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In modern societies the functional differentiation of medicine and religion is the predominant paradigm. Contemporary therapeutic practices and concepts in healing systems, such as Transpersonal Psychology, Ayurveda, as well as Buddhist and Anthroposophic medicine, however, are shaped by medical as well as religious or spiritual elements. This book investigates configurations of the entanglement between medicine, religion, and spirituality in Europe, Asia, North America, and Africa. How do political and legal conditions affect these healing systems? How do they relate to religious and scientific discourses? How do therapeutic practitioners position themselves between medicine and religion, and what is their appeal for patients?
Religion  Spirituality  Entanglement  CAM  Traditional Medicine  Medicine  Religious Studies  Body  Care
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The last few years have been characterized by a tremendous development of quantum information and probability and their applications, including quantum computing, quantum cryptography, and quantum random generators. In spite of the successful development of quantum technology, its foundational basis is still not concrete and contains a few sandy and shaky slices. Quantum random generators are one of the most promising outputs of the recent quantum information revolution. Therefore, it is very important to reconsider the foundational basis of this project, starting with the notion of irreducible quantum randomness. Quantum probabilities present a powerful tool to model uncertainty. Interpretations of quantum probability and foundational meaning of its basic tools, starting with the Born rule, are among the topics which will be covered by this issue. Recently, quantum probability has started to play an important role in a few areas of research outside quantum physics—in particular, quantum probabilistic treatment of problems of theory of decision making under uncertainty. Such studies are also among the topics of this issue.
quantum logic  groups  partially defined algebras  quasigroups  viable cultures  quantum information theory  bit commitment  protocol  entropy  entanglement  orthogonality  quantum computation  Gram–Schmidt process  quantum probability  potentiality  complementarity  uncertainty relations  Copenhagen interpretation  indefiniteness  indeterminism  causation  randomness  quantum information  quantum dynamics  entanglement  algebra  causality  geometry  probability  quantum information theory  realism  reality  entropy  correlations  qubits  probability representation  Bayes’ formula  quantum entanglement  threequbit random states  entanglement classes  entanglement polytope  anisotropic invariants  quantum random number  vacuum state  maximization of quantum conditional minentropy  quantum logics  quantum probability  holistic semantics  epistemic operations  Bell inequalities  algorithmic complexity  Borel normality  Bayesian inference  model selection  random numbers  quantumlike models  operational approach  information interpretation of quantum theory  social laser  social energy  quantum information field  social atom  Bose–Einstein statistics  bandwagon effect  social thermodynamics  resonator of social laser  master equation for socioinformation excitations  quantum contextuality  Kochen–Specker sets  MMP hypergraphs  Greechie diagrams  quantum foundations  probability  irreducible randomness  random number generators  quantum technology  entanglement  quantumlike models for social stochasticity  contextuality
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This book presents the current views of leading physicists on the bizarre property of quantum theory: nonlocality. Einstein viewed this theory as “spooky action at a distance” which, together with randomness, resulted in him being unable to accept quantum theory. The contributions in the book describe, in detail, the bizarre aspects of nonlocality, such as Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen steering and quantum teleportation—a phenomenon which cannot be explained in the framework of classical physics, due its foundations in quantum entanglement. The contributions describe the role of nonlocality in the rapidly developing field of quantum information. Nonlocal quantum effects in various systems, from solidstate quantum devices to organic molecules in proteins, are discussed. The most surprising papers in this book challenge the concept of the nonlocality of Nature, and look for possible modifications, extensions, and new formulations—from retrocausality to novel types of multipleworld theories. These attempts have not yet been fully successful, but they provide hope for modifying quantum theory according to Einstein’s vision.
quantum nonlocality  quantum mechanics  Stern–Gerlach experiment  quantum measurement  pre and postselected systems  retrocausal channel  channel capacity  channel entropy  axioms for quantum theory  PR box  nonlocal correlations  classical limit  retrocausality  quantum correlations  quantum bounds  nonlocality  tsallis entropy  ion channels  selectivity filter  quantum mechanics  nonlinear Schrödinger model  biological quantum decoherence  nonlocality  parity measurements  entanglement  pigeonhole principle  controlledNOT  semiconductor nanodevices  quantum transport  densitymatrix formalism  Wignerfunction simulations  nonlocal dissipation models  steering  entropic uncertainty relation  general entropies  Bell’s theorem  Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen argument  local hidden variables  local realism  nosignalling  parallel lives  local polytope  quantum nonlocality  communication complexity  optimization  KS Box  PR Box  Noncontextuality inequality  discretevariable states  continuousvariable states  quantum teleportation of unknown qubit  hybrid entanglement  collapse of the quantum state  quantum nonlocality  communication complexity  quantum nonlocality  Bell test  deviceindependent  pvalue  hypothesis testing  nonsignaling  EPR steering  quantum correlation  nonlocality  entanglement  uncertainty relations  nonlocality  entanglement  quantum
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Prototypical quantum optics models, such as the Jaynes–Cummings, Rabi, Tavis–Cummings, and Dicke models, are commonly analyzed with diverse techniques, including analytical exact solutions, meanfield theory, exact diagonalization, and so on. Analysis of these systems strongly depends on their symmetries, ranging, e.g., from a U(1) group in the Jaynes–Cummings model to a Z2 symmetry in the fullfledged quantum Rabi model. In recent years, novel regimes of light–matter interactions, namely, the ultrastrong and deepstrong coupling regimes, have been attracting an increasing amount of interest. The quantum Rabi and Dicke models in these exotic regimes present new features, such as collapses and revivals of the population, bounces of photonnumber wave packets, as well as the breakdown of the rotatingwave approximation. Symmetries also play an important role in these regimes and will additionally change depending on whether the few or manyqubit systems considered have associated inhomogeneous or equal couplings to the bosonic mode. Moreover, there is a growing interest in proposing and carrying out quantum simulations of these models in quantum platforms such as trapped ions, superconducting circuits, and quantum photonics. In this Special Issue Reprint, we have gathered a series of articles related to symmetry in quantum optics models, including the quantum Rabi model and its symmetries, Floquet topological quantum states in optically driven semiconductors, the spin–boson model as a simulator of nonMarkovian multiphoton Jaynes–Cummings models, parityassisted generation of nonclassical states of light in circuit quantum electrodynamics, and quasiprobability distribution functions from fractional Fourier transforms.
quasiprobability distribution functions  fractional Fourier transform  reconstruction of the wave function  microwave photons  quantum entanglement  superconducting circuits  circuit quantum electrodynamics  quantum Rabi model  spinboson model  JaynesCummings model  multiphoton processes  quantum simulation  topological excitations  Floquet  dynamical mean field theory  nonequilibrium  starkeffect  semiconductors  light–matter interaction  integrable systems  global spectrum  n/a
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The name of Joseph Fourier is also inseparable from the study of the mathematics of heat. Modern research on heat equations explores the extension of the classical diffusion equation on Riemannian, subRiemannian manifolds, and Lie groups. In parallel, in geometric mechanics, JeanMarie Souriau interpreted the temperature vector of Planck as a spacetime vector, obtaining, in this way, a phenomenological model of continuous media, which presents some interesting properties.
uncertainty relation  Wigner–Yanase–Dyson skew information  quantum memory  Born probability rule  quantumclassical relationship  spinors in quantum and classical physics  square integrable  energy quantization  Quantum HamiltonJacobi Formalism  quantum trajectory  generalized uncertainty principle  successive measurements  minimal observable length  Rényi entropy  Tsallis entropy  deep learning  quantum computing  neuromorphic computing  high performance computing  quantum mechanics  Gleason theorem  Kochen–Specker theorem  Born rule  quantum uncertainty  quantum foundations  quantum information  continuous variables  Bohmian dynamics  entanglement indicators  linear entropy  original Bell inequality  perfect correlation/anticorrelation  qudit states  quantum bound  measure of classicality  foundations of quantum mechanics  uncertainty relations  bell inequalities  entropy  quantum computing
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Although scientific computing is very often associated with numeric computations, the use of computer algebra methods in scientific computing has obtained considerable attention in the last two decades. Computer algebra methods are especially suitable for parametric analysis of the key properties of systems arising in scientific computing. The expressionbased computational answers generally provided by these methods are very appealing as they directly relate properties to parameters and speed up testing and tuning of mathematical models through all their possible behaviors. This book contains 8 original research articles dealing with a broad range of topics, ranging from algorithms, data structures, and implementation techniques for highperformance sparse multivariate polynomial arithmetic over the integers and rational numbers over methods for certifying the isolated zeros of polynomial systems to computer algebra problems in quantum computing.
element order  number of elements of the same order  projective special linear group  projective special unitary group  simple Kngroup  polynomial modules  free resolutions  combinatorial decompositions  overdetermined polynomial system  isolated zeros  minimum point  sum of squares  interval methods  linearity  superposition  entanglement  mutually unbiased bases  SU(2)  Galois fields  Galois rings  Hennebergtype minimal surface  Weierstrass representation  fourdimensional space  implicit equation  degree  Minkowski 4space  Dinitype helicoidal hypersurface  Gauss map  timelike axis  integrability  invariant surfaces  Lotka–Volterra system  computational algebra  sparse polynomials  polynomial arithmetic  normal form  pseudodivision  pseudoremainder  sparse data structures
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For the editors of this collection, new materialisms have always been the entanglement of epistemology, ontology, ethics, and politics. Looking back to the notion of “situated knowledges” (Haraway, 1988) that – among others – “planted the seed for feminist new materialism” (van der Tuin, 2015, 26) – one sees how those (at least) four planes are entangled (RogowskaStangret, 2018) in order to bring forth “responseable” (Haraway, 2008) research. New materialism is thus an ethicoontoepistemological framework (Barad, 2007; RevellesBenavente, 2018) that by activating its ethicopolitics helps to diagnose, infer, and transform gendered, environmental, anthropocentric, social injustices from a multidimensional angle. Social injustices are a driving motivation to pursue research and are the reason why the editors and authors of this Special Issue cannot understand new materialism without feminism (in the lines of eds. Hinton & Teusch, 2015). Contemporary feminist researchers are providing new materialisms with a transversal approach, (YuvalDavis 1997) that comes from many different disciplines without canonizing back again knowledge creation and production and in hope that they will not enter back into classifixations (van der Tuin, 2015). It is “situated” (Haraway, 1988) research “responseable” (Haraway, 2008) to materialdiscursive practices that iterate in a dynamic conceptualization of matter.
Documentary  diffraction apparatus  diffractive reading  Cuidado, resbala  Yes, We Fuck!  Spanish cinema  materiality  emotionality  performativity  new materialism  sex robots  robot sex  transversalism  human–machine interaction  sexpositive  diffractive design  queer studies  Barad  children  creative methods  feminist new materialisms  research–activism  responseability  sexual harassment  touch  new materialisms  feminist environmentalism  ecology  grassroots activism  La Via Campesina  political ecology  responseability  food sovereignty  social justice  sound and noise art  feminist new materialism  posthumanities  doingcooking  social engagement  participatory practices  diffraction  intraaction  entanglement  community  togetherness  faith  art  feminism  religion  belonging  methods  n/a
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Quantum information has dramatically changed information science and technology, looking at the quantum nature of the information carrier as a resource for building new information protocols, designing radically new communication and computation algorithms, and ultrasensitive measurements in metrology, with a wealth of applications. From a fundamental perspective, this new discipline has led us to regard quantum theory itself as a special theory of information, and has opened routes for exploring solutions to the tension with general relativity, based, for example, on the holographic principle, on noncausal variations of the theory, or else on the powerful algorithm of the quantum cellular automaton, which has revealed new routes for exploring quantum fields theory, both as a new microscopic mechanism on the fundamental side, and as a tool for efficient physical quantum simulations for practical purposes. In this golden age of foundations, an astonishing number of new ideas, frameworks, and results, spawned by the quantum information theory experience, have revolutionized the way we think about the subject, with a new research community emerging worldwide, including scientists from computer science and mathematics.
reconstruction of quantum theory  entanglement  monogamy  quantum nonlocality  conserved informational charges  limited information  complementarity  characterization of unitary group and state spaces  algebraic quantum theory  C*algebra  gelfand duality  classical context  bohrification  process theory  classical limit  purity  higherorder interference  generalised probabilistic theories  Euclidean Jordan algebras  Pauli exclusion principle  quantum foundations  Xray spectroscopy  underground experiment  silicon drift detector  measurement uncertainty relations  relative entropy  position  momentum  quantum mechanics  the measurement problem  collapse models  Xrays  quantum gravity  discrete spacetime  causal sets  path summation  entropic gravity  physical computing models  complexity classes  causality  blind source separation (BSS)  qubit pair  exchange coupling  entangled pure state  unentanglement criterion  probabilities in quantum measurements  independence of random quantum sources  iterant  Clifford algebra  matrix algebra  braid group  Fermion  Dirac equation  quantum information  quantum computation  semiclassical physics  quantum control  quantum genetic algorithm  samplingbased learning control (SLC)  quantum foundations  relativity  quantum gravity  cluster states  multipartite entanglement  percolation  Shannon information  quantum information  quantum measurements  consistent histories  incompatible frameworks  single framework rule  probability theory  entropy  quantum relative entropy  quantum information  quantum mechanics  inference  quantum measurement  quantum estimation  macroscopic quantum measurement  quantum annealing  adiabatic quantum computing  hard problems  Hadamard matrix  binary optimization  reconstruction of quantum mechanics  conjugate systems  Jordan algebras  quantum correlations  Gaussian states  Gaussian unitary operations  continuousvariable systems  Wignerfriend experiment  nogo theorem  quantum foundations  interpretations of quantum mechanics  subsystem  agent  conservation of information  purification  group representations  commuting subalgebras  quantum walks  Hubbard model  Thirring model  quantum information  quantum foundations  quantum theory and gravity
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