reticulata --- UPLC --- TQ-ESI-MS --- proanthocyanidins --- mass spectrometry --- antioxidant --- cytotoxicity --- Moringa oleifera --- DPPH --- antioxidant activity --- oxidative stress --- sickle cell anemia --- Ophiopogon --- Liriope --- rbcL --- DNA barcoding --- high-resolution melt curve (HRM) analysis --- allergy --- inflammation --- mast cells --- Immulina® --- immunLoges® --- anthracene derivatives --- antimicrobial --- Asphodelus --- ethnomedicine --- skin diseases --- plant-food --- processing --- nutraceuticals --- inflammation --- health --- Arbutus unedo L. --- ?-glucosidase --- catechin --- HPLC --- NMR --- activity --- bioproduct --- Brunfelsia --- Amazonian --- Ecuador --- ethnobotanic --- ayahuasca --- validation --- drug discovery --- scopoletin

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