Search results: Found 24

Listing 1 - 10 of 24 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
The GEO Handbook on Biodiversity Observation Networks

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319272863 9783319272887 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-27288-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-02 12:58:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Biodiversity observation systems are almost everywhere inadequate to meet local, national and international (treaty) obligations. As a result of alarmingly rapid declines in biodiversity in the modern era, there is a strong, worldwide desire to upgrade our monitoring systems, but little clarity on what is actually needed and how it can be assembled from the elements which are already present. This book intends to provide practical guidance to broadly-defined biodiversity observation networks at all scales, but predominantly the national scale and higher. This is a practical how-to book with substantial policy relevance. It will mostly be used by technical specialists with a responsibility for biodiversity monitoring to establish and refine their systems. It is written at a technical level, but one that is not discipline-bound: it should be intelligible to anyone in the broad field with a tertiary education.

H3 Facilitation Cascades in Marine Ecosystems (Book chapter)

Book title: Oceanography and Marine Biology

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Oceanography and Marine Biology : An Annual Review ISBN: 9780367134150 9780429026379 Year: Pages: 44 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-16 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review remains one of the most cited sources in marine science and oceanography. The ever increasing interest in work in oceanography and marine biology and its relevance to global environmental issues, especially global climate change and its impacts, creates a demand for authoritative reviews summarizing the results of recent research. This volume covers topics that include resting cysts from coastal marine plankton, facilitation cascades in marine ecosystems, and the way that human activities are rapidly altering the sensory landscape and behaviour of marine animals. For more than 50 years, OMBAR has been an essential reference for research workers and students in all fields of marine science. From Volume 57 a new international Editorial Board ensures global relevance, with editors from the UK, Ireland, Canada, Australia and Singapore. The series volumes find a place in the libraries of not only marine laboratories and institutes, but also universities.&#xD;

Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Ecosystem Services ISBN: 9781138580831 9781138580848 9780429507090 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-15 11:01:52
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Understanding how to sustain the services that ecosystems provide in support of human wellbeing is an active and growing research area. This book provides a state-of-the-art review of current thinking on the links between ecosystem services and poverty alleviation. In part it showcases the key findings of the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme, which has funded over 120 research projects in more than 50 countries since 2010. ESPA’s goal is to ensure that ecosystems are being sustainably managed in a way that contributes to poverty alleviation as well as to inclusive and sustainable growth. As governments across the world map how they will achieve the 17 ambitious Sustainable Development Goals, most of which have poverty alleviation, wellbeing and sustainable environmental management at their heart, ESPA’s findings have never been more timely and relevant. The book synthesises the headline messages and compelling evidence to address the questions at the heart of ecosystems and wellbeing research. The authors, all leading specialists, address the evolving framings and contexts for the work, review the impacts of ongoing drivers of change, present new ways to achieve sustainable wellbeing, equity, diversity, and resilience, and evaluate the potential contributions from conservation projects, payment schemes, and novel governance approaches across scales from local to national and international.&#xD;&#xD;The cross-cutting, thematic chapters challenge conventional wisdom in some areas, and validate new methods and approaches for sustainable development in others. The book will provide a rich and important reference source for advanced students, researchers and policy-makers in ecology, environmental studies, ecological economics and sustainable development.

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry

Author:
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences ISBN: 9783030108229 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-10822-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book discusses biogeochemical processes relevant to carbon and aims to provide readers, graduate students and researchers, with insight into the functioning of marine ecosystems. A carbon centric approach has been adopted, but other elements are included where relevant or needed. The book focuses on concepts and quantitative understanding of primary production, organic matter mineralization and sediment biogeochemistry. The impact of biogeochemical processes on inorganic carbon dynamics and organic matter transformation are also discussed.

From Assessing to Conserving Biodiversity

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences ISBN: 9783030109912 Year: Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-10991-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book features essays written by philosophers, biologists, ecologists and conservation scientists facing the current biodiversity crisis. Despite increasing communication, accelerating policy and management responses, and notwithstanding improving ecosystem assessment and endangered species knowledge, conserving biodiversity continues to be more a concern than an accomplished task. Why is it so? The overexploitation of natural resources by our species is a frequently recognised factor, while the short-term economic interests of governments and stakeholders typically clash with the burdens that implementing conservation actions imply. But this is not the whole story. This book develops a different perspective on the problem by exploring the conceptual challenges and practical defiance posed by conserving biodiversity, namely: on the one hand, the difficulties in defining what biodiversity is and characterizing that “thing” to which the word ‘biodiversity’ refers to; on the other hand, the reasons why assessing biodiversity and putting in place effective conservation actions is arduous. ; Features essays that are explicitly critical of the species approach to biodiversity Presents bio-philosophical perspectives on the interaction between biodiversity’s units, levels, and scales Serves as an interdisciplinary contribution to the emergent field of biodiversity studies

Ester Boserup’s Legacy on Sustainability

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Human-Environment Interactions ISBN: 9789401786782 Year: Pages: 267 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8678-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Geography --- Ecology --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability.

Biodiversity of Angola

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030030834 Year: Pages: 549 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03083-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Zoology --- Botany --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access multi-authored book presents a 'state of the science' synthesis of knowledge on the biodiversity of Angola, based on sources in peer-reviewed journals, in books and where appropriate, unpublished official reports. The book identifies Angola as one of the most biologically diverse countries in Africa, but notes that its fauna, flora, habitats and the processes that drive the dynamics of its ecosystems are still very poorly researched and documented. This 'state of the science' synthesis is for the use of all students of Angola's biodiversity, and for those responsible for the planning, development and sustainable management of the country's living resources. The volume brings together the results of expeditions and research undertaken in Angola since the late eighteenth century, with emphasis on work conducted in the four decades since Angola's independence in 1975. The individual chapters have been written by leaders in their fields, and reviewed by peers familiar with the region.

Roles and mechanisms of parasitism in aquatic microbial communities

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195886 Year: Pages: 153 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-588-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Microbiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:32
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Next Generation Sequencing technologies are increasingly revealing that microbial taxa likely to be parasites or symbionts are probably much more prevalent and diverse than previously thought. Every well studied free-living species has parasites; parasites themselves can be parasitized. As a rule of thumb, there is an estimated 4 parasitic species for any given host, and the better a host is studied the more parasites are known to infect it. Therefore, parasites and other symbionts should represent a very large number of species and may far outnumber those with 'free-living' lifestyles. Paradoxically, free-living hosts, which form the bulk of our knowledge of biology, may be a minority! Microbial parasites typically are characterized by their small size, short generation time, and high rates of reproduction, with simple life cycle occurring generally within a single host. They are diverse and ubiquitous in the environment, comprising viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotes. This Frontiers Research Topic sought to provide a broad overview but concise, comprehensive, well referenced and up-to-date state of the art for everyone involved with microbial parasites in aquatic microbial ecology.

Fire Regimes: Spatial and Temporal Variability and Their Effects on Forests

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038423904 9783038423911 Year: Pages: VIII, 424 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-391-1
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-02 09:58:44
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Fire regimes (occurrence, cycle, severity, size, etc.) are key factors in many forest ecosystems, as they are often critical drivers of forest composition, dynamics, and ecosystem processes. Fire regimes vary in space and time according to climatic, physical and biological factors. A better understanding of the interacting factors controlling fire regimes may contribute to improving fire and forest management and their future projection in the context of global change. Knowledge of how fire regimes affect natural landscapes is also used in forestry as a template to manage the forest for wood production. This approach, keeping biodiversity and ecological processes associated with natural fire regimes, may also help in maintaining forest productivity and resilience in the face of climate change. This Special Issue aims to synthesize current understanding of factors affecting fire regime characteristics, to present recent research on fire regimes and their effects on forest ecosystems, and to illustrate how this knowledge could be translated into forest or fire management strategies in the context of global change.

Modeling the Plankton - Enhancing the Integration of Biological Knowledge and Mechanistic Understanding

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453658 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-365-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In light of climate change and allied changes to marine ecosystems, mathematical models have become an important tool to examine processes and predict phenomena from local through to global scales. In recent years model studies, laboratory experiments and a better ecological understanding of the pelagic ecosystem have enabled advancements on fundamental challenges in oceanography, including marine production, biodiversity and anticipation of future conditions in the ocean. This research topic presents a number of studies that investigate functionally diverse organism in a dynamic ocean through diverse and novel modeling approaches.

Listing 1 - 10 of 24 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
-->