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Biomass Processing for Biofuels, Bioenergy and Chemicals

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ISBN: 9783039289097 / 9783039289103 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-910-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

Biomass can be used to produce renewable electricity, thermal energy, transportation fuels (biofuels), and high-value functional chemicals. As an energy source, biomass can be used either directly via combustion to produce heat or indirectly after it is converted to one of many forms of bioenergy and biofuel via thermochemical or biochemical pathways. The conversion of biomass can be achieved using various advanced methods, which are broadly classified into thermochemical conversion, biochemical conversion, electrochemical conversion, and so on. Advanced development technologies and processes are able to convert biomass into alternative energy sources in solid (e.g., charcoal, biochar, and RDF), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, bioethanol, and pyrolysis and liquefaction bio-oils), and gaseous (e.g., biogas, syngas, and biohydrogen) forms. Because of the merits of biomass energy for environmental sustainability, biofuel and bioenergy technologies play a crucial role in renewable energy development and the replacement of chemicals by highly functional biomass. This book provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical research addressing recent progress in biomass conversion processes. It also covers studies on advanced techniques and methods for bioenergy and biofuel production.

Keywords

lignocellulose --- pretreatment --- hardwood --- extrusion --- enzymatic digestibility --- bioethanol --- renewable energy --- biofuel --- environment --- technology development --- co-combustion --- sewage sludge --- thermogravimetric analysis --- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy --- synergistic effect --- single-pellet combustion --- biodiesel --- fatty acid methyl ester --- free fatty acids --- oxidation stability --- antioxidant --- hydrogen --- coffee mucilage --- organic wastes --- dark fermentation --- anaerobic digestion --- biodiesel --- bio-jet fuel --- triacylglycerides --- Fatty Acid Methyl Ester --- lipids --- hydrodeoxygenation --- drop-in fuel --- rubber seed oil --- biodiesel production --- nanomagnetic catalyst --- subcritical methanol --- FAME yield --- Box-Behnken design --- GCI --- biodiesel --- diesel --- combustion --- emission --- renewable energy --- microwave --- free fatty acid --- crude oil --- renewable energy --- biomass --- waste --- black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) --- instar --- lipid --- fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) --- fermentation --- Rancimat method --- butylated hydroxyanisole --- tert-butylhydroquinone --- fatty acid methyl esters --- viscosity --- response surface --- anaerobic treatment --- biogas --- kinetic study --- potato peels --- cow manure --- thermophilic --- mesophilic --- palm oil mill effluent --- acclimatization --- direct carbon fuel cell --- biochar --- pyrolysis --- power density --- pre-treatment --- post-treatment --- combustion characteristics --- injection strategies --- compression ratio --- intake temperature --- torrefaction --- vacuum --- biomass pretreatment --- bioenergy --- energy yield --- biochar --- rice straw --- rice husk --- power generation --- gasification --- alternative fuel --- Rhus typhina biodiesel --- non-edible oil --- base-catalyzed transesterification --- Physico-chemical properties --- concentration polarization --- draw solution --- feed solution --- forward osmosis --- pressure-retarded osmosis --- operating conditions --- membrane fouling --- osmotic membrane --- bioenergy --- biofuel --- nanotechnology --- nano-catalysts --- nano-additives --- crude glycerol --- glycerol carbonate --- dimethyl carbonate --- microwave irradiation --- reaction kinetics

Application of Optimization in Production, Logistics, Inventory, Supply Chain Management and Block Chain

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039285228 / 9783039285235 Year: Pages: 618 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-523-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

The evolution of industrial development since the 18th century is now experiencing the fourth industrial revolution. The effect of the development has propagated into almost every sector of the industry. From inventory to the circular economy, the effectiveness of technology has been fruitful for industry. The recent trends in research, with new ideas and methodologies, are included in this book. Several new ideas and business strategies are developed in the area of the supply chain management, logistics, optimization, and forecasting for the improvement of the economy of the society and the environment. The proposed technologies and ideas are either novel or help modify several other new ideas. Different real life problems with different dimensions are discussed in the book so that readers may connect with the recent issues in society and industry. The collection of the articles provides a glimpse into the new research trends in technology, business, and the environment.

Keywords

inventory --- defectives --- inspection errors --- full trade credit --- partial trade credit --- supplier selection process --- multicriteria decision making (MCDM) --- edible oil --- fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) --- green data envelopment analysis (GDEA) --- optimization --- integer linear programming --- sustainable --- supplier selection --- order allocation --- supply chain management --- e-commerce --- O2O channel --- customer acquisition cost --- transshipments --- electric power distribution --- Lean manufacturing --- multi-stage production system --- fuzzy demand --- imperfect products --- reworking --- lean manufacturing --- sustainability --- process imperfection --- uncertain information --- decomposition principle --- triangular fuzzy number --- human-based production system --- offline inspection --- optimization --- inspection cost --- outgoing quality --- learning behavior --- transport infrastructure --- develop strategies --- optimal algorithms --- business performance --- resilient supply chain --- supplier selection --- fuzzy optimization --- disruption risks --- preservation technology investment --- refrigerated trucks --- waste reduction --- controllable probabilistic deterioration rate --- supply chain management --- supply chain inventory --- imperfect quality --- inspection --- carbon emission --- deteriorating items --- industry 4.0 --- dynamic job-shop scheduling --- simulation --- decision support systems --- internet of things --- four-dimensional transportation problem --- fixed charge --- space constraint --- budget constraint --- substitute and complimentary items --- rough interval --- lead-time reduction --- production modelling --- optimization --- inventory control --- backorder --- imperfect manufacturing system --- backordering --- defective products --- rework --- inspection --- inventory --- smart production --- variable demand --- advertisement --- energy --- rework --- system reliability --- airborne particulate matter --- Bayesian approach --- change point detection --- likelihood ratio test --- time series analysis --- air quality --- supply chain management --- inventory control --- distribution-free approach --- revenue sharing --- radio frequency identification --- information asymmetry --- CLSC management --- O2O channel --- random defective rate --- hybrid manufacturing- remanufacturing strategy --- stochastic-petri net modeling --- sustainable healthcare system --- staff absenteeism --- patient’s queue --- mixed integer nonlinear programming --- data envelopment analysis --- benchmarking --- petrochemical industries --- technical and super-efficiencies --- multidimensional scaling --- efficiency and scatter plots --- price discounts --- stochastic-price dependent demand --- newsvendor --- pricing policy --- scheduling --- evolutionary algorithm --- robustness --- multi-objective --- machine breakdown --- inventory --- pricing --- complementary products --- substitutable products --- deterioration --- inventory modelling and optimization --- Trade-credit financing --- Cash discounts --- permissible delays in payments --- Supply chain management --- economic order quantity (EOQ) --- mathematical solution procedure --- deteriorating items --- mathematical analytic tools and techniques --- managerial considerations and managerial decisions --- production --- imperfect production --- defective rate --- workplace stress --- workers’ efficiency --- quality control --- targeting model --- process mean --- strict quasi-concavity --- recurrent states --- optimized limits --- preventive maintenance --- imperfect repair --- optimization --- reliability threshold --- repairable system --- distributed development --- agile development --- application program interfaces in agile distributed projects --- framework for agile distributed development

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


Language

eng (2)


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2020 (2)