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Authorship and Text-making in Early China

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Book Series: Library of Sinology ISSN: 2625-0616 ISBN: 9781501505133 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 375 DOI: 10.1515/9781501505133 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This book is a timely response to a rather urgent call to seek an updated methodology in rereading and reappraising early Chinese texts in light of newly discovered early writings. For a long time, the concept of authorship in the formation and transmission of early Chinese texts has been misunderstood. The nominal author who should mainly function as a guide to text formation and interpretation is considered retrospectively as the originator and writer of the text. This book illustrates that although some notions about the text as the author`s property began to appear in some Eastern Han texts, a strict correlation between the author and the text results from later conceptions of literary history. Before the modern era, there existed a conceptual gap between an author and a writer. A pre-modern Chinese text could have had both an author and a writer, or even multiple authors and multiple writers. This work is the first study addressing these issues by more systematically emphasizing the connection of the text, the author, and the religious and sociopolitical settings in which these issues were embedded. It is expected to constitute a palpable contribution to Chinese studies and the discipline of philology in general

Geschichtsraum Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205775225 Year: Pages: 576 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437150 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3827
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:48
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The history is intended as the first comprehensive examination of the role of Austrian history in the visual arts of the Habsburg monarchy between 1804 and 1918. At its centre are the following three key questions: What status did the general preoccupation with history acquire? What where the favorite historical subjects for artistic representation? What significance did the Habsburgs´own history (almost endlessly "extendible" all the way back to its fictitious mythical beginnings) hold for the issues of the day? Works of art contribute to the creation of traditions in a double sense: a given work simultaneously contains and creates history. A work of art is also a medium for social identification, facilitating communication between the monarch and the people. Investigating the characteristics of the different "reflections on history" in the visual arts in Austria in the 19th century led to the practical necessity of significantly widening the known material basis. It became apparent that previous research was based on a relatively limited range of works (primarily "high art") and failed to relate these works to literary documents from the fiields of historiography or belles-lettres. I believe it is only by expanding the basis in terms of both word and picture documentation that a reliable overview of the different strategies pursued by Habsburg iconography can be gained. Not only did my chosen methodology seem expedient, and indeed almost indispensable for an examination of concrete historical cases, it also reveals that this interlocking approach (furthermore justified by the nature of the material) based on interrelating picture and text media contains the very key to a proper investigation of the historical art of the 19th century. In approaching the central questions, this study begins with an introduction that looks at concepts and methodology and charts the difficult formation of the "Austrian nation" from "Casa d´Austria" to the Habsburg "nation state". The second chapter examines the relevance of the Austrian 18th century in the consciousness of the following century based on the examples of rulers Maria Theresia and Joseph II. This is folloewd almost of necessity by a long section on the ruler iconography of the period Emperor Franz II (I) to Emperor Franz Joseph I. The visual strategies of the Habsburg rulers in the 19th century and the inseparable question of the legitimation of the Austrian Empire in the years after 1848 steer attention back to the quest for "origins" and to the Habsburg "insurance policy" of evoking the figure of founding father Rudolf I. This forms the main focus of the fourth chapter. In this context, the various appeals to the famous progenitor assume the character of an "underpinning" myth (Jan Assmann). The final chapter attempts to provide answers to questions relating to the "flowering" of Austrian historiography in the 19th century relative to historical interpretations in painting. The complex genesis of the celebration of glorious Austrian deeds ist examined on the basis of the concrete example of "military iconography" and the decoration of the "hall of fame" in the "Arsenal" in Vienna.

Luther

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Book Series: Lancaster Pamphlets ISBN: 9780203129234 9781138177055 9780415109321 9781134838080 9781134838073 9781134838035 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203129234 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:19
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Luther provides a clear exposition of the state of German politics on the eve of the Reformation. Dr Mullett concentrates particularly on the evolution of Luther's thought and its central preoccupation with re-aligning the church's theology with that of the New Testament.

Keywords

ulrich --- von --- hutten --- holy --- roman --- emperor --- johann --- staupitz --- imperial --- knight

Regesten Kaiser Friedrichs III. (1440-1493)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205787075 Year: Pages: 262 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437164 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4300
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:02
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As a result of the death of Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy and the marriage of his only daughter Mary to Maximilian, the heir of Emperor Frederick III, the economically and culturally prospering lands of Flanders and Brabant became hereditary possessions of the Habsburgs. With this, the foundations for the Habsburgs's hegemony were laid. This dynastic project was for about 10 years (1467-1477) in the spotlight of Emperor Frederick's III diplomatic efforts and that with mixed results. Many documents regarding those negotiations are preserved in the Habsburg "Hausarchiv", now the "Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv" in Vienna. Documents only up to the year 1469 have been published in the "Regesta Imperii - Regesten Friedrichs III." so far. Therefore, in the present publication the systematic collection and registration of charters as well as letters of this important emperor is continued up to the year 1475. As a fundamental edition of sources this publication provides a basis for further research questions concerning the late Middle Ages. The presented material serves as a foundation for studies of political communication in the late Middle Ages, e.g. the relationship between Emperor Frederick III and Duke Charles of Burgundy. The material can provide a basis for a study of the differences and similarities of the diplomacy of two differently developed cultural spheres in the late Middle Ages. Additionally, the formal and compositional analyses of diplomatic writings provide information about the various media of diplomatic communication, the objectives, possibilities and success of diplomatic efforts. An investigation of the actors occurring in these areas can reveal the institutional structure, which enabled the development of networks of aristocratic, civic and legally trained elites. Another basic topic of the provided documents is Emperor Frederick's III territorial activity especially in the years 1470 to 1473, when the emperor primarily stayed in his hereditary lands. There he was faced with areas of conflict clearly represented in the sources. Frederick's definition of his role as the head of the Habsburg house is illustrated by his diplomatic relationship to his cousin Sigmund. Among many other topics, also Frederick's role as the supreme judge of the empire becomes evident in the present sources, especially by judicial summons and judgments of the "Kammergericht" (supreme court), which was pledged to Archbishop Adolf of Mainz at that time.

Kaiser Sigismund

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205787556 Year: Pages: 594 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437192 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4308
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:28
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The present conference proceedings consist of 18 articles based on papers presented on 6th and 7th December 2007 at the international conference "Emperor Sigismund (†1437). Rulership in Practice, Charters and Rituals" at Masaryk-University's, Brno, Historical Institute. The conference's idea benefited from a twofold opportunity: To commemorate the anniversary of Sigismund's death on 9th December 1437 in the Moravian town of Znojmo and to conclude the international Vienna based Regesta-Imperii-project P 17519-G08 "Sigismund (†1437), Kaiser im Reich, in Ungarn und in Böhmen", which had been funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) since 2004. Sigismund, the secondborn son of ever popular emperor Charles IV. (1316-1378), came to wear not only the crown of the Holy Roman Empire but also of the Hungarian and Bohemian Kingdoms. Thus he ruled over a truly European empire that embraced partly or in total modern day's Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, France, Luxembourg, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Rumania, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia. This vast geographical sphere of influence spanned very different cultural, social, economic and political realities, which make it difficult to grasp the integrity of Sigismund's complex reign, but make clear its extensive European dimensions. The current volume presents the mentioned project's first outcomes. The members of the Viennese team mainly concentrate on diplomatics and charter-issuing practice, subjects so far neglected in the scientific research dedicated to Sigismund and his time. Therefore their papers for the most part deal with diverse aspects of Sigismund's production of charters and letters. Including methodical approaches of neighbouring disciplines, they treat the question of typology of Sigismund's charters and charter-formulas as well as subjects of administrative and cultural history and communication studies. In addition the papers of the other involved international authors contribute to different aspects on the field of historical regional studies, administrative, religious, and cultural history as much as to the history of diplomacy, rituals, and art during the era of Sigismund's reign. Using instructive examples they all aim at shedding a light on the complex relations between Sigismund and his court to certain regions or social groups, or respectively on the role of written, oral, and symbolical communication and the use of ritual in practical rulership. The papers' main emphasis consists in Sigismund's relations to southwestern Germany, his rule in the Bohemian Lands and the historiographical work of Eberhard Windeck. The current volume throws a light on some aspects of Sigismund's rulership in practice, which either have not been dealt with at all by German historians so far, or at least seriously modify some of the popular ideas on Sigismund and his rule. The conference proceedings in their entirety give new impetus to scientific activity concentrating on the production of Sigismund's chancery and open new, innovative approaches to research on late medieval practice of royal rulership in general.

Regesten Kaiser Friedrichs III. (1440-1493) nach Archiven und Bibliotheken geordnet

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783205796237 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_507992 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 215
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:01
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This volume of abstracts of charters Emperor Frederick´s III in the series Regesta Imperii focusses on the last decade of his rule, in particular on the years between 1483 and 1488. They are based on the original charters in the Allgemeine Urkundenreihe and Familienurkunden in the Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv in Vienna and its collections of copies of those charters that have not come down to us in the original, all of which serve to illustrate a number of major historical aspects: Defension of hereditary territories against the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus, consolidation of the empire in the West, the joint rule of the Emperor and his son Maximilian I.

Hanghaus 2 in Ephesos. Die Wohneinheit 7, Tafelband

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ISBN: 9783700176305 Year: Pages: 524 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_611241 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 290
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:42
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Contextual analysis of the architecture, the features and the finds of the Imperial Period dwelling WE 7 of Terrace House 2 in Ephesos.

Hanghaus 2 in Ephesos. Die Wohneinheit 7, Textband 1

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ISBN: 9783700176305 Year: Pages: 502 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_611239 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 290
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:21
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Contextual analysis of the architecture, the features and the finds of the Imperial Period dwelling WE 7 of Terrace House 2 in Ephesos.

Hanghaus 2 in Ephesos. Die Wohneinheit 7, Textband 2

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ISBN: 9783700176305 Year: Pages: 388 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_611240 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 290
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:21
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Contextual analysis of the architecture, the features and the finds of the Imperial Period dwelling WE 7 of Terrace House 2 in Ephesos.

Die Privatbibliothek Kaiser Franz’ I. von Österreich 1784-1835

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783205796725 Year: Pages: 642 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_579670 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 280
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-23 11:01:12
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The former private library of Emperor Franz I (known today as "Habsburg-Iothringische Fideikommissbibliothek", housed in the Austrian National Library) is an outstanding book and graphic collction due to both the considerable extent and the exquisiteness of its holdings. This analysis is concerned with the library as a knowledge and memory institution; embedding its history in the political, social, intellectual and cultural contexts of the time.

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