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Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

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ISBN: 9783319104249 9783319104256 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-10425-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Heat
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-10 14:41:54
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Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Sustainable Manufacturing: Challenges, Solutions and Implementation Perspectives

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Book Series: Sustainable Production, Life Cycle Engineering and Management ISSN: 2194-0541 ISBN: 9783319485133 9783319485140 Year: Pages: 283 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48514-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Biotechnology --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-13 13:22:51
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This edited volume presents the research results of the Collaborative Research Center 1026 “Sustainable manufacturing - shaping global value creation”. The book aims at providing a reference guide of sustainable manufacturing for researchers, describing methodologies for development of sustainable manufacturing solutions. The volume is structured in four chapters covering the following topics: sustainable manufacturing technology, sustainable product development, sustainable value creation networks and systematic change towards sustainable manufacturing. The target audience comprises both researchers and practitioners in the field of sustainable manufacturing, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Forecasting and Assessing Risk of Individual Electricity Peaks

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Book Series: Mathematics of Planet Earth ISBN: 9783030286699 Year: Pages: 97 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28669-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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The overarching aim of this open access book is to present self-contained theory and algorithms for investigation and prediction of electric demand peaks. A cross-section of popular demand forecasting algorithms from statistics, machine learning and mathematics is presented, followed by extreme value theory techniques with examples. In order to achieve carbon targets, good forecasts of peaks are essential. For instance, shifting demand or charging battery depends on correct demand predictions in time. Majority of forecasting algorithms historically were focused on average load prediction. In order to model the peaks, methods from extreme value theory are applied. This allows us to study extremes without making any assumption on the central parts of demand distribution and to predict beyond the range of available data. While applied on individual loads, the techniques described in this book can be extended naturally to substations, or to commercial settings. Extreme value theory techniques presented can be also used across other disciplines, for example for predicting heavy rainfalls, wind speed, solar radiation and extreme weather events. The book is intended for students, academics, engineers and professionals that are interested in short term load prediction, energy data analytics, battery control, demand side response and data science in general.

Sustainability Assessments of Buildings

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ISBN: 9783038425984 9783038425991 Year: Pages: 196 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-10 13:26:11
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International research has confirmed that the built environment is the most promising sector for a rapid transition to sustainability. In this scenario, many examples of sustainable urban environments are showing the advantages of sustainability. Meanwhile, an increasing request for tools to assess their sustainability is recorded. The assessment of sustainability of the built environment is an essential step toward its promotion. However, large difficulties exist creating useful and measurable assessment indicators since sustainability is time- and location-dependent. Meanwhile, the need to assess both products and processes for sustainable buildings has been considered particularly important for a sector as inertial as that of the built environment. This books contains ten recently published papers in the Special Issue about "Sustainability assessments of buildings". The demand for this Special Issue raised from the floor, as more and more papers dealing with this topic were submitted to Sustainability in the last few months. The need to collect the recent research in this field became evident, and the respond to the call showed the high attention of the scientific community towards this topic. A selection of ten papers among those published in the special issue will guide the reader thorough the variety of approaches in sustainability assessments of buildings and their main challenges.

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation—ZEMCH 2016

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ISBN: 9783038429654 9783038429661 Year: Pages: VIII, 110 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 10:56:00
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This book explores the current issues around sustainable design and energy efficiency within the construction industry in both developed and developing countries. Sustainable housing; thermal comfort; daylighting; low-income housing; green roofs; energy efficient retrofitting and photovoltaic façades are some of the subjects discussed in the book.

Fahrerassistenzsysteme zur energieeffizienten Längsregelung - Analyse und Optimierung der Fahrsicherheit

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriftenreihe Fahrzeugsystemtechnik / Institut für Fahrzeugsystemtechnik ISSN: 18696058 ISBN: 9783731507550 Year: Volume: 59 Pages: XII, 305 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000079367 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The most important drivers of driver assistance systems are improving driving safety and energy efficiency. In many cases, energy-efficient driving also implies a safe driving technique. In some cases, however, energy-efficient driving can lead to a decline in driving safety. This work therefore investigates whether an energy-efficient driving style by the forward vehicle leads to a decline in driving safety.

Energieeffizienz von Konstantdrucksystemen mit sekundärgeregelten Antrieben beim Einsatz in mobilen Arbeitsmaschinen

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriftenreihe Fahrzeugsystemtechnik / Institut für Fahrzeugsystemtechnik ISSN: 18696058 ISBN: 9783731503774 Year: Volume: 35 Pages: XXV, 163 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000047003 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Within this work, it is investigated under which conditions constant pressure systems with secondary controlled drives may be an energetic efficient and cost effective alternative to established mobile hydraulic circuit configurations. For this purpose, a methodology is introduced to evaluate chances and risks at employment of this technology in mobile machines. A demonstrator with three secondary controlled variable displacement drives is developed to confirm the results of the methodology.

Ein Ansatz zur Bewertung klimapolitischer Instrumente am Beispiel der Metallerzeugung und -verarbeitung

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Book Series: Produktion und Energie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und industrielle Produktion u. Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung ISSN: 21942404 ISBN: 9783731504948 Year: Volume: 11 Pages: XVII, 402 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000052714 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Achieving the ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets set up by German legislation requires political incentives to reduce GHG emissions of energy intensive industries without hampering their international competitiveness. This dissertation therefore analyses the influence of different political instruments (ETS, EEG, EnergieStG, StromStG) on induced emission reductions as well as on relevant economic parameters. Thereby, the focus is set on the metal production.

Buildings for Education

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Book Series: Research for Development ISBN: 9783030336875 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33687-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book presents theoretical and practical research relating to the vast, publicly financed program for the construction of new schools and the reorganization of existing educational buildings in Italy. This transformative process aims to give old buildings a fresh identity, to ensure that facilities are compliant with the new educational and teaching models, and to improve both energy efficiency and structural safety with respect to seismic activity. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which focuses on the social role of the school as a civic building that can serve the needs of the community. Innovations in both design and construction processes are then analyzed, paying special attention to the Building Information Modeling (BIM) strategy as a tool for the integration of different disciplines. The final section is devoted to the built heritage and tools, technologies, and approaches for the upgrading of existing buildings so that they meet the new regulations on building performance. The book will be of interest to all who wish to learn about the latest insights into the challenges posed by, and the opportunities afforded by, a comprehensive school building and renovation program.

Greening the Financial Sector: How to Mainstream Environmental Finance in Developing Countries

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ISBN: 9783642050862 9783642050879 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-05087-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Manufactures --- Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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Environmental finance, particularly energy efficiency and renewable energy (EERE) finance, can and should serve as an interface to other sub-sectors of financial sector promotion such as microfinance, housing finance or agricultural finance. For example, existing clients of financial institutions include small and medium-sized enterprises and households, and these are often suffering from high energy prices or have no access to sustainable energy supply. At the same time, these clients are vulnerable to extreme weather events, and often hit hardest by the impact of climate change. There are many other examples which show that the financial sector has an enormous potential to support “green” investments. In order to tap this potential on a sustainable basis, it is important to have a sound understanding which role financial institutions can and should play.This book provides a blend of well-founded professional and scientific perspectives on the potential of Environmental finance in developing and transition countries.

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