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Family perspectives on a proper medical treatment for people in prolonged vegetative and minimally conscious states (Book chapter)

Book title: The Legitimacy of Medical Treatment

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ISBN: 9781138819634 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090207
Subject: Law --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:03
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Whenever the legitimacy of a new or ethically contentious medical intervention is considered, a range of influences will determine whether the treatment becomes accepted as lawful medical treatment. The development and introduction of abortion, organ donation, gender reassignment, and non-therapeutic cosmetic surgery have, for example, all raised ethical, legal, and clinical issues. This book examines the various factors that legitimatise a medical procedure. Bringing together a range of internationally and nationally recognised academics from law, philosophy, medicine, health, economics, and sociology, the book explores the notion of a treatment, practice, or procedure being proper medical treatment, and considers the range of diverse factors which might influence the acceptance of a particular procedure as appropriate in the medical context. Contributors address such issues as clinical judgement and professional autonomy, the role of public interest, and the influence of resource allocation in decision-making. In doing so, the book explores how the law, the medical profession, and the public interact in determining whether a new or ethically contentious procedure should be regarded as legitimate. This book will be of interest and use to researchers and students of bioethics, medical law, criminal law, and the sociology of medicine.

From Colonialism to International Aid

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Book Series: Global Dynamics of Social Policy ISBN: 9783030382001 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38200-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:06
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This open access volume addresses the role of external actors in social protection in the Global South, from the Second World War until today, analysing the influence of colonial powers, superpowers during the Cold War and contemporary donor agencies. Following an introduction to the analysis of external actors in social policy making in the Global South, the contributions explore which external actors were dominant in the decades after World War II, and how they shaped early and contemporary social protection making in developing countries. The latter half of the collection elucidates important players in the contemporary transnational social policy arena, such as donor organizations and international organizations, and critically evaluates the potential for and limits of the explanatory power of external actors in social protection making in the Global South, considering the relative contribution of external and domestic influences. By examining how transnational relationships and external actors have influenced the formation, development and transformation of social policies in the developing world, this collection will be an invaluable resource for scholars interested in social protection in the Global South from a range of disciplines. These include political science, social policy, and sociology, as well as historians of the welfare state, international relations scholars and scholars working on global and transnational social policy and development policy.

Governing Social Protection in the Long Term

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Book Series: Global Dynamics of Social Policy ISBN: 9783030420543 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42054-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:51
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This open access book examines the comparative evolution of social protection in Australia and New Zealand from 1890 to the present day, focusing on the relationship between employment relations and social policy. Utilising longstanding and more recent developments in historical institutionalist methodology, Ramia investigates the relationship between these two policy domains in the context of social protection theory. He argues that treating employment relations as dynamic, and as inextricably intertwined with changes in the welfare state over time, allows for more accurate portrayal of similarity and difference in social protection. The book will be of most interest to researchers, advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in social policy, employment relations, public policy, social and political history, and comparative politics.

Sozioanalyse in der pädagogischen Arbeit

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ISBN: 9783658320652 Year: Pages: 235 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-32065-2 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:18:56
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Blockchain and Crypto Currency

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Economics, Law, and Institutions in Asia Pacific ISBN: 9789811533761 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3376-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:29:47
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This open access book contributes to the creation of a cyber ecosystem supported by blockchain technology in which technology and people can coexist in harmony. Blockchains have shown that trusted records, or ledgers, of permanent data can be stored on the Internet in a decentralized manner. The decentralization of the recording process is expected to significantly economize the cost of transactions. Creating a ledger on data, a blockchain makes it possible to designate the owner of each piece of data, to trade data pieces, and to market them. This book examines the formation of markets for various types of data from the theory of market quality proposed and developed by M. Yano. Blockchains are expected to give data itself the status of a new production factor. Bringing ownership of data to the hands of data producers, blockchains can reduce the possibility of information leakage, enhance the sharing and use of IoT data, and prevent data monopoly and misuse. The industry will have a bright future as soon as better technology is developed and when a healthy infrastructure is created to support the blockchain market.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 3

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Economy and Social Inclusion ISBN: 9789811550058 Year: Pages: 489 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5005-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:31
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This open access book brings together oral histories that record the experiences of individuals with intellectual disabilities in Shanghai as they participate in their careers. Employees with intellectual disabilities describe their experiences seeking, attaining, and maintaining employment. Their managers, colleagues, and family members also provide keen insight into the challenges and opportunities these individuals have encountered in the process of securing employment. An appendix provides a compilation of employment policies related to people with intellectual disabilities, particularly with respect to Shanghai.

Society 5.0

ISBN: 9789811529894 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-2989-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Political Science --- Sociology --- Geography --- Computer Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:15
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This open access book introduces readers to the vision on future cities and urban lives in connection with “Society 5.0”, which was proposed in the 5th Basic Science and Technology Plan by Japan’s national government for a technology-based, human-centered society, emerging from the fourth industrial revolution. The respective chapters summarize the findings and suggestions of joint research projects conducted by H-UTokyo Lab. Through the research collaboration and discussion, this book explores the future urban lives under the concept of “Society 5.0”, characterized by the key phrases of data-driven society, knowledge-intensive society, and non-monetary society, and suggests the directionality to which the concept should aim as Japan’s technology-led national vision. Written by Hitachi’s researchers as well as academics from a wide range of fields, including engineering, economics, psychology and philosophy at The University of Tokyo, the book is a must read for members of the general public interested in urban planning, students, professionals and researchers in engineering and economics.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 1

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Economy and Social Inclusion ISBN: 9789811551321 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5132-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:43
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This open access book is unique in presenting the first oral history of individuals with an intellectual disability and their families in China. In this summary volume and the two accompanying volumes that follow, individuals with an intellectual disability tell their life stories, while their family members, teachers, classmates, and co-workers describe their professional, academic, and family relationships. Besides interview transcripts, each volume provides observations and records in real time the daily experiences of people with an intellectual disability. Drawing on the methodologies of sociology and oral history, the summary volume provides an unprecedented account of how people with intellectual disabilities in China understand themselves while also examining pertinent issues of public policy and civil society that have ramifications beyond the field of disability itself.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 2

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Economy and Social Inclusion ISBN: 9789811551284 Year: Pages: 567 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5128-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:47
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This open access book contains the oral histories that were inspired by the work of the Special Olympics in conjunction with the 50th anniversary of its founding. The foreword and prefatory materials provide an overview of the Special Olympics and its growth in the People’s Republic of China. The sections that follow record interview transcripts of individuals with intellectual disabilities living in Shanghai. In addition to chronicling the involvement of these individuals and their families in the Special Olympics movement, the interview transcripts also capture their daily lives and how they have navigated school and work.

Co-creating Digital Public Services for an Ageing Society

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Book Series: Public Administration and Information Technology ISBN: 9783030528737 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-52873-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Computer Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:05:41
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This open access book attends to the co-creation of digital public services for ageing societies. Increasingly public services are provided in digital form; their uptake however remains well below expectations. In particular, amongst older adults the need for public services is high, while at the same time the uptake of digital services is lower than the population average. One of the reasons is that many digital public services (or e-services) do not respond well to the life worlds, use contexts and use practices of its target audiences. This book argues that when older adults are involved in the process of identifying, conceptualising, and designing digital public services, these services become more relevant and meaningful. The book describes and compares three co-creation projects that were conducted in two European cities, Bremen and Zaragoza, as part of a larger EU-funded innovation project. The first part of the book traces the origins of co-creation to three distinct domains, in which co-creation has become an equally important approach with different understandings of what it is and entails: (1) the co-production of public services, (2) the co-design of information systems and (3) the civic use of open data. The second part of the book analyses how decisions about a co-creation project’s governance structure, its scope of action, its choice of methods, its alignment with strategic policies and its embedding in existing public information infrastructures impact on the process and its results. The final part of the book identifies key challenges to co-creation and provides a more general assessment of what co-creation may achieve, where the most promising areas of application may be and where it probably does not match with the contingent requirements of digital public services. Contributing to current discourses on digital citizenship in ageing societies and user-centric design, this book is useful for researchers and practitioners interested in co-creation, public sector innovation, open government, ageing and digital technologies, citizen engagement and civic participation in socio-technical innovation.

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